869

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
869 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 869
DCCCLXIX
Ab urbe condita 1622
Armenian calendar 318
ԹՎ ՅԺԸ
Assyrian calendar 5619
Balinese saka calendar 790–791
Bengali calendar 276
Berber calendar 1819
Buddhist calendar 1413
Burmese calendar 231
Byzantine calendar 6377–6378
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth  Rat)
3565 or 3505
     to 
己丑年 (Earth  Ox)
3566 or 3506
Coptic calendar 585–586
Discordian calendar 2035
Ethiopian calendar 861–862
Hebrew calendar 4629–4630
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 925–926
 - Shaka Samvat 790–791
 - Kali Yuga 3969–3970
Holocene calendar 10869
Iranian calendar 247–248
Islamic calendar 255–256
Japanese calendar Jōgan 11
(貞観11年)
Javanese calendar 766–767
Julian calendar 869
DCCCLXIX
Korean calendar 3202
Minguo calendar 1043 before ROC
民前1043年
Nanakshahi calendar −599
Seleucid era 1180/1181 AG
Thai solar calendar 1411–1412
Tibetan calendar 阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
995 or 614 or −158
     to 
阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
996 or 615 or −157
Death of king Edmund the Martyr (right) Edmundbeingmartyred05.jpg
Death of king Edmund the Martyr (right)

Year 869 ( DCCCLXIX ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. Examples include 1949, 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011 and 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Byzantine Empire

Basil I Byzantine emperor

Basil I, called the Macedonian was a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886. Born a simple peasant in the theme of Macedonia, he rose in the Imperial court. He entered into the service of Theophilitzes, a relative of Emperor Michael III, and was given a fortune by the wealthy Danielis. He gained the favour of Michael III, whose mistress he married on the emperor's orders, and was proclaimed co-emperor in 866. He ordered the assassination of Michael the next year. Despite his humble origins, he showed great ability in running the affairs of state. He was the founder of the Macedonian dynasty. He was succeeded upon his death by his son Leo VI.

Francia Territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks, or Frankish Empire, was the largest post-Roman barbarian kingdom in Western Europe. It was ruled by the Franks during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. It is the predecessor of the modern states of France and Germany. After the Treaty of Verdun in 843, West Francia became the predecessor of France, and East Francia became that of Germany. Francia was among the last surviving Germanic kingdoms from the Migration Period era before its partition in 843.

Louis II of Italy Holy Roman Emperor

Louis II, sometimes called the Younger, was the king of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 844, co-ruling with his father Lothair I until 855, after which he ruled alone. Louis's usual title was imperator augustus, but he used imperator Romanorum after his conquest of Bari in 871, which led to poor relations with the Eastern Roman Empire. He was called imperator Italiae in West Francia while the Byzantines called him Basileus Phrangias. The chronicler Andreas of Bergamo, who is the main source for Louis's activities in southern Italy, notes that "after his death a great tribulation came to Italy."

Europe

August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 145 days remain until the end of the year.

Lothair II King of Lotharingia

Lothair II was the king of Lotharingia from 855 until his death. He was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours. He was married to Teutberga, daughter of Boso the Elder.

Lotharingia former medieval kingdom (855-959)

Lotharingia was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire and a later duchy of the Ottonian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France). It was named after King Lothair II who received this territory after the kingdom of Middle Francia of his father Lothair I was divided among his sons in 855.

Britain

Denmark Constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country. Denmark proper, which is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two autonomous territories in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

Ivar the Boneless, also known as Ivar Ragnar'son, was a Viking leader who invaded Anglo-Saxon England. According to The Tale of Ragnar Lothbrok, he was the oldest son of Ragnar Loðbrok and third wife Aslaug. His younger half-brothers and brothers included Björn Ironside, Halfdan Ragnarsson, Hvitserk, Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye and Ubba.

Mercia One of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy

Mercia was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. The name is a Latinisation of the Old English Mierce or Myrce, meaning "border people". Mercia dominated what would later become England for three centuries, subsequently going into a gradual decline while Wessex eventually conquered and united all the kingdoms into the Kingdom of England.

Arabian Empire

Zanj Rebellion major uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate

The Zanj Rebellion was a major uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate, which took place from 869 until 883. Begun near the city of Basra in present-day southern Iraq and led by one 'Ali ibn Muhammad, the insurrection is traditionally believed to have involved some enslaved Bantu-speaking people (Zanj) who had originally been captured from the coast of East Africa and transported to the Middle East. It grew to involve many slaves and free men from several regions of the Caliphate, and claimed tens of thousands of lives before it was finally defeated.

Slavery System under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs.

East Africa Eastern region of the African continent

East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography. In the United Nations Statistics Division scheme of geographic regions, 20 territories make up Eastern Africa:

Japan

July 9 is the 190th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 175 days remain until the end of the year.

869 Sanriku earthquake

The 869 Sanriku earthquake and its associated tsunami struck the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu on 9 July 869 AD. The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of at least 8.4 on the moment magnitude scale, but may have been as high as 9.0, similar to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. The tsunami caused widespread flooding of the Sendai plain. In 2001, researchers identified sand deposits in a trench more than 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) from the coast as coming from this tsunami.

Sanriku

Sanriku (三陸), sometimes known as Rikushū (陸州), lies on the northeastern side of the island of Honshu, corresponding to today's Aomori, Iwate and parts of Miyagi Prefecture and has a long history.

Mesoamerica

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Related Research Articles

867 Year

Year 867 (DCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 820s decade ran from January 1, 820, to December 31, 829.

The 840s decade ran from January 1, 840, to December 31, 849.

The 860s decade ran from January 1, 860, to December 31, 869.

The 870s decade ran from January 1, 870, to December 31, 879.

The 880s decade ran from January 1, 880, to December 31, 889.

847 Year

Year 847 (DCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

855 Year

Year 855 (DCCCLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

835 Year

Year 835 (DCCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

854 Year

Year 854 (DCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

863 Year

Year 863 (DCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

865 Year

Year 865 (DCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

866 Year

Year 866 (DCCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

868 Year

Year 868 (DCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

872 Year

Year 872 (DCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

870 Year

Year 870 (DCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

873 Year

Year 873 (DCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

879 Year

Year 879 (DCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Kreutz, Barbara M. (1991). Before the Normans: Southern Italy in the ninth and tenth centuries. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 43. ISBN   0812231015.
  2. Hill, Paul (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great. pp. 32–6. ISBN   978-1-59416-087-5.
  3. Martin, Simon; Grube, Nikolai (2000). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya . London; New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN   0-500-05103-8. OCLC   47358325.
  4. Rahner, Karl (2004). Encyclopedia of Theology. p. 389. ISBN   0-86012-006-6.