USS LST-478

Last updated

LST-478 23 August 1943.jpg
USS LST-478 and LST-20, unloading on the beach at Kiska Island, Alaska, 23 August 1943. Just visible In the distance is the Japanese cargo ship Nozina Maru, beached by the Japanese after bombing by American forces.
History
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
NameLST-478
Orderedas a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 998 [1]
Builder Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. 4, Richmond, California
Cost$1,711,380.19 [2]
Yard number33 [1]
Way number3 [2]
Laid down17 August 1942
Launched7 November 1942
Sponsored byMrs. Ray Humphrey
Commissioned13 March 1943
Decommissioned23 March 1946
Identification
Honors and
awards
Silver-service-star-3d.png 5 × battle stars
Fateassigned to Commander Naval Forces Far East
Naval Ensign of Japan.svgJapan
Operator Shipping Control Authority for Japan
In service23 March 1946
Out of servicedate unknown
RenamedQ100
Stricken28 August 1947
Fatetransferred to Maritime Administration (MARAD), 25 March 1948
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
OperatorMARAD
Statussold for scrapping, 25 March 1948
General characteristics [3]
Class and type LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651  t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520  t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length328  ft (100  m) oa
Beam50 ft (15 m)
Draft
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power
Propulsion
Speed12  kn (22  km/h; 14  mph)
Range24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried
2 x LCVPs
Capacity1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000  lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000  kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament
Service record
Part of:LST Flotilla 3
Operations:
Awards:

USS LST-478 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II.

Contents

Construction

LST-478 was laid down on 17 August 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 998, by Kaiser Shipyards, Yard No. 4, Richmond, California; launched on 7 November 1942, sponsored by Mrs. Ray Humphrey; and commissioned on 13 March 1943, [1] with Lieutenant H. F. Holmshaw in command. [4]

Service history

During the war, LST-478 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater. She took part in the Gilbert Islands operation November and December 1943; the Battle of Hollandia in April 1944; the Battle of Guam in July 1944; the Battle of Leyte landing in October 1944; and the Battle of Okinawa in April 1945. [4]

Post-war service

Following the war, LST-478 performed occupation duty in the Far East until mid-March 1946. Upon her return to the United States and was decommissioned on 23 March 1946, and struck from the Navy list on 28 August 1947. On 25 March 1948, the ship was sold to the Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, Washington, and subsequently scrapped. [4]

Honors and awards

LST-478 earned five battle stars for her World War II service. [4]

Notes

    Citations
    1. 1 2 3 Kaiser No. 4 2014.
    2. 1 2 MARCOM.
    3. Navsource 2014.
    4. 1 2 3 4 DANFS.

    Bibliography

    Online resources


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