Timeline of the 2015 Atlantic hurricane season

Last updated

Timeline of the
2015 Atlantic hurricane season
2015 Atlantic hurricane season summary map.png
Season summary map
Season boundaries
First system formedMay 8, 2015
Last system dissipatedNovember 12, 2015
Strongest system
Name Joaquin
Maximum winds155 mph (250 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure931 mbar (hPa; 27.49 inHg)
Longest lasting system
NameJoaquin
Duration10 days
Storm articles
Other years
2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017

The 2015 Atlantic hurricane season was an event in the annual hurricane season in the north Atlantic Ocean. It was the third consecutive year to feature below-average tropical cyclone activity, [nb 1] with eleven named storms. The season officially began on June 1, 2015 and ended on November 30, 2015. These dates, adopted by convention, historically describe the period in each year when most tropical systems form. [2] However, systems can and do form outside these dates, as did the season's first storm, Tropical Storm Ana, which developed on May 8; the season's final storm, Hurricane Kate, lost its tropical characteristics on November 11.

Contents

The year featured twelve tropical cyclones, of which eleven became tropical storms, including four hurricanes of which two intensified into major hurricanes. [nb 2] While no hurricanes made landfall on the United States mainland during the year, two tropical storms, Ana and Bill, struck the coastline of South Carolina and Texas respectively. Ana was earliest landfalling tropical storm on record in the United States and caused two fatalities, while Bill produced heavy rain and flooding and caused eight fatalities. Additionally, the precursor to Bill also caused significant flooding across Central America. In late August, Tropical Storm Erika brought heavy rainfall to several Leeward Islands, especially to Dominica. It caused widespread damage and 31 fatalities. In October, Hurricane Joaquin, a Category 4 hurricane, battered The Bahamas for two days, causing extensive devastation to that nation while also contributing to historic flooding across the Southeastern United States. Additionally, Joaquin was responsible sinking of the American cargo ship El Faro and for the deaths of its 33–member crew. Following the 2015 season, the names Erika and Joaquin were retired from reuse in the North Atlantic by the World Meteorological Organization. [4] [5]

This timeline documents tropical cyclone formations, strengthening, weakening, landfalls, extratropical transitions, and dissipations during the season. It includes information that was not released throughout the season, meaning that data from post-storm reviews by the National Hurricane Center, such as a storm that was not initially warned upon, has been included.

By convention, meteorologists use one time zone when issuing forecasts and making observations: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), and also use the 24-hour clock (where 00:00 = midnight UTC). [6] The National Hurricane Center uses both UTC and the time zone where the center of the tropical cyclone is currently located. The time zones utilized (east to west) prior to 2020 were: Atlantic, Eastern, and Central. [7] In this timeline, all information is listed by UTC first with the respective regional time included in parentheses. Additionally, figures for maximum sustained winds and position estimates are rounded to the nearest 5 units (knots, miles, or kilometers), following the convention used in the National Hurricane Center's products. Direct wind observations are rounded to the nearest whole number. Atmospheric pressures are listed to the nearest millibar and nearest hundredth of an inch of mercury.

Timeline

Hurricane Kate (2015)Hurricane JoaquinHurricane Fred (2015)Tropical Storm ErikaHurricane Danny (2015)Tropical Storm Bill (2015)Tropical Storm Ana (2015)Saffir–Simpson scaleTimeline of the 2015 Atlantic hurricane season

May

May 8

Tropical Storm Ana approaching South Carolina on May 9 Ana May 9 2015 1540Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Ana approaching South Carolina on May 9

May 9

May 10

May 12

June

June 1

Tropical Storm Bill shortly after landfall in Texas on June 16 Bill 2015-06-16 1955Z.jpg
Tropical Storm Bill shortly after landfall in Texas on June 16

June 16

June 17

June 18

July

July 13

July 15

August

August 18

Hurricane Danny as seen from the International Space Station on August 20 ISS-44 Hurricane Danny.jpg
Hurricane Danny as seen from the International Space Station on August 20

August 20

August 21

August 22

August 23

August 24

Infrared satellite loop of Tropical Storm Erika over the Lesser Antilles on August 27 Erika 20150827 1445-2145 UTC.gif
Infrared satellite loop of Tropical Storm Erika over the Lesser Antilles on August 27

August 27

August 28

August 30

Hurricane Fred over the Cape Verde Islands on August 31 Fred 2015-08-31 1215Z.jpg
Hurricane Fred over the Cape Verde Islands on August 31

August 31

September

September 1

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 8

September 9

September 11

September 16

September 17

September 18

Map plotting the track and the intensity of Ida (starting at lower right corner) Ida 2015 track.png
Map plotting the track and the intensity of Ida (starting at lower right corner)

September 19

September 21

September 24

September 27

September 28

September 29

September 30

GOES animation of Joaquin from September 28 to October 7 Joaquin boucle.gif
GOES animation of Joaquin from September 28 to October 7

October

October 1

October 2

October 3

October 4

October 5

October 7

October 8

November

Map plotting the track and the intensity of Kate (starting at lower left corner) Kate 2015 track.png
Map plotting the track and the intensity of Kate (starting at lower left corner)

November 8

November 9

November 11

November 12

November 30

See also

Notes

  1. An average Atlantic hurricane season, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has 12 tropical storms, six hurricanes and two major hurricanes. [1]
  2. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 (111 miles per hour (179 km/h)) and higher on the 5-level Saffir–Simpson wind speed scale are considered major hurricanes. [3]

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