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Millennium: 1st millennium
943 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 943
Ab urbe condita 1696
Armenian calendar 392
Assyrian calendar 5693
Balinese saka calendar 864–865
Bengali calendar 350
Berber calendar 1893
Buddhist calendar 1487
Burmese calendar 305
Byzantine calendar 6451–6452
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water  Tiger)
3639 or 3579
癸卯年 (Water  Rabbit)
3640 or 3580
Coptic calendar 659–660
Discordian calendar 2109
Ethiopian calendar 935–936
Hebrew calendar 4703–4704
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 999–1000
 - Shaka Samvat 864–865
 - Kali Yuga 4043–4044
Holocene calendar 10943
Iranian calendar 321–322
Islamic calendar 331–332
Japanese calendar Tengyō 6
Javanese calendar 843–844
Julian calendar 943
Korean calendar 3276
Minguo calendar 969 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −525
Seleucid era 1254/1255 AG
Thai solar calendar 1485–1486
Tibetan calendar 阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1069 or 688 or −84
(female Water-Rabbit)
1070 or 689 or −83
Map showing major Rus' raids (blue dates) in mid-9th to mid-11th century, around the Caspian Sea. Rus Caspian.png
Map showing major Rus' raids (blue dates) in mid-9th to mid-11th century, around the Caspian Sea.

Year 943 ( CMXLIII ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.



By place

Byzantine Empire

Kievan Rus Former federation of East Slavic and Finnic tribes

Kievan Rus' was a loose federation of East Slavic and Finnic peoples in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Varangian Rurik dynasty. The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it.

Moesia historical region of the Balkans

Moesia was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans south of the Danube River. It included most of the territory of modern-day Central Serbia, Kosovo and the northern parts of the modern North Macedonia, Northern Bulgaria and Romanian Dobrudja.

Thrace (theme) Byzantine district (theme)

The Theme of Thrace was a province of the Byzantine Empire located in the south-eastern Balkans, comprising varying parts of the eponymous geographic region during its history.


Varangians Slavic and Greek designation of Vikings

The Varangians was the name given by Greeks, Rus' people, and others to Vikings, who between the 9th and 11th centuries, ruled the medieval state of Kievan Rus', settled among many territories of modern Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, and formed the Byzantine Varangian Guard. According to the 12th century Kievan Primary Chronicle, a group of Varangians known as the Rus' settled in Novgorod in 862 under the leadership of Rurik. Before Rurik, the Rus' might have ruled an earlier hypothetical polity. Rurik's relative Oleg conquered Kiev in 882 and established the state of Kievan Rus', which was later ruled by Rurik's descendants.

Igor of Kiev Russian prince

Igor I was a Varangian ruler of Kievan Rus' from 912 to 945.

Kura (Caspian Sea) River in Caucasia

The Kura is an east-flowing river south of the Greater Caucasus Mountains which drains the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus east into the Caspian Sea. It also drains the north side of the Lesser Caucasus while its main tributary, the Aras drains the south side of those mountains. Starting in northeastern Turkey, it flows through Turkey to Georgia, then to Azerbaijan, where it receives the Aras as a right tributary, and enters the Caspian Sea at Neftçala. The total length of the river is 1,515 kilometres (941 mi).


Edmund I Anglo Saxon monarch

Edmund I was King of the English from 939 until his death. His epithets include the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Just, and the Magnificent.

Kingdom of Strathclyde medieval kingdom in northern Britain

Strathclyde, originally Cumbric: Ystrad Clud or Alclud, was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons in Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England. The kingdom developed during the post-Roman period. It is also known as Alt Clut, a Brittonic term for Dumbarton Castle, the medieval capital of the region. It may have had its origins with the Brythonic Damnonii people of Ptolemy's Geography.

Constantine, son of Áed was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland. The core of the kingdom was formed by the lands around the River Tay. Its southern limit was the River Forth, northwards it extended towards the Moray Firth and perhaps to Caithness, while its western limits are uncertain. Constantine's grandfather Kenneth I of Scotland was the first of the family recorded as a king, but as king of the Picts. This change of title, from king of the Picts to king of Alba, is part of a broader transformation of Pictland and the origins of the Kingdom of Alba are traced to Constantine's lifetime.


Dayang Jingxuan Buddhist monk

Dayang Jingxuan was a Zen Buddhist monk during the early Song Dynasty. During his life, he was apparently the only living teacher representing Caodong/Sōtō school, and he was the last monk of that tradition to be mentioned in the influential Transmission of the Lamp, compiled in 1004. However, as that work was compiled during his lifetime, it lacked biographical information. A biography did not appear until the Xudeng lu of 1101. He left his birth city to become a monk at Chongxiao Temple in Jinling. His teacher there was named Zhitong, but Dayang soon left when he was 19. He studied with Yuanjiao Liaoyi for a time, but eventually moved on, finally settling on Liangshan Yuanguan as his teacher.

Zen School of Mahayana Buddhism

Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as the Chan school (Chánzong) of Chinese Buddhism and later developed into various schools. Chán Buddhism was also influenced by Taoist philosophy, especially Neo-Daoist thought. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam and became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea to become Seon Buddhism, and east to Japan, becoming Japanese Zen.

1027 Year

Year 1027 (MXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.


February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 311 days remain until the end of the year.

David I was a Georgian prince of the Bagratid dynasty of Tao-Klarjeti who ruled, with the title of mampali, in Adjara and Nigali from 889 and in Klarjeti from 900 until his abdication in 943.

Georgia (country) Country in the Caucasus region

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

Related Research Articles

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

The 940s decade ran from January 1, 940, to December 31, 949.

1028 Year

Year 1028 (MXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

948 Year

Year 948 (CMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

963 Year

Year 963 (CMLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

930 Year

Year 930 (CMXXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

923 Year

Year 923 (CMXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

950 Year

Year 950 (CML) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

988 Year

Year 988 (CMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

960 Year

Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

978 Year

Year 978 (CMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

924 Year

Year 924 (CMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

905 Year

Year 905 (CMV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

906 Year

Year 906 (CMVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

910 Year

Year 910 (CMX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

882 Year

Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

937 Year

Year 937 (CMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

938 Year

Year 938 (CMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

940 Year

Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

944 Year

Year 944 (CMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.


  1. Brian Todd Cary (2012). Road to Manzikert – Byanztine and Islamic Warfare (527–1071), p. 81. ISBN   978-184884-215-1.
  2. Charles R. Bowlus. The Battle of Lechfield and his Aftermath, August 955: The End of the Age of Migrations in the Latin West. Ashgate (2006), p. 145.
  3. Woolf, Pictland to Alba, p. 175; Anderson, Early Sources, pp. 444-448; Broun, "Constantine II".
  4. Quoted in Wheeler, W.H. (1896). A history of the fens of South Lincolnshire (2 ed.). Boston: J.M.Newcomb. p. 313.