|953 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1706|
|Balinese saka calendar||874–875|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬子年 (Water Rat)|
3649 or 3589
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
3650 or 3590
|- Vikram Samvat||1009–1010|
|- Shaka Samvat||874–875|
|- Kali Yuga||4053–4054|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenryaku 7|
|Minguo calendar||959 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1264/1265 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1495–1496|
1079 or 698 or −74
— to —
1080 or 699 or −73
Year 953 ( CMLIII ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. Examples include 1949, 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011 and 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.
The Battle of Marash was fought in 953 near Marash between the forces of the Byzantine Empire under the Domestic of the Schools Bardas Phokas the Elder, and of the Hamdanid Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla, the Byzantines' most intrepid enemy during the mid-10th century. Despite being outnumbered, the Arabs defeated the Byzantines who broke and fled. Bardas Phokas himself barely escaped through the intervention of his attendants, and suffered a serious wound in his face, while his youngest son and governor of Seleucia, Constantine Phokas, was captured and held a prisoner in Aleppo until his death of an illness some time later. This debacle, coupled with defeats in 954 and again in 955, led to Bardas Phokas' dismissal as Domestic of the Schools, and his replacement by his eldest son, Nikephoros Phokas.
ʿAlī ibn ʾAbū l-Hayjāʾ ʿAbdallāh ibn Ḥamdān ibn al-Ḥārith al-Taghlibī, more commonly known simply by his laqab of Sayf al-Dawla, was the founder of the Emirate of Aleppo, encompassing most of northern Syria and parts of western Jazira, and the brother of al-Hasan ibn Abdallah ibn Hamdan.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural and military force in Europe. "Byzantine Empire" is a term created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire, or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".
Liudolf, a member of the Ottonian dynasty, was Duke of Swabia from 950 until 954. His rebellion in 953/54 led to a major crisis of the rising German kingdom.
The Duchy of Swabia was one of the five stem duchies of the medieval German kingdom. It arose in the 10th century in the southwestern area that had been settled by Alemanni tribes in Late Antiquity.
Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.
March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 287 days remain until the end of the year.
Abu Tahir Isma'il, better known by his regnal name al-Mansur Billah, was the third Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate in Ifriqiya, ruling from 946 until his death. He presided over a period of crisis, having to confront the large-scale Kharijite rebellion of Abu Yazid. He succeeded in suppressing the revolt and restoring the stability of the Fatimid regime.
Abu Tamim Ma'ad al-Muizz li-Din Allah was the fourth Fatimid Caliph and 14th Ismaili imam, reigning from 953 to 975. It was during his caliphate that the center of power of the Fatimid dynasty was moved from Ifriqiya to Egypt. The Fatimids founded the city of al-Qāhirah (Cairo) "the Victorious" in 969 as the new capital of the Fatimid caliphate in Egypt.
Fujiwara no Korenari (953–989) was a Japanese courtier of the Heian era. A son of Fujiwara no Masaki, he served the Emperor Kazan and joined the Emperor in entering the Kazan-in monastery in 986.
Year 989 (CMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Fujiwara no Michitaka, the first son of Kaneie, was a Kugyō of the Heian period. He served as regent (Sesshō) for the Emperor Ichijō, and later as Kampaku. Ichijō married Michitaka's daughter Teishi (Sadako), thus continuing the close ties between the Imperial family and the Fujiwara.
September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 108 days remain until the end of the year.
Guo Zongxun (郭宗訓), also known by his posthumous name Gongdi, was the third and last emperor of ancient China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong, until February 960, when he was overthrown by general Zhao Kuangyin, who founded the Song Dynasty.
Year 973 (CMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the Julian calendar, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.
The 900s decade ran from January 1, 900, to December 31, 909.
The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.
The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.
The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.
The 950s decade ran from January 1, 950, to December 31, 959.
The 960s decade ran from January 1, 960, to December 31, 969.
The 970s decade ran from January 1, 970, to December 31, 979.
The 980s decade ran from January 1, 980, to December 31, 989.
The 990s decade ran from January 1, 990, to December 31, 999.
Year 995 (CMXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 948 (CMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1021 (MXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 913 (CMXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1074 (MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 947 (CMXLVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Constantine Phokas, died 953/954) was a Byzantine aristocrat and general.