1860s

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The 1860s was the ten-year period from the years 1860 to 1869.

Contents

The abolition of Slavery in the United States led to the breakdown of the Atlantic slave trade, which was already suffering from the abolition of slavery in most of Europe in the late 1820s and 1830s. In the United States, civil war between the Confederate States of America and the Union states led to massive deaths and the destruction of cities such as Chambersburg, Pennsylvania; Richmond, Virginia; and Atlanta, Georgia. Sherman's March to the Sea was one of the first times America experienced total war, and advancements in military technology, such as iron and steel warships, and the development and initial deployment of early machine guns added to the destruction. After the American Civil War, turmoil continued in the Reconstruction era, with the rise of white supremacist organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the issue of granting Civil Rights to Freedmen.

Politics and wars

Emperor Maximilian being executed (1867), marking the end of the Second Mexican Empire

Wars

Internal conflicts

American Civil War

Prominent political events

Assassinations and attempts

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:

Image of Lincoln being shot by Booth while sitting in a theater booth.
Shown in the presidential booth of Ford's Theatre, from left to right, are assassin John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, Clara Harris, and Henry Rathbone

Science and technology

Alfred Nobel invents dynamite in Sweden, patenting it in 1867

Establishments

Religion

Literature and arts

Sports

Fashion

People

World leaders

Politics

Famous and infamous personalities

References

  1. "American Civil War". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  2. Medical Advances Timeline

Further reading