933

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
933 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 933
CMXXXIII
Ab urbe condita 1686
Armenian calendar 382
ԹՎ ՅՁԲ
Assyrian calendar 5683
Balinese saka calendar 854–855
Bengali calendar 340
Berber calendar 1883
Buddhist calendar 1477
Burmese calendar 295
Byzantine calendar 6441–6442
Chinese calendar 壬辰(Water  Dragon)
3629 or 3569
     to 
癸巳年 (Water  Snake)
3630 or 3570
Coptic calendar 649–650
Discordian calendar 2099
Ethiopian calendar 925–926
Hebrew calendar 4693–4694
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 989–990
 - Shaka Samvat 854–855
 - Kali Yuga 4033–4034
Holocene calendar 10933
Iranian calendar 311–312
Islamic calendar 320–322
Japanese calendar Jōhei 3
(承平3年)
Javanese calendar 832–833
Julian calendar 933
CMXXXIII
Korean calendar 3266
Minguo calendar 979 before ROC
民前979年
Nanakshahi calendar −535
Seleucid era 1244/1245 AG
Thai solar calendar 1475–1476
Tibetan calendar 阳水龙年
(male Water-Dragon)
1059 or 678 or −94
     to 
阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1060 or 679 or −93
King Henry I defeats the Magyars (c. 1270) Heinrich I. kampft gegen die Ungarn.jpg
King Henry I defeats the Magyars (c. 1270)

Year 933 ( CMXXXIII ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Events

By place

Europe

Hugh of Arles was King of Italy from 924 until his death in 947. He was a Bosonid. During his reign, he empowered his relatives at the expense of the aristocracy and tried to establish a relationship with the Byzantine-Roman Empire. He had success in defending the realm from external enemies, but his domestic habits and policies, which showed some evidence of culture in an otherwise barbaric century, created many internal foes and he was removed from power before his death.

Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) Medieval kingdom on the Apennine Peninsula between 962 and 1024

The Kingdom of Italy was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy. It comprised northern and central Italy, but excluded the Republic of Venice and the Papal States. Its original capital was Pavia until the 11th century.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

England

Edwin was the younger son of King Edward the Elder and Ælfflæd, his second wife. He drowned at sea in circumstances which are unclear. Edward the Elder died in 924, leaving five sons by three marriages. Of these, Edmund and Eadred were infants and thus excluded from the succession. Edward's careful work of expansion was undone when the Mercians chose Edward's oldest son Æthelstan—probably raised in Mercia at the court of Æthelflæd—to be their king while the West Saxons picked Ælfweard, elder son of Edward's second wife Ælfflæd, who was perhaps Edward's own choice as successor. Ælfweard's "sudden and convenient" death followed six weeks after that of his father, but Æthelstan appears not to have been recognised as king by the West Saxons until a year after his father's death, suggesting that there was considerable resistance to him and perhaps also support for Edwin.

Edward the Elder English king, son of Alfred the Great

Edward the Elder was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 until his death. He was the elder son of Alfred the Great and his wife Ealhswith. When Edward succeeded to the throne, he had to defeat a challenge from his cousin Æthelwold, who had a strong claim to the throne as the son of Alfred's elder brother and predecessor, Æthelred.

West Francia former country (843-987)

In medieval historiography, West Francia or the Kingdom of the West Franks was the western part of Charlemagne's Empire, ruled by the Germanic Franks that forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting from about 840 until 987. West Francia was formed out of the division of the Carolingian Empire in 843 under the Treaty of Verdun after the death of Emperor Louis the Pious and the east–west division which "gradually hardened into the establishment of separate kingdoms (...) of what we can begin to call Germany and France."

Africa

Fatimid Caliphate Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate

The Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty of Arab origin ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of the caliphate. At its height the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz.

Maghreb region of Northwest Africa

The Maghreb, also known as Northwest Africa or Northern Africa, Greater Arab Maghreb, Arab Maghreb or Greater Maghreb, or by some sources the Berber world, Barbary and Berbery, is a major region of North Africa that consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania. It additionally includes the disputed territories of Western Sahara and the cities of Melilla and Ceuta. As of 2018, the region has a population of over 100 million people.

Morocco country in North Africa

Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country located in the Maghreb region of North West Africa with an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, the largest city Casablanca. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction.

Births

Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah al-Hakim al-Nishapuri, also known as Ibn al-Bayyiʿ,) was a Persian Sunni scholar and the leading traditionist of his age, frequently referred to as the "Imam of the Muhaddithin" or the "Muhaddith of Khorasan."

Sunni Islam denomination of Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam, followed by nearly 90% of the world's Muslims. Its name comes from the word sunnah, referring to the behaviour of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the succession to Muhammad and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions.

1014 Year

Year in topic Year 1014 (MXIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 296 days remaining until the end of the year.

Li Renfu (李仁福), possibly né Tuoba Renfu (拓拔仁福), formally the Prince of Guo (虢王), was an ethnically-Dangxiang warlord of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period states Later Liang and Later Tang, ruling Dingnan Circuit from 909 or 910 to his death in 933, as its military governor (Jiedushi) in de facto independence.

Warlord person who has both military and civil control and power

A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces. These armed forces, usually considered militias, are loyal to the warlord rather than to the state regime. Warlords have existed throughout much of history, albeit in a variety of different capacities within the political, economic, and social structure of states or ungoverned territories.

Related Research Articles

742 Year

Year 742 (DCCXLII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 742 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.

758 Year

Year 758 (DCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 758 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

833 Year

Year 833 (DCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

946 Year

Year 946 (CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

931 Year

Year 931 (CMXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

923 Year

Year 923 (CMXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

870 Year

Year 870 (DCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

900 Year

Year 900 (CM) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

932 Year

Year 932 (CMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

896 Year

Year 896 (DCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

902 Year

Year 902 (CMII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

905 Year

Year 905 (CMV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

911 Year

Year 911 (CMXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

920 Year

Year 920 (CMXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

895 Year

Year 895 (DCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

936 Year

Year 936 (CMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

945 Year

Year 945 (CMXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

937 Year

Year 937 (CMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. . Italian History - Timeline Lombard Leagues Board, p. 11.
  2. Timothy Reuter (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 543. ISBN   978-0-521-36447-8.
  3. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), pp. 252–253.
  4. Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p. 41.