Mayor of New York City

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Mayor of New York City
Flag of the Mayor of New York City.svg
Bill de Blasio 11-2-2013.jpg
Bill de Blasio

since January 1, 2014
Style His/Her Honor
Residence Gracie Mansion
Seat New York City Hall
Term length Four years, renewable once consecutively
Constituting instrument New York City Charter
Inaugural holder Thomas Willett
Formation17th century
Succession New York City Public Advocate, then New York City Comptroller
Unofficial namesHizzoner

The mayor of New York City is head of the executive branch of the Government of New York City. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within New York City.


The budget, overseen by New York City Mayor's Office of Management and Budget, is the largest municipal budget in the United States at $92 billion a year. [1] The city employs 325,000 people, spends about $21 billion to educate more than 1.1 million students (the largest public school system in the United States) and levies $27 billion in taxes. It receives $14 billion from the state and federal governments.

The mayor's office is located in New York City Hall; it has jurisdiction over all five boroughs of New York City: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Staten Island and Queens. The mayor appoints numerous officials, including commissioners who head city departments, and his deputy mayors. The mayor's regulations are compiled in title 43 of the New York City Rules . According to current law, the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms in office but may run again after a four-year break. It was changed from two to three terms on October 23, 2008, when the New York City Council voted 29–22 in favor of passing the term limit extension into law. [2] However, in 2010, a referendum reverting the limit to two terms passed overwhelmingly. [3]

The current mayor is Democrat Bill de Blasio, who was elected on November 5, 2013 and reelected to a second term on November 7, 2017.


Second inauguration of Mayor Michael Bloomberg on the steps of City Hall, 2006 Bloomberg Inaguration.jpg
Second inauguration of Mayor Michael Bloomberg on the steps of City Hall, 2006

In 1665, Governor Richard Nicolls appointed Thomas Willett as the first mayor of New York. For 156 years, the mayor was appointed and had limited power. Between 1783 and 1821 the mayor was appointed by the Council of Appointment in which the state's governor had the loudest voice. In 1821 the Common Council, which included elected members, gained the authority to choose the mayor. An amendment to the New York State Constitution in 1834 provided for the direct popular election of the mayor. Cornelius W. Lawrence, a Democrat, was elected that year.

Gracie Mansion has been the official residence of the mayor since Fiorello La Guardia's administration in 1942. Its main floor is open to the public and serves as a small museum.

The mayor is entitled to a salary of $258,750 a year. [4] Michael Bloomberg, mayor of the city from 2002 to 2013 and one of the richest people in the world, [5] declined the salary and instead was paid $1 yearly.

In 2000 direct control of the city's public school system was transferred to the mayor's office. In 2003 the reorganization established the New York City Department of Education.

Tammany Hall

"New York's new solar system": Tammany Hall revolves around Boss Croker in this 1899 cartoon in Puck. New York's New Solar System2.jpg
"New York's new solar system": Tammany Hall revolves around Boss Croker in this 1899 cartoon in Puck .

Tammany Hall, which evolved from an organization of craftsmen into a Democratic political machine, gained control of Democratic Party nominations in the state and city in 1861. It played a major role in New York City politics into the 1960s and was a dominant player from the mayoral victory of Fernando Wood in 1854 through the era of Robert Wagner (1954–1965).


The mayor of New York City may appoint several deputy mayors to help oversee major offices within the executive branch of the city government. The powers and duties, and even the number of deputy mayors, are not defined by the City Charter. The post was created by Fiorello La Guardia (who appointed Grover Whalen as deputy mayor) to handle ceremonial events that the mayor was too busy to attend. Since then, deputy mayors have been appointed with their areas of responsibility defined by the appointing mayor. There are currently five deputy mayors, all of whom report directly to the mayor. Deputy mayors do not have any right to succeed to the mayoralty in the case of vacancy or incapacity of the mayor. (The order of succession is the Public Advocate of the City of New York, then the Comptroller of the City of New York. [6] )

The current deputy mayors are:

Advises the mayor on citywide administrative, operational and policy matters.
Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Economic Development Corporation, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Buildings, the Department of City Planning, Department of Housing Preservation and Development, New York City Housing Development Corporation and related agencies.
Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Human Resources Administration, Department of Homeless Services, the Administration for Children's Services, New York City Health and Hospitals, and related agencies.

Notable former deputy mayors

Offices appointed

"The mayor has the power to appoint and remove the commissioners of more than 40 city agencies and members of City boards and commissions." [12] These include:

Board member

The mayor of New York City is an ex-officio board member of the following organizations: [12]

Local tabloid newspapers often refer to the mayor as "Hizzoner", a corruption of the title His Honor.

Spin City , a 1990s TV sitcom, starred Michael J. Fox as a deputy mayor of New York under Barry Bostwick's fictional Mayor Randall Winston.

Several mayors have appeared in television and movies, as well as on Broadway, most notably in The Will Rogers Follies . In the 1980s and '90s, mayors Ed Koch and Rudy Giuliani appeared on Saturday Night Live on several occasions, sometimes mocking themselves in sketches. Giuliani and Mayor Michael Bloomberg have both appeared, as themselves in their mayoral capacities, on episodes of Law & Order . Giuliani also appeared as himself in an episode of Seinfeld , titled "The Non-Fat Yogurt". Giuliani has made cameos in films such as The Out-of-Towners and Anger Management . Bloomberg has appeared on 30 Rock , Gossip Girl , Curb Your Enthusiasm and Horace and Pete . [13] [14]

In "Recycled Koopa", an episode of The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 , King Koopa is dumping his garbage into New York, causing New Yorkers including the mayor to transform into mindless "Koopa Zombies". Although the episode aired during the term of Mayor David Dinkins, the mayor in the episode does not seem based on him. [15]

See also

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Tom Finkelpearl is an American arts promoter and former museum director who serves as commissioner of the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs. He was appointed in 2014 by New York City mayor Bill de Blasio. As commissioner, he oversees city funding of nonprofit arts organizations, and is leading an effort to promote cultural diversity in arts programs citywide. His department is in charge of a $156 million budget. His approach to arts has been described as populist and he sees art and artists as making a valuable contribution to the overall economic health of the city. In July 2017, Mayor de Blasio and Commissioner Finkelpearl announced the launch of CreateNYC, a 10-year cultural plan to increase access to arts and culture programming in all five boroughs and help make New York's cultural institutions more reflective of the city’s multiethnic, multicultural population. He is working with city authorities on efforts to provide affordable housing for artists living in the city. He said "every corner of this city needs to have art." He introduced a program to offer free access to member institutions using a municipal identification card. Finkelpearl served for 12 years as director of the Queens Museum from 2002 to 2014. While serving as director, he hired community organizers to emphasize the diversity of the immigrant population. He presided over the museum's $68 million renovation effort. He doubled the size of the Queens Museum and saw its budget grow from $2.3 million to $4.9 million. He served under mayor David Dinkins and Rudy Giuliani by running the city's Percent for Art program. He graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts in 1974, from Princeton University in 1979 and from Hunter College (MFA) in 1983.

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  1. OMB (April 25, 2019). "The City of New York Executive Budget" (PDF).
  2. WCBS (October 23, 2008). "'Aye' And Mighty: Bloomberg's Wish Is Granted". Archived from the original on October 25, 2008.
  3. "Is Term Limit Vote a Big Smack at Mayor? – New York Daily News". New York. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013.
  4. "League of Women Voters of the City of New York – About Us". Archived from the original on December 31, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  5. "Forbes Profile". Forbes. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  6. "The Mayor" (trade)|chapter-format= requires |chapter-url= (help). What Makes New York City Run? A Citizen's Guide To How City Government Works (Third ed.). New York, N.Y.: League of Women Voters of the City of New York Education Fund. 2001. pp. 30–31. ISBN   0-916130-02-9.
  7. Neuman, William; Goodman, J. David (November 30, 2017). "De Blasio Changes His Cabinet, but His Feud With Cuomo Remains" . Retrieved December 1, 2017 via
  8. "Mayor de Blasio Appoints Vicki Been as New Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development". The official website of the City of New York. April 4, 2019. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  9. "Dr. Herminia Palacio, Deputy Mayor of Health and Human Services". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  10. "Laura Anglin, Deputy Mayor for Operations". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  11. "Deputy Mayor J. Phillip Thompson – City of New York". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  12. 1 2 "Office of the Mayor". New York City. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  13. "Michael Bloomberg". IMDb. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  14. "Episode #1.9". IMDb. March 26, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  15. "Recycled Koopa". Super Mario Wiki, the Mario encyclopedia. Retrieved February 12, 2017.