1913 Indianapolis 500

Last updated
3rd Indianapolis 500
1913 Indianapolis 500.jpg
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning body AAA
DateMay 30, 1913
Winner Flag of France.svg Jules Goux
Winning Entrant Peugeot
Average speed75.933 mph (122.202 km/h)
Pole position Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Caleb Bragg
Pole speedN/A
Most laps led Flag of France.svg Jules Goux (138)
Pre-race
Pace car Stoddard-Dayton
Pace car driver Carl G. Fisher
Starter Charles P. Root [1]
Honorary refereeLaurence Enos [1]
Estimated attendance90,000 [2]
Chronology
PreviousNext
1912 1914

The Third International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Friday, May 30, 1913. Frenchman Jules Goux became the first foreign-born, and first European winner of the Indianapolis 500. His margin of victory of 13 minutes, 8 seconds (approximately 7 laps) over second place Spencer Wishart still stands, as of 2022, as the largest margin of victory in Indy history.

Contents

Race Summary

Jules Goux at 1913 Indy 500 Jules Goux au depart d'Indianapolis 500 en 1913.jpg
Jules Goux at 1913 Indy 500

After the entries in the first two years of the Indianapolis 500 had been almost exclusively American, 1913 saw six drivers travel to the United States from Europe to enter, likely attracted by the impressive $20,000 first prize (equivalent to $548,350in 2021). A total of 27 cars would meet the 75 mile per hour qualifying speed, led by Jack Tower at 88.230 mph. [3] The starting grid was determined by a random draw of names, and Caleb Bragg would be given the pole.

Tower's car turned over on the southwest turn on lap 51, causing him to sustain a broken leg and his riding mechanic, Lee Dunning, to break three ribs. [4] Bob Burman started the race as the favorite, and led 41 laps early, before his car caught fire on lap 55. Burman was able to repair his car and continue, however continuing problems led to several more stops and a replacement driver, who brought the car home in eleventh (unfortunately only the top ten finishers received prize money). [5]

French-born Jules Goux, driving a car owned and manufactured by Peugeot (where his father was the factory Supervisor) would lead the race on four occasions. Bob Evans dueled with Goux, leading laps 125–135, [6] but would be forced out of the race on lap 158 due to a mechanical problem. Goux would dominate the remainder of the race, leading 138 laps en route to a victory of a more than 13 minute margin, making him the first non-American winner of the 500. The car contained a four-cylinder dual overhead camshaft engine, which would serve as a model for many future entries. [7] Goux would state after the race that his manager forced him stay below the car's top speed, feeling the lead was safe. [4] Spencer Wishart was the top finishing American in second, while two of the other European cars would finish fourth and fifth.

Rules at the time required the top ten drivers to finish the full 500 miles to receive prize money. This led to an interesting sight for spectators who remained after Goux's finish. Charlie Merz, in contention for second place, would have his car catch fire towards the end of lap 199. Merz, not wishing to surrender the prize money, drove the final lap on fire, while Harry Martin, his riding mechanic, crawled out on top of the hood of the still moving car to beat at the flames and release the straps the held the engine cover to allow the fire to be extinguished faster. Merz finished third. Martin would unfortunately be killed while helping test a car on the speedway less than two months later. [8]

Champagne

Urban legends claim that race winner Jules Goux consumed "six bottles of champagne" en route to victory. However, that claim is believed to be exaggerated. Instead, during Goux's six pit stops, only four bottles (each 45 pint) were shared between himself and his riding mechanic Emil Begin, with each taking some sips, but likely not enough to become intoxicated. Other swigs were spit out using the champagne as a mouthwash. [9] It was a hot day, and given the punishing conditions, during his first pit stop Goux was quoted as saying "Rustle me a pint of wine or I'll blow" [10] After the race, in victory lane, Goux stated "The heat was terrible. I suffered and but for the wine, I should have been unable to drive this race." [11] In subsequent years, AAA officials banned the consumption of alcohol during competition. [12]

Official results

Qualification results

Entries required to complete one lap in excess of 75 mph (120.7 km/h) to qualify, but starting grid determined by blind draw from a hat the night preceding the race.
DriverFar InsideInside CenterOutside CenterFar Outside
Time(mph)(km/h)
Row 1 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Caleb Bragg Flag of France.svg Albert Guyot  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Liesaw Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Robert Evans  R 
0:01:43.0587.34140.560:01:51.4680.75129.950:01:55.3678.02125.560:01:49.7482.01131.98
Row 2 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Don Herr  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Grant Flag of France.svg Jules Goux  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Teddy Tetzlaff
0:01:48.6482.84133.320:01:58.4875.96122.250:01:44.6286.03138.450:01:52.1480.26129.17
Row 3 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bill Endicott Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Endicott Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Knipper Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Ralph DePalma
0:01:45.0285.70137.920:01:57.8876.35122.870:01:52.1480.26129.170:01:57.9676.30122.79
Row 4 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Theodore Pilette  R  Flag of Norway.svg Gil Andersen Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Willie Haupt  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Charlie Merz
0:01:59.1775.52121.540:01:48.9282.63132.980:01:51.4980.72129.910:01:46.5684.46135.93
Row 5 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Jenkins Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Vincenzo Trucco  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Spencer Wishart Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Howdy Wilcox
0:01:48.64382.84133.320:01:49.8481.94131.870:01:49.7781.99131.950:01:50.4881.46131.10
Row 6 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bob Burman Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Mulford Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Louis Disbrow Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Joe Nikrent  R 
0:01:46.9384.17135.460:01:51.4080.79130.020:01:48.7582.76133.190:01:54.0878.89126.96
Row 7 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Tower Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Paul Zuccarelli  R  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Clark  R  
0:01:41.9388.23141.990:01:44.8685.83138.130:01:58.5675.91122.17

Race results

Race finishing times recorded down to one-twentieth-second intervals.
All entries still running at conclusion scored ahead of non-finishing entries, regardless of race completion percentage.
PosNoDriverCarEntrantChassisEngine Cyl Displ
(in3)
(L)
ColorQual
Speed
(mph)
(km/h)
RankStart
Pos
Laps
Led
Laps
Run
TimeSpeed
(mph)
(km/h)
StatusPrize
Money
($)
116 Flag of France.svg Jules Goux  R  Peugeot PeugeotPeugeotPeugeot4448
7.34
blue / white86.03
138.45
371382006:35:05.0075.933
122.202
finished21,165
222 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Spencer Wishart Mercer Mercer Automobile Company MercerMercer4300
4.92
yellow81.99
131.95
131902006:48:13.40
+0:13:08.40
73.489
118.269
finished10,165
32 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Charlie Merz Stutz Ideal Motor Car Company Stutz Wisconsin 4400
6.55
white / red84.46
135.93
61602006:48:49.25
+0:13:44.25
73.382
118.097
finished5,165
49 Flag of France.svg Albert Guyot  R  Sunbeam Sunbeam Motor Car Company SunbeamSunbeam6368
6.03
gray80.75
129.95
18202007:02:58.95
+0:27:53.95
70.925
114.143
finished3,500
523 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Theodore Pilette  R  Mercedes-Knight E.C. Patterson Mercedes Knight 4251
4.11
gray / white75.52
129.66
271302007:20:13.00
+0:45:08.00
68.148
109.674
finished3,000
612 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Howdy Wilcox Gray FoxFrank Fox Pope-Hartford Pope-Hartford4390
6.39
gray81.46
131.10
152002007:23:26.55
+0:48:21.55
67.653
108.877
finished2,200
729 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Mulford Mercedes E. J. Schroeder MercedesMercedes4449
7.36
gray80.79
130.02
172202007:28:05.50
+0:53:00.50
66.951
107.747
finished1,800
831 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Louis Disbrow Case J. I. Case T. M. Company CaseCase4449
7.36
gray / red82.76
133.19
102302007:29:09.00
+0:54:04.00
66.793
107.493
finished1,600
935 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Willie Haupt  R  Mason Mason Motor Company Duesenberg Duesenberg 4350
5.74
dark tan80.72
129.91
191502007:52:35.10
+1:17:30.10
63.481
102.163
finished1,500
1025 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Clark  R Tulsa Tulsa Auto Manufacturing Company TulsaWisconsin4340
5.57
red / black75.91
122.17
262702007:56:14.25
+1:21:09.25
62.994
101.299
finished1,400
114 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bob Burman Keeton Keeton Motor Company KeetonWisconsin4449
7.36
green / white84.17
135.46
72141190flaggedflagged,
still running
0
123 Flag of Norway.svg Gil Andersen Stutz Ideal Motor Car Company StutzWisconsin4400
6.55
white / red82.63
132.98
111418187did not finishcamshaft gears0
135 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Robert Evans  R  Mason Mason Motor Company DuesenbergDuesenberg4350
5.74
dark tan82.01
131.98
1242158did not finishclutch0
1417 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Liesaw AnelWill TompsonBuickBuick4318
5.21
orange / black78.02
125.56
2230148did not finishloose rods0
1519 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Caleb Bragg MercerMercer Automobile CompanyMercerMercer4424
6.95
yellow87.34
140.56
211128did not finishpump shaft0
1610 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Knipper HendersonHenderson Motor Car CompanyKnipperDuesenberg4350
5.74
azure blue80.26
129.17
20110125did not finishclutch0
1727 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Teddy Tetzlaff Isotta Fraschini Isotta FraschiniIsotta FraschiniIsotta Fraschini4444
7.28
red / green81.30
130.84
1680118did not finishdrive train0
1832 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Joe Nikrent  R CaseJ. I. Case T. M. CompanyCaseCase4449
7.36
gray / red78.89
126.96
2124067did not finishburned bearing0
196 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Tower Mason Mason Motor Company DuesenbergDuesenberg4350
5.74
dark tan88.23
141.99
125051did not finishaccident,
first turn
0
2028 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Vincenzo Trucco  R Isotta FraschiniIsotta FraschiniIsotta FraschiniIsotta Fraschini4444
4.28
red / green81.94
131.87
1418039did not finishloose gas tank0
211 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Endicott Nyberg Nyberg Auto Company NybergNyberg6377
6.18
red76.35
122.87
2310023did not finishtransmission0
2245* Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Paul Zuccarelli  R PeugeotPeugeotPeugeotPeugeot4448
7.34
blue / white85.83
138.13
426018did not finishmain bearing0
2321 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Ralph DePalma Mercer Mercer Automobile Company MercerMercer4340
5.57
yellow76.30
122.79
2412015did not finishburned bearing0
2426 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Grant Isotta FraschiniIsotta FraschiniIsotta FraschiniIsotta Fraschini4444
4.28
red / green75.96
122.25
256014did not finishgas tank0
2518 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Jenkins Schacht Schacht Motor Car Company SchachtSchacht4299
4.90
red / white82.84
133.32
917013did not finishcrankshaft0
268 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Don Herr  R  Stutz Ideal Motor Car Company StutzWisconsin4400
6.55
white / red82.84
133.32
8507did not finishclutch shaft0
2733 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bill Endicott Case J. I. Case T. M. Co. CaseCase6448
7.34
gray / red85.70
137.92
5901did not finishdrive shaft0
* Several sources claim Zuccarelli's entry to have carried the numerical designation #15. Photographs taken of entries qualified for the 1913 race, however, exhibit #45 prominently displayed on the Peugeot's front-facing engine grill.
De Palma is usually shown as American, but his application for a US passport (available at ) reveals that he did not become a US citizen until 1920

Race details

Notes

Works cited

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References

  1. 1 2 Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis 500 1911-1994 (4th ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 22. ISBN   0-915088-05-3.
  2. Green, Myron R. (May 31, 1913). "Mighty Throng Hails Goux As New Speed King". The Indianapolis Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 3, 2017 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  3. Indianapolis 500 Starting Grid - 1913 Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine Official site of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
  4. 1 2 PEUGEOT CAR WINS $50,000 AUTO RACE; France Defeats America on Indianapolis Speedway - Mercer Finishes Second New York Times, May 30th, 1913
  5. Jules Goux, A Frenchman, wins big Automobile race The Lewiston Daily Sun, May 31st 1913.
  6. Official Box Score 3rd Indianapolis 500-Mile Race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway,Friday, May 30, 1913 Archived 2014-07-25 at the Wayback Machine Official site of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
  7. Ralph Kramer (4 November 2010). The Indianapolis 500: A Century of Excitement. Krause Publications. ISBN   978-1-4402-1758-6 . Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  8. "Death cost of failure to obey". The Indianapolis Star. 27 June 1913. p. 3. Retrieved 21 January 2021 via Newspapers.com.
  9. The History of the 500 - WFNI/WIBC: Episode 10, 2013
  10. "Pitman's Lucky Discovery of Wine Saved Day for Driver of Peugeot". The Indianapolis Star. May 31, 1913. p. 1. Retrieved May 13, 2022 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  11. "Goux is Pleased Over Victory in Race". Evansville Journal-News. June 1, 1913. p. 18. Retrieved May 13, 2022 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  12. Beyond The Bricks - WFNI: May 12, 2022
  13. Blazier, John E.; Rollings, Tom (1994). Forgotten Heroes of the Speedways: The Riding Mechanics.
1912 Indianapolis 500
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1913 Indianapolis 500
Jules Goux
1914 Indianapolis 500
René Thomas