|Isabella of Aragon|
|Queen consort of France|
|Tenure||25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271|
|Died||28 January 1271 (aged 22–23)|
|Spouse||Philip III of France|
|Issue|| Louis |
Philip IV of France
Charles, Count of Valois
|Father||James I of Aragon|
|Mother||Violant of Hungary|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elizabeth of Aragon, Queen of France .|
Isabella of Aragon (ca. 1248 – 28 January 1271), was Queen of France from 1270 to 1271 by marriage to Philip III of France.
Isabella was the eighth child and youngest daughter of King James I of Aragonand his second wife Violant of Hungary. Her exact date of birth wasn't recorded, but she certainly was born in late 1247 or early 1248, because her father, who financially supported the Monastery of Santa María de Sigena, stipulates in his will dated in January 1248 that if he had another son, he should become a knight Templar and if the child was a daughter, she should enter at Santa María de Sigena as a nun. The will certainly was abandoned before Isabella's birth because she was married.
On 11 May 1258, was concluded the Treaty of Corbeil between the Kings Louis IX of France and James I of Aragon; as a part of the agreement was arranged the betrothal between the French prince Philip —second son of Louis IX— and Isabella —youngest daughter of James I—.The formal wedding took place on 28 May 1262 at the city of Clairmont (currently Clermont-Ferrand); at the time, Prince Philip was already the heir of the French throne after the death of his older brother Louis in 1260. The union produced four sons:
Having accompanied her husband and father-in-law to the Eighth Crusade against Tunis in July 1270, Isabella became Queen consort of France the following month on the death of King Louis IX. On their way home, while crossing the Savuto river near Martirano in Calabria, on 11 January 1271 she suffered a fall from her horse: six months pregnant with her fifth child, she gave birth prematurely a son, who died soon after. First transported to Martirano Castle and then to Cosenza, exhausted and feverish, Isabella died there on 28 January 1271 aged 24. Her death was a devastating emotional blow to her husband, especially since she had been pregnant.
Because she died far from her homeland, the funeral technique of Mos Teutonicus was practiced upon Isabella.Firstly, she was buried at Cosenza Cathedral alongside her newborn son, and then in the royal necropolis in the Basilica of St Denis. Isabella's tomb, like many others, was desecrated during the French Revolution in August 1793.
The tragic end of Isabella is recalled in the Laudi of the poet Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Jerónimode Zurita y Castro or simply Jerónimode Zurita was a Spanish historian of the sixteenth century who founded the modern tradition of historical scholarship in Spain.
Philip III, called the Bold, was King of France from 1270 to 1285.
Henry was king of Portugal and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He ruled Portugal between 1578 and 1580 and was known as Henry the Chaste and the Cardinal-King. As a clergyman, he was bound to chastity, and as such, had no children to succeed him, and thus put an end to the House of Aviz. His death led to the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580 and ultimately to the 60-year Iberian Union that saw Portugal share a monarch with that of Spain. The next independent monarch of Portugal would be John IV, who took the throne after 60 years of Spanish rule.
The duke of Brabant was formally the ruler of the Duchy of Brabant since 1183/1184. The title was created by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in favor of Henry I of the House of Reginar, son of Godfrey III of Leuven. The Duchy of Brabant was a feudal elevation of the existing title of landgrave of Brabant. This was an Imperial fief which was assigned to Count Henry III of Leuven shortly after the death of the preceding count of Brabant, Herman II of Lotharingia. Although the corresponding county was quite small its name was applied to the entire country under control of the dukes from the 13th century on. In 1190, after the death of Godfrey III, Henry I also became duke of Lotharingia. Formerly Lower Lotharingia, this title was now practically without territorial authority, but was borne by the later dukes of Brabant as an honorific title.
Margaret of Provence was Queen of France by marriage to King Louis IX.
Charles of Valois, the third son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon, was a member of the House of Capet and founder of the House of Valois, whose rule over France would start in 1328.
Blanche of Artois was a member of the Capetian House of Artois who, as queen dowager, held regency over the Kingdom of Navarre and the County of Champagne. She was queen of Navarre and countess of Champagne and Brie during her marriage to Henry I of Navarre. After his death she became regent in the name of their infant daughter, Joan I. She passed on the regency of Navarre to Philip III of France, her cousin and her daughter's prospective father-in-law, but retained the administration of Champagne. She later shared the government of Champagne with her second husband, Edmund Crouchback, until her daughter reached the age of majority.
The Accursed Kings is a series of historical novels by French author Maurice Druon about the French monarchy in the 14th century. Published between 1955 and 1977, the series has been adapted as a miniseries twice for television in France.
The House of Capet or the Direct Capetians, also called the House of France, or simply the Capets, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328. It was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians. Historians in the 19th century came to apply the name "Capetian" to both the ruling house of France and to the wider-spread male-line descendants of Hugh Capet. Contemporaries did not use the name "Capetian". The Capets were sometimes called "the third race of kings". The name "Capet" derives from the nickname given to Hugh, the first Capetian King, who became known as Hugh Capet.
John, Prince of Asturias, was the only son of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon who survived to adulthood.
Ferdinand was the Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla from his father's death on 18 July 1765 until he ceded the duchy to France by the Treaty of Aranjuez on 20 March 1801. He was a member of the Spanish House of Bourbon.
Violant of Hungary was the queen of Aragon from 1235 until 1251 as the second wife of King James I of Aragon. A member of the Hungarian House of Árpád, Queen Violant was a valuable and influential advisor of her husband. She remains in folk memory in Catalonia and Valencia.
Mary of Hungary, of the Árpád dynasty, was Queen consort of the Kingdom of Naples. She was a daughter of Stephen V of Hungary and his wife Elizabeth the Cuman. Mary served as Regent in Provence in 1290–1294 and in Naples in 1295–96, 1296–98, and 1302, during the absences of her consort.
Isabella, Princess of Asturias was a Queen consort of Portugal and heir presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, as their eldest daughter. Her younger siblings were John, Prince of Asturias, Queen Joanna I of Castile, Maria, Queen of Portugal and Catherine, Queen of England.
Maria of Aragon was a Spanish infanta, and queen consort of Portugal as the second spouse of Portuguese King Manuel I.
Ferdinand II was King of Aragon from 1479 and, by marriage, King of Castile from 1474, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with his wife Isabella I. Ferdinand is considered de facto the first King of Spain, being described as such during his own lifetime, although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms until the Nueva Planta Decrees of 1716.
Blanche of France (1253–1323) was a daughter of King Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence, and sister of King Philip III of France and Queen Isabella of Navarre.
Margaret Yolande of Savoy was Princess of Savoy from birth and later Duchess consort of Parma. A proposed bride for her first cousin Louis XIV of France, she later married Ranuccio Farnese, son of the late Odoardo Farnese and Margherita de' Medici. She died in childbirth in 1663.
Isabella of Portugal, also known as the Empress of the Carnation, was Holy Roman Empress, Queen consort of Spain, Germany, and Italy, and Lady of the Netherlands by her marriage to Emperor Charles V. She was the regent of Spain because of her husband's constant travels through Europe, ensuring that the kingdom remained independent of imperial policies and economically healthy during her lifetime. Her personal motto was aut Caesar aut nihil.
Margaret of Provence
| Queen consort of France |
25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271
Marie of Brabant