946

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
946 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 946
CMXLVI
Ab urbe condita 1699
Armenian calendar 395
ԹՎ ՅՂԵ
Assyrian calendar 5696
Balinese saka calendar 867–868
Bengali calendar 353
Berber calendar 1896
Buddhist calendar 1490
Burmese calendar 308
Byzantine calendar 6454–6455
Chinese calendar 乙巳(Wood  Snake)
3642 or 3582
     to 
丙午年 (Fire  Horse)
3643 or 3583
Coptic calendar 662–663
Discordian calendar 2112
Ethiopian calendar 938–939
Hebrew calendar 4706–4707
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1002–1003
 - Shaka Samvat 867–868
 - Kali Yuga 4046–4047
Holocene calendar 10946
Iranian calendar 324–325
Islamic calendar 334–335
Japanese calendar Tengyō 9
(天慶9年)
Javanese calendar 846–847
Julian calendar 946
CMXLVI
Korean calendar 3279
Minguo calendar 966 before ROC
民前966年
Nanakshahi calendar −522
Seleucid era 1257/1258 AG
Thai solar calendar 1488–1489
Tibetan calendar 阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1072 or 691 or −81
     to 
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1073 or 692 or −80
King Eadred of England (923-955) Eadred - MS Royal 14 B VI.jpg
King Eadred of England (923–955)

Year 946 ( CMXLVI ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.

The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.

The 960s decade ran from January 1, 960, to December 31, 969.

The 970s decade ran from January 1, 970, to December 31, 979.

965 965

Year 965 (CMLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

882 882

Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

942 942

Year 942 (CMXLII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Buyid dynasty Iranian dynasty

The Buyid dynasty, or the Buyids, was a Shia Iranian dynasty of Daylamite origin. Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the 'Iranian Intermezzo' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire.

Muizz al-Dawla Buyid Emir of Iraq

Ahmad ibn Buya, after 945 better known by his laqab of Mu'izz al-Dawla, was the first of the Buyid emirs of Iraq, ruling from 945 until his death.

Adud al-Dawla King of Kings

Fannā (Panāh) Khusraw, better known by his laqab of ʿAḍud al-Dawla was an emir of the Buyid dynasty, ruling from 949 to 983, and at his height of power ruling an empire stretching from Makran as far to Yemen and the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. He is widely regarded as the greatest monarch of the dynasty, and by the end of his reign was the most powerful ruler in the Middle East.

The Arabic title al-Dawla means "dynasty" or "state" and appears in many honorific and regnal titles in the Islamic world. Invented in the 10th century for senior statesmen of the Abbasid Caliphate, such titles soon spread throughout the Islamic world and provided the model for a broad variety of similar titles with other elements such as al-Din ("Faith").

Al-Madain human settlement

Al-Mada'in was an ancient metropolis which lay between the ancient royal centers of Ctesiphon and Seleucia. It was founded during Sasanian rule, and was used as a synonym for Ctesiphon by the Arabs, and later by the Muslims.

Battle of Baghdad (946)

The Battle of Baghdad was fought between the forces of the Buyid Emirate of Iraq under Mu'izz al-Dawla and the Hamdanid Emirate of Mosul under Nasir al-Dawla within the city of Baghdad. The battle lasted for several months; it eventually ended in victory for the Buyids, who expelled the Hamdanids from Baghdad with a major offensive and secured control of the city.

The office of amir al-umara, variously rendered in English as emir of emirs, chief emir, and commander of commanders, was a senior military position in the 10th-century Abbasid Caliphate, whose holders in the decade after 936 came to supersede the civilian bureaucracy under the vizier and become effective regents, relegating the Abbasid caliphs to a purely ceremonial role. The office then formed the basis for the Buyid control over the Abbasid caliphs and over Iraq after 946.

Nasir al-Dawla Emir of Mosul

Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Abu'l-Hayja 'Abdallah ibn Hamdan al-Taghlibi, more commonly known simply by his laqab of Nasir al-Dawla, was the second Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.

Ispahdost or Isfahdust, was a Daylamite military officer who served the Buyid dynasty. He first appears as an officer of the Buyid ruler Mu'izz al-Dawla during his conquest of Abbasid Iraq in 945. Furthermore, Ispahdost is later mentioned as the brother-in-law of Mu'izz al-Dawla, and one year later, participated in the defense of Baghdad against the Hamdanids. In 948, Ispahdost, along with the Abbasid caliph al-Muti, planned a plot against Mu'izz al-Dawla, which, however, Mu'izz al-Dawla became informed of, and had Ispahdost imprisoned, who soon died.

Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, also known by his honorific title of Umdat al-Dawla, was a Buyid prince, who was the youngest son of the Buyid ruler Mu'izz al-Dawla.

References

  1. McKitterick, Rosamond (1983). The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians. Addison-Wesley Longman. p. 317. ISBN   978-0-582-49005-5.
  2. K. Halloran, "A Murder at Pucklechurch: The Death of King Edmund I, 26 May 946". Midland History, Volume 40. Issue 1 (Spring 2015), pp. 120–129.
  3. Lawrence-Mathers, Anne; Escobar-Vargas, Carolina (2014). Magic and medieval society. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN   9781408270509.