Khenemetneferhedjet III

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Khenemetneferhedjet III was an Egyptian queen. She was the wife of the Twelfth Dynasty ruler Amenemhet III and was buried in his pyramid at Dahshur. Her name is so far only known from one object, an alabaster vessel found in her burial. She had the titles king's wife, member of the elite and mistress of the two countries. She was buried in a decorated, but uninscribed sarcophagus.

Pyramid of Amenemhat III (Dahshur) smooth-sided pyramid

The Black Pyramid was built by King Amenemhat III during the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. It is one of the five remaining pyramids of the original eleven pyramids at Dahshur in Egypt. Originally named Amenemhet is Mighty, the pyramid earned the name "Black Pyramid" for its dark, decaying appearance as a rubble mound. The Black Pyramid was the first to house both the deceased pharaoh and his queens. Jacques de Morgan, on a French mission, began the excavation on the pyramids at Dahshur in 1892. The German Archaeological Institute of Cairo completed excavation in 1983.

Dahshur Village in Giza Governorate, Egypt

Dahshur is a royal necropolis located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Cairo. It is known chiefly for several pyramids, two of which are among the oldest, largest and best preserved in Egypt, built from 2613–2589 BC.

Her burial was found looted and only few remains were found. Dieter Arnold, who found her burial, originally interpreted her name as the queen's title Khenemetneferhedjet and believed that the ritual vessel from her tomb did not bear any proper name. [1] However, more recent researchers draw attention to the fact that it is not common just to give the title of an individual and not the proper name, especially on rituals objects in a tomb chamber. Therefore, Khenemetneferhedjet is most likely the proper name of this queen. [2]

Khenemetneferhedjet(ẖnm.t nfr-ḥḏ.t) was an ancient Egyptian queenly title during the Middle Kingdom. It was in use from the 12th to the early 18th dynasty. During the 12th dynasty it also occurred as a personal name. Its meaning is “united with the white crown”. The white crown was one part of the double crown of Egypt and is usually interpreted to have represented Upper Egypt, but it is also possible that while the red crown represented the king's earthly incarnation, the white crown represented the eternal, godlike aspect of kingship.

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Menet was an Ancient Egyptian king's daughter living in the Twelfth Dynasty most likely under the kings Senusret III and Amenemhat III. Menet had the titles king's daughter and the one united with the white crown (Khenemetneferhedjet). She is only known from her sarcophagus and burial in a gallery tomb buried with other members of the royal family next to the pyramid of Senusret III at Dahshur. From the position of the tomb it seems likely that she was the daughter of the latter king.

Pyramid of Senusret III building in Egypt

The Pyramid of Senusret III is an ancient Egyptian pyramid located at Dahshur and built for pharaoh Senusret III of the 12th Dynasty.

References

  1. D. Arnold: Dahschur, Dritter Grabungsbericht, In: MDAIK 36 (1980), 20
  2. Silke Roth: Die Königsmütter des Alten Ägypten von der Frühzeit bis zum Ende der 12. Dynastie, Wiesbaden 2001, p. 440 ISBN   3-447-04368-7