1280

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1280 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1280
MCCLXXX
Ab urbe condita 2033
Armenian calendar 729
ԹՎ ՉԻԹ
Assyrian calendar 6030
Balinese saka calendar 1201–1202
Bengali calendar 687
Berber calendar 2230
English Regnal year 8  Edw. 1   9  Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar 1824
Burmese calendar 642
Byzantine calendar 6788–6789
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth  Rabbit)
3976 or 3916
     to 
庚辰年 (Metal  Dragon)
3977 or 3917
Coptic calendar 996–997
Discordian calendar 2446
Ethiopian calendar 1272–1273
Hebrew calendar 5040–5041
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1336–1337
 - Shaka Samvat 1201–1202
 - Kali Yuga 4380–4381
Holocene calendar 11280
Igbo calendar 280–281
Iranian calendar 658–659
Islamic calendar 678–679
Japanese calendar Kōan 3
(弘安3年)
Javanese calendar 1190–1191
Julian calendar 1280
MCCLXXX
Korean calendar 3613
Minguo calendar 632 before ROC
民前632年
Nanakshahi calendar −188
Thai solar calendar 1822–1823
Tibetan calendar 阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1406 or 1025 or 253
     to 
阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
1407 or 1026 or 254

1280 ( MCCLXXX ) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) in the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are GF, such as the years 1912, 1940, 1968, 1996, 2024, 2052, 2080, and 2120 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2008, 2036, and 2064 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Monday, Wednesday or Thursday has two Friday the 13ths. This leap year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Common years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

June 23 is the 174th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 191 days remaining until the end of the year.

<i>Reconquista</i> period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula

The Reconquista is a name used in English to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1491. The completed conquest of Granada was the context of the Spanish voyages of discovery and conquest, and the Americas—the "New World"—ushered in the era of the Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires.

Battle of Moclín (1280)

The Battle of Moclín, also known as the Disaster of Moclín, was a battle fought in the Granadian municipality of Moclín on June 23, 1280. The battle pitted the troops of the Emirate of Granada, commanded by Muhammad II, the Sultan of Granada, against those of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Leon who were composed mainly of mercenaries and of members of the Order of Santiago, being commanded by the contemporary grand master of the order Gonzalo Ruiz Girón and by the infante Sancho, son of King Alfonso X of Castile.

Births

Birger, King of Sweden King of Sweden

Birger was King of Sweden from 1290 to 1318.

Year 1321 (MCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Wu Zhen (painter) 14th-century Chinese painter

Wu Zhen was a painter born in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, during the Yuan dynasty of China, one of the so-called Four Masters of the Yuan Dynasty. He followed the Dong Yuan school of painting. Following along with trends of the time, Wu's works tended less toward naturalism and more toward abstraction, focusing on dynamic balance of elements, and personifying nature. His painting The Central Mountain, dated 1336, is perhaps his greatest work and shows his style very clearly. It is a symmetrical image, with one large mountain in its center and others to each side. The mountains have rounded tops, and in fact all of Wu's lines in this painting are smooth, curved and flowing. The painting is a reinterpretation of traditional landscape paintings as it brings abstract style and brushwork to landscape, primarily to create a work focused on balance.

Deaths

February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 324 days remaining until the end of the year.

Margaret II, Countess of Flanders Countess of Flanders and Hainaut

Margaret, often called Margaret of Constantinople, ruled as Countess of Flanders during 1244–1278 and Countess of Hainaut during 1244–1253 and 1257–1280. She was the younger daughter of Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders and Hainaut, and Marie of Champagne.

Year 1202 (MCCII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Related Research Articles

Andronikos III Palaiologos Byzantine emperor/1328-1341

Andronikos III Palaiologos, commonly Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos, he was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was proclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321 he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor in February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on 24 May 1328.

Roger Bacon medieval philosopher and theologian

Roger Bacon, also known by the scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis, was a medieval English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empiricism. In the early modern era, he was regarded as a wizard and particularly famed for the story of his mechanical or necromantic brazen head. He is sometimes credited as one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method inspired by Aristotle and by the Arab scientist Alhazen.

13th century Century

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 through December 31, 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages, and after its conquests in Asia the Mongol Empire stretched from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe.

The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.

The 1280s is the decade starting January 1, 1280 and ending December 31, 1289.

Year 1296 (MCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1270 Year

Year 1270 (MCCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Boniface of Savoy (bishop) 13th-century Archbishop of Canterbury and saint

Boniface of Savoy was a medieval Bishop of Belley in France and Archbishop of Canterbury in England. He was the son of Thomas, Count of Savoy, and owed his initial ecclesiastical posts to his father. Other members of his family were also clergymen, and a brother succeeded his father as count. One niece was married to King Henry III of England and another was married to King Louis IX of France. It was Henry who secured Boniface's election as Archbishop, and throughout his tenure of that office he spent much time on the continent. He clashed with his bishops, with his nephew-by-marriage, and with the papacy, but managed to eliminate the archiepiscopal debt which he had inherited on taking office. During Simon de Montfort's struggle with King Henry, Boniface initially helped Montfort's cause, but later supported the king. After his death in Savoy, his tomb became the object of a cult, and he was eventually beatified in 1839.

Robert Grosseteste 13th-century Bishop of Lincoln and philosopher

Robert Grosseteste was an English statesman, scholastic philosopher, theologian, scientist and Bishop of Lincoln. He was born of humble parents at Stradbroke in Suffolk. Upon his death, he was almost universally revered as a saint in England, but attempts to procure a formal canonization failed. A. C. Crombie calls him "the real founder of the tradition of scientific thought in medieval Oxford, and in some ways, of the modern English intellectual tradition".

Asen dynasty dynasty

The Asen dynasty founded and ruled a medieval Bulgarian state, called in modern historiography the Second Bulgarian Empire, between 1187 and 1256.

Kaliman Asen I, also known as Coloman Asen I or Koloman was emperor of Bulgaria from 1241 to 1246. He was the son of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria and Anna Maria of Hungary. He was only seven when he succeeded his father in 1241. In the following years, the Mongols invaded Bulgaria and imposed a yearly tax on the country. He may have been poisoned, according to contemporaneous rumors about his death.

Michael II Asen was emperor of Bulgaria from 1246 to 1256 or 1257. He was the son of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria and Irene Komnene Doukaina. He succeeded his half-brother, Kaliman I Asen. His mother or other relative must have ruled Bulgaria during his minority.

Bulgarian Empire Midieval empire in SouthEastern Europe

In the medieval history of Europe, Bulgaria's status as the Bulgarian Empire, wherein it acted as a key regional power occurred in two distinct periods: between the seventh and eleventh centuries, and again between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries. The two "Bulgarian Empires" are not treated as separate entities, but rather as one state restored after a period of Byzantine rule over its territory. Bulgaria is one of the few historic states and nations whose economy and society were never based on slavery, and slavery never played an important role in Bulgarian statehood development and wealth.

Nicholas Farnham was a medieval Bishop of Durham.

Robert Passelewe was a medieval Bishop of Chichester elect as well as being a royal clerk and Archdeacon of Lewes.

Roger Weseham was an English medieval Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.

Henry of Lexington was a medieval Bishop of Lincoln.

John Crakehall was an English clergyman and Treasurer of England from 1258 to 1260.

Peter was a Bulgarian nobleman who held the high title of sevastokrator around 1253. He married a daughter of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria. He ruled significant territories in Bulgaria during the reign of his brother-in-law, Michael II Asen.

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