Soyuz Station

Last updated
Soyuz Station

База Союз
Antarctica relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Soyuz Station
Location of Soyus Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 70°35′00″S68°48′00″E / 70.583333°S 68.8°E / -70.583333; 68.8 Coordinates: 70°35′00″S68°48′00″E / 70.583333°S 68.8°E / -70.583333; 68.8
CountryFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Location in Antarctica Mac. Robertson Land
Prydz Bay
Lars Christensen Coast
Administered by Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Established3 December 1982 (1982-12-03)
360 m (1,180 ft)
Time zone UTC+5
Website Antarctic Research and Investigation

Soyuz Station is a Russian (formerly Soviet) Antarctic research station, located on the shores of Beaver Lake, 260 km of Prydz Bay on the Lars Christensen Coast of the Mac Robertson Land in East Antarctica.


Location and climate

The station is located on the eastern shore of Beaver Lake, in the Amery Oasis, about 260 km from the coast of the Prydz Bay. Temperatures in the summer season vary from -25 to 3.5 °C, [1] the wind blows at a speed of 5–9 m/s, reaches a maximum of 20–25 m/s (in gusts up to 30 m/s). The weather is most favorable for work in December and January, when snowstorms are the rarest.


The Soyuz station was opened on December 3, 1982, during the 28th Soviet Antarctic expedition as a support base for prospecting in the Prince Charles Mountains during the summer season. [2] [3] Scientists stationed in it conducted geological and geophysical research. Meteorological research was also regularly conducted there, mainly for the needs of aviation. The more accessible Družnaja 4 Station, located on the coast, provided logistical support for the Soyuz station. The station was closed on February 28, 1989, in connection with the changes accompanying the collapse of the USSR. Since 2007, it was planned to restore some work at the station, [4] after some reconditioning work was done in summer 2006–2007. [5] The Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs website reported it as a summer base in 2014. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Davis Station Antarctic base in Australian Antarctic Territory

The Davis Station, commonly called Davis, is one of three permanent bases and research outposts in Antarctica managed by the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD). Davis is situated on the coast of Cooperation Sea in Princess Elizabeth Land, Ingrid Christensen Coast in the Australian Antarctic Territory, a territory claimed by Australia. Davis lies in the Antarctic oasis, a remarkable ice free area known as the Vestfold Hills.

Vostok Station Russian research station in Antarctica

Vostok Station is a Russian research station in inland Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica. Founded by the Soviet Union in 1957, the station lies at the southern Pole of Cold, with the lowest reliably measured natural temperature on Earth of −89.2 °C. Research includes ice core drilling and magnetometry. Vostok was named after Vostok, the lead ship of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition captained by Fabian von Bellingshausen. The Bellingshausen Station was named after this captain..

Showa Station (Antarctica) Antarctic base

Showa Station, sometimes alternately spelled Syowa Station, is a Japanese permanent research station on East Ongul Island in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica. Built in 1957, Showa Station is named for the era in the Japanese calendar during which it was established, the Shōwa period.

Molodyozhnaya Station (Antarctica) Antarctic station

Molodyozhnaya was a Soviet, then Russian research station in East Antarctica at 67°40′S 45°50′E. After being mothballed in 1990, it was reopened in 2006 to operate on a seasonal basis. In Russian, the station is sometimes referred to as the capital of Antarctica.

Mac. Robertson Land

Mac. Robertson Land is the portion of Antarctica lying southward of the coast between William Scoresby Bay and Cape Darnley. It is located at 70°00′S65°00′E. In the east, Mac. Robertson Land includes the Prince Charles Mountains. It was named by the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) (1929-1931), under Sir Douglas Mawson, after Sir Macpherson Robertson of Melbourne, a patron of the expedition.

Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station Antarctic base in King George Island

Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station is a Polish research station on King George Island, off the coast of Antarctica.

Mirny Station Antarctic station in Australian Antarctic Territory

The Mirny Station is a Russian first Antarctic science station located in Queen Mary Land, Antarctica, on the Antarctic coast of the Davis Sea.

Bellingshausen Station Antarctic base

Bellingshausen Station is a Russian Antarctic station at Collins Harbour, on King George Island of the South Shetland Islands. It was one of the first research stations founded by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1968. It is also the location of Trinity Church, the only permanently staffed Eastern Orthodox church in Antarctica.

Novolazarevskaya Station Antarctic station

Novolazarevskaya Station is a Russian, formerly Soviet, Antarctic research station. The station is located at Schirmacher Oasis, Queen Maud Land, 75 km from the Antarctic coast, from which it is separated by Lazarev Ice Shelf. It was opened on January 18, 1961 by the 6th Soviet Antarctic Expedition. The maximum summer population is 70.

Leningradskaya Station Antarctic base

Leningradskaya station is a Russian Antarctic research station, located in the northern shore of Victoria Land, at the Oates Coast. It was opened on February 25, 1971 by the members of the 15th Soviet Antarctic Expedition. It closed in 1991, but during its lifetime was host to studies of meteorology, Earth magnetism, oceanology and glaciology.

Russkaya Station Antarctic station

The Russkaya Station was a former Soviet and Russian Antarctic research station that was located on the Ruppert Coast, in Marie Byrd Land in Western Antarctica. The station was proposed in 1973 and approved in 1978. Construction began the next year and it was opened on March 9, 1980 and officially abandoned in 1990.

Teniente Luis Carvajal Villaroel Antarctic Base Antarctic base

The Teniente Luis Carvajal Villaroel Antarctic Base is a non-permanent seasonal Chilean Antarctic base located on the south-west tip of Adelaide Island, in Graham Land off the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula in the Chilean region of Magallanes.

The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, or AARI is the oldest and largest Russian research institute in the field of comprehensive studies of Arctic and Antarctica. It is located in Saint Petersburg.

Progress Station Antarctic station

Progress is a Russian research station in Antarctica. It is located at the Larsemann Hills antarctic oasis on the shore of Prydz Bay.

Tor (research station) Antarctic base

Tor research station is a Norwegian Antarctic research station in Queen Maud Land.

Great Wall Station (Antarctica) Antarctic base

The Great Wall Station is the first Chinese research station in Antarctica and opened on 20 February 1985. It lies on the Fildes Peninsula on King George Island, and is about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the Chilean Frei Montalva Station, and 960 kilometres (600 mi) from Cape Horn. The station is sited on ice-free rock, about 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level.

Captain Arturo Prat Base Antarctic base

Captain Arturo Prat Base is a Chilean Antarctic research station located at Iquique Cove, Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.

Zhongshan Station (Antarctica) Antarctic base

Zhongshan Station is the second Chinese research station in Antarctica and was opened on February 26, 1989.

Many Antarctic research stations support satellite field camps which are, in general, seasonal camps. The type of field camp can vary – some are permanent structures used during the annual Antarctic summer, whereas others are little more than tents used to support short term activities. Field camps are used for many things, from logistics to dedicated scientific research.

<i>Mirny</i> (sloop-of-war)

Mirny was a 20-gun sloop-of-war of the Imperial Russian Navy, the second ship of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1819–1821, during which Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev circumnavigated the globe, discovered the continent of Antarctica and twice circumnavigated it, and discovered a number of islands and archipelagos in the Southern Ocean and the Pacific.


  1. "Geographical review — Soyuz station". (in Russian). Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  2. "Российские Станции в Антарктике". (in Russian). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  3. L.I. Dubrovin. "Л.И.Дубровин Советские Антарктические экспедиции". (in Russian). Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  4. Anna Novak (11 March 2006). "Из Петербурга к берегам Антарктиды выйдет научно-экспедиционное судно" (in Russian). Saint Petersburg: RIA Novosti . Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  5. "52-я Российская Антарктическая Экспедиция 2006-2008". (in Russian). Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  6. "Antarctic Facilities". Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2019.