USS LST-391

Last updated

LST-391.jpg
History
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
Name: USS LST-391
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News, Virginia
Laid down: 14 July 1942
Launched: 28 October 1942
Commissioned: 3 December 1942
Honors and
awards:
3 battle stars (WWII)
Renamed: USS Bowman County, 1 July 1955
Namesake: Bowman County, North Dakota
Fate: Transferred to Greece, May 1960
Hellenic Naval Ensign 1935.svg Greece
Name:Rodos (L157)
Acquired: May 1960
General characteristics
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) light
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) full
Length: 328 ft (100 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded:
  • Bow: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m)
  • Stern: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)
  • Loaded :
  • Bow: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
  • Stern: 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m)
Depth:
  • 8 ft (2.4 m) forward
  • 14 ft 4 in (4.37 m) aft (full load)
Propulsion: 2 General Motors 12-567 diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Two or six LCVPs
Troops: 14-16 officers, 131-147 enlisted men
Complement: 7-9 officers, 104-120 enlisted men
Armament:
  • 2 × twin 40 mm gun mounts w/Mk.51 directors
  • 4 × single 40 mm gun mounts
  • 12 × single 20 mm gun mounts

USS LST-391 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. LST-391 was laid down 14 July 1942 at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company of Newport News, Virginia, launched 28 October 1942, sponsored by Miss Katherine Wendell Blewett, and commissioned 3 December 1942.

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Newport News, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Newport News is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 180,719. In 2013, the population was estimated to be 183,412, making it the fifth-most populous city in Virginia.

During World War II, LST-391 was assigned to the European Theater and participated in the Sicilian occupation (July 1943), Salerno landings (September 1943), and the Invasion of Normandy (June 1944).

Invasion of Normandy Invasion and establishment of Western Allied forces in Normandy during WWII

The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944. The invaders were able to establish a beachhead as part of Operation Overlord after a successful "D-Day," the first day of the invasion.

LST-391 earned three battle stars for World War II service.

Renamed USS Bowman County (LST-391) on 1 July 1955 for Bowman County, North Dakota, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. She was transferred to Greece in May 1960 for service in the Royal Hellenic Navy and renamed Rodos (L157) where she remained in service until 1997. [1]

Bowman County, North Dakota County in the United States

Bowman County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 3,151. Its county seat is Bowman.

Greece republic in Southeast Europe

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, self-identified and historically known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

Image of this LST at 13:47 in the video at http://burnpit.legion.org/2015/02/my-story-about-thule-operation-blue-jay

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References

  1. Former USS Bowman County LST 391 Hellenic Navy, History
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships .