Coventry (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Coventry
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1885-1918 Coventry.jpg
Coventry in Warwickshire, 1885-1918
County Warwickshire
Major settlements Coventry
1298–1945
Number of members1298–1885: Two
1885–1945: One
Replaced by Coventry East
Coventry West

Coventry was a borough constituency which was represented in the House of Commons of England and its successors, the House of Commons of Great Britain and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Contents

Centred on the City of Coventry in Warwickshire, it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1295 until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when its representation was reduced to one. The Coventry constituency was abolished for the 1945 general election, when it was split into two new constituencies: Coventry East and Coventry West.

Elections were held using the bloc vote system when electing two MPs (until 1885), and then first-past-the-post to elect one MP thereafter.

Boundaries

From 1885 to 1918 the constituency consisted of the city of Coventry and the parish of Stoke. [1] From 1918 until the constituency disappeared in 1945, it consisted of the County Borough of Coventry.

History

In the eighteenth century Coventry was, despite its size, known as a corrupt borough. [2]

Members of Parliament

MPs before 1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1295 Anketil de Coleshull Richard de Weston [3]
1298 Robert Russell Robert Kelle [3]
1301 Thomas Ballard Lawrence de Schepey [3]
1302 Ralph Tewe John Russell [3]
1305Henry Bagot Peter Baron [3]
1306 Alexander de Moubray Henry Bagot [3]
1315 Richard de Spicer John de Langley [3]
1346 John de Percy Nicholas de Hunt [3]
1353 Nicholas Michel Richard de Stoke [3]
1354–1449No representation
1450 Thomas Lyttelton  ? [3]
1453 William Elton  ? [3]
1460 Henry Butler Richard Braytoft [3]
1467 Henry Butler Richard Braytoft [3]
1472 Henry Butler John Wildegryse [3]
1478 Henry Butler John Wildegryse [3]
1485 Sir Robert Onley [3]
1491 Richard Cook John Smith [3]
1495 Henry Marlar [3]
1510-1515No names known [4]
1523 Ralph Swyllyngton Richard Marlar [4]
1529 Roger Wigston John Bond [4]
1536 ?Roger Wigston  ? [4]
1539 Roger Wigston Baldwin Porter [4]
1542 Roger Wigston, died
and replaced Jan 1544 by
Edward Saunders
Henry Over alias Waver [4]
1545 Christopher Warren Henry Porter [4]
1547 Christopher Warren Henry Porter [4]
1553 (Mar) James Rogers John Talonts [4]
1553 (Oct) John Nethermill Thomas Bond [4]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Keyvet Edward Davenport [4]
1554 (Nov) John Throckmorton John Harford [4]
1555 John Throckmorton Henry Porter [4]
1558 John Throckmorton John Talonts [4]
1558–1559 John Throckmorton John Nethermill [5]
1562–1563 Thomas Dudley Richard Grafton [5]
1571 Henry Goodere Edmund Brownell [5]
1572 Edmund Brownell, died
and replaced Apr 1573 by
Bartholemew Tate
Thomas Wight [5]
1584 (Oct) Edward Boughton Thomas Wight [5]
1586 Thomas Saunders Henry Breres [5]
1588 (Oct) Thomas Saunders Henry Breres [5]
1593 Thomas Saunders John Myles [5]
1597 (Sep) Henry Kervyn Thomas Saunders [5]
1601 (Oct) Henry Breres Thomas Saunders [5]
1604 Henry Breres John Rogerson, taken ill
and replaced by
Sir John Harington [3]
1614 Sir Robert Coke Sampson Hopkins [3]
1621 Sampson Hopkins Henry Sewall [3]
1624 Sir Edward Coke Henry Harwell [3]
1626 Henry Harwell Isaac Walden [3]
1628 William Purefoy of Caldecote Richard Green of Wyken [3]
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) William Jesson Simon Norton [3]
1640 (Nov) Simon Norton, died 1641
and replaced by
William Jesson
John Barker
excluded in 1648 in Pride's Purge [3]
1649 John Barker (readmitted 1649)(one seat only) [3]
1653Coventry not represented in the Barebones Parliament [3]
1654 William Purefoy Robert Beake [3]
1656 William Purefoy Robert Beake
1659 William Purefoy Robert Beake

MPs 1660–1885

Year1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
1660, March Richard Hopkins Robert Beake
1660, August William Jesson
1661 Sir Clement Fisher, Bt Thomas Flynt
1670 Richard Hopkins
1679, Feb Robert Beake
1679, August John Stratford
1685 Sir Roger Cave, Bt Sir Thomas Norton
1689 John Stratford
1690 Richard Hopkins
1695 George Bohun Thomas Gery
1698 Sir Christopher Hales, Bt Richard Hopkins
1701, Jan Thomas Hopkins
1701, Dec Edward Hopkins
1702 Thomas Gery
1707 Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Bt Whig Edward Hopkins
1710, Oct Robert Craven Thomas Gery
1710, Dec Clobery Bromley
1711 Sir Christopher Hales, Bt
1713 Sir Fulwar Skipwith, Bt
1715 (Sir) Adolphus Oughton [6] Sir Thomas Samwell, Bt
1722 [7] John Neale
1734 John Bird
1737, Feb John Neale
1737, Apr Earl of Euston
1741 William Grove
1747, Jun Viscount Petersham
1747, Dec Samuel Greatheed
1761 James Hewitt Hon. Andrew Archer
1766 Hon. Henry Seymour-Conway
1768 Sir Richard Glyn, Bt
1773 Walter Waring
1774 Edward Roe Yeo Tory [8]
1780, Feb John Baker Holroyd Tory [8]
1780, OctElection abandoned due to rioting; both seats vacant [8]
1780, Dec [9] Sir Thomas Hallifax Whig [8] Thomas Rogers Whig [8]
1781 Edward Roe Yeo Tory The Lord Sheffield Tory [8]
1783 Hon. William Seymour-Conway
1784 Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt [10] John Eardley Wilmot
1796 William Wilberforce Bird Whig [8] Nathaniel Jefferys Tory [8]
1802 Francis William Barlow Tory [8]
1803 Peter Moore Whig [8]
1805 William Mills Whig [8]
1812 Joseph Butterworth Whig [8]
1818 Edward Ellice Whig [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [8] [16]
1826 Richard Edensor Heathcote Tory [8] Thomas Bilcliffe Fyler Tory [8]
1830 Edward Ellice Whig [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [8] [16]
1831 Henry Bulwer Whig [8]
1835 William Williams Radical [16] [17] [18]
1847 George James Turner Conservative
1851 Charles Geach Radical [19] [20] [21] [22]
1854 Sir Joseph Paxton Whig [23]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1863 Morgan Treherne Conservative
1865 Henry Eaton Conservative
1867 Henry Jackson Liberal
1868, March Samuel Carter Liberal
1868, November Alexander Staveley Hill Conservative
1874 Sir Henry Jackson, Bt Liberal
1880 William Wills Liberal
1881 Henry Eaton Conservative
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1945

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Henry Eaton Conservative
1887 by-election William Ballantine Liberal
1895 Charles James Murray Conservative
1906 A. E. W. Mason Liberal
Jan 1910 Kenneth Foster Conservative
Dec 1910 David Marshall Mason Liberal
1918 Edward Manville Coalition Conservative
1923 A. A. Purcell Labour
1924 Archibald Boyd-Carpenter Conservative
1929 Philip Noel-Baker Labour
1931 William Strickland Conservative
1945 constituency abolished: see Coventry East & Coventry West

Election results

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1830: Coventry (2 seats) [8] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Tory Thomas Bilcliffe FylerUnopposed
Whig Edward Ellice Unopposed
Tory hold
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1831: Coventry (2 seats) [8] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 1,658 38.0 N/A
Whig Henry Bulwer 1,560 35.7 N/A
Tory Thomas Bilcliffe Fyler1,15026.3N/A
Majority4109.4N/A
Turnout 2,721c.77.7N/A
Registered electors c.3,500
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig gain from Tory Swing N/A
General election 1832: Coventry (2 seats) [25] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 1,613 40.8 +2.8
Whig Henry Bulwer 1,607 40.6 +4.9
Tory Thomas Bilcliffe Fyler3719.43.8
Tory Morgan Thomas3669.24.0
Majority1,23631.2+21.8
Turnout 1,98960.5c.17.2
Registered electors 3,285
Whig hold Swing +3.4
Whig hold Swing +4.4

Ellice was appointed Secretary at War, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 12 April 1833: Coventry [25] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 1,502 53.7 27.7
Tory Morgan Thomas 1,208 43.2 +24.6
Radical John Morgan Cobbett 893.2N/A
Majority29410.520.7
Turnout 2,79985.2+24.7
Registered electors 3,285
Whig hold Swing 26.2
General election 1835: Coventry (2 seats) [25] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Williams 1,865 37.1 N/A
Whig Edward Ellice 1,601 31.8 49.6
Conservative Morgan Thomas1,56631.1+12.5
Turnout 3,20689.6+29.1
Registered electors 3,577
Majority2645.3N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing
Majority350.730.5
Whig hold Swing 31.1
General election 1837: Coventry (2 seats) [25] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 1,778 27.5 4.3
Radical William Williams 1,748 27.0 10.1
Conservative Morgan Thomas1,51123.3+7.8
Conservative John David Hay Hill [26] 1,39221.5+6.0
Chartist John Bell430.7New
Turnout 3,32390.7+1.1
Registered electors 3,577
Majority300.50.2
Whig hold Swing 5.6
Majority2373.71.6
Radical hold Swing 8.5

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Coventry (2 seats) [25] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Williams 1,870 37.5 +10.5
Whig Edward Ellice 1,829 36.7 +9.2
Conservative Thomas Weir1,29025.918.9
Turnout c.3,140c.82.9c.7.8
Registered electors 3,789
Majority410.82.9
Radical hold Swing +10.0
Majority53910.8+10.3
Whig hold Swing +9.3
General election 1847: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 2,901 46.1 +9.4
Conservative George James Turner 1,754 27.9 +2.0
Radical William Williams 1,63326.011.5
Turnout 3,144 (est)77.8 (est)5.1
Registered electors 4,043
Majority1,14718.2+7.4
Whig hold Swing +5.2
Majority1211.9N/A
Conservative gain from Radical Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1850s

Turner resigned after being appointed Vice-Chancellor of the High Court, causing a by-election.

By-election, 8 April 1851: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical Charles Geach 1,669 60.2 +34.2
Whig Edward Strutt [20] 1,104 39.8 6.3
Majority56520.4N/A
Turnout 2,77365.712.1
Registered electors 4,223
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +20.3
General election 1852: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical Charles Geach Unopposed
Whig Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 4,502
Radical gain from Conservative
Whig hold

Geach's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 2 December 1854: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Joseph Paxton Unopposed
Whig gain from Radical
General election 1857: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Edward Ellice 2,810 41.0 N/A
Whig Joseph Paxton 2,384 34.8 N/A
Whig John Mellor [27] [28] 70310.3N/A
Conservative Morgan Treherne 5998.7New
Peelite Robert Phillimore [29] [30] 3565.2New
Majority1,68124.5N/A
Turnout 3,426 (est)68.8 (est)N/A
Registered electors 4,982
Whig hold
Whig gain from Radical
General election 1859: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Ellice 3,107 41.7 +0.7
Liberal Joseph Paxton 2,409 32.4 2.4
Conservative Morgan Treherne 1,92825.9+17.2
Majority4816.518.0
Turnout 4,686 (est)87.4 (est)+18.6
Registered electors 5,363
Liberal hold Swing 4.0
Liberal hold Swing 5.5

Elections in the 1860s

Ellice's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 8 October 1863: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Morgan Treherne 2,263 51.5 +25.6
Liberal Arthur Peel [32] 2,129 48.5 25.6
Majority1343.0N/A
Turnout 4,39284.43.0
Registered electors 5,206
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +25.6

Paxton's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 21 June 1865: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 2,395 52.8 +26.9
Liberal Thomas Mason Jones [33] 2,142 47.2 26.9
Majority2535.6N/A
Turnout 4,53791.3+3.9
Registered electors 4,967
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +26.9
General election 1865: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 2,489 26.2 +13.2
Conservative Morgan Treherne 2,401 25.3 +12.3
Liberal Edward Fordham Flower 2,34224.717.0
Liberal Thomas Mason Jones [33] 2,25923.88.6
Majority590.6N/A
Turnout 4,746 (est)95.5 (est)+8.1
Registered electors 4,967
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +13.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +12.6

Treherne's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 23 July 1867: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Henry Jackson 2,429 53.4 +4.9
Conservative William Ferrand 2,12346.64.9
Majority3066.8N/A
Turnout 4,55291.63.9
Registered electors 4,967
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.9

The by-election was declared void on petition due to bribery by Jackson's agent. [34]

By-election, 26 March 1868: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Samuel Carter 2,415 53.1 +4.6
Conservative Alexander Staveley Hill 2,13446.94.6
Majority2816.2N/A
Turnout 4,54991.63.9
Registered electors 4,967
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.6
General election 1868: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 3,781 25.7 0.5
Conservative Alexander Staveley Hill 3,761 25.6 +0.3
Liberal Henry Jackson 3,59424.40.3
Liberal Samuel Carter 3,57624.3+0.5
Majority1671.2+0.6
Turnout 7,356 (est)92.8 (est)2.7
Registered electors 7,925
Conservative hold Swing 0.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 3,823 25.6 0.1
Liberal Henry Jackson 3,799 25.5 +1.1
Liberal Samuel Carter 3,66224.6+0.3
Conservative Frederick du Pré Thornton [35] 3,62824.31.3
Turnout 7,456 (est)92.9 (est)+0.1
Registered electors 8,027
Majority240.91.3
Conservative hold Swing 0.2
Majority1710.3N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Coventry (2 seats) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Henry Jackson 4,184 26.1 +0.6
Liberal William Wills 4,105 25.6 +1.0
Conservative Henry Eaton 4,00825.00.6
Conservative Arthur Kekewich 3,71523.21.1
Majority970.6N/A
Turnout 8,006 (est)86.9 (est)6.0
Registered electors 9,208
Liberal hold Swing +0.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.1

Jackson resigned after being appointed a judge on the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, causing a by-election.

By-election, 14 Mar 1881: Coventry (1 seat) [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 4,011 52.9 +4.7
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 3,56847.14.6
Majority4430.8N/A
Turnout 7,57991.7+4.8 (est)
Registered electors 8,263
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.6
General election 1885: Coventry (1 seat) [36] [37] [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 4,577 51.4 +3.2
Liberal Courtenay Warner 4,32848.63.1
Majority2492.8N/A
Turnout 8,90591.5+4.6 (est)
Registered electors 9,736
Conservative win
General election 1886: Coventry [36] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Henry Eaton 4,201 52.5 +1.1
Liberal William Ballantine 3,79647.5-1.1
Majority4055.0+2.2
Turnout 7,99682.1-9.4
Registered electors 9,736
Conservative hold Swing +1.1

Eaton was elevated to the peerage, becoming Lord Cheylesmore, causing a by-election.

By-election, 9 Jul 1887: Coventry [36] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Ballantine 4,229 50.1 +2.6
Conservative Herbert Eaton 4,21349.9-2.6
Majority160.2N/A
Turnout 8,44285.6+3.5
Registered electors 9,867
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Coventry [36] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Ballantine 4,754 50.8 +3.3
Conservative Charles James Murray 4,61149.23.3
Majority1431.6N/A
Turnout 9,36586.4+4.3
Registered electors 10,838
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.3
Murray C-j-murray-1880.jpg
Murray
General election 1895: Coventry [36] [37] [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles James Murray 4,974 51.8 +2.6
Liberal William Ballantine 4,62448.2-2.6
Majority3503.6N/A
Turnout 9,59887.8+1.4
Registered electors 10,926
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Coventry [36] [37] [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles James Murray 5,257 55.7 +3.9
Liberal L Cowen4,18844.3-3.9
Majority1,06911.4+7.8
Turnout 9,44577.8-10.0
Registered electors 12,145
Conservative hold Swing +3.9
Mason Picture of A. E. W. Mason.jpg
Mason
General election 1906: Coventry [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal A. E. W. Mason 6,554 54.5 +10.2
Conservative Kenneth Foster 5,46245.5-10.2
Majority1,0929.0N/A
Turnout 12,01686.0+8.2
Registered electors 13,965
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +10.2

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Coventry [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Kenneth Foster 7,369 50.7 +5.2
Liberal Silas Hocking 7,15349.3-5.2
Majority2161.410.4
Turnout 14,52288.2+2.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.2
Mason David Marshall Mason.jpg
Mason
General election December 1910: Coventry [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Marshall Mason 7,351 51.8 +2.5
Conservative Kenneth Foster 6,82848.2-2.5
Majority5233.6N/A
Turnout 14,17986.1-2.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.5
General election 1918: Coventry [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Edward Manville 17,38044.8-3.4
Labour R. C. Wallhead 10,29826.6New
Liberal Courtenay Mansel 4,12810.7-41.1
Independent Arthur Charles Bannington 3,8069.8New
Independent Liberal David Marshall Mason 3,1458.1New
Majority7,08218.2N/A
Turnout 38,75762.4-23.7
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Mason had opposed the war and was replaced as Liberal candidate by Mansel who supported the Coalition Government. Bannington was the candidate of the National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers. [39]

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Coventry [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Edward Manville 20,986 42.6 -2.2
Labour Robert Williams 16,28933.1+6.5
Liberal John Edward Darnton11,98524.3+13.6
Majority4,6979.5-8.7
Turnout 49,26080.8+18.4
Unionist hold Swing -4.3
General election 1923: Coventry [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour A. A. Purcell 16,346 34.2 +1.1
Unionist Edward Manville 15,72632.9-9.7
Liberal Henry Paterson Gisborne 15,71632.9+8.6
Majority6201.3N/A
Turnout 47,78877.1-3.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.4
General election 1924: Coventry [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Archibald Boyd-Carpenter 22,712 42.4 +9.5
Labour A. A. Purcell 17,88833.4-0.8
Liberal Henry Paterson Gisborne 12,95324.2-8.7
Majority6209.0N/A
Turnout 53,55384.9+7.8
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +5.4
General election 1929: Coventry [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Philip Noel-Baker 34,255 49.4 +16.0
Unionist Archibald Boyd-Carpenter 22,53632.5-9.9
Liberal James Wiseman McKay12,51618.1-6.1
Majority11,71916.9N/A
Turnout 69,30782.2-2.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +13.0

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Coventry
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Strickland 44,305 61.0 +28.6
Labour Philip Noel-Baker 28,31139.0-10.5
Majority15,99422.0N/A
Turnout 72,61682.7+0.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +23.4
General election 1935: Coventry
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative William Strickland 37,313 51.7 -9.3
Labour Philip Noel-Baker 34,84148.3+9.3
Majority2,4723.4-18.6
Turnout 72,15481.0-1.7
Conservative hold Swing -9.3

References & Notes

  1. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  2. Pages 102 to 105,Lewis Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III (2nd edition - London: St Martin's Press, 1957)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 "British History Online" . Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  6. Created a baronet, August 1718
  7. The election of 1722 was declared void because of the "notorious and outrageous Riots, Tumults and Seditions ... in Defiance of the Civil Authority, and in Violation of the Freedom of Elections", and a new writ was issued, but the original victors (Oughton and Neale) were returned once more at the by-election.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 98–100. Retrieved 1 November 2018 via Google Books.
  9. On petition, the election of Hallifax and Rogers was declared void, and their opponents, Yeo and Seymour-Conway, were declared to have been duly elected and seated in their place
  10. Changed his surname to Eardley, July 1789; created The Lord Eardley (in the Peerage of Ireland, September 1789
  11. 1 2 Colthart, James M. (1976). "Edward Ellice". Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. IX. Toronto. ISBN   0-8020-3319-9.
  12. 1 2 "Rt. Hon. Edward Ellice". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  13. 1 2 Bloy, Marjorie. "Edward Ellice, the elder (1781–1863)". A Web of English History. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  14. 1 2 Escott, Margaret. "ELLICE, Edward (1783–1863), of Wyke House, nr. Brentford, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  15. 1 2 Miller, Henry (2015). Politics Personified: Portraiture, Caricature and Visual Culture in Britain, c. 1830–80. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 154. ISBN   978-0-7190-9084-4 . Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  16. 1 2 3 Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 82, 238. Retrieved 21 August 2018 via Google Books.
  17. "Latest Intelligence" . Gloucester Journal. 10 August 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 22 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. "Imperial Parliament" . Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 August 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 22 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. "Election Intelligence" . Norfolk News. 12 April 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. 1 2 "Wednesday & Thursday's Posts" . Stamford Mercury. 11 April 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. "Local & General Intelligence" . Newcastle Journal. 12 April 1851. p. 5. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. "Local News" . Derby Mercury. 9 April 1851. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. "Commercial" . Dundalk Democrat, and People's Journal. 25 November 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. 1 2 Escott, Margaret. "Coventry". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  26. "Coventry Election" . Coventry Herald. 21 July 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 10 April 2020 via British Newspaper Archive.
  27. Coventry Standard. 13 March 1857. p. 4 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000683/18570313/105/0004 . Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.{{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. "Local Election Movements" . Aris's Birmingham Gazette. 23 March 1857. p. 1. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  29. "Coventry" . Evening Mail. 27 March 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  30. "Election Movements" . Coventry Standard. 20 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  31. "Coventry Election" . Coventry Standard. 3 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  32. "Coventry" . Aris's Birmingham Gazette . 3 October 1863. p. 3. Retrieved 6 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  33. 1 2 "Coventry" . Leamington Spa Courier. 24 June 1865. p. 9. Retrieved 6 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  34. "Coventry" . Cumberland and Westmorland Advertiser, and Penrith Literary Chronicle. 24 March 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 6 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  35. "Latest Election News" . Edinburgh Evening News . 2 February 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 29 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  38. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 6 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

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