1127

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1127 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1127
MCXXVII
Ab urbe condita 1880
Armenian calendar 576
ԹՎ ՇՀԶ
Assyrian calendar 5877
Balinese saka calendar 1048–1049
Bengali calendar 534
Berber calendar 2077
English Regnal year 27  Hen. 1   28  Hen. 1
Buddhist calendar 1671
Burmese calendar 489
Byzantine calendar 6635–6636
Chinese calendar 丙午(Fire  Horse)
3823 or 3763
     to 
丁未年 (Fire  Goat)
3824 or 3764
Coptic calendar 843–844
Discordian calendar 2293
Ethiopian calendar 1119–1120
Hebrew calendar 4887–4888
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1183–1184
 - Shaka Samvat 1048–1049
 - Kali Yuga 4227–4228
Holocene calendar 11127
Igbo calendar 127–128
Iranian calendar 505–506
Islamic calendar 520–521
Japanese calendar Daiji 2
(大治2年)
Javanese calendar 1032–1033
Julian calendar 1127
MCXXVII
Korean calendar 3460
Minguo calendar 785 before ROC
民前785年
Nanakshahi calendar −341
Seleucid era 1438/1439 AG
Thai solar calendar 1669–1670
Tibetan calendar 阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1253 or 872 or 100
     to 
阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1254 or 873 or 101
The Kalyan minaret Bukhara01.jpg
The Kalyan minaret

Year 1127 ( MCXXVII ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Events

Constantinople capital city of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Latin and the Ottoman Empire

Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Byzantine Empire, and also of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261), until finally falling to the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). It was reinaugurated in 324 from ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named, and dedicated on 11 May 330. The city was located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul.

Byzantine Empire Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both the terms "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical exonyms; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire, or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Kaifeng Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Kaifeng, known previously by several names, is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China. It is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China, for being the capital seven times in history, and is most famous for being the capital of China in the Northern Song dynasty.

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Asia

January 9 is the ninth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 356 days remaining until the end of the year.

Jin dynasty (1115–1234) Chinese dynasty (1115–1234)

The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China. Its name is sometimes written as Kin, Jurchen Jin or Jinn in English to differentiate it from an earlier Jìn dynasty of China whose name is identical when transcribed without tone marker diacritics in the Hanyu Pinyin system for Standard Chinese. It is also sometimes called the "Jurchen dynasty" or the "Jurchen Jin", because its founding leader Aguda was of Wanyan Jurchen descent.

Northern Song Dynasty branch and era of Song Dynasty

The Northern Song Dynasty is an era during the Song Dynasty. It came to an end when its capital city, the city of Kaifeng, was conquered by enemies from the north. Later, the provisional capital of the Northern Song Dynasty was founded in Ying Tian Fu. Historically, the Song Dynasty include both the Northern and the Southern Song. It is named "Northern" to distinguish from the "Southern", which resided mainly in Southern China. Emperor Taizu of Song elaborated a mutiny and usurped the throne of the Later Zhou, which marked the beginning of the Dynasty. In 1127, its capital city Kaifeng fell into the hand of the state of Jin, during which time the ruling Emperor Qinzong and his family all fell captive in an event known as the Jingkang Incident. The Northern Song came to its end the next year. It was ruled by nine emperors, and lasted for 127 years.

Europe

Conrad III of Germany King of Germany

Conrad III was the first King of Germany of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. He was the son of Duke Frederick I of Swabia and Agnes, a daughter of the Salian Emperor Henry IV.

Hohenstaufen organization

The Hohenstaufen, also known as Staufer, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages. Before ascending to the kingship, they were Dukes of Swabia from 1079. As kings of Germany, they had a claim to Italy, Burgundy and the Holy Roman Empire. Three members of the dynasty—Frederick I (1155), Henry VI (1191) and Frederick II (1220)—were crowned emperor. Besides Germany, they also ruled the Kingdom of Sicily (1194–1268) and the Kingdom of Jerusalem (1225–1268)

Anti-king

An anti-king, anti king or antiking is a would-be king who, due to succession disputes or simple political opposition, declares himself king in opposition to a reigning monarch. The term is usually used in a European historical context where it relates to elective monarchies rather than hereditary ones. In hereditary monarchies such figures are more frequently referred to as pretenders or claimants.

By topic

Arts/religion

Kalyan minaret


The Kalyan minaret is a minaret of the Po-i-Kalyan mosque complex in Bukhara, Uzbekistan and one of the most prominent landmarks in the city.

Bukhara Place in Bukhara Region, Uzbekistan

Bukhara is a city in Uzbekistan. Bukhara is a city-museum, with about 140 architectural monuments. The nation's fifth-largest city, it had a population of 247,644 as of 31 August 2016. People have inhabited the region around Bukhara for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. The mother tongue of the majority of people of Bukhara is Tajik. Located on the Silk Road, the city has long served as a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. UNESCO has listed the historic center of Bukhara as a World Heritage Site.

Uzbekistan Landlocked Republic in Central Asia

Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. The sovereign state is a secular, unitary constitutional republic, comprising 12 provinces, one autonomous republic, and a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Tajikistan to the southeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Along with Liechtenstein, it is one of the world's only two doubly landlocked countries.

Births

May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 222 days remaining until the end of the year.

Uijong was the 18th monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He honored his advisors with many ceremonies but hated the warriors, often forcing them to participate in martial arts competitions for the entertainment of himself and the civil officials, as well as assigning them petty portions during land distributions. He also was often drunk, further angering the warriors. Finally, in the autumn of 1170, after constant discriminations, the rage of the military officials burst. Three warriors and others, started a military revolt, murdering the civil officials, deposing King Uijong, and appointing a new king in his place.

Year 1173 (MCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

11th century Century

The 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.

Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1090s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1090, and ended on December 31, 1099.

The 1070s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1070, and ended on December 31, 1079.

The 1100s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1100, and ended on December 31, 1109.

Year 1072 (MLXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 1120s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1120, and ended on December 31, 1129.

The 1130s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1130, and ended on December 31, 1139.

The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.

The 1110s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1110, and ended on December 31, 1119.

995 Year

Year 995 (CMXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1126 (MCXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1128 (MCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1111 (MCXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1101 (MCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. It was the 2nd year of the 1100s decade, and the 1st year of the 12th century.

Year 1107 (MCVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1024 Year

Year 1024 (MXXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1231 Year

Year 1231 (MCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1105 (MCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Abulafia, David (1985). The Norman kingdom of Africa and the Norman expeditions to Majorca and the Muslim Mediterranean. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN   0-85115-416-6.
  2. Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  3. Johns, Jeremy (2002). Arabic administration in Norman Sicily: the royal dīwān. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 85. ISBN   0-521-81692-0.
  4. Annals of the Four Masters. Ireland: Corpus of Electronic Texts (UCC), Annal M1127.1. 1127.