Campbell River, British Columbia

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Campbell River
Wiwek̓a̱m
City of Campbell River
PanoramicCampbellRiver.jpg
Campbell River from Discovery Passage
Nickname: 
Salmon Capital of the World.
Canada British Columbia location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Campbell River
Location of Campbell River in British Columbia
Coordinates: 50°01′28″N125°14′51″W / 50.02444°N 125.24750°W / 50.02444; -125.24750
CountryCanada
Province British Columbia
Indigenous TerritoriesLigwilda'xw
Quakiolth & Queackar Douglas Treaty groups
Region Mid-Island
Regional District Strathcona
Founded1855
Incorporated1947
Government
  TypeElected city council
  MayorKermit Dahl
   MP Rachel Blaney (NDP)
   MLA Michele Babchuk (BC NDP)
Area
   City 143.12 km2 (55.26 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2016)
   City 35,138
  Density1,143.9/km2 (2,963/sq mi)
   Metro
36,461
  Metro density20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s) 236, 250, 778, 672
Highways Highway 19
Highway 19A
Waterways Discovery Passage, Strait of Georgia
Website www.campbellriver.ca OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Campbell River, or Wiwek̓a̱m, [1] is a city in British Columbia on the east coast of Vancouver Island at the south end of Discovery Passage, which lies along the 50th parallel north along the important Inside Passage shipping route. Campbell River has a population (2016 census) of 35,138 and has long been touted as the "salmon capital of the world." Campbell River and Region are near the communities of Quadra and the Discovery Islands, Sayward, Oyster River, Gold River, Tahsis and Zeballos.

Contents

Campbell River is served by the coast-spanning Island Highway, the nearby but now defunct Island Rail Corridor, and a local airport.

History

The first settlers known in the area were members of the Island Comox and related Coast Salish peoples. During the 18th century, a migration of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwak'wala-speaking) people of the Wakashan cultural and linguistic group migrated south from the area of Fort Rupert. Establishing themselves in the Campbell River area, they enslaved and later absorbed the Comox. These newcomers became infamous as raiders of the Coast Salish peoples farther south, who are known to history as the Euclataws (also spelled Yucultas), a variant on the Laich-kwil-tach, Lekwiltok or Legwildok, which is their name for themselves. There are two subdivisions of this group, also known as the Southern Kwakiutl: the Wekayi or Weiwaikai of the Cape Mudge Indian Band on Quadra Island and the Weiwaikum of the Campbell River Band located in and around the city of Campbell River.

Captain George Vancouver reached Campbell River in 1792 aboard the ships HMS Discovery and HMS Chatham. The channel between Quadra Island and Campbell River is named Discovery Passage after HMS Discovery. The captain and his botanist, Mr Archibald Menzies, encountered a small tribe of 350 natives who spoke the Salish language. A Lekwiltok war party, heavily armed with European rifles, paddled south from Johnstone Strait in the middle of the 19th century and were in control of the area when HMS Plumper came through on a cartography mission under Captain George Henry Richards around 1859. Dr Samuel Campbell was the ship surgeon, and historians believe his name was given to the river by Richards. The community took the name "Campbell River" when its post office was constructed in 1907. [2] Likewise, the name of HMS Discovery's First Lieutenant Zachary Mudge is preserved in the nearby Cape Mudge.

Sports fishermen travelled to the area as early as the 1880s, especially after the tales from anglers such as Sir Richard Musgrave [3] [4] and Sir John Rogers. The formation of the Campbell River Tyee Club in 1924, over concern regarding over-fishing of the salmon stocks, served to popularize the area among fishermen. [5] E.P. Painter, for instance, moved to Campbell River the following year and opened his Painter's Lodge in 1929. Painter's Lodge attracted clientele from Hollywood and regular patrons included Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Commercial fishing was a large industry for many years. The town's magistrate Roderick Haig-Brown purchased a fishing cabin on Campbell River and wrote a number of books on fly fishing for both sport fishermen and conservationists.

Industrial logging took off in the 1920s with Merrill Ring and Company, Bloedel, Stewart and Welch and Comox Logging. A large forest fire started near Buttle Lake and burned much of the valley in 1938. Rock Bay, Menzies Bay, and Englewood all were big logging camps.

After 1912, Campbell River became a supply point for northern Vancouver Island, Quadra Island, and Cortes Island. [6] The E and N Railway was surveyed to Campbell River, yet it only reached Courtenay, forty miles south. In its original conception, it would have been the last leg of the transcontinental railway, which had been proposed to run down Bute Inlet after crossing the British Columbia Interior, connecting to Vancouver Island just north of Campbell River at Seymour Narrows. After the Second World War, Campbell River became a boomtown and industrial centre with the building of the John Hart Dam, Elk Falls pulp mill, and nearby mills in Tahsis and Gold River. Logging and mining in the area prospered. There is a lead zinc mine nearby as well as coal mines, while a large copper mine operated to the north.

In recent years Campbell River, about halfway up Vancouver Island, has continued to mark the boundary between the more developed south and the wild and natural areas of the northern part of the island. [7] Local fish hatcheries help to maintain salmon stocks for the fishing industry. [8]

A panoramic picture of Campbell River from the Strait of Georgia PanoramicCampbellRiver.jpg
A panoramic picture of Campbell River from the Strait of Georgia

There is uncertainty about the source of the name of the city. It is thought that the river and the city may have been named for Dr. Samuel Campbell, who was assistant surgeon aboard HMS Plumper from 1857 to 1861. [9] :37

Climate

Campbell River has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification) Csb. The most precipitation is measured in November, at 231 millimetres (9.1 in) on average. January tends to see the most snow, 15.2 centimetres (6.0 in) on average. In the winter months, occasional Arctic bursts from the interior of British Columbia can make their way to the coast, bringing temperatures below freezing. If a Pacific low reaches the coast, a large snowfall can occur. Snowfalls in excess of 45 centimetres (18 in) have been recorded in a 24-hour period, and the greatest recorded snowfall was 53.3 centimetres (1 ft 9.0 in) in 1978.

Climate data for Campbell River Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 13.916.118.628.032.443.540.940.033.427.717.915.743.5
Record high °C (°F)16.1
(61.0)
17.5
(63.5)
20.6
(69.1)
28.5
(83.3)
33.2
(91.8)
39.6
(103.3)
37.2
(99.0)
37.8
(100.0)
31.6
(88.9)
26.3
(79.3)
17.8
(64.0)
15.1
(59.2)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F)5.5
(41.9)
7.2
(45.0)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
17.0
(62.6)
20.1
(68.2)
23.0
(73.4)
23.3
(73.9)
19.8
(67.6)
13.1
(55.6)
7.7
(45.9)
4.9
(40.8)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.4
(36.3)
3.2
(37.8)
5.2
(41.4)
8.0
(46.4)
11.6
(52.9)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63.0)
13.7
(56.7)
8.6
(47.5)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
9.0
(48.2)
Average low °C (°F)−0.8
(30.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.7
(33.3)
2.8
(37.0)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52.0)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.3
(39.7)
Record low °C (°F)−23.9
(−11.0)
−17.8
(0.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.2
(28.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.2
(36.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−23.9
(−11.0)
Record low wind chill −29.7−23.4−15.5−7.6−3.90.00.00.0−4.9−11.8−26.1−24.4−29.7
Average precipitation mm (inches)217.5
(8.56)
149.5
(5.89)
140.0
(5.51)
92.1
(3.63)
68.4
(2.69)
62.9
(2.48)
39.4
(1.55)
44.6
(1.76)
55.2
(2.17)
162.2
(6.39)
231.9
(9.13)
225.7
(8.89)
1,489.3
(58.63)
Average rainfall mm (inches)194.6
(7.66)
135.5
(5.33)
128.4
(5.06)
91.6
(3.61)
68.4
(2.69)
62.9
(2.48)
39.4
(1.55)
44.6
(1.76)
55.2
(2.17)
161.0
(6.34)
222.1
(8.74)
204.2
(8.04)
1,407.8
(55.43)
Average snowfall cm (inches)23.3
(9.2)
14.4
(5.7)
11.7
(4.6)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.2
(0.5)
10.5
(4.1)
22.6
(8.9)
84.3
(33.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)20.816.419.717.115.513.79.49.39.718.421.621.2192.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)18.715.018.917.115.513.79.49.39.718.421.019.3185.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)4.33.02.70.40.00.00.00.00.00.11.84.116.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 3pm)84.975.167.859.657.257.654.455.159.174.083.386.367.9
Source: [10] [11] [12]

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Campbell River had a population of 35,519 living in 15,557 of its 16,194 total private dwellings, a change of

Ethnicity

Canada 2006 CensusPopulation % of Total Population
Visible minority group [14] Chinese 180
South Asian 85
Black 45
Filipino 240
Latin American 105
Southeast Asian 235
Arab 10
West Asian 0
Korean 35
Japanese 100
Other visible minority25
Mixed visible minority20
Total visible minority population1,100
Aboriginal group [15] First Nations 2,540
Métis 1
Inuit 0
Total Aboriginal group population2,540
European 25,730
Total population29,370100%

Religion

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in Campbell River included: [16]

Economy

Marina and Fisherman's Wharf Campbell River Fisherman's Wharf 1.jpg
Marina and Fisherman's Wharf
Campbell River Art installation, "Transformation on the shore" Transformation on the shore.jpg
Campbell River Art installation, "Transformation on the shore"

Campbell River has a variety of growing industries and small businesses suitable to an oceanside community. As of 2012 the focus of business is directed towards aquaculture, agrifoods, clean energy development, construction, creative industries, forestry, fishing, [17] health care, international education, mining, technology and tourism. [6] Elk Falls Mill, one of the largest employers in the area shut down in 2009; however, logging continues to be a significant source of employment. [6] There have been many cases of former mill employees moving away to other places with higher demands for a similar labour force, particularly Fort McMurray, Alberta.

Education

Public schools are administered by School District 72 Campbell River. North Island College has a campus in Campbell River. Campbell River has recently developed a new international program accepting students from Germany, Austria, and various other countries across Europe, South America, and Asia. Along with School District 72, there is also a private K–12 Christian school, this being Campbell River Christian School. The two public high schools are Timberline Secondary School and Carihi Secondary School. Carihi Secondary School is also a part of School District 93 Conseil scolaire francophone.

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone school in Campbell River: the école Mer-et-montagne primary school. [18]

Politics

In the House of Commons of Canada, Campbell River is represented by the riding of North Island—Powell River (Rachel Blaney, NDP). In the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Campbell River is represented by the North Island (Claire Trevena, BC NDP) riding.

The mayor of Campbell River is Kermit Dahl. He was elected on 15 October 2022. [19]

Transportation

The city is served by Campbell River Airport (YBL), Campbell River Water Aerodrome at Campbell River Harbour, a BC Ferries route to Quadra Island, [20] and an inland island highway and an oceanside island highway which connect the community to the rest of Vancouver Island. [21] Campbell River Transit System provides bus service to the city and neighbouring communities. Operated by Watson and Ash Transportation, the transit system is funded under a partnership between the City of Campbell River and BC Transit, the provincial agency that plans and manages municipal transit systems.[ citation needed ]

Movies filmed in Campbell River

Notable residents

Media

Sister City

Since 1983, Campbell River has been a sister or twinned city of Ishikari, in the Hokkaido region of Japan. This twinning was based on the importance of salmon to both cities. [23]

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References

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  4. "The Salmon Capital of the World". campbellrivertourism.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  5. "Field & Stream". Field & Stream 2007-08. 79 (2): 65. June 1974. ISSN   8755-8599.
  6. 1 2 3 Gebhart, Fred; Cass, Maxine (18 September 2002). Vancouver and British Columbia. Thomas Cook Publishing. p. 98. ISBN   978-1-84157-230-7.
  7. Susan Bowers (14 May 2004). Toads and Nettles: Memories of the North West Coast. Xlibris Corporation. p. 11. ISBN   978-1-4134-4754-5.
  8. Don Daniels, "Smolts growing in pens at Campbell River wharves will be released soon". Campbell River Mirror, 26 April 2018
  9. Akrigg, G.P.V.; Akrigg, Helen B. (1986), British Columbia Place Names (3rd, 1997 ed.), Vancouver: UBC Press, ISBN   0-7748-0636-2
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  11. "Campbell River Airport". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  12. "Daily Data Report for October 2022". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  13. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  14. "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  15. "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  16. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (26 October 2022). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  17. Jayne Seagrave (5 June 2014). Camping British Columbia and Yukon: The Complete Guide to National, Provincial, and Territorial Campgrounds. Heritage House. p. 31. ISBN   978-1-927527-60-3.
  18. "Carte des écoles Archived 5 October 2021 at archive.today ." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britanique . Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
  19. https://www.vancouverislandfreedaily.com/news/dahl-seems-poised-to-become-campbell-rivers-new-mayor/
  20. Ed Readicker-Henderson; Lynn Readicker-Henderson (2004). British Columbia: Adventure Guide. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 109. ISBN   978-1-58843-366-4.
  21. Brett McGillivray (1 January 2011). Geography of British Columbia, Third Edition: People and Landscapes in Transition. UBC Press. p. 252. ISBN   978-0-7748-4519-9.
  22. "An Essential Guide to the 'Planet of the Apes' Films". Exclaim!, 29 Jun 2017
  23. "What We Do". Campbell River Twinning Society. 17 January 2019.

Coordinates: 50°1′28″N125°14′51″W / 50.02444°N 125.24750°W / 50.02444; -125.24750