908

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
908 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 908
CMVIII
Ab urbe condita 1661
Armenian calendar 357
ԹՎ ՅԾԷ
Assyrian calendar 5658
Balinese saka calendar 829–830
Bengali calendar 315
Berber calendar 1858
Buddhist calendar 1452
Burmese calendar 270
Byzantine calendar 6416–6417
Chinese calendar 丁卯(Fire  Rabbit)
3604 or 3544
     to 
戊辰年 (Earth  Dragon)
3605 or 3545
Coptic calendar 624–625
Discordian calendar 2074
Ethiopian calendar 900–901
Hebrew calendar 4668–4669
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 964–965
 - Shaka Samvat 829–830
 - Kali Yuga 4008–4009
Holocene calendar 10908
Iranian calendar 286–287
Islamic calendar 295–296
Japanese calendar Engi 8
(延喜8年)
Javanese calendar 807–808
Julian calendar 908
CMVIII
Korean calendar 3241
Minguo calendar 1004 before ROC
民前1004年
Nanakshahi calendar −560
Seleucid era 1219/1220 AG
Thai solar calendar 1450–1451
Tibetan calendar 阴火兔年
(female Fire-Rabbit)
1034 or 653 or −119
     to 
阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1035 or 654 or −118
Constantine VII is crowned as co-emperor. Coronation of Constantine VII as co-emperor in 908.jpg
Constantine VII is crowned as co-emperor.

Year 908 ( CMVIII ) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year starting on Friday is any year with 366 days that begins on Friday 1 January and ends on Saturday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are CB, such as the years 1808, 1836, 1864, 1892, 1904, 1932, 1960, 1988, 2016, 2044, 2072, and 2112 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2000 and 2028 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in May. Common years starting on Saturday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 230 days remaining until the end of the year.

Constantine VII Byzantine emperor

Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos or Porphyrogenitus was the fourth Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire, reigning from 913 to 959. He was the son of the emperor Leo VI and his fourth wife, Zoe Karbonopsina, and the nephew of his predecessor, the emperor Alexander.

Leo VI the Wise Byzantine Emperor

Leo VI, called the Wise or the Philosopher, was Byzantine Emperor from 886 to 912. The second ruler of the Macedonian dynasty, he was very well-read, leading to his epithet. During his reign, the renaissance of letters, begun by his predecessor Basil I, continued; but the Empire also saw several military defeats in the Balkans against Bulgaria and against the Arabs in Sicily and the Aegean. His reign also witnessed the formal discontinuation of several ancient Roman institutions, such as the Roman consul and Senate, which continued to exist in name only and lost much of their original functions and powers.

Europe

August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 150 days remaining until the end of the year.

The Battle of Eisenach in 908, was a crushing victory by a Hungarian army over a German army composed of troops from Franconia, Saxony and Thuringia.

Principality of Hungary

The Principality of Hungary or Duchy of Hungary was the earliest documented Hungarian state in the Carpathian Basin, established 895 or 896, following the 9th century Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin.

Ireland

September 13 is the 256th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 109 days remaining until the end of the year.

The Battle of Ballaghmoon took place on 13 September 908 at Ballaghmoon, near Castledermot in the south of modern County Kildare. It pitted the forces of Cormac mac Cuilennáin, king of Munster against an alliance comprising the forces of Flann Sinna, high king of Ireland, Cerball mac Muirecáin, king of Leinster, Cathal mac Conchobair, king of Connacht, and Cellach mac Cerbaill, king of Osraige. It ended in a decisive victory for the alliance led by Flann Sinna.

Flann Sinna High King of Ireland

Flann Sinna was the son of Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid of Clann Cholmáin, a branch of the southern Uí Néill. He was King of Mide from 877 onwards and is counted as a High King of Ireland. His mother Land ingen Dúngaile was a sister of Cerball mac Dúnlainge, King of Osraige.

Arabian Empire

December 17 is the 351st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 14 days remaining until the end of the year.

Husayn ibn Hamdan ibn Hamdun ibn al-Harith al-Taghlibi was an early member of the Hamdanid family, who distinguished himself as a general for the Abbasid Caliphate and played a major role in the Hamdanids' rise to power among the Arab tribes in the Jazira.

Abbasid Caliphate Third Islamic caliphate

The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It was founded by a dynasty descended from Muhammad's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs for most of the caliphate from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, after having overthrown the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid Revolution of 750 CE (132 AH).

China

March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 280 days remaining until the end of the year.

Zhu Wen Liang Dynasty emperor

Emperor Taizu of Later Liang (後梁太祖), personal name Zhu Quanzhong (朱全忠) (852–912), né Zhu Wen (朱溫), name later changed to Zhu Huang (朱晃), nickname Zhu San, was a Jiedushi and warlord who in 907 overthrew the Tang dynasty and established the Later Liang as its emperor, ushering in the era of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. The last two Tang emperors, Emperor Zhaozong of Tang and Emperor Ai of Tang, who "ruled" as his puppets from 903 to 907, were both murdered by him.

Later Liang (Five Dynasties) one of the Five Dynasties of China

The Later Liang, also known as Zhu Liang, was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China. It was founded by Zhu Wen, posthumously known as Taizu of Later Liang, after he forced the last emperor of the Tang dynasty to abdicate in his favour. The Later Liang would last until 923 when it was destroyed by Later Tang.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 900s decade ran from January 1, 900, to December 31, 909.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

847 Year

Year 847 (DCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

812 Year

Year 812 (DCCCXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

785 Year

Year 785 (DCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The article denomination 785 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. It is still used today in this manner.

865 Year

Year 865 (DCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

926 Year

Year 926 (CMXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

870 Year

Year 870 (DCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

950 Year

Year 950 (CML) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

913 Year

Year 913 (CMXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

932 Year

Year 932 (CMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

905 Year

Year 905 (CMV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 915 (CMXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

895 Year

Year 895 (DCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

892 Year

Year 892 (DCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

940 Year

Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz the son of the caliph al-Mu'tazz was a political figure, but is better known as a leading Arabic poet and the author of the Kitab al-Badi, an early study of Arabic forms of poetry. This is considered one of the earliest works in Arabic literary theory and literary criticism. Persuaded to assume the role of caliph of the Abbasid dynasty following the premature death of al-Muktafi, he succeeded in ruling for a single day and a single night, before he was forced into hiding, found, and then strangled in a palace intrigue that brought al-Muqtadir, then thirteen years old, to the throne

Xu Wen (徐溫), courtesy name Dunmei (敦美), formally Prince Zhongwu of Qi (齊忠武王), later further posthumously honored Emperor Wu (武皇帝) with the temple name Yizu (義祖) by his adoptive son Xu Zhigao after Xu Zhigao founded the state of Southern Tang, was a major general and regent of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Wu. He took over the reins of the Wu state after assassinating, with his colleague Zhang Hao, Yang Wo, the first Prince of Hongnong, and then killing Zhang. Xu was in essence the decision-maker throughout the reign of Yang Wo's brother and successor Yang Longyan and the first part of the reign of Yang Longyan's brother and successor Yang Pu. After his death, Xu Zhigao inherited his position as regent, eventually seizing the Wu throne and establishing Southern Tang.

Yang Longyan (楊隆演), né Yang Ying (楊瀛), also known as Yang Wei (楊渭), courtesy name Hongyuan (鴻源), formally King Xuan of Wu (吳宣王), later further posthumously honored Emperor Xuan of Wu (吳宣帝) with the temple name of Gaozu (高祖), was a king of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Wu. He became its ruler and carried the title of Prince of Hongnong after the assassination of his brother Yang Wo in 908, but throughout his reign, the governance of the Hongnong/Wu state was under the effective control of the regent Xu Wen.

References

  1. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus
  2. Tarján Tamás, augusztus 3. A kalandozó magyarok győzelme Eisenach mellett, Rubicon.
  3. Reuter, Timothy. Germany in the Early Middle Ages 800–1056. New York: Longman, 1991., p. 129.
  4. Chronicon Hermanni Contracti: Ex Inedito Hucusque Codice Augiensi, Unacum Eius Vita Et Continuatione A Bertholdo eius discipulo scripta. Praemittuntur Varia Anecdota. Subiicitur Chronicon Petershusanum Ineditum. 1, Typis San-Blasianis, 1790, p. CVIII, Text from: Gesta Francorum excerpta, ex originali ampliata, Latin text: "980 [...] Ungari in Saxones. Et Burchardus dux Toringorum, et Reodulfus epsicopus, Eginoque aliique quamplurimi occisi sunt devastata terra...". English translation: "908 [...] The Hungarians against the Saxons. Burchard, duke of Thuringia, bishop Rudolf, and Egino were killed with many others and [the Hungarians] devastated the land...".
  5. New History of the Five Dynasties , vol. 63.