1077

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1077 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1077
MLXXVII
Ab urbe condita 1830
Armenian calendar 526
ԹՎ ՇԻԶ
Assyrian calendar 5827
Balinese saka calendar 998–999
Bengali calendar 484
Berber calendar 2027
English Regnal year 11  Will. 1   12  Will. 1
Buddhist calendar 1621
Burmese calendar 439
Byzantine calendar 6585–6586
Chinese calendar 丙辰(Fire  Dragon)
3773 or 3713
     to 
丁巳年 (Fire  Snake)
3774 or 3714
Coptic calendar 793–794
Discordian calendar 2243
Ethiopian calendar 1069–1070
Hebrew calendar 4837–4838
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1133–1134
 - Shaka Samvat 998–999
 - Kali Yuga 4177–4178
Holocene calendar 11077
Igbo calendar 77–78
Iranian calendar 455–456
Islamic calendar 469–470
Japanese calendar Jōhō 4 / Jōryaku 1
(承暦元年)
Javanese calendar 981–982
Julian calendar 1077
MLXXVII
Korean calendar 3410
Minguo calendar 835 before ROC
民前835年
Nanakshahi calendar −391
Seleucid era 1388/1389 AG
Thai solar calendar 1619–1620
Tibetan calendar 阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1203 or 822 or 50
     to 
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1204 or 823 or 51
King Alfonso VI (the Brave) is crowned, and becomes "Emperor of all Spain". Jura de Santa Gadea.jpg
King Alfonso VI (the Brave) is crowned, and becomes "Emperor of all Spain".

Year 1077 ( MLXXVII ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Nikephoros III Botaneiates Emperor and autocrat of the romans

Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates, was Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081. He was born in c. 1002, and became a general during the reign of Constantine X. He backed Isaac I Komnenos in his successful attempt to seize the throne, serving a prominent role during the Battle of Petroe. In 1078, he revolted against Emperor Michael VII, claiming the throne for himself, with the support of the Seljuk Turks. Michael VII, faced also with the revolt of Nikephoros Bryennios, chose to abdicate to Nikephoros III.

Michael VII Doukas Emperor and autocrat of the romans

Michael VII Doukas or Dukas/Ducas, nicknamed Parapinakes, was Byzantine emperor from 1071 to 1078.

Nikephoros Bryennios was a Byzantine general, statesman and historian. He was born at Orestias in the theme of Macedonia.

This is an alphabetical index of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire. Feel free to add more, and create missing pages. You can track changes to the articles included in this list from here.

Irene Doukaina Empress consort of the Byzantine Empire

Irene Doukaina or Ducaena was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene.

Constantine Doukas (co-emperor) Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Constantine Doukas or Ducas, was Byzantine junior emperor from 1074–1078, and again from 1081–1087. He was born to Emperor Michael VII and Empress Maria of Alania in late 1074, and elevated to junior emperor in the same year. He was junior emperor until 1078, when Michael VII was replaced by Nikephoros III Botaneiates. Because Constantine was not made junior emperor under Nikephoros III, his betrothal to Olympias, the daughter of Robert Guiscard, was broken, which Robert Guiscard used as a pretext to invade the Byzantine Empire. John Doukas forced Nikephoros to abdicate to Alexios I Komnenos in 1081, and shortly after Alexios elevated Constantine to junior emperor under himself. Constantine remained junior emperor until 1087, when Alexios had a son, John II Komnenos. Constantine died in c. 1095.

Battle of Kalavrye

The Battle of Kalavrye was fought in 1078 between the Byzantine imperial forces of general Alexios Komnenos and the rebellious governor of Dyrrhachium, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder. Bryennios had rebelled against Michael VII Doukas and had won over the allegiance of the Byzantine army's regular regiments in the Balkans. Even after Doukas's overthrow by Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Bryennios continued his revolt, and threatened Constantinople. After failed negotiations, Botaneiates sent the young general Alexios Komnenos with whatever forces he could gather to confront him.

Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder, Latinized as Nicephorus Bryennius, was a Byzantine general who tried to establish himself as Emperor in the late eleventh century. His contemporaries considered him the best tactician in the empire.

Konstantios Doukas Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Konstantios Doukas, Latinized as Constantius Ducas, was a junior Byzantine Emperor from 1060–1078, and a senior Byzantine Emperor for a short time in 1078. Konstantios was the son of Emperor Constantine X Doukas and Empress Eudokia Makrembolitissa. Upon his birth, he was elevated to junior emperor, along with his brother Michael VII. He remained as junior emperor during the reigns of Constantine, Romanos IV Diogenes, and Michael VII, before he became senior emperor on 31 March 1078, due to the abdication of Michael VII. He was soon handed over to Nikephoros III, a usurper, due to his inability to rule. He was sent to live in a monastery, where he stayed until recalled by Alexios I Komnenos, who made him a general. He was killed on 18 October 1081, in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.

Nikephoros Bryennios, Latinized as Nicephorus Bryennius, was an important Byzantine general who was involved in rebellions against the empress Theodora and later the emperor Michael VI Stratiotikos.

Dyrrhachium (theme) Byzantine district (theme)

The Theme of Dyrrhachium or Dyrrhachion was a Byzantine military-civilian province (theme) located in modern Albania, covering the Adriatic coast of the country. It was established in the early 9th century and named after its capital, Dyrrhachium.

García Ramírez was an Aragonese prelate and infante. He served as the bishop of Jaca, then the only diocese in Aragon, from 1076 until his death. He temporarily served as the bishop of Pamplona, the principal diocese of neighbouring Navarre, from 1078 until 1082. He was a younger son of King Ramiro I of Aragon and Queen Ermesinda and thus a brother of King Sancho Ramírez. He had good relations with King Alfonso VI of León and Pope Gregory VII, both of whom took his side when he was involved in a dispute with his brother.

References

  1. Minguez Fernández, José María (2009). Alfonso VI/Gregorio VII. Soberanía imperial frente a soberanía papal, pp. 30–33. ISSN 1575-801X.
  2. Canellas, Angel (1951). "Las Cruzadas de Aragon en el Siglo XI". Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2012.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, p. 25. Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876).
  4. Claude Cahen (1968). Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history c. 1070–1330. Trans. J. Jones-Williams, pp. 73–74 (New York: Taplinger).
  5. Grape, Wolfgang (1994). The Bayeux tapestry: monument to a Norman triumph. Prestel. ISBN   978-3-7913-1365-8 . Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  6. Cowdrey, H. E. J. (1998). Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085, p. 279. Oxford: Clarendon Press.