Tsan Yuk Hospital

Last updated

Tsan Yuk Hospital
Hospital Authority
Tsan Yuk Hospital.jpg
Tsan Yuk Hospital
China Hong Kong location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location30 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong
Coordinates 22°17′09″N114°08′37″E / 22.28579°N 114.14350°E / 22.28579; 114.14350 Coordinates: 22°17′09″N114°08′37″E / 22.28579°N 114.14350°E / 22.28579; 114.14350
Funding Public hospital
Type Specialist, Teaching
Affiliated university Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong
Network Hong Kong West Cluster
Emergency department No, Accident and Emergency at Queen Mary Hospital
Opened17 October 1922;98 years ago (1922-10-17)
Lists Hospitals in Hong Kong
Tsan Yuk Hospital
Traditional Chinese 贊育醫院
Simplified Chinese 赞育医院

Tsan Yuk Hospital, located on 30 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun on Hong Kong Island, is a public hospital in Hong Kong specialising in obstetrics and gynaecology. It also operates as a teaching and training hospital for the medical and nursing students of Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong.


The hospital, originally located at No. 36A Western Street, Sai Ying Pun, moved to the Hospital Road site in 1955.


Tsan Yuk Hospital is run under three objectives: [1] In addition to offering a high-standard service, the hospital aims to help women with detected gynaecological abnormalities, and also to provide research and training facilities for doctors, nurses, medical students of the University of Hong Kong and other professionals.


Old Tsan Yuk Hospital building WDcommunityCentre.JPG
Old Tsan Yuk Hospital building

Tsan Yuk Hospital was originally located at the cross-section of Western Street and Third Street in Hong Kong's Sai Ying Pun area. The land on which the hospital was built was donated by the government and the $94,000 construction fee was donated by Mr. H. M. H. Nemazee, Sai Ying Pun Kai Fong Committee (西營盤街坊會) of the Fishmongers' Guild (魚販商會) and Fruit and Vegetable Sellers' Guild (蔬果販商協會). The thirty beds were donated by Tung Wah Hospital, another government hospital located in neighbouring Sheung Wan. [2]

Tsan Yuk Hospital on 17 October 1922 - The Founder and the donors. HK Old Tsan Yuk Hospital 1922 Oct.jpg
Tsan Yuk Hospital on 17 October 1922 – The Founder and the donors.

The hospital was opened by the English missionary group London Missionary Society on 17 October 1922. It was originally opened as a maternity hospital, with the intention to meet society's increasing demand for neonatal services, including the training of midwives and obstetricians. The London Missionary Society recruited the first foreign female doctor in Hong Kong, Dr. Alice D. Hickling, and appointed her as the director of Tsan Yuk. In her development of obstetric services, she quickly recognised the abundance of women eager to become professional midwives in Hong Kong, and had the notion to provide such training through the hospital. She suggested this to Dr. S. W. Tso (曹善允博士), Chairman of the Chinese Public Dispensary Committee (華人公共診所委員會), and he supported her proposal. Thus forward, Tsan Yuk became one of Hong Kong's foremost maternity teaching hospitals.

Tsan Yuk Hospital staff (1922) HK Old Tsan Yuk Hospital 1922.jpg
Tsan Yuk Hospital staff (1922)

In 1925, Professor Tottenham was appointed as the first obstetric professor in the University of Hong Kong. Professor Tottenham also recognised Tsan Yuk's potential as an educational hospital for teaching obstetrics and gynecology. In 1937, most of the teaching activities of these fields were transferred to Tsan Yuk Hospital, until the opening of Queen Mary Hospital a few years later. Such teaching endeavours included training for medical students and post-graduates, research facilities for doctors, and obstetric training for student nurses. Tsan Yuk's obstetric professional training was recognised by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Tsan Yuk Hospital was closed in 1944, during the Japanese colonial period of Hong Kong, and most of the furniture and equipment was moved to Nethersole Hospital.

By 1955, Tsan Yuk was experiencing bed shortages and limited places for patients. The Hong Kong Jockey Club recognised this problem and donated $3,570,000 to build a new hospital. The chosen site was on nearby Hospital Road, and on 28 October 1952 The Duchess of Kent laid the first foundation for the new hospital. Three years later, on 13 June, Sir Alexander William George Herder Grantham held the opening ceremony for the new Tsan Yuk Hospital.

New location

In 1969, the Mrs Wu Chung Prenatal Diagnostic laboratory was established. Funded by donations from Mrs Wu Chung and the government, the laboratory was set up to screen pregnant women for possible congenital diseases or abnormalities in their babies. It also provides counselling services to women at risk if giving birth to babies with congenital defects.

To ensure that the laboratory's testing procedures and results meet international standards, the centre was enrolled in the Royal College of Pathologists of Australia Quality Assurance Programme in cytogenetics.

During the 1970s, Tsan Yuk experienced the demand for further expansion. and part of the roof was renovated into 19 single rooms, 8 double rooms and a pantry, a living room and an air-conditioned reading room, construction of which was subsidised again by the Hong Kong Jockey Club. In 1975 the hospital set up a place to centralise the modulation of babies' milk products to combat the occurrence of infant gastrointestinal conditions. In March 2000, the Integrated Clinic of Hong Kong West Cluster commenced operation in Tsan Yuk Hospital providing comprehensive and holistic care for patients with stable chronic illnesses. On the first of January 2005, the Clinic was relocated to the Sai Ying Pun Jockey Club Clinic located on Queen's Road West, and renamed Sai Ying Pun Family Medicine Specialist Clinic.

In the interests of quality and cost effectiveness, the obstetric and newborn inpatient services provided by Tsan Yuk were relocated to Queen Mary Hospital in November 2001. Currently, Tsan Yuk Hospital operates as a day centre providing outpatient services. In co-operation with the Maternal Child and Health Centres of the Department of Health, it also provides shared antenatal care for low risk obstetric patients, including ambulatory care. Tsan Yuk Hospital also conducts a variety of health education programmes for their patients, including such areas as care of newborns, dietary requirements of pregnant women, and family planning.

On 1 July 2007, Tsan Yuk Hospital's General Gynaecological Clinic was also moved to Queen Mary Hospital.

Lady Helen Woo Women's Diagnostic and Treatment Centre

In 1996, the Lady Helen Woo Women's Diagnostic and Treatment Centre was established to provide comprehensive health screening and treatment services for women, including counselling and community education. In line with this mission, a Breast Screening Referral Centre was established in 1999 to provide mammography services to women. The centre has been managed by the University of Hong Kong's Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology since 1 March 2004. Services are provided by a combination of specialists from the university, as well as specialist pathologists and radiologists, radiographers, registered nurses and dieticians. The centre is equipped with a mammography system, an ultrasound machine, coloscopy systems and bone densitometer that measures lumbar and pelvic bone density. It also uses the latest in cervical screening and sexual health technology.

Scope of services

The following services are currently provided at the Specialist Outpatient Clinic under the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: [1]


Hong Kong's first "baby mix-up" case

In November 2007, Kelvin Li Kwok-yin (Chinese:李國賢), born on 30 November on 1976 at Tsan Yuk Hospital, was at the centre of Hong Kong's first "baby mix-up case". Mr. Li's sister, a student in nursing, learned that it would have been biologically impossible for their mother of blood type O to give birth to her brother of blood type AB positive. [3] Lee and his parents took DNA tests that confirmed these results of mismatched DNA with his "parents", Lui Fung-ha and Li Wai-keung.

The family was unable to obtain the hospital records, with Tsan Yuk Hospital's maternity services having been relocated to Queen Mary Hospital long ago. After numerous attempts to correspond with related authorities, Li finally met with the Hospital Authority. It refused to check the records due to privacy reasons but agreed to offer DNA tests for the people born on the same day at Tsan Yuk Hospital.

Ensuing media attention prompted two men, both born in the same hospital on the same day as Mr. Li, to come forward and submit to DNA tests. [4] However, the results showed that there were no positive matches between their DNA and that of Mr. Li's mother.

In March 2008, the Authority sent invitation letters to 180 mothers who gave birth at Tsan Yuk Hospital between 28 November and 14 December 1976, to take the DNA tests. [5] 30% of the 180 letters failed to be delivered, and no tangible progress was made in the case.

Chuk Yuen Children's Reception Centre was also a potential lead in solving this case of wrongful identity, where the woman Mr. Li knows as his mother left her baby for a month. The centre closed in 2003 and the files were destroyed. The Social Welfare Department later traced two of the twenty-five children who were of the same age as Mr. Li, had been to Chuk Yuen Children's Reception Centre in December 1976 and had later been adopted, but they might not have been born in Tsan Yuk Hospital. The department sent the letters to invite two adoptive parents concerned to ask their sons to take DNA tests. One of the letters with the wrong address failed to be delivered.

For now, Mr. Li has still not confirmed his true identity. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Corey Yuen is a Hong Kong action director, film director, producer, action choreographer, and former actor.

Naguib Pasha Mahfouz Egyptian surgeon

Naguib Pasha Mahfouz is known as the father of obstetrics and gynaecology in Egypt and was a pioneer in obstetric fistula.

Saint Marys Hospital, Manchester Hospital in England

Saint Mary's Hospital is a hospital in Manchester, England. It is part of Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust. Founded in 1790, St Mary's provides a range of inter-related services specifically for women and children.

Mercy Hospital for Women, is based in Heidelberg adjacent to the Austin Hospital. The hospital offers obstetric, gynaecological and neonatal services and has one of only four neonatal intensive care units in Victoria. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit is co-located with the Special Care Nursery and collectively they care for some of Victoria's most unwell babies. The hospital was opened in 1934.

Sai Ying Pun Area of Western District, Hong Kong

Sai Ying Pun is an area in Western District, on Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. It is administratively part of the Central and Western District.

Kwong Wah Hospital Hospital in Yau Ma Tei, Hong Kong

Kwong Wah Hospital is a 1,141-bed public district general hospital in Yau Ma Tei, Hong Kong. Located on 25 Waterloo Road, the hospital was founded by the Tung Wah Group in 1911, and managed by the Hospital Authority since 1991. It provides a full range of medical services to the population of West Kowloon and Wong Tai Sin. It is Kowloon West Cluster's major acute teaching hospital, and also a Neurosurgical and Antenatal Diagnosis referral centre. The Hospital has established various clinical centers, including Lai Kwok Wing Urology Centre, Minimally Invasive Surgery Training Centre and Chan Feng Men Ling Cardiac Centre. There are integrated Breast Centre and Dr Stephen Chow Chun-kay Assisted Reproduction Centre. It has established a Community Based Geriatric Service, Respiratory Care Unit, Acute Stroke Unit, TWGHs BOCHK Diabetes Centre, Wong Wha San Renal Memorial Centre, and a Nuclear Medicine site. Kwong Wah Hospital is also a pioneer in Integrative Chinese and Western Medicine. TWGHs has established TWGHs Wilson T S Wang Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Treatment Centre in Kwong Wah. The hospital has participated through joint consultation for designated diseases under protocols which developed by both Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine practitioners.

High Street, Hong Kong

High Street is a one-way street in Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong, available only to minibuses and private vehicles. It connects Bonham Road in the east and Pok Fu Lam Road in the west. It runs from east to west from Western Street to Pok Fu Lam Road, and from west to east from Western Street to Bonham Road. It was originally named Fourth Street, but because the number four is commonly avoided in Chinese culture, the government changed the name to High Street.

Aberdeen Maternity Hospital Hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland

Aberdeen Maternity Hospital (AMH) is a specialist maternity hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. Between 4,000 and 5,000 babies are born at AMH each year. The hospital is located in the Foresterhill area of Aberdeen and serves the region of Grampian as well as the islands of Shetland and Orkney. It is managed by NHS Grampian.

Sai Ying Pun Community Complex

Sai Ying Pun Community Complex is located at 2 High Street, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong. It is a 9-storey building built on the site of the Old Mental Hospital, of which only the granite facade and arched verandah were preserved.

Dugald Baird

Sir Dugald Baird FRCOG was a British medical doctor and a professor of obstetrics and gynaecology. Baird was most notable and influential in calling for the liberalising of abortion. In his delivery of the Sandoz lecture in November 1961, titled the Fifth Freedom, he advocated for freedom from the tyranny of fertility.

Western Street (Hong Kong)

Western Street is an uphill one-way street in Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong. It connects Bonham Road in the south and Connaught Road West in the north. There are 337 units in 17 buildings in the street. Addresses are odd on the west side of the street, and mostly even on the east side. However, on the newer part of the street, on the reclamation north of Queen's Road West, the east side has both odd and even numbered addresses.

Third Street (Hong Kong)

Third Street, is a street in Sai Ying Pun neighbourhood of Hong Kong. It runs one way from Pok Fu Lam Road, then crosses Water Street, then Pok Fu Lam Road again, then Western Street, Centre Street and terminates at Eastern Street.

The Lyell McEwin Hospital (LMH) is a major tertiary hospital located in Adelaide, South Australia that provides medical, surgical, diagnostic, emergency and support services to a population of more than 300,000 people living primarily in Adelaide's north and north eastern suburbs. It is affiliated with the University of Adelaide and the University of South Australia. It is named after Sir Lyell McEwin, a long-serving member of the South Australian Legislative Council and the leader of the Liberal and Country League in that chamber.

Old Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital

The Old Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital is located at No. 36A Western Street, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong. It was founded in 1922 under the Chinese Public Dispensary Committee. After the war, Tsan Yuk Hospital has moved to Hospital Road and the site has become a multi-purpose community centre called Western District Community Centre.

<i>State of Divinity</i> (1996 TV series)

State of Divinity is a Hong Kong television series adapted from Louis Cha's novel The Smiling, Proud Wanderer. It was first broadcast on TVB in Hong Kong in 1996.

Tsung Tsin Mission of Hong Kong

The Tsung Tsin Mission of Hong Kong or TTMHK is one of the eight Lutheran bodies in Hong Kong. It currently has approximately 10,600 members.

Hong Kong West Cluster is one of the seven hospital clusters managed by Hospital Authority in Hong Kong. It consists of seven public hospitals, a rehabilitation centre and six general outpatient clinics to provide public healthcare services for the population of the Central and Western, and Southern Districts. In mid-2012, the population was 544,100. The current Cluster Chief Executive is Luk Che-chung.

Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital Hospital in Southern District, Hong Kong

Gleneagles Hospital Hong Kong is a multi-specialty private hospital in Wong Chuk Hang, Hong Kong. The 500-bed hospital is a joint venture between Singapore-based Parkway Pantai and Hong Kong-listed NWS Holdings, with The University of Hong Kong being the hospital’s exclusive clinical partner. The hospital opened on 21 March 2017. Gleneagles is also a full-scale teaching hospital, offering clinical training to medical students of HKU Medical Faculty.

Hospital Road

Hospital Road is a street in Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong.


  1. 1 2 Hospital Authority. (2007). Tsan Yuk Hospital. Hong Kong Retrieved 15 October 2009
  2. 《贊育醫院七十五周年紀念》,香港:醫院管理局,1997年
  3. Loretta Fong, "Family waits for answers about possible baby mix-up in 1976", South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 1 February 2008, pg 1.
  4. Loretta Fong, "Two men give fresh hope for baby-swap victim", South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 4 July 2008, pg 3.
  5. Loretta Fong, "Lead on baby mix-up comes to nothing", South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 31 July 2008, pg 4.
  6. Colleen Lee, "Man swapped at birth ready to end search",South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 20 August 2008, pg 3.