Thymophylla

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Thymophylla
Thymophylla pentachaeta var belenidium 2.jpg
Thymophylla pentachaeta var. belenidium
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Genus:
Thymophylla

Synonyms [1]
  • Gnaphalopsis DC.
  • Hymenatherum sect. HeterochromeaA.Gray
  • Dyssodia sect. AurantiacaeStrother
  • Hymenatherum sect. Aciphyllaea(Willd.) A.Gray
  • Lowellia A.Gray
  • Dyssodia sect. Hymenatherum(Cass.) Strother
  • Aciphyllaea (DC.) A.Gray
  • Hymenatherum sect. Gnaphalopsis(DC.) A.Gray
  • Dyssodia sect. Gnaphalopsis(DC.) Strother
  • Dyssodia sect. AciphyllaeaDC.
Seeds of Thymophylla tenuiloba SeedsThymophyllatenuiloba.jpg
Seeds of Thymophylla tenuiloba

Thymophylla is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the marigold tribe within the sunflower family. [3] [1] [4] Pricklyleaf is a common name for plants in this genus. [5]

Perennial plant Plant that lives for more than two years

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years. Some sources cite perennial plants being plants that live more than three years. The term is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials. The term is also widely used to distinguish plants with little or no woody growth from trees and shrubs, which are also technically perennials.

Flowering plant Class of flowering plants (in APG I-III)

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 64 orders, 416 families, approximately 13,000 known genera and 300,000 known species. Like gymnosperms, angiosperms are seed-producing plants. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers, endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the Greek words angeion and sperma ("seed").

Tageteae tribe of plants

Tageteae is a tribe of the plant family Asteraceae. It consists of approximately 216 species divided among 28 genera. All are found in the New World, with a center of diversity in the Mexican highlands. The type genus is Tagetes (marigolds).

The generic name is derived from the Greek words θύμον (thymon), meaning "thyme", and φύλλον (phyllon), meaning "leaf". [6]

Greek language Language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Thyme herb with culinary, medicinal and ornamental uses

Thyme is any member of the genus Thymus of aromatic perennial evergreen herbs in the mint family Lamiaceae. Thymes are relatives of the oregano genus Origanum. They have culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses, the species most commonly cultivated and used for culinary purposes being Thymus vulgaris.

Species [1] [7] [8] [9]
  1. Thymophylla acerosa (DC.) Strother pricklyleaf dogweed, Texas dogweed - TX NM AZ UT NV
  2. Thymophylla aurantiaca (Brandegee) Rydb. - Puebla, Oaxaca
  3. Thymophylla aurea (A.Gray) Greene ex Britton manyawn pricklyleaf - TX NM CO KS Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango
  4. Thymophylla concinna (A.Gray) Strother Sonoran pricklyleaf - AZ (Pima County) Sonora
  5. Thymophylla gentryi (M.C.Johnst.) Strother - Durango
  6. Thymophylla gypsophila (B.L.Turner) Strother - Coahuila
  7. Thymophylla micropoides (DC.) Strother woolly pricklyleaf - TX Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas
  8. Thymophylla mutica (M.C.Johnst.) Strother - Tamaulipas
  9. Thymophylla pentachaeta (DC.) Small five-needle pricklyleaf - TX Chihuahua, Sonora, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Aguascalientes, Baja California, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
  10. Thymophylla setifolia Lag. Texas pricklyleaf - TX NM Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Veracruz
  11. Thymophylla tenuifolia (Cass.) Rydb. - México State, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Zacatecas
  12. Thymophylla tenuiloba (DC.) Small bristleleaf pricklyleaf - TX NM Coahuila, Nuevo León, Nayarit, Tamaulipas
  13. Thymophylla tephroleuca (S.F.Blake) Strother ashy pricklyleaf, ashy dogweed - TX
formerly included [1]

see Adenophyllum

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. "Genus: Thymophylla Lag". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
  3. Lagasca y Segura, Mariano. 1816. Genera et species plantarum, Elench. Pl. 25
  4. Tropicos, Thymophylla Lag.
  5. "Thymophylla". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  6. Strother, John L. "324. Thymophylla Lagasca, Gen. Sp. Pl. 25. 1816". Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
  7. Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  8. Strother, J. L. 1969. Systematics of Dyssodia Cavanilles (Compositae: Tageteae). University of California Publications in Botany 48: 1–88.
  9. Turner, B. L. 1996. The Comps of Mexico: A systematic account of the family Asteraceae, vol. 6. Tageteae and Athemideae. Phytologia Memoirs 10: i–ii, 1–22, 43–93

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