|943 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1696|
|Balinese saka calendar||864–865|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬寅年 (Water Tiger)|
3639 or 3579
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3640 or 3580
|- Vikram Samvat||999–1000|
|- Shaka Samvat||864–865|
|- Kali Yuga||4043–4044|
|Japanese calendar|| Tengyō 6|
|Minguo calendar||969 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1254/1255 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1485–1486|
1069 or 688 or −84
— to —
1070 or 689 or −83
Year 943 ( CMXLIII ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
Kievan Rus' was a loose federation of East Slavic and Finnic peoples in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Varangian Rurik dynasty. The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it.
Moesia was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans south of the Danube River. It included most of the territory of modern-day Central Serbia, Kosovo and the northern parts of the modern North Macedonia, Northern Bulgaria and Romanian Dobrudja.
The Theme of Thrace was a province of the Byzantine Empire located in the south-eastern Balkans, comprising varying parts of the eponymous geographic region during its history.
The Varangians was the name given by Greeks, Rus' people, and others to Vikings, who between the 9th and 11th centuries, ruled the medieval state of Kievan Rus', settled among many territories of modern Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, and formed the Byzantine Varangian Guard. According to the 12th century Kievan Primary Chronicle, a group of Varangians known as the Rus' settled in Novgorod in 862 under the leadership of Rurik. Before Rurik, the Rus' might have ruled an earlier hypothetical polity. Rurik's relative Oleg conquered Kiev in 882 and established the state of Kievan Rus', which was later ruled by Rurik's descendants.
Igor I was a Varangian ruler of Kievan Rus' from 912 to 945.
The Kura is an east-flowing river south of the Greater Caucasus Mountains which drains the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus east into the Caspian Sea. It also drains the north side of the Lesser Caucasus while its main tributary, the Aras drains the south side of those mountains. Starting in northeastern Turkey, it flows through Turkey to Georgia, then to Azerbaijan, where it receives the Aras as a right tributary, and enters the Caspian Sea at Neftçala. The total length of the river is 1,515 kilometres (941 mi).
Edmund I was King of the English from 939 until his death. His epithets include the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Just, and the Magnificent.
Strathclyde, originally Cumbric: Ystrad Clud or Alclud, was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons in Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England. The kingdom developed during the post-Roman period. It is also known as Alt Clut, a Brittonic term for Dumbarton Castle, the medieval capital of the region. It may have had its origins with the Brythonic Damnonii people of Ptolemy's Geography.
Constantine, son of Áed was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland. The core of the kingdom was formed by the lands around the River Tay. Its southern limit was the River Forth, northwards it extended towards the Moray Firth and perhaps to Caithness, while its western limits are uncertain. Constantine's grandfather Kenneth I of Scotland was the first of the family recorded as a king, but as king of the Picts. This change of title, from king of the Picts to king of Alba, is part of a broader transformation of Pictland and the origins of the Kingdom of Alba are traced to Constantine's lifetime.
Dayang Jingxuan was a Zen Buddhist monk during the early Song Dynasty. During his life, he was apparently the only living teacher representing Caodong/Sōtō school, and he was the last monk of that tradition to be mentioned in the influential Transmission of the Lamp, compiled in 1004. However, as that work was compiled during his lifetime, it lacked biographical information. A biography did not appear until the Xudeng lu of 1101. He left his birth city to become a monk at Chongxiao Temple in Jinling. His teacher there was named Zhitong, but Dayang soon left when he was 19. He studied with Yuanjiao Liaoyi for a time, but eventually moved on, finally settling on Liangshan Yuanguan as his teacher.
Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as the Chan school (Chánzong) of Chinese Buddhism and later developed into various schools. Chán Buddhism was also influenced by Taoist philosophy, especially Neo-Daoist thought. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam and became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea to become Seon Buddhism, and east to Japan, becoming Japanese Zen.
Year 1027 (MXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 311 days remain until the end of the year.
David I was a Georgian prince of the Bagratid dynasty of Tao-Klarjeti who ruled, with the title of mampali, in Adjara and Nigali from 889 and in Klarjeti from 900 until his abdication in 943.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.
The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.
The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.
Year 1028 (MXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 948 (CMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 963 (CMLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 930 (CMXXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 923 (CMXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 950 (CML) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 988 (CMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 978 (CMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 924 (CMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 905 (CMV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 906 (CMVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 910 (CMX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 937 (CMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 938 (CMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 944 (CMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.