Rochester (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Rochester
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Kent
1295–1918
Number of members1295–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Replaced by Chatham
Gillingham

Rochester was a parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800, and finally to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one seat.

Contents

In 1918, it was split between Chatham and Gillingham. The Chatham seat became Rochester and Chatham in 1950, and then Medway in 1983. When the boroughs of Rochester upon Medway and Gillingham merged to form the larger unitary Borough of Medway in 1998, the Parliamentary constituency of Medway only covered part of the new borough, so for the 2010 election it was renamed Rochester and Strood.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1386 John Fleming Peter Pope [1]
1388 (Feb) William Gillingham I John Marchaunt I [1]
1388 (Sep) Richard Crowborough Thomas White [1]
1390 (Jan) Richard Bolour John Mateshale [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Thomas Dudmere William Gillingham II [1]
1393 William Chylynden William Osbourne [1]
1394
1395 Richard Broke Thomas Taverner [1]
1397 (Jan) John Plomer II John Precy [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 William Frere John Precy [1]
1401 Richard Berde Reynold Shrewsbury [1]
1402 Thomas Dudmere Reynold Shrewsbury [1]
1404 (Jan) Thomas Dunston William Frere [1]
1404 (Oct) Thomas Dudmere Richard Lorkyn [1]
1406 Thomas Chertsey Reynold Shrewsbury [1]
1407 John Everard I John Bosom [1]
1410 John Alcate Thomas Chertsey [1]
1411 John Everard I Roger Landford [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Deeping Roger Landford [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Deeping Richard Lorkyn [1]
1415
1416 (Mar) Robert Bury John Potager [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Bolour John Marchaunt III [1]
1419 William Hunt I Robert Kela [1]
1420 John Draper Thomas Turner [1]
1421 (May)
1421 (Dec) John Deeping John Marchaunt III [1]
1510–1523No names known [2]
1529 Nicholas Hurleston , died
and repl. by 1533 by
Edmund Page
Robert Fisher [2]
1536?
1539?
1542?
1545 Sir Thomas Moyle William Roper [2]
1547 Sir Thomas Moyle William Roper [2]
1553 (Mar)Sir John Norton Christopher Roper [2]
1553 (Oct) Sir Thomas Moyle Robert Darknall [2]
1554 (Apr) Sir Thomas Moyle William Roper [2]
1554 (Nov) William Roper Edward Baeshe [2]
1555 Sir George Howard William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham [2]
1558 Hugh Cartwright Thomas Page [2]
1559 Edward Baeshe Thomas Brooke alias Cobham [3]
1562/3 Edward Baeshe Richard Watts [3]
1571 William Holstock George Catlyn [3]
1572 George Catelyn William Partridge, sick
and repl. 1579 by
Samuel Coxe [3]
1584 William Brooke alias Cobham George Byng [3]
1586 William Brooke alias Cobham William Lewin [3]
1588 William Lewin John Stanhope [3]
1593 William Lewin George Chowne [3]
1597 Sir Edward Hoby Sir Thomas Walsingham [3]
1601 Sir Edward Hoby Sir Thomas Walsingham [3]
1604 Sir Edward Hoby Sir Thomas Walsingham
1614 Sir Edward Hoby Sir Anthony Aucher refused to serve
and replaced by
Sir Edwin Sandys
1621–1622 Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger) Henry Clerke
1624 Maximilian Dallison Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)
1625 Henry Clerke Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)
1626 Henry Clerke Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger)
1628 Sir Thomas Walsingham (younger) William Brooke
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1885

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 Sir Thomas Walsingham John Clerke
November 1640 Sir Thomas Walsingham Parliamentarian Richard Lee Parliamentarian
December 1648Lee excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653Rochester was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 John Parker Rochester had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656
January 1659 Peter Pett Richard Hutchinson
May 1659 Sir Thomas Walsingham One seat vacant
1660 Peter Pett John Marsham
1661 Sir Francis Clerke Sir William Batten
1667 Sir Richard Head
February 1679 Sir John Banks
August 1679 Francis Barrell
1681 Sir Francis Clerke
1689 Sir Roger Twisden
1690 Sir Joseph Williamson Francis Clerke
1691 Caleb Banks
1695 Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell
1701 Francis Barrell William Bokenham
1702 Edward Knatchbull William Cage
1705 Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell Admiral Sir Stafford Fairborne
1708 Admiral Sir John Leake
1710 William Cage
1715 Sir Thomas Palmer, Bt Admiral Sir John Jennings
1724 Sir Thomas Colby
1727 David Polhill Whig
1734 Admiral Nicholas Haddock
1741 Admiral Edward Vernon [4]
1743 David Polhill Whig
1746 Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle
1751 Admiral The Hon. John Byng
1754 Nicholas Haddock
1757 Admiral Isaac Townsend
1761 Viscount Parker
1764 Admiral Sir Charles Hardy
1765 Grey Cooper Tory [5]
1768 John Calcraft Whig [5] William Gordon Tory [5]
1771 Admiral Thomas Pye Tory [5]
1772 George Finch-Hatton Tory [5]
1774 Robert Gregory Whig [5]
1784 Captain Sir Charles Middleton [6] Whig [5] Nathaniel Smith Whig [5]
1790 George Best Tory [5] Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton Tory [5]
1792 Nathaniel Smith Whig [5]
1794 Admiral Sir Richard King Tory
1796 Hon. Henry Tufton Whig [5]
1802 Captain Sir Sidney Smith [7] Tory [5] James Hulkes Whig [5]
1806 John Calcraft Whig [5] James Barnett Whig [5]
1807 Sir Thomas Thompson Tory [5]
1816 James Barnett Whig [5]
1818 Lord Binning Tory [5]
1820 Ralph Bernal Whig [5] [8] [9] [10] [11]
1826 Captain Henry Dundas Tory [5]
1830 George Villiers Tory [5]
1831 John Mills Tory [5]
1834 Conservative
1835 Thomas Hodges Whig [5] [12] [13] [14]
1837 Thomas Hobhouse Radical [15] [16]
1841 James Douglas Stoddart Douglas Conservative [5] William Bodkin Conservative [5]
1847 Ralph Bernal Whig [5] [8] [9] [10] [11] Thomas Hodges Whig [5] [12] [13] [14]
1852 Hon. Francis Child Villiers Conservative [17] Sir Thomas Maddock Conservative [17]
1856 by-election Philip Wykeham Martin Radical [18] [19] [20]
1857 John Alexander Kinglake Radical [21]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1870 by-election Julian Goldsmid Liberal
1878 by-election Sir Arthur Otway Liberal
1880 Roger Leigh Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one-member

MPs 1885–1918

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Francis Hughes-Hallett Conservative
1889 by-election Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen Liberal
1892 Horatio Davies Conservative
1893 by-election James Gascoyne-Cecil Conservative
1903 by-election Charles Tuff Conservative
1906 Ernest Lamb Liberal
1910 Samuel Forde Ridley Conservative
1910 Sir Ernest Lamb Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Chatham and Gillingham

Elections

Decades:

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1830: Rochester [5] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Bernal 42936.2
Tory George Child Villiers 41735.2
Tory John Mills 33928.6
Turnout 778c.74.1
Registered electors c.1,050
Majority121.0
Whig hold Swing
Majority786.6
Tory hold Swing
General election 1831: Rochester [5] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Whig Ralph Bernal Unopposed
Tory John Mills Unopposed
Registered electors c.1,050
Whig hold
Tory hold
General election 1832: Rochester [5] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Whig Ralph Bernal 35435.5
Tory John Mills 35035.1
Whig George Lewes Newnham Collingwood29329.4
Turnout 65066.8
Registered electors 973
Majority40.4
Whig hold
Majority575.7
Tory hold
General election 1835: Rochester [5] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Bernal 50236.2+0.7
Whig Thomas Twisden Hodges 44331.9+2.5
Conservative Charles Wellesley 44231.93.2
Majority10.00.4
Turnout 87390.3+23.5
Registered electors 967
Whig hold Swing +1.2
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +2.1
General election 1837: Rochester [5] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Bernal 48926.941.2
Radical Thomas Hobhouse 47326.0N/A
Conservative James Douglas Stoddart Douglas 44524.5+8.6
Conservative Thomas Best [23] 41222.6+6.7
Turnout 91390.00.3
Registered electors 1,015
Majority160.9+0.9
Whig hold Swing 28.3
Majority281.5N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Rochester [17] [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Douglas Stoddart Douglas 54126.7+2.2
Conservative William Bodkin 49924.6+2.0
Whig William Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 49724.5+11.1
Whig Francis Dashwood [24] [25] 48924.1+10.7
Majority20.1N/A
Turnout 1,01989.50.5
Registered electors 1,139
Conservative gain from Radical Swing 4.4
Conservative gain from Whig Swing 4.5
General election 1847: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Bernal 63729.2+4.7
Whig Thomas Twisden Hodges 61728.3+4.2
Conservative William Bodkin 46421.33.3
Conservative James Douglas Stoddart Douglas 46221.25.5
Majority1537.0N/A
Turnout 1,090 (est)75.1 (est)14.4
Registered electors 1,451
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +4.6
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +4.3

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Child Villiers 58426.7+5.4
Conservative Thomas Herbert Maddock 58126.6+5.4
Whig Ralph Bernal 51423.55.7
Whig Thomas Twisden Hodges 50723.25.1
Majority673.1N/A
Turnout 1,093 (est)86.1 (est)+11.0
Registered electors 1,269
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +5.4
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +5.4

Villiers resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 8 February 1856: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical Philip Wykeham Martin 56052.9+6.2
Conservative William Bodkin 49947.16.2
Majority615.8N/A
Turnout 1,05990.5+4.4
Registered electors 1,170
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +6.2
General election 1857: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical Philip Wykeham Martin Unopposed
Radical John Alexander Kinglake Unopposed
Registered electors 1,180
Radical gain from Conservative
Radical gain from Conservative
General election 1852: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Philip Wykeham Martin 66528.6N/A
Liberal John Alexander Kinglake 66228.5N/A
Conservative George Henry Money [26] 50521.7N/A
Conservative George Mitchell [27] 49321.2N/A
Majority1576.8N/A
Turnout 1,163 (est)81.9 (est)N/A
Registered electors 1,419
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Philip Wykeham Martin 85541.5+12.9
Liberal John Alexander Kinglake 79238.4+9.9
Conservative Alfred Smee41420.122.8
Majority37818.3+11.5
Turnout 1,238 (est)84.9 (est)+3.0
Registered electors 1,458
Liberal hold Swing +12.4
Liberal hold Swing +10.7
General election 1868: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Philip Wykeham Martin 1,45842.1+0.6
Liberal John Alexander Kinglake 1,30537.70.7
Conservative Alfred Smee70320.3+0.2
Majority60217.40.9
Turnout 2,085 (est)81.1 (est)3.8
Registered electors 2,569
Liberal hold Swing +0.3
Liberal hold Swing 0.4

Elections in the 1870s

Kinglake's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 19 Jul 1870: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Julian Goldsmid 98764.215.6
Ind. Conservative Charles James Fox [28] 55035.8N/A
Majority43728.4+11.0
Turnout 1,53759.821.3
Registered electors 2,571
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1874: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Philip Wykeham Martin 1,20637.94.2
Liberal Julian Goldsmid 1,14435.91.8
Conservative Alfred Smee [29] 83526.2+5.9
Majority3099.77.7
Turnout 2,010 (est)75.1 (est)6.0
Registered electors 2,676
Liberal hold Swing 3.6
Liberal hold Swing 2.4

Martin's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 14 Jun 1878: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Arthur Otway 1,28456.117.7
Conservative Walter Scott Seton-Karr [30] 1,00443.9+17.7
Majority28012.2+2.5
Turnout 2,28880.8+5.7
Registered electors 2,832
Liberal hold Swing 17.7

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Rochester [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Arthur Otway 1,49727.210.7
Conservative Roger Leigh 1,39325.3+12.2
Conservative Walter Scott Seton-Karr [30] 1,31223.9+10.8
Liberal Julian Goldsmid 1,29423.512.4
Turnout 2,748 (est)90.8 (est)+15.7
Registered electors 3,026
Majority1041.97.8
Liberal hold Swing 10.8
Majority180.3N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +12.3
Edwards John Passmore Edwards by George Frederic Watts.jpg
Edwards
General election 1885: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Hughes-Hallett 1,62754.0+4.8
Liberal John Passmore Edwards 1,38646.04.7
Majority2418.0+7.7
Turnout 3,01391.2+0.4 (est)
Registered electors 3,304
Conservative hold Swing +4.7
General election 1886: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Hughes-Hallett 1,60254.2+0.2
Liberal Francis Flint Belsey 1,35345.8-0.2
Majority2498.4+0.4
Turnout 2,95589.4-1.8
Registered electors 3,304
Conservative hold Swing +0.2

Hughes-Hallett resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 16 Apr 1889: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen 1,65551.2+5.4
Conservative Horatio Davies 1,58048.8-5.4
Majority752.4N/A
Turnout 3,23591.1+1.7
Registered electors 3,550
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.4

Elections in the 1890s

Davies Horatio Davies.jpg
Davies
General election 1892: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Horatio Davies 2,11955.3+1.1
Liberal Frederic Brunning Maddison [32] 1,71244.71.1
Majority40710.6+2.2
Turnout 3,83191.0+1.6
Registered electors 4,211
Conservative hold Swing +1.1

Davies was unseated on petition, causing a by-election.

Cranborne James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg
Cranborne
1893 Rochester by-election [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Gascoyne-Cecil Unopposed
Conservative hold
Grenfell 1910 Cecil Grenfell MP.jpg
Grenfell
General election 1895: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Gascoyne-Cecil 2,15256.3+1.0
Liberal Cecil Grenfell 1,67343.71.0
Majority47912.6+2.0
Turnout 3,82587.43.6
Registered electors 4,378
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Rochester [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Gascoyne-Cecil Unopposed
Conservative hold
Johnston Portrait of Harry Johnston.jpg
Johnston
1903 Rochester by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Tuff 2,50455.8N/A
Liberal Harry Johnston 1,98344.2N/A
Majority52111.6N/A
Turnout 4,48786.2N/A
Registered electors 5,206
Conservative hold
Lamb 1910 Ernest Lamb.jpg
Lamb
General election 1906: Rochester [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Ernest Lamb 2,96755.6N/A
Conservative Charles Tuff 2,37444.4N/A
Majority59311.2N/A
Turnout 5,34192.7N/A
Registered electors 5,763
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

Forde Ridley Forde Ridley.jpg
Forde Ridley
General election January 1910: Rochester [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Samuel Forde Ridley 2,67551.3+6.9
Liberal Ernest Lamb 2,54348.7-6.9
Majority1322.613.8
Turnout 92.7+0.0
Registered electors 5,629
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.9
General election December 1910: Rochester [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Ernest Lamb 2,60951.5+2.8
Conservative Samuel Forde Ridley 2,45648.5-2.8
Majority1533.65.6
Turnout 90.0-2.7
Registered electors 5,629
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.8

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

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Coordinates: 51°23′N0°30′E / 51.383°N 0.500°E / 51.383; 0.500