Larnaca District (Greek : Επαρχία Λάρνακας, Turkish : Larnaka kazası) is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its capital is Larnaca. It is bordered on the east by Famagusta District, on the north by Nicosia District and on the west by Limassol District.
A small part of the district was occupied by the Turkish army in 1974, and most of the occupied part is now de-facto administered as part of Northern Cyprus's Lefkoşa District, with the remaining area near Pergamos being de-facto administered by the Gazimağusa District.
The communities of Melouseia, Tremetousia and Arsos lie in the occupied zone, while the municipal/community areas of Athienou, Troulloi and Pergamos are partially occupied.
Located in the district are Larnaca International Airport, the island's primary airport, and the Hala Sultan Tekke and the towns of Larnaca, Aradippou, Athienou and Lefkara.
In 2011, Larnaca District had a population of 143,192, of which 59% was urban.
During Turkish rule, Larnaca was one of the six cazas into which the island was divided. Cazas were subdivided into nahiehs, but in the case of Larnaca there was only one, which was coterminous with the caza.
The caza was headed by a Kaimakan. When the British took control of Cyprus in 1878, these administrative units were retained. A British officer styled a Commissioner (later District Officer) was appointed for the caza of Larnaca, while the Turkish Kaimakan was initially retained with certain of his functions.
Some northern parts of the present District were at that time included in Famagusta District, namely Arsos, Athienou, Melousia, Troulli, Tremetousia and Pergamos. At the first British Census Larnaca District (i.e. both the caza and nahieh) had a population of 20,766.By 1891 Athienou had been moved to Nicosia District, while the other villages were later moved to Larnaca District. Athienou was united to Larnaca District in the 1920s.
According to Statistical Codes of Municipalities, Communities and Quarters of Cyprus per the Statistical Service of Cyprus (2015), Larnaca District has 6 municipalities and 53 communities.Municipalities are written with bold.
Nicosia is the largest city, capital, and seat of government of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.
Larnaca is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district. It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with a metro population of 144,200 in 2015.
Prodromos is the highest village in Cyprus at 1,380 metres (4,530 ft) above sea level. It is the island's main centre for winter sport, with three ski slopes located on nearby Mount Olympus. The village is part of the Limassol District. The number of inhabitants has decreased steadily over the years; by the 2011 census there were only 123 permanent residents, although there are over 240 residences that are temporarily occupied, mostly during the summer and other holidays.
Kyrenia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is Kyrenia. It is the smallest of Cyprus' districts, and is the only one controlled by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in its entirety.
Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is the island country's capital city, Nicosia. The TRNC-controlled northern part of the district is the Lefkoşa District of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
Athienou is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus. It is one of only four villages located within the United Nations Buffer Zone, the other three being Pyla, Troulloi and Deneia. Today, Athienou has a population of around 5,000 people. Since 1990, it has been home to Davidson College's Athienou Archaeological Project. The town's city hall includes a museum of local history and culture that was established in 2008.
Troulloi is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus. It is one of only four villages located within the United Nations Buffer Zone, the other three being Pyla, Athienou and Deneia. In 2011 Troulloi had a population of 1,175 people according to the Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2014-04-17. The village's patron saint is Saint Mamas, celebrated on 2 September each year.
Pergamos is a Turkish Cypriot village in Larnaca District, Cyprus, 4 km north of Pyla, almost surrounded by the British Sovereign Base Area (SBA) at Dhekelia. Pergamos is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.
Kato Lefkara is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus. Its population in 2011 was 128.
Anafotia is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, west of Larnaca. In 1994, the official name of the village became Anafotida (Aναφωτίδα), following a decision by the then-government of Cyprus to make the names of villages on the island more Greek. However, locally the village is still referred to as Anafotia.
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Tremetousia is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 7 km east of Athienou. It is one of only four villages in the district under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, the other three being Arsos, Melouseia and Pergamos.
Melouseia is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Athienou. It is one of four villages in the district under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, the other three being Arsos, Pergamos and Tremetousia.
Ayios Antonios is a Neighbourhood, Quarter, Mahalla or Parish of Nicosia, Cyprus and the parish church thereof.
Haydar Pasha is a Neighbourhood, Quarter or Mahalle of Nicosia, Cyprus and the mosque situated therein. Both are named after Haydar Pasha, said to be one of the 12 generals in command of divisions of the Ottoman army at the time of the Ottoman conquest of Nicosia. Each general being posted to a quarter, that quarter was known by his name.
Tabakhane is a historic neighborhood, quarter, Mahalla, or parish of central Nicosia, Cyprus, named after the tannery which formerly existed just outside the city walls, near Paphos Gate. Its name is the Arabic and Turkish word for tannery.
Taht-el-kale is a neighbourhood, quarter of Nicosia, Cyprus and the mosque situated therein.
Ak Kavuk is a Neighbourhood, Quarter, Mahalla or Parish of Nicosia, Cyprus and the mosque thereof. It is spelled as Akkavuk in Turkish and Ακ Καβούκ or Άμπου Καβούκ in Greek. Both alternative names appear in English. Jeffery uses both, while the Cyprus Gazette in 1923 uses the form "Abou Kavouk".
Nicosia within the city limits is divided into 29 administrative units, according to the latest census. This unit is termed in English as quarter, neighbourhood, parish, enoria or mahalla. These units are: Ayios Andreas, Trypiotis, Nebethane, Tabakhane, Phaneromeni, Ayios Savvas, Omerie, Ayios Antonios, St. John, Taht-el-kale, Chrysaliniotissa, Ayios Kassianos (Kafesli), Kaïmakli, Panayia, St Constantine & Helen, Ayioi Omoloyites, Arab Ahmet, Yeni Jami, Omorfita, Ibrahim Pasha, Mahmut Pasha, Abu Kavouk, St. Luke, Abdi Chavush, Iplik Pazar and Korkut Effendi, Ayia Sophia, Haydar Pasha, Karamanzade, and Yenişehir/Neapolis. Some of these units were previously independent Communities. Ayioi Omoloyites was annexed in 1944, while Kaïmakli and Omorfita were annexed in 1968. Pallouriotissa, also annexed in 1968, was subsequently divided into the neighbourhoods of Panayia, and St Constantine & Helen.
Nebethane is an historic neighbourhood, quarter, Mahalla, or parish of central Nicosia, Cyprus. Its name inherited from the Ottoman period is Turkish for police station or the guard room of the Turkish patrol. Nebethane Mesjid in this quarter was the place where the police patrol of the city assembled for changing the guard each day, accompanied by drums and pipes.