953

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
953 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 953
CMLIII
Ab urbe condita 1706
Armenian calendar 402
ԹՎ ՆԲ
Assyrian calendar 5703
Balinese saka calendar 874–875
Bengali calendar 360
Berber calendar 1903
Buddhist calendar 1497
Burmese calendar 315
Byzantine calendar 6461–6462
Chinese calendar 壬子(Water  Rat)
3649 or 3589
     to 
癸丑年 (Water  Ox)
3650 or 3590
Coptic calendar 669–670
Discordian calendar 2119
Ethiopian calendar 945–946
Hebrew calendar 4713–4714
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1009–1010
 - Shaka Samvat 874–875
 - Kali Yuga 4053–4054
Holocene calendar 10953
Iranian calendar 331–332
Islamic calendar 341–342
Japanese calendar Tenryaku 7
(天暦7年)
Javanese calendar 853–854
Julian calendar 953
CMLIII
Korean calendar 3286
Minguo calendar 959 before ROC
民前959年
Nanakshahi calendar −515
Seleucid era 1264/1265 AG
Thai solar calendar 1495–1496
Tibetan calendar 阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
1079 or 698 or −74
     to 
阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1080 or 699 or −73
Watanabe no Tsuna (953-1025) Watanabe Tsuna fighting the demond at the Rashomon.jpg
Watanabe no Tsuna (953–1025)

Year 953 ( CMLIII ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. Examples include 1949, 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011 and 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Battle of Marash (953)

The Battle of Marash was fought in 953 near Marash between the forces of the Byzantine Empire under the Domestic of the Schools Bardas Phokas the Elder, and of the Hamdanid Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla, the Byzantines' most intrepid enemy during the mid-10th century. Despite being outnumbered, the Arabs defeated the Byzantines who broke and fled. Bardas Phokas himself barely escaped through the intervention of his attendants, and suffered a serious wound in his face, while his youngest son and governor of Seleucia, Constantine Phokas, was captured and held a prisoner in Aleppo until his death of an illness some time later. This debacle, coupled with defeats in 954 and again in 955, led to Bardas Phokas' dismissal as Domestic of the Schools, and his replacement by his eldest son, Nikephoros Phokas.

Sayf al-Dawla Emir of Aleppo

ʿAlī ibn ʾAbū l-Hayjāʾ ʿAbdallāh ibn Ḥamdān ibn al-Ḥārith al-Taghlibī, more commonly known simply by his laqab of Sayf al-Dawla, was the founder of the Emirate of Aleppo, encompassing most of northern Syria and parts of western Jazira, and the brother of al-Hasan ibn Abdallah ibn Hamdan.

Byzantine Empire Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural and military force in Europe. "Byzantine Empire" is a term created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire, or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Europe

Liudolf, Duke of Swabia German noble

Liudolf, a member of the Ottonian dynasty, was Duke of Swabia from 950 until 954. His rebellion in 953/54 led to a major crisis of the rising German kingdom.

Duchy of Swabia former country

The Duchy of Swabia was one of the five stem duchies of the medieval German kingdom. It arose in the 10th century in the southwestern area that had been settled by Alemanni tribes in Late Antiquity.

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor

Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.

Africa

March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 287 days remain until the end of the year.

Al-Mansur Billah Ismaili imam

Abu Tahir Isma'il, better known by his regnal name al-Mansur Billah, was the third Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate in Ifriqiya, ruling from 946 until his death. He presided over a period of crisis, having to confront the large-scale Kharijite rebellion of Abu Yazid. He succeeded in suppressing the revolt and restoring the stability of the Fatimid regime.

Al-Muizz li-Din Allah Fatimid Caliph

Abu Tamim Ma'ad al-Muizz li-Din Allah was the fourth Fatimid Caliph and 14th Ismaili imam, reigning from 953 to 975. It was during his caliphate that the center of power of the Fatimid dynasty was moved from Ifriqiya to Egypt. The Fatimids founded the city of al-Qāhirah (Cairo) "the Victorious" in 969 as the new capital of the Fatimid caliphate in Egypt.

Births

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 108 days remain until the end of the year.

Guo Zongxun (郭宗訓), also known by his posthumous name Gongdi, was the third and last emperor of ancient China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong, until February 960, when he was overthrown by general Zhao Kuangyin, who founded the Song Dynasty.

973 Year

Year 973 (CMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

date unknown

Related Research Articles

11th century Century

The 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the Julian calendar, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.

The 900s decade ran from January 1, 900, to December 31, 909.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.

The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.

The 950s decade ran from January 1, 950, to December 31, 959.

The 960s decade ran from January 1, 960, to December 31, 969.

The 970s decade ran from January 1, 970, to December 31, 979.

The 980s decade ran from January 1, 980, to December 31, 989.

The 990s decade ran from January 1, 990, to December 31, 999.

995 Year

Year 995 (CMXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

948 Year

Year 948 (CMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1021 Year

Year 1021 (MXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

913 Year

Year 913 (CMXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1074 Year

Year 1074 (MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

960 Year

Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

947 Year

Year 947 (CMXLVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Constantine Phokas Byzantine aristocrat and general

Constantine Phokas, died 953/954) was a Byzantine aristocrat and general.

References

  1. Vasiliev, A.A. (1968). Byzance et les Arabes, Tome II, 1ére partie: Les relations politiques de Byzance et des Arabes à L'époque de la dynastie macédonienne (867–959). Brussels: Éditions de l'Institut de Philologie et d'Histoire Orientales.
  2. John M. Douglas (1992). The Armenians. J.J. Winthrop Corporation. p. 175. ISBN   978-0-9631381-0-1.