List of countries by steel production

Last updated

This article summarizes the world steel production by country.


In 2018, total world crude steel production was 1808.6 million tonnes (Mt). The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 51.3% of world steel production in 2018. [1] In 2008, 2009, 2015 and 2016 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession. In 2010 and 2017, it started to rise again.

List of countries by steel production

This is a list of countries by steel production in 1967, 1980, 1990, 2000 and from 2007 to 2018, based on data provided by the World Steel Association. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] All countries with annual production of crude steel at least 2 million metric tons are listed.

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2018)Country/Region2018 [8] [9] 2017 [1] [10] 2016 [1] [11] 2015 [12] 2014 [13] 2013 [14] 2012201120102009200820072000199019801967
  World 1808.61674.81606.31620.41670.11649.31552.91490.11413.61219.71326.51351.3850.1770.4716.4497.2
1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China 928.3831.7786.9803.8822.7779.0724.7683.3626.7573.6500.3494.9128.566.437.114.0
2 Flag of India.svg India 109.3101.595.589.687.381.277.372.268.362.857.853.526.915.09.56.3
3 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 104.3104.7104.8105.2110.7110.6107.2107.6109.687.5118.7120.2106.4110.3111.462.0
4 Flag of the United States.svg United States 86.781.678.578.988.287.088.686.280.658.291.498.1101.889.7101.4115.0
5 Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea 72.571.168.669.771.566.069.368.558.548.653.651.543.
6 Flag of Russia.svg Russia 71.771.370.571.171.569.470.668.766.960.068.572.459.1n/a [15] n/a [15] n/a [15]
7 Flag of Germany.svg Germany 42.443.642.142.742.942.642.744.343.832.745.848.646.444.051.141.3
8 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 37.337.533.231.534.034.735.934.129.025.326.825.814.
9 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 34.734.430.233.333.934.234.735.232.826.533.733.827.920.615.33.6
10 Flag of Iran.svg Iran 2521.817.916.116.315.414.513.012.010.910.
11 Flag of Italy.svg Italy 24.524.023.322.023.724.127.228.725.819.730.631.626.825.526.515.9
12Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan
13 Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine 21.122.724.222.927.232.832.935.333.629.937.342.831.854.6 [15] 52.3 [15] n/a [15]
14 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
15 Flag of France.svg France 15.415.514.615.016.115.715.615.815.412.817.919.321.
16 Flag of Spain.svg Spain 14.314.513.614.914.313.713.615.616.314.318.619.015.812.912.84.5
17 Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam 14.110.3 [16] 7.8 [16]
18 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada 13.113.712.712.512.712.413.513.
19 Flag of Poland.svg Poland
20 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
21 Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
22 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
23 Flag of Austria.svg Austria
24 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
25 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
26 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
27 Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia
28 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 5.24.8 [16]
29 Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia [17] n/a [17] n/a [17]
30 Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
31 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic [17] n/a [17] n/a [17]
32 Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan
33 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
34 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan [15] n/a [15] n/a [15]
35 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
36 Flag of Finland.svg Finland
37 Flag of Romania.svg Romania
38 Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
39 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
40 Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar
41 Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus [15]
42 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg
43 Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
44Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
45Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union ---------------96.9 [18]
 Others [19] n/an/an/an/an/a28.429.529.926.5 (est.)23.3 (est.)28.6 (est.)30.7 (est.)n/an/an/an/a


net: exports - imports

Top steel exporters in 2017 [20]
1 China 74.8
2 Japan 37.5
3 South Korea 31.4
4 Russia 31.1
- European Union [21] 31.1
5 Germany 26.4
6 Italy 18.2
7 Belgium 18.1
8 Turkey 16.6
9 India 16.3
10 Brazil 15.3
11 Ukraine 15.2
12 France 14.8
13 Taiwan 12.1
14 Netherlands 10.9
15 United States 10.2
Top steel net exporters in 2017 [20]
6South Korea12.0
12 Slovakia 2.2


Net: imports − exports

Top steel importers in 2017 [20]
- European Union [21] 41.2
1 United States 35.4
2 Germany 27.1
3 Italy 20.1
4 South Korea 19.3
5 Vietnam 16.2
6 Turkey 15.8
7 France 15.1
8 Thailand 14.5
9 Belgium 14.1
10 China 13.9
11 Mexico 13.5
12 Indonesia 11.0
13 Poland 10.7
14 Spain 9.9
15 India 8.9
Top steel net importers in 2017 [20]
1United States25.2
-European Union [21] 10.1
6 Philippines 7.3
7 Malaysia 6.0
8 Algeria 4.6
10 Pakistan 3.8
11 United Arab Emirates 3.8
12 Saudi Arabia 3.5
13 United Kingdom 3.1
14 Israel 2.8

See also

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  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Was part of Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR until 1992
  16. 1 2 3 partial data
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Was part of Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia until 1993
  18. Hermann, Haack (1 January 1967). "Zahlen und Tatsachen zur Entwicklung der Sowjetunion, 50 Jahre Sowjetmacht".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  19. composition of other countries vary year to year, thus is not comparable
  20. 1 2 3 4 "Figures" (PDF). 2018.
  21. 1 2 3 excluding intra-regional trade