1880s

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From left, clockwise: A famous gunfight erupts at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881; a long-distance passenger train called the Orient Express begins running between Paris and Constantinople in 1883; U.S. Congress bans Chinese immigrants from entering the U.S. for ten years, starting in 1882; South Fork Dam fails after heavy rainfall and floods the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing over two thousand people; George Eastman introduces the Kodak No 1 and the camera becomes an enormous success; Chicago's Haymarket Square is the scene of a bombing that kills at least seven police officers and four civilians during a massive protest from a labor rally and is generally considered the origin of modern May Day protests; settlers try to claim land during the Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889; combined groups of British and Sudanese forces on opposing sides fight during a nationalist uprising against the Khedive Tewfik Pasha. 1880s Montage II.jpg
From left, clockwise: A famous gunfight erupts at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881; a long-distance passenger train called the Orient Express begins running between Paris and Constantinople in 1883; U.S. Congress bans Chinese immigrants from entering the U.S. for ten years, starting in 1882; South Fork Dam fails after heavy rainfall and floods the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing over two thousand people; George Eastman introduces the Kodak No 1 and the camera becomes an enormous success; Chicago's Haymarket Square is the scene of a bombing that kills at least seven police officers and four civilians during a massive protest from a labor rally and is generally considered the origin of modern May Day protests; settlers try to claim land during the Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889; combined groups of British and Sudanese forces on opposing sides fight during a nationalist uprising against the Khedive Tewfik Pasha.

The 1880s was a decade that began on January 1, 1880, and ended on December 31, 1889. The decade occurred at the core period of the Second Industrial Revolution. The modern city as well as the sky-scraper rose to prominence in this decade as well, contributing to the economic prosperity of the time. The 1880s were also part of the Gilded Age, in the United States, which lasted from 1874 to 1907.

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Politics and wars

Wars

Internal conflicts

Colonization

Prominent political events

Disasters

Assassinations and attempts

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:

Alexander II of Russia Zar Alexander II.jpg (cropped).jpg
Alexander II of Russia

Science and technology

Technology

Benz Patent Motorwagen which is widely regarded as the first automobile was first introduced in 1885. 1885Benz.jpg
Benz Patent Motorwagen which is widely regarded as the first automobile was first introduced in 1885.

Science

Society

Literature and arts

Architecture

Home Insurance Building Home Insurance Building.JPG
Home Insurance Building
The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated on March 31, 1889 thus becoming the tallest structure in the world Tour eiffel at sunrise from the trocadero.jpg
The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated on March 31, 1889 thus becoming the tallest structure in the world

Sports

Music

Johannes Brahms 1885

Fashion

Other

Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886 19th century Coca-Cola coupon.jpg
Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886

Fiction and Film

People

World leaders

Politics

Sports Figures

Famous and infamous personalities

Related Research Articles

George Westinghouse 19th century American inventor and businessman

George Westinghouse Jr. was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pennsylvania who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, gaining his first patent at the age of 19. Westinghouse saw the potential in alternating current as an electricity distribution system in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it, a move that put his business in direct competition with the Edison direct current system. In 1911 Westinghouse received the AIEE's Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system."

Ottó Bláthy Hungarian chess player

Ottó Titusz Bláthy was a Hungarian electrical engineer. In his career, he became the co-inventor of the modern electric transformer, the tension regulator, the AC watt-hour meter.motor capacitor for the single-phase (AC) electric motor, the turbo generator, and the high-efficiency turbo generator.

War of the currents an era of clash between use of Alternating and Direct Current for electric power distribution

The war of the currents, sometimes called battle of the currents, was a series of events surrounding the introduction of competing electric power transmission systems in the late 1880s and early 1890s. It grew out of two lighting systems developed in the late 1870s and early 1880s; arc lamp street lighting running on high-voltage alternating current (AC), and large-scale low-voltage direct current (DC) indoor incandescent lighting being marketed by Thomas Edison's company. In 1886, the Edison system was faced with new competition: an alternating current system developed by George Westinghouse's company that used transformers to step down from a high voltage so AC could be used for indoor lighting. Using high voltage allowed an AC system to transmit power over longer distances from more efficient large central generating stations. As the use of AC spread rapidly, the Edison Electric Light Company claimed in early 1888 that high voltages used in an alternating current system were hazardous, and that the design was inferior to, and infringed on the patents behind, their direct current system.

Lucien Gaulard invented devices for the transmission of alternating current electrical energy.

Ganz Works Electrical manufacturer in Budapest, Hungary

The Ganz Works or Ganz was a group of companies operating between 1845 and 1949 in Budapest, Hungary. It was named after Ábrahám Ganz, the founder and the manager of the company. It is probably best known for the manufacture of tramcars, but was also a pioneer in the application of three-phase alternating current to electric railways. Ganz also made ships, bridge steel structures and high-voltage equipment. In the early 20th century the company experienced its heyday, it became the third largest industrial enterprise in Kingdom of Hungary after the Manfréd Weiss Steel and Metal Works and the MÁVAG company. Since 1989, various parts of Ganz have been taken over by other companies.

Early Birds of Aviation Organization devoted to the history of early pilots

The Early Birds of Aviation is an organization devoted to the history of early pilots. The organization was started in 1928 and accepted a membership of 598 pioneering aviators.

Schuyler Wheeler American inventor of the two-blade electric fan

Schuyler Skaats Wheeler was an American electrical engineer and manufacturer who invented the electric fan, the electric elevator, and the electric fire engine. He helped develop and implement a code of ethics for electrical engineers.

Gustave Trouvé French electrical engineer and inventor

Gustave Pierre Trouvé was a French electrical engineer and inventor in the 19th century.

Moritz Immisch was an Electrical engineer, watchmaker and inventor.

Philip Diehl (inventor) German-American engineer and inventor

Philip H. Diehl was a German-American mechanical engineer and inventor who held several U.S. patents, including electric incandescent lamps, electric motors for sewing machines and other uses, and ceiling fans. Diehl was a contemporary of Thomas Edison and his inventions caused Edison to reduce the price of his incandescent bulb.

Henry Sutton (inventor) Australian inventor (1855–1912)

Henry Sutton was an Australian designer, engineer, and inventor credited with contributions to early developments in electricity, aviation, wireless communication, photography and telephony.

John Dixon Gibbs (1834–1912) was a British engineer and financier who, together with Lucien Gaulard, is often credited as the co-inventor of the AC step-down transformer. The transformer was first demonstrated in 1883 at London's Royal Aquarium. At the time the term "transformer" had not yet been invented, so instead it was referred to as a "secondary generator". Although he is usually credited equally with Gaulard, Gibb's role in the invention appears to have been more that of a financial backer and businessman.

András Mechwart German mechanical engineer, inventor and chief executive officer (1834-1907)

András Mechwart de Belecska was a German-born Hungarian-German mechanical engineer, chief executive of the Ganz Works, and a pioneer in the Hungarian mechanical and electrical engineering. As an inventor and as a businessman he contributed to the development of the Hungarian transport manufacturing industry, and made the Ganz Works a flagship of the Hungarian economy of the 19th century.

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Further reading