Tongue Point Light

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Tongue Point Light
Bridgeport Breakwater
Bridgeport Breakwater (Tongue Point) Light (Fairfield County, Connecticut).jpg
Bridgeport Breakwater Light
Relief map USA Connecticut.png
Lighthouse icon centered.svg
Connecticut
Location Bridgeport Harbor
Connecticut
United States
Coordinates 41°09′59.8″N73°10′39″W / 41.166611°N 73.17750°W / 41.166611; -73.17750 Coordinates: 41°09′59.8″N73°10′39″W / 41.166611°N 73.17750°W / 41.166611; -73.17750
Year first constructed1895
Automated1954
Foundationreinforced concrete pier
Constructioncast iron tower
Tower shapeconical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternblack tower and lantern
Tower height31 ft (9.4 m)
Focal height31 ft (9.4 m)
Original lensSixth order Fresnel lens
Current lens155 mm lens
Range5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)
Characteristic Fl G 4s.
Admiralty numberJ0832
ARLHS numberUSA-1235
USCG number1-24635
Managing agentWisvest-Connecticut LLC [1] [2]
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places  Blue pencil.svg
Tongue Point Lighthouse
Arealess than one acre
Built1894 (1894)
MPS Operating Lighthouses in Connecticut MPS
NRHP reference # 89001478 [3]
Added to NRHPMay 29, 1990

Tongue Point Light Lighthouse, also known as Bridgeport Breakwater or Bug Light, is a lighthouse on the west side of the Bridgeport Harbor entrance, in the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut in the United States. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. [3]

Lighthouse structure designed to emit light to aid navigation

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

Bridgeport Harbor is an inlet on the north side of Long Island Sound in Bridgeport, Connecticut. It was carved by the retreat of the glaciers during the last ice age approximately 13,000 years ago.

Bridgeport, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located in Fairfield County at the mouth of the Pequonnock River on Long Island Sound, 60 miles from Manhattan and 40 miles from the Bronx. It is bordered by the towns of Trumbull to the north, Fairfield to the west, and Stratford to the east.

Contents

History

The lighthouse was originally built at the end of a breakwater about 500 feet (150 m) offshore. In 1919, the shipping channel was widened and the lighthouse was moved 275 feet (84 m) inland. The light was automated in 1954. In 1967, the Coast Guard planned to remove the lighthouse but local boaters protested. The lighthouse remains an active aid to navigation. A modern optic replaced the original sixth order Fresnel lens in 1988.

Fresnel lens type of compact lens

A Fresnel lens is a type of compact lens originally developed by French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel for lighthouses.

In 1990 Tongue Point Light was added to the National Register of Historic Places under reference number 89001478. [3] [4]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

From US Coast Guard web site

See also

History of Bridgeport, Connecticut

The history of Bridgeport, Connecticut was, in the late 17th and most of the 18th century, one of land acquisitions from the native inhabitants, farming and fishing. From the mid-18th century to the mid-19th century, Bridgeport's history was one of shipbuilding, whaling and rapid growth. Bridgeport's growth accelerated even further from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century with the advent of the railroad, Industrialization, massive immigration, labor movements until, at its peak population in 1950, Bridgeport with some 159,000 people was Connecticut's second most populous city. In the late 20th century, Bridgeport's history was one of deindustrialization and declining population, though it overtook Hartford as the state's most populous city by 1980.

Bridgeport Harbor Light lighthouse in Connecticut, United States

The Bridgeport Harbor Light, later the Bridgeport Harbor Lighthouse, was a lighthouse in Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States. It is located on the west side of the Bridgeport Harbor entrance and the north side of Long Island Sound. Originally constructed in 1851 and rebuilt in 1871 with a dwelling, it had a red-fixed light throughout its service life. The builder and first keeper of the light was Abraham A. McNeil who is also credited as improvising the first light for the Bridgeport Harbor in 1844. By 1953, the lighthouse was in poor condition and the United States Coast Guard opted to build a skeleton tower in its place. In the 2014 edition of the Light List Volume 1, the skeleton tower is marked as "Light 13A" with a height of 57 feet (17 m) and a visual marker of a square green dayboard with a green reflective border. The lighthouse was sold and an attempt was made to move it to serve as a monument for Connecticut's maritime history, but it was later decided to scrap the structure. The lighthouse caught fire and was destroyed during the dismantling in 1953.

Black Rock Harbor Light lighthouse in Connecticut, United States

Black Rock Harbor Light, also known as Fayerweather Island Light, is a lighthouse in Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States which stands on the south end of Fayerweather Island and marks the entrance to Black Rock Harbor. The first lighthouse at the site, built by Abisha Woodward under contract with the United States government, was a wooden tower that was lit and made operational by 1808. A storm destroyed the tower in 1821 and the current, stone lighthouse was erected in its place in 1823. The Black Rock Harbor Light was an active navigational aid until 1933 when it was replaced by two automatic lights offshore. The beacon was subsequently given to the City of Bridgeport in 1934. Two significant efforts during the 1980s and 1990s served to restore the aging tower and the light was relit as a non-navigational aid in 2000. Black Rock Lighthouse is listed as a contributing property for Bridgeport's Seaside Park historic district.

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References

  1. Tongue Point (Bridgeport Breakwater) The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 24 June 2016
  2. Connecticut Historic Light Station Information & Photography United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 24 June 2016
  3. 1 2 3 "National Register Information System". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  4. "National Register of Historic Places Continuation Sheet" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-07-29. and Accompanying 7 photographs.