1014

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1014 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1014
MXIV
Ab urbe condita 1767
Armenian calendar 463
ԹՎ ՆԿԳ
Assyrian calendar 5764
Balinese saka calendar 935–936
Bengali calendar 421
Berber calendar 1964
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 1558
Burmese calendar 376
Byzantine calendar 6522–6523
Chinese calendar 癸丑(Water  Ox)
3710 or 3650
     to 
甲寅年 (Wood  Tiger)
3711 or 3651
Coptic calendar 730–731
Discordian calendar 2180
Ethiopian calendar 1006–1007
Hebrew calendar 4774–4775
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1070–1071
 - Shaka Samvat 935–936
 - Kali Yuga 4114–4115
Holocene calendar 11014
Igbo calendar 14–15
Iranian calendar 392–393
Islamic calendar 404–405
Japanese calendar Chōwa 3
(長和3年)
Javanese calendar 916–917
Julian calendar 1014
MXIV
Korean calendar 3347
Minguo calendar 898 before ROC
民前898年
Nanakshahi calendar −454
Seleucid era 1325/1326 AG
Thai solar calendar 1556–1557
Tibetan calendar 阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1140 or 759 or −13
     to 
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1141 or 760 or −12
Basil II defeats the Bulgarians at Kleidon. The Chronicle of Ioannis Skylitzis Bulagar Defeat.jpg
Basil II defeats the Bulgarians at Kleidon.

Year in topic Year 1014 ( MXIV ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

The battle of Thessalonica was fought between the Bulgarian and the Byzantine Empires in the summer of 1014 near the city of Thessalonica in contemporary northern Greece. The Bulgarian army under the command of Nestoritsa was defeated by the Byzantines led by the governor of Thessalonica Theophylactus Botaniates and it was unable to divert the main Byzantine forces who were attacking the Bulgarian ramparts between the Belasitsa and Ograzhden mountains.

Basil II Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Basil II, nicknamed the Bulgar Slayer, was senior Byzantine Emperor for almost 50 years, having been a junior colleague to other emperors since 960. He and his brother Constantine were named as co-rulers before their father Romanos II died in 963. The throne went to two generals, Nikephoros Phokas then John Tzimiskes, before Basil became senior emperor. His influential great-uncle Basil Lekapenos was the de facto ruler of the Byzantine Empire until 985. Basil II then held power for forty years.

First Bulgarian Empire medieval Bulgarian state that existed in southeastern Europe between the 7th and 11th centuries AD

The First Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed in Southeastern Europe between the 7th and 11th centuries AD. It was founded in 681 when Bulgar tribes led by Asparuh moved to the northeastern Balkans. There they secured Byzantine recognition of their right to settle south of the Danube by defeating – possibly with the help of local South Slavic tribes – the Byzantine army led by Constantine IV. At the height of its power, Bulgaria spread from the Danube Bend to the Black Sea and from the Dnieper River to the Adriatic Sea.

Europe

February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 320 days remain until the end of the year.

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor

Henry II, also known as Saint Henry the Exuberant, Obl. S. B., was Holy Roman Emperor from 1014 until his death in 1024 and the last member of the Ottonian dynasty of emperors as he had no children. The Duke of Bavaria from 995, Henry became King of Germany following the sudden death of his second cousin, Emperor Otto III in 1002, was crowned King of Italy in 1004, and was crowned by the pope as emperor in 1014.

Rome Capital of Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

England

February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 331 days remain until the end of the year.

Sweyn Forkbeard King of Denmark

Sweyn Forkbeard was king of Denmark from 986 to 1014. He was the father of King Harald II of Denmark, King Cnut the Great and Queen Estrid Svendsdatter.

Gainsborough, Lincolnshire Town in Lincolnshire, England

Gainsborough is a town in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the town was 20,842 at the 2011 census. It is situated on the River Trent, 18 miles (29 km) north-west from the city and county town of Lincoln, 15 miles (24 km) south-west of Scunthorpe, and 35 miles (56 km) east of Sheffield. At one time it served as an important port with trade downstream to Hull, and was the most inland port in England, being more than 55 miles (90 km) from the North Sea.

Africa

Hammad ibn Buluggin was the first ruler of the Hammadids in what is now Algeria (1014–1028).

Sunni Islam denomination of Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam, followed by 87–90% of the world's Muslims. Its name comes from the word sunnah, referring to the behaviour of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the succession to Muhammad and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions.

Zirid dynasty

The Zirid dynasty was a Sanhaja Berber dynasty from modern-day Algeria which ruled the central Maghreb from 972 to 1014 and Ifriqiya from 972 to 1148.

By topic

Religion

Nicene Creed Statement of belief adopted at the First Ecumenical Council in 325

The Nicene Creed is a statement of belief widely used in Christian liturgy. It is called Nicene because it was originally adopted in the city of Nicaea by the First Council of Nicaea in 325. In 381, it was amended at the First Council of Constantinople, and the amended form is referred to as the Nicene or the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed.

Mass in the Catholic Church Central liturgical ritual

The Mass, known more fully as the Most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the central liturgical ritual in the Catholic Church where the bread and wine are consecrated and become the body and blood of Christ. As defined by the Church at the Council of Trent, in the Mass, "The same Christ who offered himself once in a bloody manner on the altar of the cross, is present and offered in an unbloody manner." The Church describes the Holy Mass as "the source and summit of the Christian life". It teaches that through consecration by an ordained priest the bread and wine become the sacrificial body, blood, soul, and divinity of Christ as the sacrifice on Calvary made truly present once again on the altar. The Catholic Church permits only baptised members in the state of grace to receive Christ in the Eucharist.

Pope Leader of the Catholic Church

The pope, also known as the supreme pontiff, is the bishop of Rome, leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state representing the Holy See. Since 1929, the pope has official residence in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican City, the Holy See's city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1000s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1000, and ended on December 31, 1009.

The 980s decade ran from January 1, 980, to December 31, 989.

The 990s decade ran from January 1, 990, to December 31, 999.

1002 Year

Year 1002 (MII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1004 Year

Year 1004 (MIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1005 Year

Year 1005 (MV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1013 Year

Year in topic Year 1013 (MXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1017 Year

Year 1017 (MXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1010s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1010, and ended on December 31, 1019.

986 Year

Year 986 (CMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

994 Year

Year 994 (CMXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

985 Year

Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Events from the 1010s in England.

House of Knýtlinga ruling royal house in Middle Age Scandinavia and England

The Danish House of Knýtlinga was a ruling royal house in Middle Age Scandinavia and England. Its most famous king was Cnut the Great, who gave his name to this dynasty. Other notable members were Cnut's father Sweyn Forkbeard, grandfather Harald Bluetooth, and sons Harthacnut, Harold Harefoot, and Svein Knutsson. It has also been called the House of Canute, the House of Denmark, the House of Gorm, or the Jelling dynasty.

References

Sources