|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Replaced by|| Chatham |
Rochester was a parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800, and finally to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one seat.
In 1918, it was split between Chatham and Gillingham. The Chatham seat became Rochester and Chatham in 1950, and then Medway in 1983. When the boroughs of Rochester upon Medway and Gillingham merged to form the larger unitary Borough of Medway in 1998, the Parliamentary constituency of Medway only covered part of the new borough, so for the 2010 election it was renamed Rochester and Strood.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1386||John Fleming||Peter Pope|
|1388 (Feb)||William Gillingham I||John Marchaunt I|
|1388 (Sep)||Richard Crowborough||Thomas White|
|1390 (Jan)||Richard Bolour||John Mateshale|
|1391||Thomas Dudmere||William Gillingham II|
|1393||William Chylynden||William Osbourne|
|1395||Richard Broke||Thomas Taverner|
|1397 (Jan)||John Plomer II||John Precy|
|1399||William Frere||John Precy|
|1401||Richard Berde||Reynold Shrewsbury|
|1402||Thomas Dudmere||Reynold Shrewsbury|
|1404 (Jan)||Thomas Dunston||William Frere|
|1404 (Oct)||Thomas Dudmere||Richard Lorkyn|
|1406||Thomas Chertsey||Reynold Shrewsbury|
|1407||John Everard I||John Bosom|
|1410||John Alcate||Thomas Chertsey|
|1411||John Everard I||Roger Landford|
|1413 (May)||John Deeping||Roger Landford|
|1414 (Nov)||John Deeping||Richard Lorkyn|
|1416 (Mar)||Robert Bury||John Potager|
|1417||Thomas Bolour||John Marchaunt III|
|1419||William Hunt I||Robert Kela|
|1420||John Draper||Thomas Turner|
|1421 (Dec)||John Deeping||John Marchaunt III|
|1510–1523||No names known|
|1529|| Nicholas Hurleston , died |
and repl. by 1533 by Edmund Page
|1545||Sir Thomas Moyle||William Roper|
|1547||Sir Thomas Moyle||William Roper|
|1553 (Mar)||Sir John Norton||Christopher Roper|
|1553 (Oct)||Sir Thomas Moyle||Robert Darknall|
|1554 (Apr)||Sir Thomas Moyle||William Roper|
|1554 (Nov)||William Roper||Edward Baeshe|
|1555||Sir George Howard||William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham|
|1558||Hugh Cartwright||Thomas Page|
|1559||Edward Baeshe||Thomas Brooke alias Cobham|
|1562/3||Edward Baeshe||Richard Watts|
|1571||William Holstock||George Catlyn|
|1572||George Catelyn|| William Partridge, sick |
and repl. 1579 by Samuel Coxe
|1584||William Brooke alias Cobham||George Byng|
|1586||William Brooke alias Cobham||William Lewin|
|1588||William Lewin||John Stanhope|
|1593||William Lewin||George Chowne|
|1597||Sir Edward Hoby||Sir Thomas Walsingham|
|1601||Sir Edward Hoby||Sir Thomas Walsingham|
|1604||Sir Edward Hoby||Sir Thomas Walsingham|
|1614||Sir Edward Hoby||Sir Anthony Aucher refused to serve |
and replaced by Sir Edwin Sandys
|1621–1622||Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)||Henry Clerke|
|1624||Maximilian Dallison||Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)|
|1625||Henry Clerke||Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)|
|1626||Henry Clerke||Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)|
|1628||Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)||William Brooke|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|Year||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|April 1640||Sir Thomas Walsingham||John Clerke|
|November 1640||Sir Thomas Walsingham||Parliamentarian||Richard Lee||Parliamentarian|
|December 1648||Lee excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant|
|1653||Rochester was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||John Parker||Rochester had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|January 1659||Peter Pett||Richard Hutchinson|
|May 1659||Sir Thomas Walsingham||One seat vacant|
|1660||Peter Pett||John Marsham|
|1661||Sir Francis Clerke||Sir William Batten|
|1667||Sir Richard Head|
|February 1679||Sir John Banks|
|August 1679||Francis Barrell|
|1681||Sir Francis Clerke|
|1689||Sir Roger Twisden|
|1690||Sir Joseph Williamson||Francis Clerke|
|1695||Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell|
|1701||Francis Barrell||William Bokenham|
|1702||Edward Knatchbull||William Cage|
|1705||Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell||Admiral Sir Stafford Fairborne|
|1708||Admiral Sir John Leake|
|1715||Sir Thomas Palmer, Bt||Admiral Sir John Jennings|
|1724||Sir Thomas Colby|
|1734||Admiral Nicholas Haddock|
|1741||Admiral Edward Vernon|
|1746||Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle|
|1751||Admiral The Hon. John Byng|
|1757||Admiral Isaac Townsend|
|1764||Admiral Sir Charles Hardy|
|1768||John Calcraft||Whig||William Gordon||Tory|
|1771||Admiral Thomas Pye||Tory|
|1784||Captain Sir Charles Middleton||Whig||Nathaniel Smith||Whig|
|1790||George Best||Tory||Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton||Tory|
|1794||Admiral Sir Richard King||Tory|
|1796||Hon. Henry Tufton||Whig|
|1802||Captain Sir Sidney Smith||Tory||James Hulkes||Whig|
|1806||John Calcraft||Whig||James Barnett||Whig|
|1807||Sir Thomas Thompson||Tory|
|1826||Captain Henry Dundas||Tory|
|1841||James Douglas Stoddart Douglas||Conservative||William Bodkin||Conservative|
|1847||Ralph Bernal||Whig||Thomas Hodges||Whig|
|1852||Hon. Francis Child Villiers||Conservative||Sir Thomas Maddock||Conservative|
|1856 by-election||Philip Wykeham Martin||Radical|
|1857||John Alexander Kinglake||Radical|
|1870 by-election||Julian Goldsmid||Liberal|
|1878 by-election||Sir Arthur Otway||Liberal|
|1885||Representation reduced to one-member|
|1889 by-election||Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen||Liberal|
|1893 by-election||James Gascoyne-Cecil||Conservative|
|1903 by-election||Charles Tuff||Conservative|
|1910||Samuel Forde Ridley||Conservative|
|1910||Sir Ernest Lamb||Liberal|
|1918||constituency abolished: see Chatham and Gillingham|
|Tory||George Child Villiers||417||35.2|
|Registered electors||c. 1,050|
|Registered electors||c. 1,050|
|Whig||George Lewes Newnham Collingwood||293||29.4|
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||443||31.9||+2.5|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
|Conservative||James Douglas Stoddart Douglas||445||24.5||+8.6|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative||James Douglas Stoddart Douglas||541||26.7||+2.2|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||−4.4|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||−4.5|
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||617||28.3||+4.2|
|Conservative||James Douglas Stoddart Douglas||462||21.2||−5.5|
|Turnout||1,090 (est)||75.1 (est)||−14.4|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.6|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.3|
|Conservative||Francis Child Villiers||584||26.7||+5.4|
|Conservative||Thomas Herbert Maddock||581||26.6||+5.4|
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||507||23.2||−5.1|
|Turnout||1,093 (est)||86.1 (est)||+11.0|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+5.4|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+5.4|
Villiers resigned, causing a by-election.
|Radical||Philip Wykeham Martin||560||52.9||+6.2|
|Radical gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.2|
|Radical||Philip Wykeham Martin||Unopposed|
|Radical||John Alexander Kinglake||Unopposed|
|Radical gain from Conservative|
|Radical gain from Conservative|
|Liberal||Philip Wykeham Martin||665||28.6||N/A|
|Liberal||John Alexander Kinglake||662||28.5||N/A|
|Conservative||George Henry Money||505||21.7||N/A|
|Turnout||1,163 (est)||81.9 (est)||N/A|
|Liberal||Philip Wykeham Martin||855||41.5||+12.9|
|Liberal||John Alexander Kinglake||792||38.4||+9.9|
|Turnout||1,238 (est)||84.9 (est)||+3.0|
|Liberal||Philip Wykeham Martin||1,458||42.1||+0.6|
|Liberal||John Alexander Kinglake||1,305||37.7||−0.7|
|Turnout||2,085 (est)||81.1 (est)||−3.8|
Kinglake's death caused a by-election.
|Ind. Conservative||Charles James Fox||550||35.8||N/A|
|Liberal||Philip Wykeham Martin||1,206||37.9||−4.2|
|Turnout||2,010 (est)||75.1 (est)||−6.0|
Martin's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Walter Scott Seton-Karr||1,004||43.9||+17.7|
|Conservative||Walter Scott Seton-Karr||1,312||23.9||+10.8|
|Turnout||2,748 (est)||90.8 (est)||+15.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+12.3|
|Liberal||John Passmore Edwards||1,386||46.0||−4.7|
|Liberal||Francis Flint Belsey||1,353||45.8||-0.2|
Hughes-Hallett resigned, causing a by-election.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.4|
|Liberal||Frederic Brunning Maddison||1,712||44.7||−1.1|
Davies was unseated on petition, causing a by-election.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative||Samuel Forde Ridley||2,675||51.3||+6.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.9|
|Conservative||Samuel Forde Ridley||2,456||48.5||-2.8|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.8|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
Canterbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Rosie Duffield of the Labour Party.
Lincoln is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Karl McCartney, a Conservative Party politician.
Medway was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom between 1983 and 2010. A previous constituency of the same name existed from 1885 to 1918.
Reigate is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.
Dumfries Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP).
Newport was a parliamentary borough located in Newport, which was abolished in for the 1885 general election. It was occasionally referred to by the alternative name of Medina.
Maidstone was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Kirkcudbright Stewartry, later known as Kirkcudbright or Kirkcudbrightshire, was a Scottish constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It was represented by one Member of Parliament (MP).
Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.
Hythe was a constituency centred on the town of Hythe in Kent. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons until 1832, when its representation was reduced to one member. The constituency was abolished for the 1950 general election, and replaced with the new Folkestone and Hythe constituency.
Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.
Hastings was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one member. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Hastings and Rye constituency.
Chatham was a parliamentary constituency in Kent which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 1832 general election, when the borough of Chatham was enfranchised under the Reform Act 1832.
Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting solely of the town of Tavistock; it returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member. From 1885, the name was transferred to a single-member county constituency covering a much larger area.
Southampton was a parliamentary constituency which was represented in the British House of Commons. Centred on the town of Southampton, it returned two members of parliament (MPs) from 1295 until it was abolished for the 1950 general election.
West Kent was a county constituency in Kent in South East England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
East Kent was a county constituency in Kent in South East England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a borough constituency in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England to 1706 then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.
Leicester was a parliamentary borough in Leicestershire, which elected two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1918, when it was split into three single-member divisions.
Sandwich was a parliamentary constituency in Kent, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1366 until 1885, when it was disfranchised for corruption.
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.