995

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
995 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 995
CMXCV
Ab urbe condita 1748
Armenian calendar 444
ԹՎ ՆԽԴ
Assyrian calendar 5745
Balinese saka calendar 916–917
Bengali calendar 402
Berber calendar 1945
Buddhist calendar 1539
Burmese calendar 357
Byzantine calendar 6503–6504
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood  Horse)
3691 or 3631
     to 
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
3692 or 3632
Coptic calendar 711–712
Discordian calendar 2161
Ethiopian calendar 987–988
Hebrew calendar 4755–4756
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1051–1052
 - Shaka Samvat 916–917
 - Kali Yuga 4095–4096
Holocene calendar 10995
Iranian calendar 373–374
Islamic calendar 384–385
Japanese calendar Shōryaku 6 / Chōtoku 1
(長徳元年)
Javanese calendar 896–897
Julian calendar 995
CMXCV
Korean calendar 3328
Minguo calendar 917 before ROC
民前917年
Nanakshahi calendar −473
Seleucid era 1306/1307 AG
Thai solar calendar 1537–1538
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1121 or 740 or −32
     to 
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1122 or 741 or −31
King Kenneth II of Scotland (r. 971-995) Kenneth II of Scotland (Holyrood).jpg
King Kenneth II of Scotland (r. 971–995)

Year 995 ( CMXCV ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events


By place

Byzantine Empire

Basil II Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty

Basil II, nicknamed the Bulgar Slayer, was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty whose effective reign, the longest of any Byzantine monarch, was from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. The son of Romanos II and Theophano, a woman of commoner origin, he had been associated with the throne since 960 as a junior colleague to a succession of senior emperors–his father, his step-father Nikephoros II Phokas, and John I Tzimiskes. In addition to these emperors, Basil's influential great-uncle, Basil Lekapenos, held power for several decades before he was overthrown in 985. From 962, Basil II's brother Constantine, who succeeded him as Constantine VIII, was nominal co-emperor.

Fatimid Caliphate Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate

The Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty of Arab origin ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of the caliphate. At its height the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz.

Hamdanid dynasty dynasty

The Hamdanid dynasty was a Shi'a Muslim Arab dynasty of northern Iraq (al-Jazirah) and Syria (890-1004). They descended from the ancient Banu Taghlib Christian tribe of Mesopotamia and Eastern Arabia.

Europe

Eric the Victorious Swedish king

Eric the Victorious was a Swedish monarch as of around 970. Since he is the first Swedish king in a consecutive regnal succession, who is attested in sources independent of each other, Sweden's list of rulers usually begins with him. His son Olof Skötkonung, however, is considered the first ruler documented to definitely have been accepted both by the original Swedes around Lake Mälaren and by the Geats around Lake Vättern, which peoples were fundamental in forming the nation of Sweden.

Gamla Uppsala A village outside Uppsala in Sweden

Gamla Uppsala is a parish and a village outside Uppsala in Sweden. It had 17,973 inhabitants in 2016.

Olof Skötkonung King of Sweden

Olof Skötkonung was King of Sweden, son of Eric the Victorious and, according to Icelandic sources, Sigrid the Haughty. He succeeded his father in c. 995. He stands at the threshold of recorded history, since he is the first Swedish ruler about whom there is substantial knowledge. He is regarded as the first king known to have ruled both the Swedes and the Geats.

England

Kenneth II of Scotland King of Alba

Cináed mac Maíl Coluim was King of Scots (Alba). The son of Malcolm I, he succeeded King Cuilén on the latter's death at the hands of Rhydderch ap Dyfnwal in 971.

Banquet large meal or feast

A banquet is a large meal or feast, complete with main courses and desserts, often served with ad libitum alcoholic beverages, such as wine or beer. A banquet usually serves a purpose such as a charitable gathering, a ceremony, or a celebration, and is often preceded or followed by speeches in honor of someone.

Lady Finella Scottish assasin

Lady Finella was a noblewoman and Scottish assassin who killed King Kenneth II out of revenge, based on chronicles from the 14th century.

Asia

Seo Hui was a Korean politician and diplomat during the early days of the Goryeo Dynasty of Korea (918–1392). Seo is best remembered for his diplomatic skills that led 60,000 Khitan troops to withdraw from Goryeo without a battle.

Khitan people a nomadic people who founded the Liao dynasty

The Khitan people were a nomadic people from Northeast Asia who, from the 4th century, inhabited an area corresponding to parts of modern Mongolia, Northeast China and the Russian Far East. They spoke the Khitan language, which appears to be related to the Mongolic languages. As the Liao dynasty, they dominated a vast area north of and including parts of China. After the fall of the Liao dynasty in 1125 following the Jurchen invasion, many Khitans followed Yelü Dashi's group westward to establish the Qara Khitai, or Western Liao dynasty, in Central Asia, which lasted several decades before falling to the Mongol Empire in 1218.

Liao dynasty former empire in East Asia

The Liao dynasty, also known as the Liao Empire, officially the Great Liao, or the Khitan (Qidan) State, was an empire in East Asia that ruled from 907 to 1125 over present-day Northern and Northeast China, Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East and North Korea. The empire was founded by Yelü Abaoji, Khagan of the Khitans around the time of the collapse of Tang China and was the first state to control all of Manchuria.

Births

Abu’l-Fadl Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn Bayhaqī, better known as Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqi, was a Persian secretary, historian and author.

1077 Year

Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Cnut the Great 10th and 11th-century King of Denmark, Norway, and England

Cnut the Great, also known as Canute, whose father was Sweyn Forkbeard, was King of Denmark, England and Norway; together often referred to as the North Sea Empire. Yet after the deaths of his heirs within a decade of his own, and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, this legacy was lost. He is popularly invoked in the context of the legend of King Canute and the tide, which usually misrepresents him as a deluded monarch believing he has supernatural powers, contrary to the original legend which portrays a wise king who rebuked his courtiers for their fawning behaviour.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

840 Year

Year 840 (DCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

The 990s decade ran from January 1, 990, to December 31, 999.

825 Year

Year 825 (DCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

967 Year

Year 967 (CMLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1003 Year

Year 1003 (MIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

866 Year

Year 866 (DCCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

992 Year

Year 992 (CMXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

961 Year

Year 961 (CMLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1010 (MX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1018 Year

Year 1018 (MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1010s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1010, and ended on December 31, 1019.

Year 949 (CMXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

930 Year

Year 930 (CMXXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1030 Year

Year 1030 (MXXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

880 Year

Year 880 (DCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

981 Year

Year 981 (CMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

960 Year

Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

910 Year

Year 910 (CMX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

918 Year

Year 918 (CMXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Read, Piers Paul (1999). The Templars. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Orion Publishing Group. ISBN   0-297-84267-6.
  2. "Boleslaus II the Pious". www.kralovskacesta.cz. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  3. Twitchett, Denis; Tietze, Klaus-Peter (1994). The Cambridge History of China, Volume 6, pp. 43–153. ISBN   0-521-24331-9.