973

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
973 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 973
CMLXXIII
Ab urbe condita 1726
Armenian calendar 422
ԹՎ ՆԻԲ
Assyrian calendar 5723
Balinese saka calendar 894–895
Bengali calendar 380
Berber calendar 1923
Buddhist calendar 1517
Burmese calendar 335
Byzantine calendar 6481–6482
Chinese calendar 壬申(Water  Monkey)
3669 or 3609
     to 
癸酉年 (Water  Rooster)
3670 or 3610
Coptic calendar 689–690
Discordian calendar 2139
Ethiopian calendar 965–966
Hebrew calendar 4733–4734
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1029–1030
 - Shaka Samvat 894–895
 - Kali Yuga 4073–4074
Holocene calendar 10973
Iranian calendar 351–352
Islamic calendar 362–363
Japanese calendar Tenroku 4 / Ten'en 1
(天延元年)
Javanese calendar 874–875
Julian calendar 973
CMLXXIII
Korean calendar 3306
Minguo calendar 939 before ROC
民前939年
Nanakshahi calendar −495
Seleucid era 1284/1285 AG
Thai solar calendar 1515–1516
Tibetan calendar 阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1099 or 718 or −54
     to 
阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1100 or 719 or −53
Otto II is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor. Otton2.JPG
Otto II is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor.

Year 973 ( CMLXXIII ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2015 and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

  • Spring The Byzantine army led by general Melias (Domestic of the Schools in the East) continues the operations in Upper Mesopotamia. In July, he moves against Amida (modern Turkey). Melias defeats the Arabs outside the walls and begins to lay siege to the city. After a few days, a violent wind and a thick dust spreads over the Byzantine camp. Covered by the dust, the Arabs attack and route the Byzantines. Many of them are slaughtered and some, including Melias, are taken prisoner. Previous Byzantine gains in the area are lost. The wounded Melias dies later in captivity.
Byzantine Empire Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both the terms "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical exonyms; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire, or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Melias was a Byzantine general of Armenian origin, active in the wars against the Arabs in the east under Nikephoros II Phokas and John I Tzimiskes. He was defeated before Amid in 973 by the Hamdanids and died in captivity shortly after.

Domestic of the Schools

The office of the Domestic of the Schools was a senior military post of the Byzantine Empire, extant from the 8th century until at least the early 14th century. Originally simply the commander of the Scholai, the senior of the elite tagmata regiments, the Domestic quickly rose in prominence: by the mid-9th century, its holders essentially occupied the position of commander-in-chief of the Byzantine army, next to the Emperor. The office was eclipsed in the 12th century by that of the Grand Domestic, and in the Palaiologan period, it was reduced to a purely honorary, mid-level court dignity.

Europe

May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 238 days remaining until the end of the year.

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor German king and first emperor of the Ottonian empire

Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.

Memleben Ortsteil of Kaiserpfalz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Memleben is a village and part of the Kaiserpfalz municipality of the Burgenlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is known for former Memleben Abbey, the site of a medieval Kaiserpfalz.

England

Edgar the Peaceful Anglo-Saxon king of England

Edgar, known as the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 until his death. He was the younger son of Edmund I and Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury, and came to the throne as a teenager, following the death of his older brother Eadwig. As king, Edgar further consolidated the political unity achieved by his predecessors, with his reign being noted for its relative stability. His most trusted advisor was Dunstan, whom he recalled from exile and made Archbishop of Canterbury. The pinnacle of Edgar's reign was his coronation at Bath in 973, which was organised by Dunstan and forms the basis for the current coronation ceremony. After his death he was succeeded by his son Edward, although the succession was disputed.

Ceremony event of ritual significance, performed on a special occasion

A ceremony is an event of ritual significance, performed on a special occasion. The word may be of Etruscan origin, via the Latin caerimonia.

Bath, Somerset city in Somerset, England, United Kingdom

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths. In 2011, the population was 88,859. Bath is in the valley of the River Avon, 97 miles (156 km) west of London and 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Bristol. The city became a World Heritage site in 1987.

Africa

Al-Muizz li-Din Allah Fatimid Caliph

Abu Tamim Maad al-Muizz li-Dinillah, also spelled as al-Moezz, was the fourth Fatimid Caliph and 14th Ismaili imam, and reigned from 953 to 975. It was during his caliphate that the center of power of the Arab Fatimid dynasty was moved from afriqiya to then Egypt. Fatimids founded the city of al-Qāhirah "the Victorious" in 969 as the new capital of the Fāṭimid caliphate in Egypt.

Fatimid Caliphate Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate

The Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty of Arab origin ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of the caliphate. At its height the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz.

By topic

Commerce

Clove species of plant

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania (Zanzibar). Cloves are available throughout the year due to different harvest seasons in different countries.

Ginger species of plant, use Q15046077 for ginger

Ginger is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems about a meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. The inflorescences bear pale yellow with purple flowers and arise directly from the rhizome on separate shoots.

Black pepper species of plant

Piper nigrum is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn. When fresh and fully mature, it is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper, green pepper, and white pepper.

Religion

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

842 Year

Year 842 (DCCCXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

833 Year

Year 833 (DCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

967 Year

Year 967 (CMLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1001 (MI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It is the first year of the 11th century and the 2nd millennium.

837 Year

Year 837 (DCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

866 Year

Year 866 (DCCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

946 Year

Year 946 (CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

992 Year

Year 992 (CMXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

980 Year

Year 980 (CMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

976 Year

Year 976 (CMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

983 Year

Year 983 (CMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

900 Year

Year 900 (CM) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

965 Year

Year 965 (CMLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

985 Year

Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

960 Year

Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

929 Year

Year 929 (CMXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

975 Year

Year 975 (CMLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

912 Year

Year 912 (CMXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

934 Year

Year 934 (CMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 254. ISBN   978-0-521-36447-8.
  2. Roger Collins (2009). Keepers of the keys of heaven: A History of the Papacy, p. 187 (Basic Books).