Native Point

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Native Point
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Native Point
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Native Point
Coordinates: 63°44′N82°31′W / 63.733°N 82.517°W / 63.733; -82.517 [1] Coordinates: 63°44′N82°31′W / 63.733°N 82.517°W / 63.733; -82.517 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kivalliq

Native Point (Inuktitut: Tunirmiut [3] or Tuneriut) is a peninsula in the Kivalliq Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located on Southampton Island's Bell Peninsula at the mouth of Native Bay. It is notable for being the location of an abandoned Sadlermiut settlement, currently an archaeological site.

Contents

Archaeological site

The Sadlermiut settlement, situated on the west side of the point, was left empty after the last Sadlermiut perished during the winter of 1902–03, due to an epidemic. Now a notable archeological site, it is referred to as "T1" because of the Inuktitut name, "Tuneriut", for Native Point. [4] T1 is the largest Sadlermiut site on the island. [5]

The material culture of the Sadlermiut was limited to chipped stone tools and various manufactured organic artifacts. Among the artifacts found in the site were human figurines called aarnguaq, which was probably used for a healing ritual. This indicates that the Sadlermiut were shamanistic. In addition, multiple human remains were found on the site. Merbs and Wilson grouped the burials into three time stages: the "village" graves, which were thought to be the oldest, "peripheral" burials located northeast and southeast of the settlement which were ranked as intermediate in age, and a series of "meat-cache" graves, suggested to primarily represent casualties from the 1902-1903 epidemic which decimated the Sadlermiut population. [6]

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{{Infobox settlement | official_name = Killiniq | native_name = ᑭᓪᓕᓂᖅ
Kikkertaujak; Killipaartalik | image_skyline = | image_caption = | pushpin_map = Canada Nunavut#Canada | coordinates = 60°25′16″N064°49′54″W | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = Canada | subdivision_type1 = Territory | subdivision_name1 = Nunavut | subdivision_type2 = [[List of regions of Nunavut|Region | subdivision_name2 = Qikiqtaaluk | subdivision_type4 = | subdivision_name4 = | government_footnotes = | government_type = | leader_title = | leader_name = | area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = | elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = | population_footnotes = | population_total = Uninhabited | population_as_of = after 8 February 1978 | population_density_km2 = | timezone = | utc_offset = | timezone_DST = | utc_offset_DST = | postal_code_type = | postal_code = | area_code = | website = | footnotes = }} Killiniq is a former Inuit settlement, weather station, trading post, missionary post, fishing station, and Royal Canadian Mounted Police post on Killiniq Island. Previously within Labrador, and then the Northwest Territories, it is now situated within the borders of Nunavut. The community closed in 1978.

Port au Choix is a peninsula on the western coast of the island of Newfoundland, Canada. Discoveries as early as 1904 provide evidence that native peoples settled here, burials, structural remains, and artifacts such as points, tools, and bones of discarded food.

The Anker Site (11Ck-21) is located on the Little Calumet River near Chicago, Illinois. It is classified as a late prehistoric site with Upper Mississippian Huber affiliation.

References

  1. "Native Point". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Native Point". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. Issenman, Betty. Sinews of Survival: The living legacy of Inuit clothing. UBC Press, 1997. pp252-254
  4. Eskimo Prehistory. Taylor & Francis. 1964. p. 146.
  5. "History". edu.nu.ca. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  6. Ryan, Karen; Young, Janet (2013). "Identification of a probable aarnguaq in a Sadlermiut grave from Native Point, Southampton island, Nunavut, Canada". Arctic Anthropology. 50 (1): 22–48. doi:10.3368/aa.50.1.20. S2CID   161298096.