946

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
946 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 946
CMXLVI
Ab urbe condita 1699
Armenian calendar 395
ԹՎ ՅՂԵ
Assyrian calendar 5696
Balinese saka calendar 867–868
Bengali calendar 353
Berber calendar 1896
Buddhist calendar 1490
Burmese calendar 308
Byzantine calendar 6454–6455
Chinese calendar 乙巳(Wood  Snake)
3642 or 3582
     to 
丙午年 (Fire  Horse)
3643 or 3583
Coptic calendar 662–663
Discordian calendar 2112
Ethiopian calendar 938–939
Hebrew calendar 4706–4707
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1002–1003
 - Shaka Samvat 867–868
 - Kali Yuga 4046–4047
Holocene calendar 10946
Iranian calendar 324–325
Islamic calendar 334–335
Japanese calendar Tengyō 9
(天慶9年)
Javanese calendar 846–847
Julian calendar 946
CMXLVI
Korean calendar 3279
Minguo calendar 966 before ROC
民前966年
Nanakshahi calendar −522
Seleucid era 1257/1258 AG
Thai solar calendar 1488–1489
Tibetan calendar 阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1072 or 691 or −81
     to 
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1073 or 692 or −80
King Eadred of England (923-955) Eadred - MS Royal 14 B VI.jpg
King Eadred of England (923–955)

Year 946 ( CMXLVI ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Europe

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor German king and first emperor of the Ottonian empire

Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.

West Francia former country (843-987)

In medieval historiography, West Francia or the Kingdom of the West Franks was the western part of Charlemagne's Empire, ruled by the Germanic Franks that forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting from about 840 until 987. West Francia was formed out of the division of the Carolingian Empire in 843 under the Treaty of Verdun after the death of Emperor Louis the Pious and the east–west division which "gradually hardened into the establishment of separate kingdoms (...) of what we can begin to call Germany and France."

Laon Prefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France. As of 2012 its population is 25,317.

England

May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 219 days remain until the end of the year.

Edmund I Anglo Saxon monarch

Edmund I was King of the English from 939 until his death. His epithets include the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Just, and the Magnificent.

Augustine of Canterbury Missionary, Archbishop of Canterbury, and saint

Augustine of Canterbury was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church.

Arabian Empire

January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 337 days remain until the end of the year.

Al-Mustakfi Abbasid caliph

Abdallah ibn al-Muktafi, better known by his regnal name al-Mustakfi bi-llah was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 944 to 946. He was installed by Tuzun, a Turkish general who deposed and blinded the previous Caliph al-Muttaqi.

Muizz al-Dawla Buwayhid emir of Iraq

Ahmad ibn Buya, after 945 better known by his laqab of Mu'izz al-Dawla, was the first of the Buyid emirs of Iraq, ruling from 945 until his death.

Japan

May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 229 days remain until the end of the year.

Emperor Suzaku was the 61st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Throne seat of state of a potentate or dignitary

A throne is the seat of state of a potentate or dignitary, especially the seat occupied by a sovereign on state occasions; or the seat occupied by a pope or bishop on ceremonial occasions. "Throne" in an abstract sense can also refer to the monarchy or the Crown itself, an instance of metonymy, and is also used in many expressions such as "the power behind the throne". The expression "ascend (mount) the throne" takes its meaning from the steps leading up to the dais or platform, on which the throne is placed, being formerly comprised in the word's significance.

By topic

Religion

Pope Marinus II pope

Pope Marinus II was Pope from 30 October 942 to his death in 946.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Pope Agapetus II pope

Pope Agapetus II was Pope from 10 May 946 to his death in 955. A nominee of the Princeps of Rome, Alberic II, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.

Volcanology

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.

965 Year

Year 965 (CMLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

882 Year

Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

936 Year

Year 936 (CMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

942 Year

Year 942 (CMXLII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Buyid dynasty Iranian dynasty

The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids, also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was a Shia Iranian dynasty of Daylamite origin. Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the 'Iranian Intermezzo' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire.

Rukn al-Dawla First Buyid amir of northern and central Iran

Hasan, better known by his laqab as Rukn al-Dawla, was the first Buyid amir of northern and central Iran. He was the son of Buya.

Imad al-Dawla Founder of the Buyid dynasty in Iran

Ali ibn Buya, known by his laqabImad al-Dawla, was the founder of the Buyid dynasty in Iran.

Adud al-Dawla emir of the Buyid dynasty

Fannā (Panāh) Khusraw, better known by his laqab of ʿAḍud al-Dawla was an emir of the Buyid dynasty, ruling from 949 to 983, and at his height of power ruling an empire stretching from Makran as far to Yemen and the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. He is widely regarded as the greatest monarch of the dynasty, and by the end of his reign was the most powerful ruler in the Middle East.

Al-Madain human settlement

Al-Mada'in was an ancient metropolis which lay between the ancient royal centers of Ctesiphon and Seleucia. It was founded during Sasanian rule, and was used as a synonym for Ctesiphon by the Arabs, and later by the Muslims.

Battle of Baghdad (946)

The Battle of Baghdad was fought between the forces of the Buyid Emirate of Iraq under Mu'izz al-Dawla and the Hamdanid Emirate of Mosul under Nasir al-Dawla within the city of Baghdad. The battle lasted for several months; it eventually ended in victory for the Buyids, who expelled the Hamdanids from Baghdad with a major offensive and secured control of the city.

The office of amir al-umara, variously rendered in English as emir of emirs, chief emir, and commander of commanders, was a senior military position in the 10th-century Abbasid Caliphate, whose holders in the decade after 936 came to supersede the civilian bureaucracy under the vizier and become effective regents, relegating the Abbasid caliphs to a purely ceremonial role. The office then formed the basis for the Buyid control over the Abbasid caliphs and over Iraq after 946.

Nasir al-Dawla Emir of Mosul

Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Abu'l-Hayja 'Abdallah ibn Hamdan al-Taghlibi, more commonly known simply by his laqab of Nasir al-Dawla, was the second Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.

Fadl Allah Abu Taghlib al-Ghadanfar ʿUddat al-Dawla, usually known simply by his kunya as Abu Taghlib, was the third Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.

Ispahdost or Isfahdust, was a Daylamite military officer who served the Buyid dynasty. He first appears as an officer of the Buyid ruler Mu'izz al-Dawla during his conquest of Abbasid Iraq in 945. Furthermore, Ispahdost is later mentioned as the brother-in-law of Mu'izz al-Dawla, and one year later, participated in the defense of Baghdad against the Hamdanids. In 948, Ispahdost, along with the Abbasid caliph al-Muti, planned a plot against Mu'izz al-Dawla, which, however, Mu'izz al-Dawla became informed of, and had Ispahdost imprisoned, who soon died.

Abu Mansur Lashkarwarz ibn Sahlan, better known as simply Lashkarwarz, was a Daylamite military officer who served the Buyid dynasty. He was the son of a certain Sahlan, and had a brother named Musafir. Lashkarwarz is first mentioned in participating in the army of the Buyid vizier Abu Muhammad al-Hasan al-Muhallabi in the defense of Basra against the Wajihid ruler of Oman, Yusuf ibn Wajih. In 954, Lashkarwarz was sent to aid the Muhtajid ruler Abu 'Ali Chaghani, whose claims to Samanid Khorasan was supported by the Buyids. However, this attempt turned fruitless, and Abu 'Ali died one year later of disease. Lashkarwarz also had a daughter who married the son of the Buyid ruler Mu'izz al-Dawla, Izz al-Dawla. Lashkarwarz along with his brother died in 958.

Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, also known by his honorific title of Umdat al-Dawla, was a Buyid prince, who was the youngest son of the Buyid ruler Mu'izz al-Dawla.

References

  1. McKitterick, Rosamond (1983). The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians. Addison-Wesley Longman. p. 317. ISBN   978-0-582-49005-5.
  2. K. Halloran, "A Murder at Pucklechurch: The Death of King Edmund I, 26 May 946". Midland History, Volume 40. Issue 1 (Spring 2015), pp. 120–129.
  3. Lawrence-Mathers, Anne; Escobar-Vargas, Carolina (2014). Magic and medieval society. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN   9781408270509.