809

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
809 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 809
DCCCIX
Ab urbe condita 1562
Armenian calendar 258
ԹՎ ՄԾԸ
Assyrian calendar 5559
Balinese saka calendar 730–731
Bengali calendar 216
Berber calendar 1759
Buddhist calendar 1353
Burmese calendar 171
Byzantine calendar 6317–6318
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth  Rat)
3505 or 3445
     to 
己丑年 (Earth  Ox)
3506 or 3446
Coptic calendar 525–526
Discordian calendar 1975
Ethiopian calendar 801–802
Hebrew calendar 4569–4570
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 865–866
 - Shaka Samvat 730–731
 - Kali Yuga 3909–3910
Holocene calendar 10809
Iranian calendar 187–188
Islamic calendar 193–194
Japanese calendar Daidō 4
(大同4年)
Javanese calendar 705–706
Julian calendar 809
DCCCIX
Korean calendar 3142
Minguo calendar 1103 before ROC
民前1103年
Nanakshahi calendar −659
Seleucid era 1120/1121 AG
Thai solar calendar 1351–1352
Tibetan calendar 阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
935 or 554 or −218
     to 
阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
936 or 555 or −217
The Bulgars led by Krum conquer Serdica AntonoffKrum.jpg
The Bulgars led by Krum conquer Serdica

Year 809 ( DCCCIX ) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013, 2019, and 2030 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

The Siege of Serdica took place in the spring of 809 at modern Sofia, Bulgaria. As a result, the city was annexed to the Bulgarian State and remained so until the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire.

Krum Khan of Bulgaria

Krum was the Khan of Bulgaria from sometime between 796 and 803 until his death in 814. During his reign the Bulgarian territory doubled in size, spreading from the middle Danube to the Dnieper and from Odrin to the Tatra Mountains. His able and energetic rule brought law and order to Bulgaria and developed the rudiments of state organization.

Khan is a title of unknown origin for a ruler or military leader. It first appears among the Göktürks as a variant of khagan and implied a subordinate ruler. In the Seljuk Empire it was the highest noble title, ranking above malik (king) and emir. In the Mongol Empire it signified the ruler of a horde (ulus), while the ruler of all the Mongols was the khagan or great khan. The title subsequently declined in importance. In Safavid Persia it was the title of a provincial governor, and in Mughal India it was a high noble rank restricted to courtiers. After the downfall of the Mughals it was used promiscuously and became a surname.

Europe

Byzantine navy navy

The Byzantine navy was the naval force of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire. Like the empire it served, it was a direct continuation from its Imperial Roman predecessor, but played a far greater role in the defence and survival of the state than its earlier iteration. While the fleets of the unified Roman Empire faced few great naval threats, operating as a policing force vastly inferior in power and prestige to the legions, the sea became vital to the very existence of the Byzantine state, which several historians have called a "maritime empire".

Venetian Lagoon enclosed bay of the Adriatic Sea

The Venetian Lagoon is an enclosed bay of the Adriatic Sea, in northern Italy, in which the city of Venice is situated. Its name in the Italian and Venetian languages, Laguna Veneta—cognate of Latin lacus, "lake"—has provided the english name for an enclosed, shallow embayment of salt water, a lagoon.

Francia Territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks, or Frankish Empire, was the largest post-Roman barbarian kingdom in Western Europe. It was ruled by the Franks during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. It is the predecessor of the modern states of France and Germany. After the Treaty of Verdun in 843, West Francia became the predecessor of France, and East Francia became that of Germany. Francia was among the last surviving Germanic kingdoms from the Migration Period era before its partition in 843.

Abbasid Caliphate

March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 282 days remain until the end of the year.

Tus, Iran ancient city in Iran

Tus, also spelled as Tous, Toos or Tūs, is an ancient city in Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran near Mashhad. To the ancient Greeks, it was known as Susia. It was also known as Tusa.

Razavi Khorasan Province Province in Region 5, Iran

RazaviKhorasan Province is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the center and capital of the province. Other cities are Quchan, Dargaz, Chenaran, Sarakhs, Fariman, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Khaf, Roshtkhar, Kashmar, Bardaskan, Nishapur, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Kalat. The counties of Khorasan-e Razavi Province are Khalilabad County, Mahvelat County, Chenaran County, Dargaz County, Kalat County, Quchan County, Mashhad County, Sarakhs County, Nishapur County, Firuzeh County, Khoshab County, Jowayin County, Joghatai County, Davarzan County, Sabzevar County, Bardaskan County, Bajestan County, Kashmar County, Gonabad County, Khaf County, Roshtkhar County, Taybad County, Bakharz County, Zaveh County, Fariman County, Torbat-e Jam County, Torbat-e Heydarieh County & Torqabeh and Shandiz County. Khorasan-e Razavi is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan Province in 2004. In 2014 it was placed in Region 5 with Mashhad as the location of the region's secretariat.

Asia

Emperor Heizei, also known as Heijō-tennō, was the 51st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Heizei's reign lasted from 806 to 809.

Throne seat of state of a potentate or dignitary

A throne is the seat of state of a potentate or dignitary, especially the seat occupied by a sovereign on state occasions; or the seat occupied by a pope or bishop on ceremonial occasions. "Throne" in an abstract sense can also refer to the monarchy or the Crown itself, an instance of metonymy, and is also used in many expressions such as "the power behind the throne". The expression "ascend (mount) the throne" takes its meaning from the steps leading up to the dais or platform, on which the throne is placed, being formerly comprised in the word's significance.

Emperor Saga Emperor of Japan

Emperor Saga was the 52nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Saga's reign spanned the years from 809 through 823.

By topic

Religion

A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

Filioque is a Latin term added to the original Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, and which has been the subject of great controversy between Eastern and Western Christianity. It is not in the original text of the Creed, attributed to the First Council of Constantinople (381), the second ecumenical council, which says that the Holy Spirit proceeds "from the Father", without additions of any kind, such as "and the Son" or "alone".

Creed Statement of belief

A creed is a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in the form of a fixed formula summarizing core tenets.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

821 Year

Year 821 (DCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

The 800s decade ran from January 1, 800, to December 31, 809.

The 820s decade ran from January 1, 820, to December 31, 829.

The 710s decade ran from January 1, 710, to December 31, 719.

814 Year

Year 814 (DCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

840 Year

Year 840 (DCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 680s decade ran from January 1, 680, to December 31, 689.

811 Year

Year 811 (DCCCXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

827 Year

Year 827 (DCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

807 Year

Year 807 (DCCCVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

806 Year

Year 806 (DCCCVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

805 Year

Year 805 (DCCCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

762 Year

Year 762 (DCCLXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 762 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

766 Year

Year 766 (DCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 766 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

813 Year

Year 813 (DCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

833 Year

Year 833 (DCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

837 Year

Year 837 (DCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

873 Year

Year 873 (DCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

896 Year

Year 896 (DCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

904 Year

Year 904 (CMIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Theophanes Confessor. Chronographia, p. 485
  2. John V.A. Fine, Jr (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 95. ISBN   978-0-472-08149-3
  3. Serrão, Joel; de Oliveira Marques, A. H. (1993). "O Portugal Islâmico". Hova Historia de Portugal. Portugal das Invasões Germânicas à Reconquista (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Editorial Presença. p. 125.
  4. Emperor Saga, Saganoyamanoe Imperial Mausoleum, Imperial Household Agency
  5. The Cambridge Shorter History of India, p. 143
  6. Dynastic History of Magadha by George E. Somers, p. 179