New York City Department of Parks and Recreation

Last updated

Department of Parks and Recreation
Logo of the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation.svg
New York City Parks Department flag.png
Flag of NYC Parks
Department overview
Formed1870 (1870)
Preceding department
  • New York City Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs Administration
Jurisdiction New York City
Headquarters Arsenal
New York, NY 10065
Department executive
Key document
Website www.nycgovparks.org

The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, also called the Parks Department or NYC Parks, is the department of the government of New York City [2] responsible for maintaining the city's parks system, preserving and maintaining the ecological diversity of the city's natural areas, and furnishing recreational opportunities for city's residents and visitors.

Contents

NYC Parks maintains more than 1,700 parks, playgrounds and recreation facilities across the city's five boroughs. It is responsible for over 1,000 playgrounds, 800 playing fields, 550 tennis courts, 35 major recreation centers, 66 pools, 14 miles (23 km) of beaches, and 13 golf courses, as well as seven nature centers, six ice skating rinks, over 2,000 greenstreets, and four major stadiums. NYC Parks also cares for park flora and fauna, community gardens, 23 historic houses, over 1,200 statues and monuments, and more than 2.5 million trees. [3] The total area of the properties maintained by the department is over 30,000 acres (120 km2). [4] The largest single component of parkland maintained by the department is the 2,765-acre (1,119 ha) Pelham Bay Park in the Bronx. Other large parks administered by NYC Parks include Central Park in Manhattan, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx, Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in Queens, and the Staten Island Greenbelt in Staten Island. [3]

NYC Parks produces many special events, including concerts and movie premieres. In the summer, the busiest season, the agency organizes free carnivals and concerts, and sends mobile recreation vans to travel throughout the five boroughs providing free rental equipment for skating, baseball, and miniature golf.

The symbol of the department is a cross between the leaf of the London plane and a maple leaf. It is prominently featured on signs and buildings in public parks across the city. The London plane tree is on NYC Parks' list of restricted use species for street tree planting because it constitutes more than 10% of all street trees.

Agency

The department is a mayoral agency. The current Parks Commissioner is Mitchell Silver, named to the office in 2014. [5] The current chair of the New York City Council Committee on Parks & Recreation is Peter Koo. [6]

The department is allocated an expense budget and a capital budget. The expense budget covers the total expenses incurred by the agency, including salaries. The capital budget is dedicated solely for new construction projects, as well as major repairs in parks that have a useful life of more than five years and cost at least $35,000.

Its regulations are compiled in Title 56 of the New York City Rules . [7]

History

The original Parks Commission was formed in 1856 and was responsible only for Central Park. In 1870 the Tweed Charter gave it jurisdiction for all the parks in Manhattan. In addition each borough had its independent Park Commission. A unified citywide New York City Parks Department was formed in 1934 with Robert Moses as the commissioner, a position he held until 1960. In 1968 it was reorganized as the "Parks, Recreation & Cultural Affairs Administration. In 1976 it was given its current name. [8]

In 2001, the department underwent an investigation after the U.S. Attorney's Office received complaints from employees that they had suffered employment discrimination. The lawsuit alleged that NYC Parks violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964; according to the complaint, the NYC Parks' senior managers sought out and promoted whites to management positions without announcing job openings for those positions or conducting any formal interview processes. The complaint also said that since at least 1995, minorities have been significantly under-represented in NYC Parks' managerial ranks. In 2008, the City of New York agreed to pay a $21 million settlement to avoid going to trial. [9]

Organization

Park law enforcement

The department maintains an enforcement division, called the Parks Enforcement Patrol (PEP), responsible for maintaining safety and security within the parks system. Parks Enforcement Patrol officers have peace officer status under NYS Penal Law and are empowered through this status to make arrests and issue tickets. PEP officers patrol land, waterways and buildings under the jurisdiction of the Department of Parks and Recreation on foot, bicycle, horseback, boat and marked patrol trucks. PEP officers are also responsible for physical site inspections of NYC park concession facilities to assure the concessionaires compliance with state laws. [10]

Urban Park Rangers

The Urban Park Rangers was founded as a pilot program in 1979 by then Parks Commissioner Gordon J. Davis, with the support and encouragement of Mayor Ed Koch. The program provides many free programs year-round, such as nature walks and activities. They also operate programs such as The Natural Classroom for class trips and the general public alike. "Explorer" programs are available for activities such as canoeing in the city's flagship parks in all five boroughs. NYC Urban Park Rangers are easily identified by their uniforms. [11]

Although NYC Park Rangers possess peace officer status, their primary mission is environmental education, protection of park resources, and visitor safety. Law enforcement in city parks is the responsibility of the New York City Police Department, and Parks Enforcement Patrol officers.

Community Parks Initiative

The Community Parks Initiative was launched in 2014 and is providing $318 million of capital funding to improve more than 60 parks mainly located in densely populated neighborhoods where there are significant rates of poverty. The park improvements, such as Ranaqua Park in the South Bronx, consist of playground equipment, lighting, seating areas, water fountains, synthetic turn fields, trees and greenery, and rain gardens to collect storm water. [12] [13] The Longfellow Park renovation, also in the Bronx, is budgeted at $3.25 million and includes tree houses for children, bike racks, a sprinkler system for summer recreation, and a mini-state. [14]

Public-private partnerships

The New York City Department of Parks and Recreations maintains facilities and provides services through a network of public service workers, volunteers, and partnerships with private organizations.

The momentum for private partnerships increased dramatically during the mayoralty of Michael Bloomberg. Often the initiatives of Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe were controversial. [15]

Concessions

Most businesses that operate or generate revenue on New York City parkland are considered concessions and must obtain a permit or license from the Revenue Division of Parks. Pursuant to the City's Concession Rules, these licenses and permits are generally awarded through a public solicitation process, such as a Request for Bids (RFB) or Request for Proposals (RFP). [16]

Approximately 500 concessions currently operate in parks throughout the five boroughs, and they generally fall into two categories: food service and recreation. The food service concessions range from pushcarts selling hot dogs to restaurants such as Tavern on the Green and Terrace on the Park. Recreational concessions include facilities such as ice rinks, stables, marinas, and golf courses. In fiscal year 2009, NYC Parks' Revenue Division helped collect over $110 million in revenue from various sources including concessions, lease agreements, like those for Citi Field and Yankee Stadium, special events, and dockage. [17]

Private partnerships

At the turn of the 20th century most of the staffing of New York City parks were patronage jobs. In the 1950s and 1960s, public sector unions organized most park workers which was considered at the time the first major political defeat of Robert Moses. During the city's fiscal crisis in the 1970s, the Department of Parks and Recreation City adapted practices such as using welfare recipients and volunteers to do work previously completed by unionized workers and to forge partnerships with nonprofit organizations and local sports league. Yorkville Sports (YSA) was one of those that helped maintain athletic fields prior to use and assumed responsibilities previously handled by the public sector. During this time the Central Park Conservancy and the Prospect Park Alliance were formed. [18]

List of Park Commissioners

Since 1934, when New York City Parks Department Commissioners were unified, the directors have been: [19]

PortraitNamed individualStart dateEnd dateTenureMayor(s) served under
Robert Moses head shot.jpg Robert Moses January 18, 1934May 23, 196026 years, 4 months Fiorello H. La Guardia
William O'Dwyer
Vincent R. Impellitteri
Robert F. Wagner Jr.
Mosholu cornerstone laying, Newbold Morris, Chairman, Circulation Committee(-), New York Public Library Trustees (NYPL b11524053-1252888).tiff Newbold Morris May 24, 1960January 15, 19665 years, 8 months Robert F. Wagner Jr.
TomHoving.jpg Thomas Hoving January 16, 1966March 15, 19671 year, 3 months John V. Lindsay
August Heckscher March 16, 1967December 31, 19725 years, 9 monthsJohn V. Lindsay
Richard M. Clurman January 1, 1973December 31, 19731 yearJohn V. Lindsay
Edwin L. Weisl Jr. January 1, 1974September 22, 19751 year, 9 months Abraham Beame
Alexander Wirin September 23, 1975December 28, 19753 monthsAbraham Beame
Martin Lang January 1, 1976June 30, 19771 year, 6 monthsAbraham Beame
Joseph P. Davidson July 2, 1977January 20, 19786 monthsAbraham Beame
Gordon Jamison Davis.png Gordon J. Davis January 23, 1978April 1, 19835 years, 3 months Ed Koch
NLN Henry Stern.jpg Henry J. Stern April 2, 1983February 4, 19906 years, 10 monthsEd Koch
Betsy Gotbaum (3639620242).jpg Elisabeth F. Gotbaum February 5, 1990December 31, 19933 years, 11 months David Dinkins
NLN Henry Stern.jpg Henry J. Stern January 1, 1994February 3, 20028 years, 1 month Rudolph Giuliani
Adrian Benepe.jpg Adrian Benepe February 4, 2002August 29, 201210 years, 6 months Michael Bloomberg
Veronica M. White August 30, 2012December 31, 20131 year, 4 monthsMichael Bloomberg
Liam Kavanagh January 1, 2014May 12, 20145 months (Acting) Bill de Blasio
Mitchell Silver May 12, 2014IncumbentBill de Blasio

See also

Related Research Articles

Forest Park (Queens) Public park in Queens, New York

Forest Park is a park in the New York City borough of Queens, spanning 538 acres (218 ha). It is the tenth-largest park in New York City and the third-largest in Queens. Created on August 9, 1895, it was originally referred to as Brooklyn Forest Park, as the area was part of Brooklyn at the time.

Bronx Park Public park in the Bronx, New York

Bronx Park is a public park along the Bronx River, in the Bronx, New York City. The park is bounded by Southern Boulevard to the southwest, Webster Avenue to the northwest, Gun Hill Road to the north, Bronx Park East to the east, and East 180th Street to the south. With an area of 718 acres (2.91 km2), Bronx Park is the eighth-largest park in New York City.

New York City Department of Sanitation

The New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY) is the department of the government of New York City responsible for garbage collection, recycling collection, street cleaning, and snow removal.

New York City Parks Enforcement Patrol

The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation maintains a unit of full-time and seasonal uniformed officers who enforce parks department rules and regulations, as well as New York State laws within the jurisdiction of New York City parks. Established in 1981, NYC Parks Enforcement Patrol officers patrol on foot, bicycle, horseback, and in marked vehicles. Parks Enforcement officers are responsible for protecting NYC Park land, waterways under the jurisdiction of the Department of Parks and Recreation, city owned monuments, and public pools. PEP officers acting as Parks’ ambassadors.

New York City Sheriffs Office New York Citys civil law enforcement agency

The New York City Sheriff's Office (NYCSO), officially the Office of the Sheriff of the City of New York, is the primary civil law enforcement agency for New York City. The Sheriff's Office is a division of the New York City Department of Finance, operating as an enforcement arm. The Sheriff's Office handles investigations concerning cigarette tax enforcement, real estate property/deed fraud, synthetic narcotics sales and other matters deemed necessary by the Department of Finance.

Starlight Park Public park in the Bronx, New York

Starlight Park is a public park located along the Bronx River in the Bronx in New York City. Starlight Park stands on the site of an amusement park of the same name that operated in the first half of the 20th century.

Organization of the New York City Police Department

The New York City Police Department (NYPD) is structured into numerous bureaus and units. As a whole, the NYPD is headed by the Police Commissioner, a civilian administrator appointed by the Mayor, with the senior sworn uniformed officer of the service titled "Chief of Department". The Police Commissioner appoints a number of Deputy and Assistant Commissioners. The Department is divided into twenty bureaus, six of which are enforcement bureaus. Each enforcement bureau is further sub-divided into sections, divisions, and units, and into patrol boroughs, precincts, and detective squads. Each Bureau is commanded by a Bureau Chief. There are also a number of specialized units that are not part of any of the Bureaus and report to the Chief of the Department.

Law enforcement in New York City is carried out by numerous law enforcement agencies. New York City has the highest concentration of law enforcement agencies in the United States.

Rafael Piñeiro is the First Deputy Commissioner of the New York City Police Department (NYPD) and highest ranking Hispanic American member of the NYPD. In November 2013, he was rumored to on Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio's short list to replace Ray Kelly as NYPD Commissioner.

Mitchell Silver is current commissioner for the New York City Parks Department. Appointed by Mayor Bill de Blasio, he assumed office May 2014. He was president of the American Planning Association (APA) between 2011 and 2013, the first African American to hold the title.

St. Marys Park (Bronx) Public park in the Bronx, New York

St. Mary's Park is a public park in the Mott Haven neighborhood in the South Bronx section of the Bronx, New York City. The park has sporting facilities and an indoor recreation center.

Barretto Point Park Public park in the Bronx, New York

Barretto Point Park is a waterfront public park on the East River located in the Hunts Point neighborhood of the Bronx. New York City. Its namesake is Francis J. Barretto, a 19th-century merchant and State Assemblyman who lived in the area.

<i>Harriet Tubman Memorial</i> (New York City) Sculpture in Manhattan, New York, U.S.

The Harriet Tubman Memorial, also known as Swing Low, located in Manhattan in New York City, honors the life of abolitionist Harriet Tubman. The intersection at which it stands was previously a barren traffic island, and is now known as "Harriet Tubman Triangle". As part of its redevelopment, the traffic island was landscaped with plants native to New York and to Tubman's home state of Maryland, representing the land which she and her Underground Railroad passengers travelled across.

Concourse, Bronx Neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City

Concourse is a neighborhood in the southwestern section of the New York City borough of the Bronx which includes the Bronx County Courthouse, the Bronx Museum of the Arts, and Yankee Stadium. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise, are East 169th Street to the north, Grand Concourse to the east, the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line to the south, and Jerome Avenue to the west. The neighborhood is divided into three subsections: West Concourse, East Concourse, and Concourse Village.

Elizabeth Weinberg Smith is an American non-profit administrator and former government employee, currently serving as the President and CEO of the Central Park Conservancy, the New York City nonprofit that raises 75% of Central Park's annual budget and is responsible for management of the 843-acre park. In the role, Smith oversees strategic planning, park operations, capital programming, public programming, development, marketing, and communication strategies.

Printers Park

Printer's Park is a small park on Hoe Avenue between Aldus Street and Westchester Avenue, in the Longwood neighborhood of the Bronx, New York City. The park is run by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.

St. James Park (Bronx)

St. James Park is a public park in Fordham, Bronx, New York City. It is located in between Jerome Avenue and Creston Avenue. The park was created shortly after it was purchased by New York City on September 13, 1897. is named after the neighboring St. James' Episcopal Church and Parish House. A recreation center, originally for senior citizens, was built in the park in 1974.

Calvert Vaux Park Public park in Brooklyn, New York

Calvert Vaux Park is an 85.53-acre (34.61 ha) public park in Gravesend, Brooklyn, in New York City. Created in 1934, it is composed of several disconnected sections along the Belt Parkway between Bay 44th and Bay 49th Streets. The peninsula upon which the park is located faces southwest into Gravesend Bay, immediately north of the Coney Island Creek. The park was expanded in the 1960s by waste from the construction of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, and was renamed after architect Calvert Vaux in 1998. It is operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, also known as NYC Parks.

Queensbridge Park

Queensbridge Park, named for the nearby Queensboro Bridge, is a 20.34-acre (8.23 ha) city park along the East River in Long Island City, Queens, New York City. The park is a primary place of recreation for residents of Queensbridge Houses and has a riverfront promenade, baseball diamonds, running paths, lawns and areas for picnicking.

Vinmont Veteran Park Playground in the Bronx, New York

Vinmont Veteran Park is a 3.5-acre (1.4-hectare) park and playground in the Riverdale section of The Bronx. It includes bathrooms, a playground, a woodland area and the Sid Augarten baseball field. The site was acquired by New York City in 1945 and 1947 and opened as a park in 1951. Originally named the PS 81 Playground after a neighboring public school it was renamed in 1986 in honor of military veterans in the Vinmont neighborhood.

References

  1. Foderaro, Lisa (March 20, 2014). "North Carolina Planner Named to Head New York City Parks Dept". NYTimes. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  2. New York City Charter § 531; "There shall be a department of parks and recreation the head of which shall be the commissioner of parks and recreation."
  3. 1 2 "Frequently Asked Questions : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  4. "About Parks : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  5. "An Interview With New York Parks Commissioner Mitchell Silver, FAICP". Planetizen - Urban Planning News, Jobs, and Education. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  6. https://council.nyc.gov/committees/parks-and-recreation/
  7. "Rules & Regulations : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  8. https://www.nycgovparks.org/about/history/commissioners
  9. "Wright v. Stern: NYC Parks Case | NAACP LDF". www.naacpldf.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  10. "Park Enforcement Patrol : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  11. "Urban Park Rangers : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  12. https://www.nycgovparks.org/about/framework-for-an-equitable-future/community-parks-initiative
  13. Mitchell, Alex (May 4–10, 2018). "Ranaqua Park reopens after major renovations". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 14.
  14. Valenzuela, Sarah (May 4, 2018). "Kids break ground on Longfellow Park restoration". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 20.
  15. Swan, Cathryn (July 19, 2013). "Pushing Privatized "Partnership" Agenda at New York City's Public Parks — Part 3". Huffington Post Blog.
  16. "Concessions Opportunities : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  17. "Concessions : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  18. Krinsky, John; Simonet, Maud (March 24, 2017). Who cleans the park? : public work and urban governance in New York City. Chicago. p. 5. ISBN   9780226435619. OCLC   979417574.
  19. "New York City Parks Commissioners : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved September 29, 2017.

Coordinates: 40°46′3.5″N73°58′16.7″W / 40.767639°N 73.971306°W / 40.767639; -73.971306