Thomaston, Alabama

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Thomaston, Alabama
Marengo County Alabama Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thomaston Highlighted 0175936.svg
Location of Thomaston in Marengo County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 32°16′10″N87°37′30″W / 32.26944°N 87.62500°W / 32.26944; -87.62500 Coordinates: 32°16′10″N87°37′30″W / 32.26944°N 87.62500°W / 32.26944; -87.62500
Country United States
State Alabama
County Marengo
Area
[1]
  Total2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
  Land2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
187 ft (57 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total417
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
384
  Density190.76/sq mi (73.65/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36783
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-75936
GNIS feature ID0127881
Website townofthomaston.com
The Thomaston Colored Institute in Thomaston. On the National Register of Historic Places. Thomaston Colored Institute 02.JPG
The Thomaston Colored Institute in Thomaston. On the National Register of Historic Places.

Thomaston is a town in Marengo County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 417, up from 383 in 2000. Thomaston is home to the Pepper Jelly Festival which takes place the last Saturday of April and celebrates Thomaston's famous Mama Nem's pepper jelly, as well as, folk artists and other vendors.

Marengo County, Alabama County in the United States

Marengo County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,027. The largest city is Demopolis and the county seat is Linden. It is named in honor of Battle of Marengo near Turin, Italy, where French leader Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Austrians on June 14, 1800.

Alabama State of the United States of America

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Pepper Jelly Festival

The Pepper Jelly Festival and Rural Heritage Day, commonly known as the Pepper Jelly Festival, is an annual festival held the last Saturday in April in the Black Belt town of Thomaston, Alabama. The festival is hosted at the Alabama Rural Heritage Center, which is located in the old home economics building on the former Marengo County High School campus that was redesigned and repurposed by Auburn University's Rural Studio. The Pepper Jelly Festival is a celebration of rural life and traditions in western Alabama. Formerly named Rural Fun Day, the event was renamed in recognition of the unique pepper jelly made at the Rural Heritage Center. The festival features music, homemade food, art, crafts, entertainment, and other activities that reflect the culture of a rural Southern way of life. The festival is historically the second-largest held every year in Marengo County, behind Christmas on the River in Demopolis.

Contents

History

Thomaston was platted in 1901 when the railroad was extended to that point. [3] Thomaston was named for C. B. Thomas, a town promoter. [3] A post office called Thomaston has been in operation since 1892. [4] It was incorporated on November 15, 1901. [5]

Plat scale map showing the divisions of a piece of land

In the United States, a plat is a map, drawn to scale, showing the divisions of a piece of land. United States General Land Office surveyors drafted township plats of Public Lands Surveys to show the distance and bearing between section corners, sometimes including topographic or vegetation information. City, town or village plats show subdivisions into blocks with streets and alleys. Further refinement often splits blocks into individual lots, usually for the purpose of selling the described lots; this has become known as subdivision.

Historic sites

Thomaston has one historic district, the Thomaston Central Historic District, which encompasses the core of the town. Additionally, there are three individually listed properties on the National Register of Historic Places: the Thomaston Colored Institute, C. S. Golden House, and Patrick Farrish House. [6] The town is home to the Alabama Rural Heritage Center, and the Thomaston Community Market, both community projects of Auburn University's Rural Studio. [7] Thomaston is also home to the Alabama Whitetail Records Museum.

Thomaston Central Historic District

The Thomaston Central Historic District is a historic district in the town of Thomaston, Alabama, United States. Thomaston was founded in 1901, the same year that the B.S. & N.O. Railroad, now CSX Transportation, went through the town. The historic district features examples of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival architecture and is roughly bounded by Chestnut Street, Sixth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Short Street, and the railroad.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Thomaston Colored Institute

The Thomaston Colored Institute, also known as the Thomaston Academy, is a historic African American school building in the town of Thomaston, Alabama, United States. This two-story brick building was completed in May 1910 as a private school by an African American religious group, the West Alabama Primitive Baptist Association.

Geography

Thomaston is located at 32°16′10″N87°37′30″W / 32.269495°N 87.624865°W / 32.269495; -87.624865 . [8] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 309
1920 37220.4%
1930 3771.3%
1940 345−8.5%
1950 1,027197.7%
1960 857−16.6%
1970 824−3.9%
1980 679−17.6%
1990 497−26.8%
2000 383−22.9%
2010 4178.9%
Est. 2018384 [2] −7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
2013 Estimate [10]

As of the census of 2000, there were 383 people, 163 households, and 105 families residing in the town. The population density was 190.3 people per square mile (73.6/km²). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 105.3 per square mile (40.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 50.13% Black or African American, 48.56% White, and 1.31% from two or more races. 2.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 163 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,972, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $32,404 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,390. About 22.1% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.2% of those under age 18 and 33.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Thomaston is governed by an elected Mayor and elected Council of five. There are five voting districts located in the town of Thomaston. Council meetings are held monthly. Police protection is provided by the Thomaston Police Department. Thomaston has a small volunteer fire department. No emergency medical service is located with 10 miles of Thomaston. A rural health clinic is located in Thomaston and can handle small emergencies. It is open week days to offer medical care.

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References

  1. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  3. 1 2 Jones, Joel D. (21 September 2006). "French colonists settled Linden when it became county seat". Sep 21, 2006. The Democrat-Reporter. p. 2. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  4. "Marengo County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  5. http://www.ruralswalabama.org/attraction/old-ln-depot-thomaston-al/
  6. "Alabama: Marengo County". "Nationalhistoricalregister.com". Retrieved 2008-03-05.
  7. "Alabama Rural Heritage Foundation". "Alabama Technology Network-Auburn University". Retrieved 2008-02-25.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  10. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" . Retrieved June 3, 2014.