Religious Zionist Party

Last updated

Religious Zionist Party
הציונות הדתית
Chairman Bezalel Smotrich
Secretary-General Ofir Sofer
Founders Hanan Porat
Zvi Hendel
Founded1998
Dissolved2023
Split from National Religious Party
Merged into National Religious Party–Religious Zionism
HeadquartersBeit HaShenhav Building, Jerusalem, Israel
Ideology
Political position Far-right [1] [2] [9] [10] [11] [12]
National affiliation National Union (1999–2013)
The Jewish Home (2013–2019)
URWP (2019) [13]
Yamina (2019, 2020–2021)
Member parties Otzma Yehudit (formerly)
Noam (formerly)
Most MKs7 (2022)
Election symbol
ט
ط

[14]
Website
zionutdatit.org.il

The Religious Zionist Party (Hebrew : הציונות הדתית, romanized: HaTzionut HaDatit, lit. 'The Religious Zionism'), known as Tkuma (Hebrew : תקומה, lit. 'Revival') [15] until 2021 and officially known as National Union–Tkuma (Hebrew : האיחוד הלאומי-תקומה, HaIchud HaLeumi–Tkuma), [16] was a far-right, [1] [2] ultra-nationalist, [2] Jewish supremacist, [2] and religious Zionist [1] [2] political party in Israel. [17] In all the elections since its founding in 1998, the party had joined other factions and competed as part of a united list. In 2023, the Religious Zionist Party and The Jewish Home agreed to merge to become National Religious Party–Religious Zionism. [18]

Contents

History

Tkuma was established by Hanan Porat and Zvi Hendel in 1998. The pair left the National Religious Party in reaction to the Wye River Memorandum. [19] Almost immediately after the creation of Tkuma, it joined together with Moledet and Herut – The National Movement, to form the National Union, a right-wing coalition which won four seats in the 1999 elections, with only one of those seats going to Tkuma. These elections were a failure for the right-wing bloc, and were won by Ehud Barak, leaving the National Union and Tkuma in the opposition. [20] In February 2000, Yisrael Beiteinu joined the National Union, alongside Tkuma, and the two parties joined Ariel Sharon's first government in 2001. One year later, Tkuma and the rest of the National Union left Sharon's government over disagreements over the handling of the Second Intifada. For the 2003 elections, the National Union kept its alliance with Yisrael Beiteinu, with its increased support helping to win seven seats for the entire list, and two for Tkuma. The party was included in Ariel Sharon's coalition, alongside Likud, Shinui, the National Religious Party, and Yisrael BaAliyah. [21]

Because of tensions over the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip (Tkuma was ideologically opposed, and Hendel lived in the Gaza settlement of Ganei Tal), National Union ministers Binyamin Elon and Avigdor Lieberman were sacked, and the party left the coalition. However, the National Union was bolstered by the addition of Ahi, which had split off from the National Religious Party when they decided to remain in the coalition. [22]

Before the 2006 elections, the alliance between the National Union and Yisrael Beiteinu was dissolved, and a new alliance between the National Union and the National Religious Party was formed, which won nine seats, two of which were allocated to Tkuma and taken by Hendel and Uri Ariel. [23]

On 3 November 2008, ahead of the 2009 elections, Tkuma faced a crisis. The party itself announced that it would unite with Ahi, the National Religious Party, and Moledet, to form a new right-wing party, [24] which was later named the Jewish Home. However, around half of the former Tkuma members later left the new party to re-establish Tkuma and rejoin the National Union alongside Moledet, Hatikva, and Eretz Yisrael Shelanu. [25] In the elections themselves, the National Union got four seats, with Tkuma getting two seats.

Initial logo of the united list of The Jewish Home and the National Union National Union Jewish Home.png
Initial logo of the united list of The Jewish Home and the National Union

Ahead of the 2013 elections, the National Union split, with all member parties except for Tkuma splitting off to form Otzma LeYisrael, leaving Tkuma as the only party left in the National Union. Tkuma proceeded to change its name to "National Union–Tkuma", appropriating the National Union name. The party opted to run as part of the Jewish Home list for the 2013 elections. The Jewish Home won 12 seats, four of which (Ariel, Ben-Dahan, Kalfa, and Strook) were members of Tkuma. The party decided to continue its alliance with the Jewish Home for the 2015 Knesset elections, [26] taking the 2nd, 8th, 13th, and 17th spots on the joint list. [27] The Jewish Home dropped to eight seats in that election. [28]

Old logo utilized by the party as "National Union" until 2021 National Union - Tkuma logo.png
Old logo utilized by the party as "National Union" until 2021

In 2019 Bezalel Smotrich took over party leadership, winning party elections in a landslide against Ariel. [29] Ahead of the April 2019 elections, the party joined with the Jewish Home and Otzma Yehudit to create the Union of Right-Wing Parties, which won five seats in the elections, [30] two of which went to National Union–Tkuma.[ citation needed ]

Ahead of the September 2019 elections, Tkuma and the Jewish Home agreed to form an alliance with the New Right, called Yamina, [31] with Tkuma leader Smotrich receiving the third spot on the joint list. [32]

Yamina officially split on 10 October 2019 into two Knesset factions – the New Right, and the Jewish Home–National Union. [33] For the 2020 elections, Otzma Yehudit and The Jewish Home agreed on 20 December to run together, [34] in an alliance later named the United Jewish Home. [35] Smotrich was critical of the move, stating that it was unlikely that the alliance would pass the electoral threshold. [36] Tkuma, The Jewish Home, and the New Right reformed Yamina on 15 January 2020. [37] On 22 April 2020 it was reported that Yamina leader Naftali Bennett was now "considering all options" for Yamina's political future, including departing from Netanyahu's government, which had just agreed to a coalition government with the leader of the opposition Blue and White party, Benny Gantz, and joining the opposition. Bennett was said to be unhappy with the new coalition government's decision to hold back on the issue of judicial reform. [38]

On 14 May 2020 The Jewish Home's only Knesset member, Rafi Peretz, ended his status as a member of Yamina, and agreed to join Netanyahu's new government as well. [39] [40] On 15 May, Tkuma, along with the New Right, split with Netanyahu and made the Yamina alliance a member of the opposition. On 17 May 2020 Bennett met with Gantz, who also succeeded him as defence minister, and declared that the Yamina party would be a member of the opposition, with its "head held high". [41] Tkuma was renamed on 7 January, [17] while it ended its membership in Yamina on 20 January 2021. [42]

Logo used in the 2021 Knesset elections as part of the rebranding of National Union party Religious Zionist party logo 2021.svg
Logo used in the 2021 Knesset elections as part of the rebranding of National Union party

In February 2021 the party agreed to run a shared list for the 2021 Knesset elections with Noam and Otzma Yehudit. [43] The list ran under the Religious Zionist Party name and won six seats, [44] four of which were filled by Religious Zionist Party members.[ citation needed ] On 14 June, after the swearing-in of the 36th government, MK Ofir Sofer split from the Likud faction and merged into the Religious Zionist Party, increasing the number of seats held by the party to seven. He had run during the election as part of the Likud list for Knesset, as a member of Atid Ehad party, using it as a shelf party (a dormant, but still-registered, party brought back into use). [45] [46]

The Religious Zionist Party, Noam and Otzma Yehudit submitted a single list on 14 September 2022 ahead of the 2022 Israeli legislative election.In the election,the party got 516 thousands votes,equivalent to 14 seats. [47] The parties split into three parties in the Knesset on 20 November 2022. [48]

Ideology

The Religious Zionist Party is opposed to any territorial concessions to Palestinian or Syrian claims for land. Some members support the annexation of the entire West Bank, though the official policy of the Jewish Home parliamentary faction, of which the party was aligned between 2013 and 2019, only supports annexation of Area C of the West Bank, which makes up the 63% of land in the West Bank allocated to Israel in the Oslo Accords. [49] [50] The party is opposed to recognition of same-sex marriage on a religious basis. [51] The party advocates for increased funding for Torah study and religious education. [52] Jewish-American columnist David E. Rosenberg has stated that the Religious Zionist Party's "platform includes things like annexation of West Bank settlements, the expulsion of asylum-seekers, and political control of the judicial system". [2] He further described the Religious Zionist Party as a political party "driven by Jewish supremacy and anti-Arab racism". [2] The party has been assessed by The Middle East Journal as "militantly anti-Arab" and far-right. [1]

Leaders

LeaderTook officeLeft office
1 Hanan Porat (portrait).JPG Hanan Porat 19981999
2 Zvi Hendel (portrait).JPG Zvi Hendel 19992009
3 Yaakov Katz, February 2018 (6146) (cropped).jpg Ya'akov Katz 20092012
4 Ariel uri-yehuda.jpg Uri Ariel 20122019
5 Bezalel Smotrich (portrait).jpg Bezalel Smotrich 20192023

Election results

ElectionLeaderVotes%Seats+/–Status
1999 Hanan Porat Part of the National Union
1 / 120
Opposition (1999–2001)
Coalition (2001–2003)
2003 Zvi Hendel
2 / 120
Increase2.svg 1Coalition (2003–2004)
Opposition (2004–2006)
2006 Part of the NUNRP
2 / 120
Steady2.svgOpposition
2009 Ya'akov Katz Part of the National Union
2 / 120
Steady2.svgOpposition
2013 Uri Ariel Part of the Jewish Home
4 / 120
Increase2.svg 2Coalition
2015
2 / 120
Decrease2.svg 2Coalition
Apr 2019 Bezalel Smotrich Part of the URWP
2 / 120
Steady2.svgSnap election
Sep 2019 Part of Yamina
2 / 120
Steady2.svgSnap election
2020
2 / 120
Steady2.svgOpposition
2021 [lower-alpha 1] With Otzma Yehudit and Noam
4 / 120
Increase2.svg 2Opposition
2022 [lower-alpha 2]
7 / 120
Increase2.svg 3Coalition

Knesset members list

Knesset termSeatsMembers
2015–20192 Uri Ariel, Bezalel Smotrich
20192 Bezalel Smotrich, Ofir Sofer
2019–20202 Bezalel Smotrich, Ofir Sofer
2020–20212 Bezalel Smotrich, Ofir Sofer
2021–20225 Bezalel Smotrich, Michal Waldiger, Simcha Rothman, Orit Strook, Ofir Sofer [lower-alpha 3]
2022–20237 Bezalel Smotrich, Ofir Sofer, Orit Strook, Simcha Rothman, Michal Waldiger, Ohad Tal, Moshe Solomon, Zvi Sukkot (replaced Smotrich on 5 February 2023) [53]

See also

Notes

  1. Otzma Yehudit and Noam ran on the Religious Zionist Party list; the entire list won six seats, with Otzma Yehudit and Noam winning one each
  2. Otzma Yehudit and Noam ran on the Religious Zionist Party list; the entire list won fourteen seats, with Otzma Yehudit winning six and Noam winning one
  3. Joined during the Knesset term.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Union (Israel)</span> Former political alliance of right-wing and nationalist parties in Israel

The National Union was an alliance of right-wing and nationalist political parties in Israel. In its final full form, the alliance consisted of four parties: Moledet, Hatikva, Eretz Yisrael Shelanu, and Tkuma. Leading up to the 2013 Knesset elections, only Tkuma remained, and joined The Jewish Home. During its existence, it had also included Ahi, Herut – The National Movement, the Jewish National Front, and Yisrael Beiteinu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Jewish Home</span> Political party in Israel

The Jewish Home was an Orthodox Jewish, religious Zionist and far-right political party in Israel. It was originally formed by a merger of the National Religious Party, Moledet and Tkuma in November 2008. However, Moledet broke away from the party after its top representative was placed only 17th on the new party's list for the 2009 Knesset elections, and instead ran on a joint list with Hatikva. Tkuma later also left to join the National Union.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Otzma Yehudit</span> Israeli far-right political party

Otzma Yehudit or Jewish Power is a far-right political party in Israel that is generally described as Kahanist and anti-Arab. It was originally formed as Otzma LeYisrael, on 13 November 2012 by MKs Aryeh Eldad and Michael Ben-Ari, who split from the National Union to form a new party ahead of the 2013 elections.

Early legislative elections were held in Israel on 9 April 2019 to elect the 120 members of the 21st Knesset. Elections had been due in November 2019, but were brought forward following a dispute between members of the current government over a bill on national service for the ultra-Orthodox population, as well as impending corruption charges against incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yachad (political party)</span> Israeli political party

Yachad is an Orthodox Jewish political party in Israel formed by former Shas member Eli Yishai. The party combines certain groups of ultra-Orthodox Jews with some religious Zionists.

In Israeli politics, the national camp or right-wing bloc is an informal coalition of nationalist and right-wing, religious conservative political parties that since 1977 has frequently co-operated to form governments.

Snap legislative elections were held in Israel on 17 September 2019 to elect the 120 members of the 22nd Knesset. Following the previous elections in April, incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a governing coalition for a second consecutive time. On 30 May, the Knesset voted to dissolve itself and trigger new elections, in order to prevent Blue and White party leader Benny Gantz from being appointed Prime Minister-designate. This election marked the first time the Knesset voted to dissolve itself before a government had been formed.

Polling for the 17 September 2019 Israeli legislative election began on 26 May 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Right (Israel)</span> Political party in Israel

The New Right is a right-wing political party in Israel, established in December 2018 by Ayelet Shaked and Naftali Bennett. The New Right aims to be a right-wing party open to both religious and secular people. The party did not win any seats in the April 2019 election, though it won three seats in the subsequent election of September 2019, retained these in the March 2020 election and increased to seven seats in the 2021 Israeli legislative election. It is currently the sole member of the Yamina alliance.

The Union of Right-wing Parties was a short-lived electoral alliance of right-wing to far-right religious Zionist parties which included The Jewish Home, Otzma Yehudit, and Tkuma. The list was created ahead of the April 2019 Israeli legislative election, after the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, urged the Jewish Home alliance to accept Otzma Yehudit as part of its list for the April election, to avoid losing votes for the right-wing bloc. The alliance gained five seats in the April election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ofir Sofer</span> Israeli politician

Ofir Sofer is an Israeli politician. He is currently the Minister of Aliyah and Integration and a member of the Knesset for the National Religious Party–Religious Zionism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Idit Silman</span> Israeli politician

Idit Silman is an Israeli politician who currently serves as the Minister of Environmental Protection. Silman previously served as a member of the Knesset for Likud from 2022 to 2023, for Yamina from 2021 to 2022, and for the Union of Right-Wing Parties in 2019. She was the parliamentary whip of the coalition from 2021, until her resignation from the coalition on 6 April 2022, after which she maintained her Knesset seat and shifted the balance of power between coalition and opposition.

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 2 March 2020 to elect members of the twenty-third Knesset. The result was initially a stalemate, which was resolved when Likud and Blue & White reached a coalition agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, the premiership would rotate between Benjamin Netanyahu and Benny Gantz, with Gantz given the new position of Alternate Prime Minister until November 2021. These elections followed the continued political deadlock after the April and September 2019 Knesset elections.

In the run up to the 2020 Israeli legislative election, various organisations carry out opinion polling to gauge voting intention in Israel during the term of the 22nd Knesset. This article lists the results of such polls.

The September 2019 Israeli legislative election was held using closed list proportional representation. Each party presented a list of candidates to the Central Elections Committee prior to the election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Noam (political party)</span> Political party in Israel

Noam is a far-right Orthodox Jewish, Religious Zionist political party in Israel, officially established in July 2019 by a very conservative faction in the Religious Zionist community inspired by Rabbi Zvi Thau and his Har Hamor Yeshiva. The party's main goal is to advance policies against LGBT rights, and against what its backers call "the destruction of the family". Avi Maoz, the party's leader, was elected to the Knesset in 2021, and is the party's sole representative.

Yamina or Yemina was an Israeli political alliance of right-wing parties that originally included the New Right and the Union of Right-Wing Parties. The current incarnation of the alliance includes only the New Right, as The Jewish Home left the alliance on 14 July 2020, and the Religious Zionist Party left on 20 January 2021.

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 23 March 2021 to elect the 120 members of the 24th Knesset. It was the fourth Knesset election in two years, amidst the continued political deadlock following the previous three elections in April 2019, September 2019 and 2020. Yair Lapid and Naftali Bennett announced that they had formed a rotation government on 2 June 2021, which was approved on 13 June 2021.

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 1 November 2022 to elect the 120 members of the 25th Knesset. The results saw the right-wing national camp of former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu win a parliamentary majority, amid losses for left-wing and Arab parties, as well as gains by the far-right.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Religious Party–Religious Zionism</span> Israeli political party

The National Religious Party–Religious Zionism, or Mafdal–Religious Zionism, is a far-right religious Zionist political party in Israel. The party was formed in August 2023, when the Religious Zionist Party and The Jewish Home parties agreed to merge. The merger is expected to give the former Religious Zionist Party a foothold at the municipal level, while The Jewish Home will be able to wield some power after not gaining any seats in the 2022 Israeli legislative election.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Oren, Neta; Waxman, Do (2022–2023). "King Bibi" and Israeli Illiberalism: Assessing Democratic Backsliding in Israel during the Second Netanyahu Era (2009–2021)". The Middle East Journal . 76 (3). Washington, D.C.: Middle East Institute: 303–326. doi:10.3751/76.3.11. ISSN   1940-3461. LCCN   48002240. OCLC   1607025. S2CID   256106816. ... a political backlash that helped a militantly anti-Arab, far-right Religious Zionist Party to become the third-largest faction ...
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Rosenberg, David E. (30 October 2022). "What Makes Israel's Far Right Different". Foreign Policy . Washington, D.C.: Graham Holdings Company. ISSN   0015-7228. Archived from the original on 8 November 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  3. Sharon, Jeremy (10 July 2022). "Court rules online civil marriages valid, upending Israel's religious status quo". The Times of Israel . Jerusalem. ISSN   0040-7909. OCLC   1076401854. Archived from the original on 11 April 2023. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  4. Hoffman, Gil; Sharon, Jeremy (9 August 2019). "Ayelet Shaked tells "Post" about the dramatic turnaround in her career". The Jerusalem Post . ISSN   0792-822X. OCLC   15700704. Archived from the original on 14 March 2023. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  5. "Election Polls: 6-14 Seats for Bennett and Shaked's New Right-wing Party, Labor Party Crashes". Haaretz . 30 December 2018.
  6. "Israel elections: Netanyahu set for comeback with far right's help - partial results". BBC News. 1 November 2022.
  7. Krauss, Joseph (23 March 2021). "Far-right party set to gain new influence after Israeli vote". Associated Press . New York City. Archived from the original on 6 December 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  8. "Kahanism Won. Israel Is Now Closing in on a Right-wing, Religious, Authoritarian Revolution". Haaretz . Tel Aviv. 2 November 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  9. "Israel Election Poll: Far-right Party Allied With Kahanists Gains a Seat at Netanyahu's Expense". Haaretz . Tel Aviv. 14 March 2021. Archived from the original on 22 September 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2023.
  10. Boxerman, Aaron (3 June 2021). "History made as Arab Israeli Ra'am party joins Bennett-Lapid coalition". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  11. Sharon, Jeremy (25 March 2021). "Israel Elections: What is the Religious Zionist Party's agenda?". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  12. "Israel election: what could happen". euronews. 2 November 2022.
  13. Hezki Baruch (21 February 2019). ""Union of the Right-Wing Parties" submits Knesset list". Israel National News . Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  14. "הציונות הדתית בראשות בצלאל סמוטריץ'". Central Election Committee for the Knesset (in Hebrew). Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  15. "Tkuma (Revival: The First 50 Years) 22 Chapters". Amazon.com.
  16. "הציונות הדתית בראשות בצלאל סמוטריץ'". Central Election Committee for the Knesset.
  17. 1 2 Hoffman, Gil (7 January 2021). "'Post' poll shows mergers capable of bringing down Netanyahu". The Jerusalem Post . Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  18. "Religious Zionism and Jewish Home parties merge". Israel National News. 3 August 2023. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  19. "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset".
  20. "Israeli Election Results- May 1999".
  21. "Factional and Government Make-Up of the Sixteenth Knesset".
  22. Shulman, Robin (5 June 2004). "Sharon Fires Two Who Oppose Gaza Plan". The Washington Post.
  23. "Mergers and Splits Among Parliamentary Groups".
  24. Meranda, Amnon (3 November 2008). "Right-wing parties unite". Yedioth Ahronoth. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  25. Selig, Abe (24 December 2008). "Hatikva Party courts Tkuma as hard-line factions fracture". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  26. Ezra, Hezki (20 December 2014). "Tekuma Decides: No Split from Jewish Home". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  27. Avi Lewis (12 January 2015). "Jewish Home faction Tekumah selects Knesset candidates". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  28. "ועדת הבחירות המרכזית לכנסת ה-20 | תוצאות ארציות". 18 March 2015. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  29. Magid, Jacob (14 January 2019). "Hardliner Smotrich wins race to lead influential Jewish Home sub-faction". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  30. Staff writer (20 June 2019). "Far-right Otzma Yehudit accuses Jewish Home of not honoring election pact". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  31. Staff writer (12 August 2019). "United Right to run under name 'Yemina'". Arutz Sheva .
  32. Staff (29 July 2019). "New Right, United Right reach final agreement on joint run". Arutz Sheva . Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  33. Wootliff, Raoul (10 October 2019). "Yamina party officially splits into New Right, Jewish Home-National Union". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  34. Tercatin, Rossella (20 December 2019). "Religious Zionist Bayit Yehudi and far-right Otzma Yehudit to run together". The Jerusalem Post . Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  35. "Jewish Home-Otzma Yehudit alliance reveals new name, logo". The Times of Israel . 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  36. Magid, Jacob (31 December 2019). "Smotrich says he won't join Jewish Home-Otzma Yehudit merger "at any cost"". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  37. Staff writer (15 January 2020). "Bennett, Peretz, Smotrich agree to joint run without Ben Gvir". Arutz Sheva . Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  38. Wootliff, Raoul (22 April 2020). "Netanyahu speaks with Bennett as Yamina considers joining unity government". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  39. Ben Porat, Ido (15 May 2020). "Rabbi Rafi Peretz signs coalition agreement with the Likud". Arutz Sheva .
  40. Weiss, Yoni (14 May 2020). "Minister Rafi Peretz Leaves Yamina to Join New Government". Hamodia .
  41. Magid, Jacob (17 May 2020). "Yamina chair says party heading to opposition with 'head held high'". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  42. Hoffman, Gil (20 January 2021). "Bennett's Yamina party formally splits". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  43. Staff writer (3 February 2021). "Religious Zionist, Otzma Yehudit parties to run together". Arutz Sheva . Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  44. Nir Kafri; Alexandra Vardi (6 April 2021). "As anti-gay MKs sworn in, activists fear 'step backwards' on LGBT rights". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 17 October 2023.
  45. "Official: Ofir Sofer returns to the Religious Zionist Party". Srugim (in Hebrew). 14 June 2021.
  46. "Ophir Sofer returns, Yamina waiting for Shai Maimon". Arutz 7 (in Hebrew). 14 June 2021.
  47. Carrie Keller-Lynn (14 September 2022). "National Unity, Religious Zionism and Yisrael Beytenu submit final candidate lists". The Times of Israel . Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  48. "After joint run, Religious Zionism party splits into three factions". The Times of Israel . 20 November 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  49. Ahren, Raphael (12 March 2015). "From annexation to right of return: What the parties say about the Palestinians". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  50. Shamir, Michal; Rahat, Gideon (23 May 2017). The Elections in Israel 2015. Routledge. ISBN   9781351621083.
  51. Nachshoni, Kobi (3 October 2018). "Religious-Zionist rabbi: LGBT culture is a 'spreading sickness'". Yedioth Ahronoth. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  52. "About the party". zionutdatit.org.il. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  53. "Far-right Settler Leader Becomes MK Under Law to Expand Size of Government". Haaretz . 5 February 2023. Retrieved 16 October 2023.