Thomaston, Alabama

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Thomaston, Alabama
Marengo County Alabama Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thomaston Highlighted 0175936.svg
Location in Marengo County, Alabama
Coordinates: 32°16′10″N87°37′30″W / 32.26944°N 87.62500°W / 32.26944; -87.62500
Country United States
State Alabama
County Marengo
Area
[1]
  Total2.01 sq mi (5.2 km2)
  Land2.01 sq mi (5.2 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
187 ft (57 m)
Population
 (2020) [2]
  Total326
  Density161.95/sq mi (62.53/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36783
Area code 334
FIPS code 01-75936
GNIS feature ID0127881
Website townofthomaston.com
The Thomaston Colored Institute in Thomaston. On the National Register of Historic Places. Thomaston Colored Institute 02.JPG
The Thomaston Colored Institute in Thomaston. On the National Register of Historic Places.

Thomaston is a town in Marengo County, Alabama, United States. At the 2020 census the population was 326, [2] down from 417 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

Thomaston was platted in 1901 when the railroad was extended to that point. [3] Thomaston was named for C. B. Thomas, a town promoter. [3] A post office called Thomaston has been in operation since 1892. [4] It was incorporated on November 15, 1901. [5]

Historic sites

Thomaston has one historic district, the Thomaston Central Historic District, which encompasses the core of the town. Additionally, there are three individually listed properties on the National Register of Historic Places: the Thomaston Colored Institute, C. S. Golden House, and Patrick Farrish House. [6] The town is home to the Alabama Rural Heritage Center, and the Thomaston Community Market, (both now defunct), both community projects of Auburn University's Rural Studio. Thomaston is also home to the Alabama Whitetail Records Museum.

Geography

Thomaston is located in eastern Marengo County at 32°16′10″N87°37′30″W / 32.269495°N 87.624865°W / 32.269495; -87.624865 . [7] Alabama State Route 28 (Second Avenue) passes through the town, leading west 11 miles (18 km) to Linden, the county seat, and southeast 30 miles (48 km) to Camden. State Route 25 (Range Street) crosses SR 28 in the center of town and leads north 32 miles (51 km) to Greensboro and south 29 miles (47 km) to Thomasville.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Thomaston has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land. The town drains west to Michigan Creek, which flows north to Chickasaw Bogue and is part of the Tombigbee River watershed.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1910 309
1920 37220.4%
1930 3771.3%
1940 345−8.5%
1950 1,027197.7%
1960 857−16.6%
1970 824−3.9%
1980 679−17.6%
1990 497−26.8%
2000 383−22.9%
2010 4178.9%
2020 326−21.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
2013 Estimate [9]

2020 census

Thomaston town, Alabama – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [10] Pop 2020 [11] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)18316443.88%50.31%
Black or African American alone (NH)22215953.24%48.77%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)601.44%0.00%
Asian alone (NH)200.48%0.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)000.00%0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH)000.00%0.00%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)330.72%0.92%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)100.24%0.00%
Total417326100.00%100.00%

As of the census of 2000, there were 383 people, 163 households, and 105 families residing in the town. The population density was 190.3 inhabitants per square mile (73.5/km2). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 105.3 per square mile (40.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 50.13% Black or African American, 48.56% White, and 1.31% from two or more races. 2.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 163 households, out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,972, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $32,404 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,390. About 22.1% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.2% of those under age 18 and 33.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Amelia L. Johnson High School is a small public school in Thomaston serving students from PK to high school. It is one of three high schools in Marengo County. Most of its students are African American and economically disadvantaged. [12]

Government

Thomaston is governed by an elected mayor and council of five. Police protection is provided by the Thomaston Police Department. Thomaston has a small volunteer fire department. A rural health clinic is located in Thomaston and can handle small emergencies. It is open weekdays to offer medical care.

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References

  1. "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  2. 1 2 "Thomaston town, Alabama: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  3. 1 2 Jones, Joel D. (September 21, 2006). "French colonists settled Linden when it became county seat". Sep 21, 2006. The Democrat-Reporter. p. 2. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  4. "Marengo County". Postalhistory.com. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  5. "Old L&N Depot at Thomaston, AL (built c. 1900-1901, listed on the NRHP)". RuralSWAlabama.org. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  6. "Alabama: Marengo County". Nationalhistoricalregister.com. Retrieved March 5, 2008.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  10. "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Thomaston town, Alabama". United States Census Bureau .
  11. "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Thomaston town, Alabama". United States Census Bureau .
  12. "Amelia L. Johnson High School". Usnews.com. Retrieved February 1, 2022.