Thompson Falls, Montana

Last updated
Thompson Falls
Motto(s): 
"Genuine In Nature" [1]
Sanders County Montana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thompson Falls Highlighted.svg
Location of Thompson Falls, Montana
Coordinates: 47°35′48″N115°20′37″W / 47.59667°N 115.34361°W / 47.59667; -115.34361 Coordinates: 47°35′48″N115°20′37″W / 47.59667°N 115.34361°W / 47.59667; -115.34361
Country United States
State Montana
County Sanders
Established1910 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total1.73 sq mi (4.48 km2)
  Land1.73 sq mi (4.48 km2)
  Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
2,556 ft (779 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total1,313
  Estimate 
(2016) [4]
1,356
  Density760/sq mi (290/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59873
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-73825
GNIS feature ID0792090

Thompson Falls is a city in and the county seat of Sanders County, Montana, United States. [5] The population was 1,313 at the 2010 census.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Sanders County, Montana U.S. county in Montana

Sanders County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,413. Its county seat is Thompson Falls. The county was founded in 1905.

Montana U.S. state in the United States

Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".

Contents

History

Thompson Falls was named after British explorer, geographer and fur trader David Thompson, who founded a North West Company fur trading post called Saleesh House in 1809. The community is located next to natural waterfalls on the Clark Fork river. [6] [7] [8] The arrival of the railroad in 1881 brought the first real activity to the area. Two years later, when the gold rush hit nearby Cœur d'Alene, the town grew to accommodate the men going over the Murray Trail to the mines. In 1885 John Russell bought 40 acres (160,000 m2) and plotted the town site.

David Thompson (explorer) British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker

David Thompson was a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and cartographer, known to some native peoples as Koo-Koo-Sint or "the Stargazer". Over Thompson's career, he traveled some 90,000 kilometres (56,000 mi) across North America, mapping 4.9 million square kilometres of North America along the way. For this historic feat, Thompson has been described as the "greatest land geographer who ever lived."

North West Company Historical fur-trading company

The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821. It competed with increasing success against the Hudson's Bay Company in what is present-day Western Canada. With great wealth at stake, tensions between the companies increased to the point where several minor armed skirmishes broke out, and the two companies were forced by the British government to merge.

Fur trade Worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur

The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur. Since the establishment of a world fur market in the early modern period, furs of boreal, polar and cold temperate mammalian animals have been the most valued. Historically the trade stimulated the exploration and colonization of Siberia, northern North America, and the South Shetland and South Sandwich Islands.

Thompson Falls was established in 1910. [1]

The Thompson Falls Dam, in operation since 1915, was constructed atop the original falls. [6]

Thompson Falls Dam is a dam in Sanders County, Montana, in the northwestern part of the state.

Geography

Thompson Falls is located at 47°35′48″N115°20′37″W / 47.59667°N 115.34361°W / 47.59667; -115.34361 (47.596587, -115.343730) [9] in the Clark Fork Valley at an elevation of 2,419 feet (737 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.73 square miles (4.48 km2), all of it land. [2]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Ecology

An amphibian, the rough-skinned newt, has a population at Thompson Falls which is noncontiguous with the remainder of the Western US population of the species. [10]

Amphibian A class of ectothermic tetrapods, which typically breed in water

Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia. Modern amphibians are all Lissamphibia. They inhabit a wide variety of habitats, with most species living within terrestrial, fossorial, arboreal or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. Thus amphibians typically start out as larvae living in water, but some species have developed behavioural adaptations to bypass this. The young generally undergo metamorphosis from larva with gills to an adult air-breathing form with lungs. Amphibians use their skin as a secondary respiratory surface and some small terrestrial salamanders and frogs lack lungs and rely entirely on their skin. They are superficially similar to lizards but, along with mammals and birds, reptiles are amniotes and do not require water bodies in which to breed. With their complex reproductive needs and permeable skins, amphibians are often ecological indicators; in recent decades there has been a dramatic decline in amphibian populations for many species around the globe.

Rough-skinned newt species of amphibian

The rough-skinned newt or roughskin newt is a North American newt known for the strong toxin exuded from its skin.

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, depending on the variant used, Thompson Falls has either an oceanic climate (Cfb) or a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb).

Climate data for Thompson Falls, Montana
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)58
(14)
71
(22)
80
(27)
93
(34)
99
(37)
100
(38)
106
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
88
(31)
74
(23)
58
(14)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C)35.1
(1.7)
42.5
(5.8)
52.3
(11.3)
62.5
(16.9)
71.0
(21.7)
78.4
(25.8)
87.5
(30.8)
88.1
(31.2)
77.0
(25.0)
61.4
(16.3)
42.9
(6.1)
34.8
(1.6)
61.1
(16.2)
Daily mean °F (°C)28.4
(−2.0)
33.5
(0.8)
40.7
(4.8)
48.3
(9.1)
55.9
(13.3)
62.8
(17.1)
69.2
(20.7)
69.3
(20.7)
59.7
(15.4)
48.0
(8.9)
35.9
(2.2)
28.8
(−1.8)
48.4
(9.1)
Average low °F (°C)21.6
(−5.8)
24.5
(−4.2)
29.0
(−1.7)
34.1
(1.2)
40.8
(4.9)
47.2
(8.4)
50.9
(10.5)
50.4
(10.2)
42.4
(5.8)
34.5
(1.4)
28.8
(−1.8)
22.8
(−5.1)
35.6
(2.0)
Record low °F (°C)−22
(−30)
−16
(−27)
−5
(−21)
15
(−9)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
35
(2)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−13
(−25)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.59
(66)
2.04
(52)
1.78
(45)
1.51
(38)
2.27
(58)
2.17
(55)
1.22
(31)
1.22
(31)
1.20
(30)
1.66
(42)
2.66
(68)
2.75
(70)
23.07
(586)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [11]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 325
1920 50856.3%
1930 468−7.9%
1940 73657.3%
1950 85115.6%
1960 1,27449.7%
1970 1,3566.4%
1980 1,4789.0%
1990 1,319−10.8%
2000 1,3210.2%
2010 1,313−0.6%
Est. 20161,356 [4] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [13] [14]
2015 Estimate [15]

2010 census

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 1,313 people, 618 households, and 362 families residing in the city. The population density was 759.0 inhabitants per square mile (293.1/km2). There were 681 housing units at an average density of 393.6 per square mile (152.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.2% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 618 households of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 46.2 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 1,321 people, 549 households, and 357 families residing in the city. The population density was 708.5 people per square mile (274.2/km²). There were 619 housing units at an average density of 332.0 per square mile (128.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.74% White, 0.23% African American, 1.44% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 549 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,103, and the median income for a family was $31,544. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,245. About 13.6% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Thompson Falls is served by the Thompson Falls Public Schools School District. The district has an elementary school, middle school and high school. [17] Students attend Thompson Falls High School, a Class B school. It offers eight sports to its students. [18]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "City Hall of Thompson Falls, Montana". City Hall of Thompson Falls, Montana. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  2. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. 1 2 "Thompson Falls Dam" . Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  7. "Profile for Thompson Falls, Montana, MT". ePodunk. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  8. Incredible Journeys, Montana Outdoors
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. C. Michael Hogan (2008) Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa), Globaltwitcher, ed. N. Stromberg "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-27. Retrieved 2009-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  12. "Monthly Averages for Thompson Falls, MT". The Weather Channel . Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "Census & Economic Information Center" . Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  15. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  16. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. "Thompson Falls Public Schools Thompson Falls Public Schools". Thompson Falls Public Schools. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  18. User. "Sports Center / Sports Corner". www.thompsonfalls.net. Retrieved 2018-06-16.