North Cowichan

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North Cowichan
The Corporation of the District of North Cowichan [1]
North Cowichan Skyline.jpg
North Cowichan Coat of arms.gif
Motto: 
No Steps Backwards
Canada British Columbia location map 2.svg
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North Cowichan
Location of North Cowichan in British Columbia
Coordinates: 48°49′25″N123°43′9″W / 48.82361°N 123.71917°W / 48.82361; -123.71917 Coordinates: 48°49′25″N123°43′9″W / 48.82361°N 123.71917°W / 48.82361; -123.71917
CountryCanada
Province British Columbia
Regional District CVRD
Incorporated1873
Government
  MayorRob Douglas
  Governing bodyNorth Cowichan Council
   MPs Alistair MacGregor
   MLAs Sonia Furstenau and Doug Routley
Area
  Total195.54 km2 (75.50 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
  Total31,990
  Density163.7/km2 (424/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Area code +1-250
Website www.northcowichan.ca OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

North Cowichan (Canada 2021 Census population 31,990) is a district municipality established in 1873 on Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. The municipality is part of the Cowichan Valley Regional District. North Cowichan is noted for a landscape including forests, beaches, rivers, and lakes. The municipality encompasses the communities of Chemainus; Westholme; Crofton; Maple Bay; and "the South End". The latter is an informal name for a built-up area which is essentially a suburb of the City of Duncan, a separate municipality.

Contents

Geography

Located on the east coast of southern Vancouver Island, North Cowichan is centrally located immediately north of and adjacent to the city of Duncan and south of Ladysmith. Spanning 193.98 square kilometers, North Cowichan includes the communities of Chemainus, Crofton, Westholme, Maple Bay and the so-called "South End" which is functionally a suburb of Duncan, a separate municipality.

Geology

The last glacial period, the Fraser Glaciation occurred between 29,000 and 15,000 years ago. The glaciers that formed carved out the Cowichan Valley and left behind glaciers up to 30 metres thick. These fertile lands and mild climate have led to a history rich in agriculture. [2]

Climate

Sheltered by the mountains of the central Island and the Olympic Peninsula, North Cowichan has a temperate, Mediterranean-like climate, with mild, damp winters with little snowfall and warm, dry summers. North Cowichan is classified as a warm-summer mediterranean climate Csb by the Köppen system.

Climate data for North Cowichan
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)13.5
(56.3)
18.5
(65.3)
23.5
(74.3)
28.5
(83.3)
32.0
(89.6)
42.0
(107.6)
37.0
(98.6)
34.5
(94.1)
35
(95)
27
(81)
18
(64)
15
(59)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F)6.6
(43.9)
8.6
(47.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.9
(58.8)
18.5
(65.3)
21
(70)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
22.5
(72.5)
15.1
(59.2)
9.6
(49.3)
6.1
(43.0)
15.3
(59.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.2
(37.8)
4.3
(39.7)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59.0)
17.8
(64.0)
17.5
(63.5)
15.2
(59.4)
10.0
(50.0)
5.9
(42.6)
3.1
(37.6)
10.0
(50.0)
Average low °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
1.3
(34.3)
3.5
(38.3)
6.3
(43.3)
9.0
(48.2)
11.0
(51.8)
10.7
(51.3)
7.9
(46.2)
4.9
(40.8)
2.2
(36.0)
0.2
(32.4)
4.7
(40.5)
Record low °C (°F)−14.0
(6.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
5.0
(41.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10.5
(13.1)
−15.5
(4.1)
−15.5
(4.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)238.0
(9.37)
164.0
(6.46)
133.0
(5.24)
85.0
(3.35)
51.0
(2.01)
40.0
(1.57)
25.0
(0.98)
33.0
(1.30)
28.0
(1.10)
117.0
(4.61)
222.0
(8.74)
229.0
(9.02)
1,365
(53.75)
Source: The Weather Network [3]

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, North Cowichan had a population of 31,990 living in 13,741 of its 14,266 total private dwellings, a change of

The median family income in 2006 for North Cowichan was $62,125, which is below the British Columbia provincial average of $65,787. [5]

Ethnicity

Canada 2006 CensusPopulation % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source: [6]
Chinese 195
South Asian 1,015
Black 45
Filipino 125
Latin American 55
Southeast Asian 75
Arab 30
West Asian 0
Korean 70
Japanese 75
Other visible minority0
Mixed visible minority35
Total visible minority population1,730
Aboriginal group
Source: [7]
First Nations 1,880
Métis 0
Inuit 0
Total Aboriginal population1,880
White 23,705
Total population27,315100%

Religion

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in North Cowichan included: [8]

Communities

Transportation

North Cowichan is serviced by the Maple Bay Airport (YAQ), which offers services to Vancouver Downtown, Vancouver Airport, Ganges on Salt Spring Island and Bedwell Harbour on Pender Island. Service is provided by Saltspring Air and Harbour Air.

The British Columbia Highway 1 traverses the municipality as a four lane arterial divided highway with signals at major intersections. The speed limit varies between 80 to 90 km/h.

British Columbia Highway 18 connects North Cowichan to Lake Cowichan as a 2-lane facility with a speed limit as high as 100km/hr.

Bus service in the municipality is provided by the Cowichan Valley Regional District.

North Cowichan has embraced roundabouts at many intersections on its network of municipal roads. As of 2021 North Cowichan has 14 roundabouts.

Economy

The original economic drivers steamed from the abundance of natural resources, including the fur trade, fishing, mining, and the forest industry. Today, the forest industry, retail, construction, manufacturing, and health care are large contributors to the local economy.

Education

North Cowichan lies within the School District 79 Cowichan Valley. There are many elementary schools, and two secondary schools.

North Cowichan is served by one public post secondary educational institution, Vancouver Island University.

Media outlets

North Cowichan is served by three newspapers – the Duncan Journal, the Cowichan Valley Citizen, and the Chemainus Valley Courier. North Cowichan is also serviced by 89.7 Juice FM, a member of Vista Radio.

Attractions

North Cowichan is home to the BC Forest Discovery Centre, the Pacific Northwest Raptors Bird of Prey and Raptor Visitor Center, and the world famous Chemainus Murals.

Arts

The Cowichan Theatre hosts many performers and shows during the year. The Chemainus Theatre Festival features classic and award winning comedies, musicals and dramas.

Recreation

North Cowichan is home to many recreation centres, including the Cowichan Aquatic Centre, cowichan community Centre, Fuller Lake Arena and the Cowichan Sportsplex. North Cowichan offers numerous parks and hiking trails.

Power supply

The Vancouver Island terminal of the HVDC Vancouver-Island is found here.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cowichan Leader</span>

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References

  1. "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  2. "Geological History of Vancouver Island". CVRD. CVRD.
  3. The Weather NetworkStatistics: Duncan, BC. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  4. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  5. "British Columbia  Community Fact" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-02-15. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  6. "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  7. "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  8. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-10-26). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-11-09.