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|1344 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1344 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2097|
|Balinese saka calendar||1265–1266|
|English Regnal year||17 Edw. 3 – 18 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 癸未年 (Water Goat)|
4040 or 3980
— to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4041 or 3981
|- Vikram Samvat||1400–1401|
|- Shaka Samvat||1265–1266|
|- Kali Yuga||4444–4445|
|Japanese calendar|| Kōei 3|
|Minguo calendar||568 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1886–1887|
1470 or 1089 or 317
— to —
1471 or 1090 or 318
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1344 .|
Year 1344 ( MCCCXLIV ) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1310s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1310, and ended on December 31, 1319.
The 1340s were a Julian calendar decade in the 14th century, in the midst of a period in world history often referred to as the Late Middle Ages in the Old World and the pre-Columbian era in the New World.
Year 1343 (MCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1340 (MCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1409 (MCDIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1434 (MCDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1301 (MCCCI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1208 (MCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1201 (MCCI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1239 (MCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1171 (MCLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1278 (MCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1288 (MCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Peter IV, called the Ceremonious, was from 1336 until his death the King of Aragon and also King of Sardinia and Corsica, King of Valencia, and Count of Barcelona. In 1344, he deposed James III of Majorca and made himself King of Majorca.
James II, called the Just, was the King of Aragon and Valencia and Count of Barcelona from 1291 to 1327. He was also the King of Sicily from 1285 to 1295 and the King of Majorca from 1291 to 1298. From 1297 he was nominally the King of Sardinia and Corsica, but he only acquired the island of Sardinia by conquest in 1324. His full title for the last three decades of his reign was "James, by the grace of God, king of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica, and count of Barcelona".
The Kingdom of Majorca was a realm on the east coast of Spain, including Mediterranean islands, and founded by James I of Aragon, also known as James The Conqueror. After the death of his firstborn son Alfonso, a will was written in 1262 and created the kingdom to cede it to his son James. The disposition was maintained during successive versions of his will and so when James I died in 1276, the Crown of Aragon passed to his eldest son Peter, known as Peter III of Aragon or Peter the Great. The Kingdom of Majorca passed to James, who reigned under the name of James II of Majorca. After 1279, Peter III of Aragon established that the king of Majorca was a vassal to the king of Aragon. The title continued to be employed by the Aragonese and Spanish monarchs until its dissolution by the 1715 Nueva Planta decrees.
The Aragonese Crusade or Crusade of Aragon, a part of the larger War of the Sicilian Vespers, was declared by Pope Martin IV against the King of Aragon, Peter III the Great, in 1284 and 1285. Because of the recent conquest of Sicily by Peter, the Pope declared a crusade against him and officially deposed him as king, on the grounds that Aragon was a papal fief: Peter's grandfather and namesake, Peter II, had surrendered the kingdom as a fief to the Holy See. Martin bestowed Aragon on Charles, Count of Valois, son of the French king, Philip III, and nephew of Peter III.