List of countries by steel production

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This article summarizes the world steel production by country.

Contents

In 2020, total world crude steel production was 1877.5 million tonnes (Mt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 57% of world steel production in 2020. [1] In 2020, China became the first country to produce over one billion tons of steel. [2] In 2008, 2009, 2015 and 2016 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession. In 2010 and 2017, it started to rise again. Crude steel production contracted in all regions in 2019 except in Asia and the Middle East.

List of countries by steel production

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2020, based on data provided by the World Steel Association. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] All countries with annual production of crude steel at least 2 million metric tons.

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2019)Country/Region2020 [1] 2019 [9] [10] 2018 [11] [12] 2017 [1] [13] 2016 [1] [14] 2015 [15] 2014 [16] 2013 [17] 2012201120102009200820072000199019801967
  World 1,877.51,874.41,808.41,674.81,606.31,620.41,670.11,649.31,552.91,490.11,413.61,219.71,326.51,351.3850.1770.4716.4497.2
1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1,064.8995.4920.0831.7786.9803.8822.7779.0724.7683.3626.7573.6500.3494.9128.566.437.114.0
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union [18] 139.2159.4168.2168.7162.3166.2169.3166.4168.6177.7172.8139.3198.2210.2193.5191.8208.0n/a
2 Flag of India.svg India 100.3111.4109.3101.595.589.687.381.277.372.268.362.857.853.526.915.09.56.3
3 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 83.299.3104.3104.7104.8105.2110.7110.6107.2107.6109.687.5118.7120.2106.4110.3111.462.0
4 Flag of the United States.svg United States 72.787.886.681.678.578.988.287.088.686.280.658.291.498.1101.889.7101.4115.0
5 Flag of Russia.svg Russia 71.671.772.071.370.571.171.569.470.668.766.960.068.572.459.1n/a [19] n/a [19] n/a [19]
6 Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea 67.171.472.571.168.669.771.566.069.368.558.548.653.651.543.123.18.50.3
7 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 35.833.737.337.533.231.534.034.735.934.129.025.326.825.814.39.42.51.0
7 Flag of Germany.svg Germany 35.739.642.443.642.142.742.942.642.744.343.832.745.848.646.444.051.141.3
9 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 31.032.635.434.430.233.333.934.234.735.232.826.533.733.827.920.615.33.6
10 Flag of Iran.svg Iran 29.025.624.521.817.916.116.315.414.513.012.010.910.010.16.61.40.5
11Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 21.022.023.223.221.821.423.122.320.720.219.815.819.920.9
12 Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine 20.620.821.122.724.222.927.232.832.935.333.629.937.342.831.854.6 [19] 52.3 [19] n/a [19]
13 Flag of Italy.svg Italy 20.423.224.524.023.322.023.724.127.228.725.819.730.631.626.825.526.515.9
14 Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam 19.517.515.510.37.85.75.95.65.34.92.72.72.72.30.30.10.1
15 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 16.818.420.220.019.018.319.018.218.118.117.014.217.217.615.68.77.13.0
16 Flag of France.svg France 11.614.415.415.514.615.016.115.715.615.815.412.817.919.321.019.023.119.6
17 Flag of Spain.svg Spain 11.013.614.314.513.614.914.313.713.615.616.314.318.619.015.812.912.84.5
18 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada 11.012.913.413.712.712.512.712.413.513.113.09.014.815.616.612.315.98.8
19 Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia 9.37.86.25.24.84.94.42.62.33.63.63.53.94.12.92.80.5
20 Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt 8.27.37.86.85.05.56.56.86.66.56.75.56.26.22.82.21.00.4
21 Flag of Poland.svg Poland 7.99.010.810.38.99.18.68.08.48.88.07.29.710.610.513.619.510.4
22 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 7.88.25.24.8 [20] 5.55.76.35.45.25.35.04.74.74.63.01.80.1
23 Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia 7.16.84.12.82.83.84.34.75.65.94.14.06.46.93.71.10.20.1
24 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 7.17.27.37.57.610.812.111.99.69.59.710.113.514.315.217.811.324.3
25 Flag of Austria.svg Austria 6.87.46.98.17.47.77.97.97.47.57.25.77.67.65.74.34.63.0
26 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium 6.17.88.07.77.77.27.37.17.48.18.15.610.710.711.611.512.39.7
27 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 6.16.76.86.86.97.07.06.76.96.96.75.26.87.45.75.45.33.4
28 Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 5.55.1
29 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia 5.55.55.75.35.34.94.64.74.96.47.35.27.67.97.16.67.66.3
30 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic 4.54.44.94.65.35.35.45.25.15.65.24.66.47.16.29.7 [21] n/a [21] n/a [21]
31 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand 4.54.26.44.53.83.74.13.63.34.23.73.65.25.62.10.70.5
32 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 4.44.74.74.74.624.44.54.44.34.94.82.85.25.75.24.54.24.7
33 Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria 4.02.74.624.44.54.44.34.94.82.85.25.75.24.54.24.7
34 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan 3.94.14.04.44.23.63.73.33.94.74.34.14.34.84.77.4 [19] n/a [19] n/a [19]
35 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 3.96.25.76.36.17.66.67.27.16.78.57.58.39.18.58.79.13.7
36 Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 3.83.34.75.03.62.92.41.91.61.61.41.22.01.11.00.8
37 Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 3.74.65.24.64.15.05.55.25.05.75.14.05.55.44.53.62.71.3
38 Flag of Finland.svg Finland 3.53.54.14.04.14.03.83.53.84.04.03.14.44.44.12.92.50.4
39 Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia 3.43.95.25.04.84.64.74.54.44.24.63.74.55.13.75.1 [21] n/a [21] n/a [21]
40 Flag of Romania.svg Romania 2.83.43.53.63.33.43.23.03.33.83.92.75.06.34.79.713.24.1
41 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates 2.73.33.23.33.23.02.42.92.42.00.50.20.10.10.1n/a
42 Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus 2.52.62.52.42.22.62.52.22.72.62.52.42.62.41.51.5 [19]
43 Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal 2.22.02.12.02.02.12.12.02.01.51.62.01.91.10.80.70.3
44 Flag of Oman.svg Oman 2.22.02.02.02.12.12.02.01.51.62.01.91.10.80.70.3
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union --------------154.4147.996.9 [22]
 Others [23] 27.7n/an/an/an/an/an/a28.429.529.926.5 (est.)23.3 (est.)28.6 (est.)30.7 (est.)n/an/an/an/a

Exports

net: exports - imports

Top steel exporters in 2018 [1]
RankCountryMt
1 China 51.4
2 Russia 31.5
3 Japan 29.8
4 South Korea 27.6
- European Union [24] 22.6
5 Germany 21.2
6 Turkey 18.5
7 India 17.1
8 Ukraine 15.2
9 Italy 14.9
10 Belgium 12.9
11 Brazil 10.6
12 France 10.2
13 Taiwan 10.0
Top steel net exporters in 2018 [1]
RankCountryMt
1Russia26.4
2Japan24.8
3South Korea16.1
4Ukraine13.9
5China13.5
6India12.1
7Brazil8.7
8Turkey6.0
9 Egypt 4.4
10Germany3.0

Imports

Net: imports − exports

Top steel importers in 2018 [1]
RankCountryMt
1 China 37.9
- European Union [24] 32.6
2 United States 19.9
3 Germany 18.2
4 Italy 15.5
5 Vietnam 13.6
6 Turkey 12.5
7 France 11.8
8 South Korea 11.5
9 Poland 10.8
10 Belgium 10.4
Top steel net importers in 2018 [1]
RankCountryMt
1United States13.6
-European Union [24] 10.0
2 Saudi Arabia 7.2
3 Philippines 6.6
4Vietnam6.6
5Poland5.6
6 Indonesia 4.2
7 Israel 3.3
8 Bangladesh 2.5
9 Uzbekistan 2.5
10 United Arab Emirates 2.4

See also

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References

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  18. EEC until 1993
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Was part of Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR until 1992
  20. partial data
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Was part of Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia until 1993
  22. Hermann, Haack (1 January 1967). "Zahlen und Tatsachen zur Entwicklung der Sowjetunion, 50 Jahre Sowjetmacht".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  23. composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  24. 1 2 3 excluding intra-regional trade