List of school massacres by death toll

Last updated

This list of school massacres by death toll contains those cases that occurred at kindergartens, schools and universities, as well as their affiliated buildings. If the perpetrator was a member of the school staff and the victims primarily his colleagues the case is not included here but added to the list of workplace killings. School massacres are counted as incidents involving at least two deaths, excluding the potential death of the perpetrator.

Contents

All abbreviations used in the table are explained below.

List of school massacres

Abbreviations and footnotes

# indicates the ranking of the massacre by number of deaths (since this is a List enumerated by death toll, not by date or by number of overall casualties).

The W-column gives a basic description of the weapons used in the murders.

F – Firearms and other ranged weapons, especially rifles and handguns, but also bows and crossbows, grenade launchers, flamethrowers, or slingshots
M – Melee weapons, like knives, swords, spears, machetes, axes, clubs, rods, rocks, or bare hands
O – Any other weapons, such as bombs, hand grenades, Molotov cocktails, poison and poisonous gas, as well as vehicle and arson attacks
A – indicates that an arson attack was the only other weapon used
V – indicates that a vehicle was the only other weapon used
E – indicates that explosives of any sort were the only other weapon used
P – indicates that an anaesthetising or deadly substance of any kind was the only other weapon used (includes poisonous gas)
#NameDateYearLocationCountryKilledInjuredWPerpetratorFate of perpetrator(s)Ref.
1. Beslan school siege 2004 Beslan, North Ossetia-Alania Flag of Russia.svg Russia
385
783
FME Islamic terrorists (Riyad-us Saliheen Brigade of Martyrs)Most killed by special forces, one captured and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment
2. Walisongo school massacre May 282000 Central Sulawesi Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia
165–191
?
FMChristian MilitiaExecuted [1]
3. Eastern University massacre Sep 51990 Chenkalady Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
158
?
FSri Lankan Army menUnknown
4. Peshawar massacre Dec 162014 Peshawar Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
149
114
Taliban
FME Islamic terrorists Killed by special forces
5. Garissa University College attack 2015 Garissa Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
148
79
F4 killed and 5 arrested
6. Kyanguli Fire Tragedy Mar 242001 Machakos County Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
67
?
AArrested
7. Bath School disaster [lower-alpha 1] 1927 Bath Township, MI Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States
44
58
FE Andrew Kehoe, 55Suicide
8. Yobe State school shooting July 62013 Yobe State Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
42
6+
FA Boko Haram Escaped
9. Thammasat University massacre Oct 61976 Sanam Luang Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
46-100+
167
FPolice, Army and right- wing paramilitary Red Gaurs, Nawaphon and Village Scouts None
10. Virginia Tech shooting 2007 Blacksburg, VA Flag of the United States.svg United States
32
17
F Seung-Hui Cho, 23 (조승희)Suicide
11. Ma'alot massacre 1974 Ma'alot Flag of Israel.svg Israel
31
70
FMKilled by police
12. Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting [lower-alpha 1] 2012 Newtown, CT Flag of the United States.svg United States
27
2
F Adam Lanza, 20Suicide
13. Bacha Khan University Attack Jan 202016 Charsadda Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 22+?FEN [2]
14. Kerch Polytechnic College attack [lower-alpha 1] 2018 Kerch, Crimea Flag of Russia.svg Russia / Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
21
66
FE Vladislav Roslyakov, 18Suicide
15. 2004 Dhemaji school bombing Aug 152004 Assam Flag of India.svg India
18
40
EULFA [3]
16. University of Texas tower shooting [lower-alpha 1] 1966 Austin, TX Flag of the United States.svg United States
17
31
FM Charles Whitman, 25Killed by police
Stoneman Douglas High School shooting 2018 Parkland, FL Flag of the United States.svg United States
17
17
F  Nikolas Cruz, 19Arrested
Dunblane massacre 1996 Dunblane Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
17
15
F Thomas Hamilton, 43Suicide
19. Erfurt school massacre 2002 Erfurt Flag of Germany.svg Germany
16
1
F Robert Steinhäuser, 19Suicide
20. Winnenden school shooting 2009 Winnenden and Wendlingen Flag of Germany.svg Germany
15
9
F Tim Kretschmer, 17Suicide
21. École Polytechnique massacre 1989 Montreal, QC Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
14
14
FM Marc Lépine, 25Suicide
22. Columbine High School massacre 1999 Columbine, CO Flag of the United States.svg United States
13
24
F M E Eric Harris, 18 Dylan Klebold, 17Both died by suicide
Janaúba massacre 2017 Janaúba Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
13
37
 ADamião Soares dos Santos, 50Perished in the flames
Chlef school attackOct 152002 Chlef Province Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
13
1
FNone [4]
25. Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting 2009 Baku Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
12
13
F Farda Gadirov, 28Suicide [5]
Rio de Janeiro school shooting 2011 Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
12
22
F Wellington Oliveira, 23Suicide
Shiguan kindergarten attack 2006 Shiguan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
12
5
 MA Bai Ningyang, 18 (白宁阳)Death penalty
28. Cologne school massacre 1964 Volkhoven Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
10
22
FM Walter Seifert, 42Suicide
Suzano school shooting (Raul Brasil school)March 132019Suzano Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
10
11
FMEGuilherme Taucci Monteiro, 17 Luiz Henrique de Castro, 25Castro was murdered by Monteiro, who then committed suicide
Enoch Brown school massacre July 261764 Pennsylvania Flag of the United States.svg United States
10
2
FM
Santa Fe High School shooting May 182018 Texas Flag of the United States.svg United States
10
13
F E Dimitrios Pagourtzis, 17Arrested
Kauhajoki school shooting 2008 Kauhajoki Flag of Finland.svg Finland
10
1
F A Matti Saari, 22Suicide
33. Shengshui kindergarten attack 2010 Linchang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
9
11
 M Wu Huanming, 47 (吴焕明)Suicide [6]
Umpqua Community College shooting 2015 Roseburg, OR Flag of the United States.svg United States
9
8
F Christopher Harper-Mercer, 26Suicide [7]
Red Lake massacre [lower-alpha 1] 2005 Red Lake, MN Flag of the United States.svg United States
9
5
F Jeffrey Weise, 16Suicide
Ruzhou school massacre 2004 Ruzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
9
3
 M Yan Yanming, 21

(闫彦明)

Death penalty [8]
37. Osaka school massacre 2001 Ikeda, Osaka Flag of Japan.svg Japan
8
15
 M Mamoru Takuma, 37 (宅間 守)Death penalty
Mercaz HaRav massacre 2008 Jerusalem Flag of Israel.svg Israel
8
11
F Alaa Abu Dhein, 26

(علاء هاشم أبو دهيم)

Killed by police
Nanping school massacre 2010 Nanping Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
8
5
 M Zheng Minsheng, 41 (郑明生)Death penalty [9]
Jokela school shooting 2007 Jokela Flag of Finland.svg Finland
8
1
F A Pekka-Eric Auvinen, 18Suicide
41.Lyamino SchoolFeb 111958Lyamino Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
7
6
FMichael Tselousov, 24

(Целоусов, Михаил)

Sentenced to death and executed [10]
Burma school massacre1975 Kachin Flag of Myanmar (1974-2010).svg Burma
7
5
 MU Win-maungKilled by police [11]
Zhuping school massacre1996 Meitian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
7
5
 MWang XiangjunArrested [12]
Oikos University shooting 2012 Oakland, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
7
3
F One Goh, 43Life imprisonment
45. Anne Anne Kindergarten stabbing [lower-alpha 1] 1982 Sham Shui Po Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong
6
37
 M Lee Chi Hang, 28 (李志衡)Sent to psychiatric hospital
Isla Vista killings 2014 Isla Vista, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
6
14
FMV Elliot Rodger, 22Suicide
Sana'a school shooting 1997 Sanaa Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen
6
12
F Mohammed Ahmad Misleh al-Nazari, 48Death penalty [13]
Durvenitsa school massacre1974 Durvenitsa Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg Bulgaria
6
10
FDonchev, Branimir, 17Arrested [14]
Massacre in the Leningrad higher military political school of Ministry of Internal Affairs May 191977 Leningrad Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
6
2
FAnatoly Fedorenko

(Федоренко, Анатолий)

Sentenced to death and executed [15]
Massacre in the Kamyshin higher military engineer school1997 Kamyshin Flag of Russia.svg Russia
6
2
FSergei Lepnev, 18

(Лепнев, Сергей)

Life imprisonment [16]
51. Stockton schoolyard shooting 1989 Stockton, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
32
F A Patrick Purdy, 24Suicide
2002 Atzmona Flag of Palestine.svg Gaza Strip
5
23
F E Mohammed Fathi Farhat, 17

(محمد فتحي فرحات)

Killed by soldiers [17]
Poe Elementary School bombing 1959 Houston, TX Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg United States
5
19
 EPaul Harold Orgeron, 49Killed by the explosion [18]
Northern Illinois University shooting 2008 DeKalb, IL Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
17
F Steven Kazmierczak, 27Suicide
Eppstein school shooting 1983 Eppstein Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
5
14
F Karel Charva, 34Suicide [19]
Westside Middle School massacre 1998 Jonesboro, AR Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
10
F Andrew Golden, 11 Mitchell Johnson, 13Both imprisoned until their 21st birthday
West Nickel Mines School shooting 2006 Nickel Mines, PA Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
5
FCharles Roberts, 32Suicide
Huaiji school massacre2002 Huaiji Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
5
2
 MShi Ruoqiu, 30

(施若丘")

Arrested [20]
Mesa school massacre1966 Mesa, AZ Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
2
FRobert Smith, 18Life imprisonment [21]
2013 Santa Monica shooting 2013 Santa Monica, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
2
F AJohn Zawahri, 23Killed by police
University of Iowa shooting 1991 Iowa City, IA Flag of the United States.svg United States
5
1
FGang Lu, 28

(卢刚)

Suicide
San Juan massacre1977 San Juan Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
5
0
 MArrested [22]
Maradi massacre1994 Maradi Flag of Niger.svg Niger
5
0
 MArrested [23]
64. Thurston High School shooting [lower-alpha 1] 1998 Springfield, OR Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
25
F Kipland Kinkel, 15Life imprisonment [24]
Bremen school shooting 1913 Bremen Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany
4
21
F Heinz Schmidt, 29Sent to psychiatric hospital
Linwu school massacre2004 Linwu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
4
12
 MLiu Hongwen, 28

(刘洪文)

Sent to psychiatric hospital [25]
Dendermonde nursery attack 2009 Vrasene and Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
4
12
 M Kim De Gelder, 20Life imprisonment
Lindhurst High School shooting 1992 Olivehurst, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
10
F Eric Houston, 20Death penalty
La Loche shootings 2016 La Loche, SK Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
4
7
FCharged with first-degree murder [26]
2007 Colorado YWAM and New Life shootings 2007 Arvada and Colorado Springs, CO Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
5
FMatthew Murray, 24Suicide
Colegio Americano del Noreste shooting 2017 Monterrey, Nuevo León Flag of Mexico.svg México
2
5
FSuicide [27]
Suixi school massacre2003 Suixi Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
4
3
 MChen Peiquan, 35Arrested [28]
Illinois school massacre1988 Chicago, IL Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
2
FClemmie Henderson, 40Killed by police [29]
Gongyi school massacre2011 Gongyi Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
4
2
 MWang Hongbin, 30Arrested [30]
Marysville shooting 2014 Marysville, WA Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
3
FJaylen Fryberg, 15Suicide [31]
Concordia University massacre 1992 Montreal, QC Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
4
1
FLife imprisonment [32]
Gulbene school massacre1999 Gulbene Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
4
1
 MAlexander Koryakov, 19Life imprisonment [33]
2001 Isla Vista killings Feb 242001 Isla Vista, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
4
1
 VSent to psychiatric hospital [34]
Toulouse and Montauban shootings 2012 Toulouse Flag of France.svg France
4
1
FMohammed Merah, 23Killed by police [35]
Kunming school killings 2004 Kunming Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
4
0
 M Ma Jiajue, 23

(馬加爵)

Death penalty [36]
81. Kronan School massacre Oct 222015 Trollhättan Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
3
1
 MAnton Pettersson, 21Killed by police [37]
Wilno school massacre 1925 Wilno Flag of Poland.svg Poland
3–6
4–11
F EStanisław Ławrynowicz, Janusz ObrąbalskiBoth died by suicide
Zibo school massacre2010 Zibo Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
3–4
7–20
 MFang Jiantang, 26

(方建堂)

Death penalty [38]
Pingnan school massacre2012 Pingnan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
3
13
 MWu Yechang, 25

(吴业昌)

Arrested [39]
Olean High School shooting 1974 Olean, NY Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
11
F EAnthony Barbaro, 17Suicide
Pearl High School shooting 1997 Pearl, MS Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
7
FMLuke Woodham, 16Life imprisonment
Vida Nova massacre1999Vida Nova, Campinas Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
3
7
F [40]
Zamboanga school massacre2010 Zamboanga City Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
3
6
 MFelin Mateo, 51Killed by angry mob [41]
Hubei school massacre2014 Hubei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
3
5
 MChen Yanfu, 43

(陈严富)

Suicide [42]
Heath High School shooting 1997 West Paducah, KY Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
5
FMichael Carneal, 14Life imprisonment
Carmen de Patagones school shooting 2004 Carmen de Patagones, Buenos Aires Province Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
3
5
FRafael Solich, 15Arrested [43]
Droysigg massacre1902 Droysigg Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary
3
3
FKilled by angry mob [44]
Appalachian School of Law shooting 2002 Grundy, VA Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
3
FPeter Odighizuwa, 43Life imprisonment
Chardon High School shooting 2012 Chardon, OH Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
3
FThomas Lane, 17Life imprisonment
Alor Akar massacre1969 Alor Akar Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
3
2
 MArrested [45]
Suthat Wannasarn1983 Chiang Rai Province Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
3
2
 MSuthat Wannasarn, 43Arrested [46]
Frontier Middle School shooting 1996 Moses Lake, WA Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
1
FBarry Loukaitis, 14Life imprisonment
Adam Labus 2002 Freising Flag of Germany.svg Germany
3
1
F EAdam Labus, 22Suicide [47]
San Diego State University shooting 1996 San Diego, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
0
FFrederick Davidson, 36Life imprisonment
University of Arizona College of Nursing Shooting2002 Tucson, AZ Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
0
FRobert Flores Jr., 41Suicide [48]
HCTC shooting 2013 Hazard, KY Flag of the United States.svg United States
3
0
FDalton Stidham, 21Life imprisonment
102.Guatemala massacre1971 Guatemala City Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
2
15
 MArrested [49]
Jiudian school massacre1998 Jiudian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2
15
 MLu Xiaoxi, 25 (吕晓喜)Death penalty [50]
Marshall County High School shooting 2018 Benton, Kentucky Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
14
F  Gabe Parker, 15Arrested
Erlangen school massacre1972 Erlangen Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
2
13
F ARobert Kausler, 27Perished in the fire [51]
Brampton Centennial Secondary School shooting 1975 Brampton, ON Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
2
13
F Michael Slobodian, 16Suicide
Santee school massacre 2001 Santee, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
13
F Charles Williams, 15Life imprisonment
Los Angeles elementary school killings 1984 Los Angeles, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
12
F Tyrone Mitchell, 28Suicide [52]
Waikino school shooting 1923 Waikino Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
2
9
FJohn HigginsLife imprisonment [53]
Cleveland Elementary School shooting 1979 San Diego, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
9
FBrenda Spencer, 16Life imprisonment
Oakland Elementary School shooting 1988 Greenwood, SC Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
9
FJames Wilson Jr., 19Death penalty [54]
St. Pius X High School shooting 1975 Ottawa, ON Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
2
5
FMRobert Poulin, 18Suicide
USC killings1979 Columbia, SC Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
5
FMark Houston, 192 – Life imprisonment/no parole [55]
Costa Mesa school massacre 1999 Costa Mesa, CA Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
5
 VSteven Abrams, 39Life imprisonment [56]
Monash University shooting 2002 Melbourne, Victoria Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
2
5
FHuan Yun Xiang, 36Sent to psychiatric hospital [57]
Xichang school massacre2010 Xichang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2
5
 MYang Jiaqin, 40Arrested [58]
Bard College shooting 1992 Great Barrington, MA Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
4
F Wayne Lo, 18

(駱 文)

Life imprisonment
Pak Phanang school shooting 2003 Amphoe Pak Phanang Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
2
4
FAnatcha, Boonkwan, 17Arrested [59]
Maoming school massacre2007 Maoming Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2
4
 MWu Jianguo, 17Arrested [60]
Leizhou school massacre2008 Leizhou, Guangdong Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2
4
 MChen Wenzhen

(陈文真)

Suicide [61]
Mazhan school massacre2009 Mazhan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2
4
 MArrested [62]
Goyases massacre 2017 Goiânia Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2
4
FArrested
Beach High School shootingMarch 102000 Savannah, Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
1
FLife imprisonment [63]
Aarhus University shooting April 51994 Aarhus, Denmark Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
2
2
Flemming NielsenSuicide
Oficina de Reabilitação do Instituto Nacional de Previdência Social massacre1977 Curitiba Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2
0
FMauricio Samways Neto, 25Arrested [64]
Raumanmeri school shooting 1989 Raumanmeri secondary school, Rauma Flag of Finland.svg Finland
2
0
FNone [65]
East Carter High School shooting Jan 181993 Grayson, Kentucky Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
0
FLife imprisonment [66]
Louisiana Technical College shootingFeb 82008 Baton Rouge, Louisiana Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
0
FSuicide [67]
Aztec High School shooting 2017 Aztec, New Mexico Flag of the United States.svg United States
2
0
FWilliam Atchison, 21Suicide
130. Dawson College shooting 2006 Westmount, Quebec Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
1
19
FKimveer Gill, 27Suicide
IES Joan Fuster shooting 2015 Barcelona, Catalonia Flag of Spain.svg Spain
1
4
F, MMax Porta, 13

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 At least one of the victims was a relative of the assailant.

Rampage killers

This section of the list of rampage killers contains those cases that occurred at pre-schools, schools and universities, as well as their affiliated buildings. If the perpetrator was a member of the school staff and the victims primarily his colleagues, the case is not included here, but it is added to the list of rampage workplace killings.

A rampage killer has been defined as follows:

A rampage involves the (attempted) killing of multiple persons least partly in public space by a single physically present perpetrator using (potentially) deadly weapons in a single event without any cooling-off period. [68]

This list should contain every case with at least one of the following features:

PerpetratorDateYearLocationCountryKilledInjured W Additional NotesRef.
1. Kehoe, Andrew Philip, 55 [lower-alpha 1] 1927 Bath Township, Michigan U.S.
44
58
FMECommitted suicide
Also killed numerous animals
2. Cho, Seung-Hui, 23
(조승희)
2007 Blacksburg, Virginia U.S.
32
17
FCommitted suicide
3. Lanza, Adam Peter, 20 [lower-alpha 1] 2012 Newtown, Connecticut U.S.
27
FCommitted suicide
4. Roslyakov, Vladislav Igorevich, 18
(Росляков, Владислав Игоревич)
Oct 172018 Kerch
21
66
F ECommitted suicide
5. Cruz, Nikolas Jacob, 19 (suspect)Feb 142018 Parkland, Florida U.S.
17
17
FArrested
6. Hamilton, Thomas Watt, 431996 Dunblane U.K.
17
FCommitted suicide
7. Steinhäuser, Robert, 192002 Erfurt Germany
16
FCommitted suicide
8. Whitman, Charles Joseph, 25 [lower-alpha 1] 1966 Austin, Texas U.S.
15
32
FMKilled by police
Killed an unborn child
One of the injured died in 2001; attributed to this event
9. Kretschmer, Tim, 172009 Winnenden and Wendlingen Germany
15
FCommitted suicide
10. Lépine, Marc, 251989 Montreal, Quebec Canada
14
14
FMCommitted suicide
11. Harris, Eric David, 18
Klebold, Dylan Bennet, 17
1999 Columbine, Colorado U.S.
13
21
FEABoth committed suicide
12. Menezes de Oliveira, Wellington, 232011 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
12
22
FCommitted suicide
13. Gadirov, Farda, 282009 Baku Azerbaijan
12
13
FCommitted suicide
One more died by jumping out of a window
14. Bai Ningyang, 18
(白宁阳)
2006 Shiguan China
12
 MASentenced to death and executed
15. Seifert, Willi Walter, 421964 Volkhoven West Germany
10
22
FMCommitted suicide
16. Pagourtzis, Dimitrios, 17 (suspect)May 182018 Santa Fe, Texas U.S.
10
13
FArrested
17. Saari, Matti Juhani, 222008 Kauhajoki Finland
10
F ACommitted suicide
18. Wu Huanming, 47
(吴焕明)
2010 Linchang China
9
11
 MCommitted suicide
19. Zhao Zewei, 28
(赵泽伟)
April 272018 Yulin China
9
11
 MSentenced to death and executed [69]
20. Harper-Mercer, Christopher Sean, 262015 Roseburg, Oregon U.S.
9
FCommitted suicide
21. Weise, Jeffrey James, 16 [lower-alpha 1] 2005 Red Lake, Minnesota U.S.
9
FCommitted suicide
22. Yan Yanming, 21
(闫彦明)
2004 Ruzhou China
9
 MSentenced to death and executed [70]
23. Takuma, Mamoru, 37
(宅間守)
2001 Ikeda, Osaka Japan
8
15
 MSentenced to death and executed
24. Ala Hisham Abu Dheim, 26
(علاء هاشم أبو دهيم)
2008 Jerusalem Israel
8
FKilled by soldiers
25. de Castro, Luiz Henrique, 25
Monteiro, Guilherme Taucci, 17 [lower-alpha 1]
March 132019 Suzano Brazil
8
11
FMCastro killed by Monteiro
Monteiro committed suicide
26.Donchev, Branimir, 171974 Durvenitsa Bulgaria
8
8
FArrested [71]
27. Zheng Minsheng, 41
(郑民生)
2010 Nanping China
8
 MSentenced to death and executed [72]
28.Yu Hua, 40
(於華)
Sep 22019 Baiyangping China
8
2
 MSentenced to death and executed [73]
29. Auvinen, Pekka-Eric, 182007 Jokela Finland
8
F ACommitted suicide
30.U Win-maung1975Burma
7
 MKilled by police [74]
31.Wang Xiangjun1996 Meitian China
7
 MArrested [75]
32. Goh, One L., 432012 Oakland, California U.S.
7
FSentenced to life imprisonment
33. Lee Chi Hang, 28 [lower-alpha 1]
(李志衡)
1982 Sham Shui Po Hong Kong
6
37
 MFound not guilty by reason of insanity
34. Mohammed Ahmad Misleh al-Nazari, 481997 Sana'a Yemen
6
12
FSentenced to death and executed [76]
35.Fedorenko, Anatoly
(Федоренко, Анатолий)
May 191977 Leningrad Soviet Union
6
2
FSentenced to death and executed [77]
36.Lepnev, Sergei, 18
(Лепнев, Сергей)
1997 Kamyshin Russia
6
FSentenced to death,
later changed to life imprisonment,
later changed to 25 years in prison
[78]
37. Purdy, Patrick Edward, 241989 Stockton, California U.S.
5
32
F ACommitted suicide
38. Mohammed Fathi Farhat, 17
(محمد فتحي فرحات)
2002 Atzmona Gaza Strip
5
23
F EKilled by soldiers [79]
39. Kazmierczak, Steven Phillip, 272008 DeKalb, Illinois U.S.
5
17
FCommitted suicide
40. Charva, Karel, 341983 Eppstein West Germany
5
14
FCommitted suicide [80]
41. Golden, Andrew Douglas, 11
Johnson, Mitchell Scott, 13
1998 Jonesboro, Arkansas U.S.
5
10
FBoth were imprisoned until their 21st birthday
42. Roberts, Charles Carl, 322006 Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania U.S.
5
FCommitted suicide
43. Kinkel, Kipland Philip, 15 [lower-alpha 1] 1998 Springfield, Oregon U.S.
4
25
FSentenced to 111 years in prison [81]
44. Schmidt, Heinz Jakob Friedrich Ernst, 291913 Bremen Germany
4
21
FFound not guilty by reason of insanity
One more died trying to escape
45.Liu Hongwen, 28
(刘洪文)
2004 Linwu County China
4
12
 MFound not guilty by reason of insanity [82]
46. De Gelder, Kim, 202009 Vrasene and Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde Belgium
4
12
 MSentenced to life imprisonment
47. Houston, Eric Christopher, 201992 Olivehurst, California U.S.
4
FSentenced to death
48. Unknown, 17 [lower-alpha 1] 2016 La Loche, Saskatchewan Canada
4
7
FSentenced to life imprisonment
49. Fang Jiantang, 26
(方建堂)
2010 Zibo China
3–5
 MSentenced to death and executed [83]
50.Wu Yechang, 25
(吴业昌)
2012 Pingnan County China
3
13
 MArrested [84]
51. Barbaro, Anthony F., 171974 Olean, New York U.S.
3
F ECommitted suicide while awaiting trial
52. Lawrynowicz, Stanislaw, 22
Obrapalski, Janusz, 21
1925 Wilno Poland
3
F EBoth committed suicide
53. Iwasaki, Ryuichi, 51
(いわさきりゅういち)
May 282019 Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture,Japan
2
18
 MCommitted suicide
54.Martínez Avila, Basilio, 211971 Guatemala City Guatemala
2
15
 MArrested [85]
55.Lu Xiaoxi, 25
(吕晓喜)
1998 Jiudian China
2
15
 MSentenced to death [86]
56. Parker, Gabe, 15 (suspect)2018 Draffenville, Kentucky U.S.
2
14
FArrested
57.Kausler, Robert, 271972 Erlangen West Germany
2
13
F APerished in the fire [87]
58. Slobodian, Michael Peter, 161975 Brampton, Ontario Canada
2
13
FCommitted suicide
59. Williams, Charles Andrew, 152001 Santee, California U.S.
2
13
FSentenced to 50 years to life imprisonment
60. Mitchell, Tyrone, 281984 Los Angeles, California U.S.
2
12
FCommitted suicide [88]

Abbreviations and footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 At least one of the victims was a relative of the assailant.

The W-column gives a basic description of the weapons used in the murders

F – Firearms and other ranged weapons, especially rifles and handguns, but also bows and crossbows, grenade launchers, flamethrowers, or slingshot
M – Melee weapons, like knives, swords, spears, machetes, axes, clubs, rods, rocks, or bare hands
O – Any other weapons, such as bombs, hand grenades, Molotov cocktails, poison and poisonous gas, as well as vehicle and arson attacks
A – indicates that an arson attack was the only other weapon used
V – indicates that a vehicle was the only other weapon used
E – indicates that explosives of any sort were the only other weapon used
P – indicates that an anaesthetising or deadly substance of any kind was the only other weapon used (includes poisonous gas)

See also

Related Research Articles

Yongzhou courthouse shooting

The Yongzhou courthouse shooting occurred on 1 June 2010 when 46-year-old Zhu Jun (朱军), armed with a submachine gun and 2 other weapons, entered the Lingling District People's Court (零陵区法院) in Yongzhou, Hunan and randomly killed 3 judicial workers who happened to be at work at an office on the 4th floor.

2010 Hebei tractor rampage

The Hebei tractor rampage was an apparently spontaneous mass murder on 1 August 2010 in which 17 people were killed in Yuanshi County, Hebei, China by an intoxicated man driving a bucket loader. At least 20 others were wounded.

Vehicle-ramming attack form of attack in which a terrorist rams vehicle into people or structures

A vehicle-ramming attack is an assault in which a perpetrator deliberately rams a vehicle into a building, crowd of people, or another vehicle. According to Stratfor Global Intelligence analysts, this attack represented a new militant tactic which is less lethal but could prove more difficult to prevent than suicide bombings.

References

  1. "Security tightened in Sulawesi". Taipei Times. Archived from the original on January 2, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  2. Sophia Saifi; Ben Brumfield; Euan McKirdy. "Charsadda attack: 22 dead at Bacha Khan University". CNN. Archived from the original on March 14, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  3. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/four-sentenced-to-life-for-role-in-2004-dhemaji-bombing/story-6f2S2juVHAuWGvq2zK9wLK.html
  4. "Algerian Islamic students shot dead". BBC News. October 16, 2002. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  5. 13 Dead in Azerbaijan School Shooting, The New York Times (April 30, 2009)
    Farda Gadirov's fellow villagers describe him as even-tempered, closed boy Archived May 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , Trend News Agency (April 30, 2009)
  6. Death toll rises to nine from China kindergarten attack Archived May 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua (May 12, 2010)
    Man kills nine in Chinese nursery rampage Archived February 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine , The Guardian (May 12, 2010)
    陕西南郑一私人幼儿园发生砍杀事件 致9死11伤 Archived May 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , chinanews.com.cn (May 12, 2010)
    陝西南鄭幼兒園血案死亡人數升至9人 Archived May 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , BBC (May 12, 2010)
    愚昧汉子持刀砍人发泄“怨恨 Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , sina.com.cn (May 14, 2010)
  7. Dirk Vanderhart; Kirk Johnson; Julie Turkewitz (October 1, 2015). "Oregon Shooting at Umpqua College Kills 10, Sheriff Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  8. Man held over China school deaths Archived May 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , BBC News (November 26, 2002)
    Neunfacher Kindermörder hingerichtet Archived January 22, 2005, at the Wayback Machine , Spiegel Online (January 20, 2005)
  9. Man stabs, kills 8 children at Chinese school Archived March 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , Associated Press (March 23, 2010)
    Man stabs, kills 8 children outside school in China, Los Angeles Times (March 23, 2010)
    Man kills eight children at east China school, suspect arrested Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua (March 23, 2010)
    福建一小学突发惨剧,一男子持刀行凶致小学生8死5伤 Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , sina.com.cn (March 24, 2010)
  10. (Page 134-147)
  11. Un directeur d'école tue 7 de ses élèves Archived July 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , L'Impartial (March 27, 1973)
    – Knife-<wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_102" class="wdautohl_d2llbGQ_">wielding</wdautohl-customtag> principal kills 7 Burmese pupils, wounds 5 others, The Times-Reporter (March 26, 1975)
  12. Children stabbed, The Straits Times (April 7, 1996)
    Fusillade dans une école en Allemagne : 16 morts, dont le tireur Archived April 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , Ouest-France (March 11, 2009)
    Quadro dos piores massacres nos últimos 15 anos Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , abril.com (March 11, 2009)
    1989年至2000年大事记 Archived December 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , news.eyizhang.com (2012-10-28)
  13. Yemen Executes Killer of Six Archived March 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , The Washington Post (April 6, 1997)
  14. Berserk Youth Kills 6 at Hostel Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , Los Angeles Times (December 27, 1974)
    – Student runs <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_103" class="wdautohl_YW1vaw__">amok</wdautohl-customtag>, kills six, Cedar Rapids Gazette (December 27, 1974)
  15. (Page 188-190)
  16. Police arrest cadet suspected of shooting dead six at military training college, Interfax (March 9, 1997)
    Курсант расстрелял восемь сослуживцев, Kommersant (March 9, 1997)
    За что расстреляли шестерых курсантов? Archived March 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , rodgor.ru (April 22, 2009)
  17. Mideast Turmoil: The Scene; Arab Child Of Uprising Grew Up Into Gunman, The New York Times (March 9, 2002) – In Growing Numbers, Palestinian Boys Are Choosing the Brief Life of a 'Martyr' Archived March 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Los Angeles Times (June 10, 2002) – Terrorist kills five in Atzmona. Hamas claims midnight Gaza attack Archived August 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Jerusalem Post (March 8, 2002)
  18. "Poe school coverage detailed a tragedy". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 7, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  19. 19 Jahre nach Schul-Amoklauf Archived February 12, 2013, at Archive.today , dpa (April 30, 2002)
    West German police describe Czech gunman as smart and loner, Philadelphia Inquirer (June 6, 1983)
  20. "Zhaoqing, Zhaoqing, Guangdong knife cut into the campus hanged 5 students were sentenced to death". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011.
    疯子持刀闯校园5死2伤:家长获赔18万元 Archived October 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , Guangzhou Daily (November 24, 2004)
  21. "Crime: Slaughter in the College of Beauty". Time. November 18, 1966. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015.
  22. "Runs amok, kills 5 in school". Chicago Tribune. October 11, 1977. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016.
  23. "World Briefly". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. January 11, 1994.
  24. Oregon families trying to make sense of killing, Rome News-Tribune (May 22, 1998)
    A difficult first day back, Charlotte Observer (May 27, 1998)
    Wjo is Kip Kinkel?: Timeline Archived June 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , Frontline (June 24, 2007)
  25. 湖南小学老师校园内行凶 砍死4学童砍伤16师生 Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua (October 7, 2004)
    Teacher killing 4 students declared schizophrenic Archived December 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , China Daily (November 11, 2004)
    Four killed in teacher's meat cleaver attack Archived August 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , Independenz Online (October 7, 2004)
  26. Graham, Jennifer (January 23, 2016). "Teen, 17, charged with four counts of murder in Saskatchewan school shooting". cp24.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  27. "Un estudiante mexicano dispara contra sus compañeros y una profesora en un colegio de Monterrey". The New York Times. January 18, 2017.
  28. "news content". China Daily. Archived from the original on September 18, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  29. "Chicago Man Kills 4 and Wounds 2 Before Dying in a Shootout". The New York Times. September 23, 1988. Archived from the original on February 27, 2013.
  30. CNN, By Haolan Hong and Jaime FlorCruz. "6 die in China ax attack". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  31. "2 dead, including student gunman, in shooting at Wash. state high school" Archived October 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , Fox News (October 24, 2014)
    "Third victim in Washington state school shooting rampage dies" Archived November 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , Yahoo! News (October 31, 2014)
    Liza Javier (October 31, 2014). "Shaylee Chuckulnaskit, 14, Marysville-Pilchuck shooting victim dies". KING. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
    Liza Javier (November 7, 2014). "Marysville shooting victim Andrew Fryberg, 15, dies". KING. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  32. John Scott Cowan, Lessons from the Fabrikant File: A Report to the Board of Governors of Concordia University Archived July 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , May 1994, Concordia University Records Management and Archives, accessed April 4, 2012
  33. "Town in shock after slaying of kindergartners and teacher". Associated Press. February 23, 1999.
  34. Welsh, Nick (September 4, 2012). "Conditional Release for David Attias". Santa Barbara Independent. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  35. Roy, Olivier (March 23, 2012). "Loner, Loser, Killer". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 4, 2017.
  36. "Student killer an introvert who finally cracks". China Daily. Archived from the original on June 17, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  37. Crouch, David (October 22, 2015). "Sweden school attack: horror as sword attacker kills teacher and pupil". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on June 11, 2017. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  38. Four dead in China kindergarten attack Archived October 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , CNN (August 4, 2010)
    China school attack kills at least three children Archived August 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , BBC News (August 4, 2010)
    4 Believed Dead in China School Attack Archived March 8, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , The New York Times (August 4, 2010)
    At least three dead in knife attack on China school Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , AFP (August 4, 2010)
    Man detained after three die in E China kindergarten attack Archived December 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua (August 4, 2010)
    山东淄博杀童血案凶手被捕 嫌犯是律师 Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Epoch Times (August 6, 2010)
    山東幼兒園血案 律師:兇手非律師 Archived August 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , Epoch Times (August 11, 2010)
    In China, school attacks expose divides Archived September 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , The Hindu (September 26, 2010)
  39. 3 children killed in nursery rampage Archived September 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , People's Daily (September 22, 2012)
    Suicide-attempting child killer blames frustration for attack Archived December 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , China Daily (September 22, 2012)
    广西平南县"9.21"故意杀人案 致3人死亡13人受伤 Archived December 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Sohu (September 22, 2012)
  40. Três mortos em chacina na escola, Jornal do Brasil (October 8, 1999)
    Encapuzados invadem escola, matam 3 e deixam 6 feridos em Campinas Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Folha de S.Paulo (October 8, 1999)
    Chacina pode ter sido motivada por invasão Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Folha de S.Paulo (October 8, 1999)
    Protesto lembra chacina em escola Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Folha de S.Paulo (October 13, 1999)
    Identificados suspeitos de chacina em escola de Campinas Archived October 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Diario do Grande ABC (October 8, 1999)
    Escola que viveu chacina terá zelador PM Archived October 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Folha de S.Paulo (October 22, 1999)
    Rapaz é condenado a 51 anos por participação em chacina Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Estadão (November 15, 2001)
    - Chacina faz bairro reviver a tragédia de 1999 Archived November 23, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Correio Popular (January 16, 2014)
    Com falhas na segurança, áreas das chacinas têm 41% dos assassinatos Archived December 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , G1 (January 19, 2014)
  41. "Amok kills 3 wounds 6".[ dead link ]
  42. "Parent Stabs to Death 3 Students and Teacher at School in China". New York Times . Archived from the original on October 18, 2016.
  43. "Argentine boy shoots classmates". BBC News. September 29, 2004. Archived from the original on March 11, 2009.
  44. "SCHOOLMASTER KILLS PUPILS.; Becomes Suddenly Insane and " Runs I I Amuck"uIs Lynched by Villagers". The New York Times. October 9, 1902. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016.
  45. http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19690824.2.4.aspx. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011.Missing or empty |title= (help)[ dead link ]
  46. Children hacked to death, The Straits Times (August 16, 1983)
    Maluco invade creche e mata crianças, Ultima Hora (August 16, 1983)
  47. Brinkbäumer, Klaus; Neumann, Conny; Röbel, Sven; Ulrich, Andreas (February 25, 2002). "Attentate: Die Rache des kleinen Rambo". 9. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2017 via Spiegel Online.
  48. "Student kills 3 profs, self". October 29, 2002. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  49. Student amok kills two, The Straits Times (November 15, 1971)
    – <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_104" class="wdautohl_bWFjaGV0ZQ__">Machete</wdautohl-customtag> <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_105" class="wdautohl_c2xheQ__">slayings</wdautohl-customtag>, The Des Moines Register (November 15, 1971)
  50. Ex-soldier runs amok in school Archived June 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , The Standard (October 5, 1998)
    – Chinese ex-soldier <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_106" class="wdautohl_c2xhc2g_">slashes</wdautohl-customtag> 23 in school rampage, Reuters (October 4, 1998)
    教师持刀杀学生案 Archived December 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , edulawonline.com
    优秀教师血洗校园 Archived December 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , 66163.com
  51. Five die as <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_107" class="wdautohl_amlsdA__">jilted</wdautohl-customtag> students runs <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_108" class="wdautohl_YW11Y2s_">amuck</wdautohl-customtag> in Bavaria, The Times (December 22, 1972)
    Student lief amok, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 21, 1972)
    Verschmähte Liebe kostete drei jungen Menschen das Leben, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 22, 1972)
  52. Jonestown specter haunted sniper, Mohave Daily Miner (February 26, 1984)
    Mystery sniper sprays LA schoolyard, The Prescott Courier (February 26, 1984)
    Sniper kills 1, wounds 12 at L.A. school playground, St. Petersburg Times (February 25, 1984)
    School sniper victim dies, Oxnard Press-Courier (April 15, 1984)
  53. Anderson, Charles (December 23, 2012). "Murder in a small Kiwi school". SundayStar-Times. p. A10. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  54. Moredock, Will. "Recalling South Carolina's 1988 school shooting". Charleston City Paper. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  55. "Sarasota Herald-Tribune – Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  56. "May 3, 1999: Steven Allen Abrams steers his 1967 Cadillac..." Daily Pilot. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  57. Murphy, Padriac; Misha Ketchell; Andrew Heasley (October 22, 2002). "Two die as gunman attacks his own class". The Sydney Morning Herald . Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  58. "Knifeman Strikes at School". April 14, 2010. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011.
  59. "The Nation – Thailand's News in English". nationmultimedia.com. Archived from the original on December 27, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  60. "2 dead in stabbing attack". China Daily. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  61. "Former student kills 2, himself". February 26, 2008. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015.
    “儿子被迫给同学洗衣服” 雷州二中血案凶手陈文真家人称 Archived December 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , Southern Metropolis Daily (February 28, 2008)
  62. "Woman hacks two preschoolers to death in China". March 5, 2009. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011.
  63. "Ingram gets two life terms plus 35 years in prison". savannahnow.com. November 4, 2000. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  64. Apresentação do professor que matou 2 alunos, Diario da Tarde (December 22, 1977)
    – Professor mata dois alunos, Folha de S.Paulo (December 22, 1977)
    – Professor mata dois alunos em Curitiba, Folha de S.Paulo (December 25, 1977)
    Confuso o relato do professor assassino, Diario da Tarde (December 26, 1977)
  65. "School Shootings Rare in Finland". yle.fi. Archived from the original on August 27, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  66. Lieberman, Joseph A. (2008). School Shootings. Kensington Publishing Corp. ISBN   978-0-8065-3569-2.
  67. "3 Dead in LTC Shooting". WAFB (Baton Rouge, Louisiana). February 8, 2008. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  68. Seeger, Thorsten (ed.) School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention; Springer, 2012.
  69. "China Executes Man who Killed 9 Students in School Stabbing". handsoffcain.info. September 28, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  70. Man held over China school deaths, BBC News (November 26, 2002)
    Neunfacher Kindermörder hingerichtet, Spiegel Online (January 20, 2005)
  71. Berserk Youth Kills 6 at Hostel, Los Angeles Times (December 27, 1974)
    – Student runs <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_110" class="wdautohl_YW1vaw__">amok</wdautohl-customtag>, kills six, Cedar Rapids Gazette (December 27, 1974)
  72. Man stabs, kills 8 children at Chinese school, Associated Press (March 23, 2010)
    Man stabs, kills 8 children outside school in China, Los Angeles Times (March 23, 2010)
    Man kills eight children at east China school, suspect arrested, Xinhua (March 23, 2010)
    福建一小学突发惨剧,一男子持刀行凶致小学生8死5伤, sina.com.cn (March 24, 2010)
  73. Un directeur d'école tue 7 de ses élèves, L'Impartial (March 27, 1973)
    – Knife-<wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_111" class="wdautohl_d2llbGQ_">wielding</wdautohl-customtag> principal kills 7 Burmese pupils, wounds 5 others, The Dover Times-Reporter (March 26, 1975)
  74. Children stabbed, The Straits Times (April 7, 1996)
    Fusillade dans une école en Allemagne : 16 morts, dont le tireur, Ouest-France (March 11, 2009)
    Quadro dos piores massacres nos últimos 15 anos Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine , abril.com (March 11, 2009)
    1989年至2000年大事记, news.eyizhang.com (2012-10-28)
  75. Yemen Executes Killer of Six, The Washington Post (April 6, 1997)
  76. (Page 188-190)
  77. Police arrest cadet suspected of shooting dead six at military training college, Interfax (March 9, 1997)
    Курсант расстрелял восемь сослуживцев, Kommersant (March 9, 1997)
    За что расстреляли шестерых курсантов? Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine , rodgor.ru (April 22, 2009)
  78. Mideast Turmoil: The Scene; Arab Child Of Uprising Grew Up Into Gunman, The New York Times (March 9, 2002)
    In Growing Numbers, Palestinian Boys Are Choosing the Brief Life of a 'Martyr', Los Angeles Times (June 10, 2002)
    Terrorist kills five in Atzmona. Hamas claims midnight Gaza attack Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine , Jerusalem Post (March 8, 2002)
  79. 19 Jahre nach Schul-Amoklauf Archived 2013-02-12 at Archive.today , Deutsche Presse-Agentur (April 30, 2002)
    West German police describe Czech gunman as smart and loner, Philadelphia Inquirer (June 6, 1983)
  80. Oregon families trying to make sense of killing, Rome News-Tribune (May 22, 1998)
    A difficult first day back, Charlotte Observer (May 27, 1998)
    Wjo is Kip Kinkel?: Timeline, Frontline (June 24, 2007)
  81. 湖南小学老师校园内行凶 砍死4学童砍伤16师生, Xinhua (October 7, 2004)
    Teacher killing 4 students declared schizophrenic, China Daily (November 11, 2004)
    Four killed in teacher's meat cleaver attack, Independenz Online (October 7, 2004)
  82. Four dead in China kindergarten attack, CNN (August 4, 2010)
    China school attack kills at least three children, BBC News (August 4, 2010)
    4 Believed Dead in China School Attack, The New York Times (August 4, 2010)
    At least three dead in knife attack on China school, AFP (August 4, 2010)
    Man detained after three die in E China kindergarten attack, Xinhua (August 4, 2010)
    山东淄博杀童血案凶手被捕 嫌犯是律师, The Epoch Times (August 6, 2010)
    山東幼兒園血案 律師:兇手非律師 Archived 2010-08-15 at the Wayback Machine , The Epoch Times (August 11, 2010)
    In China, school attacks expose divides, The Hindu (September 26, 2010)
  83. 3 children killed in nursery rampage, People's Daily (September 22, 2012)
    Suicide-attempting child killer blames frustration for attack, China Daily (September 22, 2012)
    广西平南县"9.21"故意杀人案 致3人死亡13人受伤, Sohu (September 22, 2012)
  84. Student amok kills two, The Straits Times (November 15, 1971)
    – <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_112" class="wdautohl_bWFjaGV0ZQ__">Machete</wdautohl-customtag> <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_113" class="wdautohl_c2xheQ__">slayings</wdautohl-customtag>, Des Moines Register (November 15, 1971)
  85. Ex-soldier runs amok in school Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine , The Standard (October 5, 1998)
    – Chinese ex-soldier <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_114" class="wdautohl_c2xhc2g_">slashes</wdautohl-customtag> 23 in school rampage, Reuters (October 4, 1998)
    教师持刀杀学生案, edulawonline.com
    优秀教师血洗校园, 66163.com
  86. Five die as <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_115" class="wdautohl_amlsdA__">jilted</wdautohl-customtag> students runs <wdautohl-customtag style="font-weight:bold;color:red;font-size:inherit;display:inline;" id="wdautohl_id_116" class="wdautohl_YW11Y2s_">amuck</wdautohl-customtag> in Bavaria, The Times (December 22, 1972)
    Student lief amok, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 21, 1972)
    Verschmähte Liebe kostete drei jungen Menschen das Leben, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 22, 1972)
  87. Jonestown specter haunted sniper, Mohave Daily Miner (February 26, 1984)
    Mystery sniper sprays LA schoolyard, The Courier (February 26, 1984)
    Sniper kills 1, wounds 12 at L.A. school playground, St. Petersburg Times (February 25, 1984)
    School sniper victim dies, Oxnard Press-Courier (April 15, 1984)