Viceroy of Liangguang

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Map of viceroys in Qing Dynasty of China Qing viceroys.png
Map of viceroys in Qing Dynasty of China
Viceroy of Liangguang
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 兩廣總督
Simplified Chinese 两广总督
Governor-General, Commander and Quartermaster, Supervisor of Waterways, and Inspector-General of the Two Expanses and Surrounding Areas
(full title)
Traditional Chinese 總督兩廣等處地方,提督軍務、糧餉、管理河道兼巡撫事
Simplified Chinese 总督两广等处地方,提督军务、粮饷、管理河道兼巡抚事
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡤᡠᠸᠠᠩᡩᡠᠩ
ᡤᡠᠸᠠᠩᠰᡳ
ᡠᡥᡝᡵᡳ
ᡴᠠᡩᠠᠯᠠᡵᠠ
ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠨ
Romanization guwangdung guwangsi uheri kadalara amban

The Viceroy of Liangguang or Viceroy of the Two Guangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General, Commander and Quartermaster, Supervisor of Waterways, and Inspector-General of the Two Expanses and Surrounding Areas, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The two Guangs referred to Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. The areas under the Viceroy's jurisdiction included present-day Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, as well as Hainan Province.

Viceroys in China governors of provinces in Qing-dynasty China

Zongdu, usually translated as Viceroy or Governor-General, governed one or more provinces of China during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

China proper Geopolitical term

China proper, Inner China or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Manchu Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China. There is no fixed extent for China proper, as many administrative, cultural, and linguistic shifts have occurred in Chinese history. One definition refers to the original area of Chinese civilization, the Central Plain ; another to the "Eighteen Provinces" system of the Qing dynasty. There is no direct translation for "China proper" in the Chinese language due to differences in terminology used by the Qing to refer to the regions and the expression is controversial among scholars, particularly in China, due to national territorial claims.

Qing dynasty former empire in Eastern Asia, last imperial regime of China

The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of the Liaodong Peninsula and declared a new dynasty, the Qing.

Contents

History

Ming dynasty

The office of the Viceroy of Liangguang originated in 1452 during the Ming dynasty. The Jingtai Emperor accepted Yu Qian's proposal to create the office and appointed Wang Ao (王翱) as the first viceroy.

Ming dynasty Former empire in Eastern Asia, last Han Chinese-led imperial regime

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the Great Ming Empire – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. The Ming dynasty was the last imperial dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese. Although the primary capital of Beijing fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng, regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683.

Jingtai Emperor emperor of the Ming Dynasty

The Jingtai Emperor, born Zhu Qiyu, was Emperor of China from 1449 to 1457. The second son of the Xuande Emperor, he was selected in 1449 to succeed his older brother, the Zhengtong Emperor, when the latter was captured by Mongols following the Tumu Crisis. He reigned for 8 years before being removed from the throne by his brother, who was restored as the Tianshun Emperor. The Jingtai Emperor's era name, "Jingtai", means "Exalted View".

Yu Qian Chinese general

Yu Qian (1398–1457), courtesy name Tingyi, art name Jie'an, was a Chinese official who served under the Ming dynasty.

In 1465, the Chenghua Emperor appointed Han Yong (韓雍) as Left Censor-in-Chief and Viceroy of Liangguang. The office was formalised in 1469, with the administrative headquarters fixed in Wuzhou, Guangxi.

Chenghua Emperor emperor of the Ming Dynasty

The Chenghua Emperor, born Zhu Jianshen, was the ninth Emperor of the Ming dynasty, between 1464 and 1487. His era name "Chenghua" means "accomplished change".

Han Yong (1422–1478) was a Chinese politician of the Ming Dynasty. He was born in what is now Suzhou, Jiangsu Province. He was the 2nd Viceroy of Liangguang, covering the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan.

The Censorate was a high-level supervisory agency in ancient China, first established during the Qin dynasty.

In 1536, during the reign of the Jiajing Emperor, the viceroy Qian Rujing (錢如京) created a separate administrative branch in Zhaoqing, Guangdong. In 1564, the headquarters shifted from Wuzhou to Zhaoqing after Wu Guifang (吳桂芳) sought approval from the Jiajing Emperor.

Jiajing Emperor emperor of the Ming Dynasty

The Jiajing Emperor was the 12th emperor of the Ming dynasty who ruled from 1521 to 1567. Born Zhu Houcong, he was the former Zhengde Emperor's cousin. His father, Zhu Youyuan (1476–1519), the Prince of Xing, was the fourth son of the Chenghua Emperor and the eldest son of three sons born to the emperor's concubine, Lady Shao. The Jiajing Emperor's regnal name, "Jiajing", means "admirable tranquility".

Zhaoqing Prefecture-level city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Zhaoqing, formerly romanized as Shiuhing, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. During the 2010 census, its population was 3,918,467, with 1,232,462 living in the urbanized areas of Duanzhou and Gaoyao. The prefectural seat—except the Seven Star Crags—is fairly flat, but thickly forested mountains lie just outside its limits. Numerous rice paddies and aquaculture ponds are found on the outskirts of the city. Sihui and the southern districts of the prefecture are considered part of the Pearl River Delta.

Guangdong Most populous province of the Peoples Republic of China

Guangdong, is a province in South China, on the South China Sea coast. Guangdong surpassed Henan and Shandong to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year; the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census, accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China's population. This also makes it the most populous first-level administrative subdivision of any country outside of South Asia, as its population is surpassed only by those of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the Indian states of Bihar, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province registering 108,500,000 people in 2015. Most of the historical Guangdong Province is administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC). However, the archipelagos of Pratas in the South China Sea are controlled by the Republic of China, and were previously part of Guangdong Province before the Chinese Civil War.

Qing dynasty

The office was recreated in 1644 during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor in the Qing dynasty. It was called "Viceroy of Guangdong" (廣東總督) even though its jurisdiction included Guangxi. The headquarters were in Guangzhou, Guangdong. In 1655, the headquarters shifted back to Wuzhou.

Shunzhi Emperor Qing Dynasty emperor of China

The Shunzhi Emperor was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji (1592–1643), in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon (1612–1650), the 14th son of the Qing dynasty's founder Nurhaci (1559–1626), and Jirgalang (1599–1655), one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan.

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

In 1663, during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, the office was split into two: Viceroy of Guangdong and Viceroy of Guangxi. The headquarters of the Viceroy of Guangdong moved to Lianzhou (廉州; present-day Hepu County, Guangxi). A year later, the Viceroy of Guangxi was merged with the Viceroy of Guangdong, and the headquarters shifted back to Zhaoqing.

Kangxi Emperor fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty

The Kangxi Emperor, personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.

Hepu County County in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Hepu, formerly romanized as Hoppo, Hopu or Hop'u, is a county under the administration of Beihai City in southeastern Guangxi, China. It borders Lianjiang (Guangdong) to the southeast, Bobai County to the northeast, the Gulf of Tonkin to the south, Qinzhou to the west, and Pubei County to the north. Then-Premier Li Peng called this place "the Southern Pearl County" (南珠之乡) in November 1992. The county was once known as Lianzhou. It has an area of 2,380 km2 (920 sq mi) and a population of 930,914 as of 2003.

In 1723, during the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor, the office was divided into Guangdong and Guangxi again, but were merged again within the following year. In 1729, in response to a rebellion by the Miao people, the Yongzheng Emperor placed Guangxi under the jurisdiction of the Viceroy of Yun-Gui to facilitate the coordination of military operations. In 1734, Guangdong and Guangxi were merged under a single office, Viceroy of Liangjiang, and had remained like this until 1905.

In 1746, during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor, the headquarters of the Viceroy of Liangguang shifted to Guangzhou and remained there permanently.

In 1905, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor, the Viceroy of Liangguang concurrently held the position of Provincial Governor of Guangdong.

List of Viceroys of Liangguang

Ming dynasty

#NamePortraitStart of termEnd of termNotes
1 Wang Ao
王翱
Wang Ao .png 14521453Promoted to Secretary of Personnel
2 Han Yong
韓雍
1465Concurrently Left Censor-in-Chief
3 Qin Hong
秦紘
14891495Concurrently Right Censor-in-Chief; later dismissed from office
4 Deng Tingzan
鄧廷瓚
14951497Concurrently a Provincial Governor; later promoted to Left Censor-in-Chief
5 Pan Fan
潘蕃
15011506Concurrently Right Censor-in-Chief; later promoted to Left Censor-in-Chief
6 Xiong Xiu
熊繡
15061514Concurrently Right Deputy Censor-in-Chief; later promoted to Censor-in-Chief in Nanjing
7 Zhou Nan
周南
15141515Retired
8 Chen Jin
陳金
15151519Later promoted to Censor-in-Chief
9 Zhang Ding
張嵿
15221525Concurrently Right Censor-in-Chief; later promoted to Censor-in-Chief in Nanjing and Secretary of Works
10 Yao Mo
姚鏌
15251527Concurrently Right Censor-in-Chief
11 Wang Shouren
王守仁
Wang-yang-ming.jpg 15271529Concurrently Secretary of Defence in Nanjing and Left Censor-in-Chief
12 Zhang Jing
張經
15371544Promoted to Left Vice Secretary of Defence
13 Tao Xie
陶諧
Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
14 Bao Xiangxian
鮑象賢
Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
15 Zhang Yue
張岳
15441545Concurrently Right Deputy Censor-in-Chief
16 Wu Guifang
吳桂芳
15631566Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
17 Tan Lun
譚綸
15671568
18 Zhang Han
張瀚
15681569Concurrently Left Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
19 Liu Tao
劉燾
15691570Concurrently Left Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
20 Li Qian
李遷
15701571Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Censor-in-Chief
21 Yin Zhengmao
殷正茂
15711575Concurrently Secretary of Defence in Nanjing
22 Ling Yunyi
凌雲翼
15751578Concurrently Left Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
23 Liu Yaohui
劉堯誨
Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
24 Chen Rui
陳瑞
15821583Concurrently Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
25 Guo Yingping
郭應聘
15831584Concurrently Secretary of Defence
26 Wu Wenhua
吳文華
15841587Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
27 Wu Shan
吳善
15871588Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
28 Liu Jiwen
劉繼文
15881591Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
29 Xiao Yan
蕭彥
15911592Concurrently Right Deputy Censor-in-Chief
30 Chen Ju
陳榘
15931594Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Revenue
31 Chen Dake
陳大科
15951598Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
32 Dai Yao
戴耀
15981609Concurrently Secretary of Defence and Right Deputy Censor-in-Chief
33 Zhang Minggang
張鳴岡
16101614Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
34 Zhou Jiamo
周嘉謨
16151617Concurrently Provincial Governor of Yunnan
35 Xu Honggang
許宏鋼
16181620Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
36 Chen Bangzhan
陳邦瞻
16201621Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
37 Hu Yingtai
胡應台
16211624Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
38 He Shijin
何士晉
16241625Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
39 Shang Zhouzuo
商周祚
16251626Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
40 Li Fengjie
李逢節
16271628Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
41 Wang Zunde
王尊德
16281631Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence; died in office
42 Wang Yehao
王業浩
16311632Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
43 Xiong Wencan
熊文燦
16321637Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence and Right Censor-in-Chief
44 Zhang Jingxin
張鏡心
16371641Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
45 Shen Youlong
沈猶龍
Chen You Long .jpg 16411644Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence

Southern Ming dynasty

#NamePortraitStart of termEnd of termNotes
46 Ding Kuichu
丁魁楚
16441644Concurrently Right Vice Secretary of Defence
47 Wang Huacheng
王化澄
16461646Concurrently Provincial Governor of Guangdong
48 Lin Jiading
林佳鼎
February 16461647
49 Zhu Zhijian
朱治澗
16471647Concurrently Vice Secretary of Defence
50 Li Chengdong
李成棟
1648April 1649
51 Li Qipeng
李棲鵬
April 1649April 1649
52 Yan Keyi
閻可義
August 1649August 1649Died of illness in office
53 Li Jianjie
李建捷
September 1649September 1649
54 Luo Chengyao
羅承耀
September 1649September 1649
55 Du Yunhe
杜允和
October 16491650Retreated from Guangzhou after the city fell to Qing forces led by Shang Kexi and Geng Jimao
56 Lian Chengbi
連城璧
16501659

Qing dynasty

#NamePortraitStart of termEnd of termNotes
Viceroy of Guangdong
(including Guangxi)
(1644–1661)
164415 June 1647Vacant
1 Tong Yangjia
佟養甲
15 June 16471651
165112 July 1653Vacant
2 Li Shuaitai
李率泰
Li Shuaitai.png 12 July 165316 March 1656
3 Wang Guoguang
王國光
16 March 165610 July 1658
4 Li Qifeng
李棲鳳
10 July 16582 November 1661
Viceroy of Guangdong
(1661–1665)
5 Li Qifeng
李棲鳳
2 November 16612 April 1665
6 Lu Xingzu
盧興祖
2 April 16654 July 1665
Viceroy of Guangxi
(1661–1665)
Yu Shiyue
于時躍
16611663
Qu Jinmei
屈盡美
16631665
Viceroy of Liangguang
(1665–1723)
7 Lu Xingzu
盧興祖
4 July 166530 December 1667
8 Zhou Youde
周有德
Zhou Youde.jpg 30 January 16686 February 1670
9 Jin Guangzu [ citation needed ]
金光祖
6 March 16681 February 1682
10 Wu Xingzuo
吳興祚
1 February 16828 August 1689
11 Shi Lin
石琳
19 August 168217 December 1702
12 Guo Shilong
郭世隆
17 December 170223 January 1707
13 Zhao Hongcan
趙弘燦
30 January 170719 November 1716
14 Yang Lin
楊琳
25 November 17169 September 1723
Viceroy of Guangdong
(1723–1724)
15 Yang Lin
楊琳
9 September 172326 April 1724
Viceroy of Guangxi
(1723–1724)
Kong Yuxun
孔毓珣
17231724
Viceroy of Liangguang
(1724–1728)
16 Kong Yuxun
孔毓珣
26 April 172411 November 1728
Viceroy of Guangdong
(Guangxi was under the Viceroy of Yun-Gui)
(1728–1734)
17 Kong Yuxun
孔毓珣
11 November 172829 March 1729
18 Hao Yulin
郝玉麟
29 March 172921 March 1732
Zhang Pu
張溥
14 October 173125 February 1732Acting Viceroy
Omida
鄂彌達
21 March 173217 October 1732Acting Viceroy
19 Omida
鄂彌達
21 March 17325 January 1735
Viceroy of Liangguang
(1734–1905)
20 Omida
鄂彌達
5 January 173530 August 1738
21 Martai
馬爾泰
30 August 173810 August 1744
Qingfu
慶復
28 May 174128 January 1743Acting Viceroy
Ts'ereng
策楞
28 January 174317 July 1743Acting Viceroy
22 Nasutu
那蘇圖
10 August 174414 May 1745
23 Ts'ereng
策楞
14 May 174528 October 1748
24 Yengišan
尹繼善
Yin Ji Shan .jpg 28 October 174824 November 1748
25 Šose
碩色
24 November 17489 February 1750
26 Chen Dashou
陳大受
9 February 175014 November 1751
27 Arigun
阿里袞
Arigun.jpg 14 November 175124 February 1753
Bandi
班第
Meritorious Officers Paintings of Ziguang Ge-Bandi.JPG 16 October 17533 May 1754Acting Viceroy
28 Ts'ereng
策楞
16 October 17533 May 1754
29 Yang Yingju
楊應琚
3 May 175431 August 1757
30 Henian
鶴年
31 August 175714 January 1758
Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg Acting Viceroy
31 Chen Hongmou
陳弘謀
Chen Hong Mou .jpg 14 January 175827 May 1758
32 Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 27 May 175827 May 1761
33 Suchang
蘇昌
27 May 176122 July 1764
34 Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 22 July 176425 February 1777
Yang Tingzhang
楊廷璋
22 July 176524 April 1767Acting Viceroy
35 Yang Jingsu
楊景素
25 February 177719 March 1778
36 Guilin
桂林
19 March 177811 January 1780
37 Bayansan
巴延三
11 January 178020 February 1784
38 Shuchang
舒常
20 February 178426 February 1785
Sun Shiyi
孫士毅
Sun Shiyi.jpg 26 February 17851 September 1785Acting Viceroy
39 Fulehun
富勒渾
1 September 178523 May 1786
40 Sun Shiyi
孫士毅
Sun Shiyi.jpg 23 May 178619 February 1789
41 Fuk'anggan
福康安
Fuk'anggan.jpg 19 February 178914 September 1793
42 Changlin
長麟
14 September 17935 July 1796
43 Zhu Gui
朱珪
Zhu Gui .jpg 5 July 179629 September 1796
44 Jiqing
吉慶
29 September 179617 December 1802
45 Changlin
長麟
17 December 180226 January 1803
Hutuli
瑚圖禮
Acting Viceroy
46 Wesibu
倭什布
26 January 180330 January 1805
47 Nayancheng
那彥成
30 January 180512 December 1805
48 Wu Xiongguang
吳熊光
12 December 18056 January 1809
49 Yongbao
永保
6 January 180920 February 1809
50 Bailing
百齡
20 February 180916 February 1811
51 Songyun
松筠
16 February 18115 November 1811
52 Jiang Youxian
蔣攸銛
5 November 181122 October 1817
53 Ruan Yuan
阮元
Ruan Yuan Xiang .JPG 22 October 181722 June 1826
54 Li Hongbin
李鴻賓
22 June 182614 September 1832
55 Lu Kun
盧坤
14 September 183215 October 1835
56 Deng Tingzhen
鄧廷楨
Deng Tingzhen.png 15 October 183521 January 1840
57 Lin Zexu
林則徐
Commissioner Lin 2.png 21 January 18403 October 1840
Yiliang
怡良
28 September 18404 December 1840Acting Viceroy
58 Qishan
琦善
4 December 184026 February 1841
59 Qi Gong
祁𡎴
26 February 184119 March 1844
60 Qiying
耆英
Portrait of Keying.jpeg 19 March 18444 July 1848
Xu Guangjin
徐廣縉
3 February 18484 July 1848Acting Viceroy
61 Xu Guangjin
徐廣縉
4 July 18487 September 1852
62 Ye Mingchen
葉名琛
Ye Mingchen.jpg 7 September 185226 January 1858 [1]
63 Huang Zonghan
黃宗漢
26 January 18584 May 1859
64 Wang Qingyun
王慶雲
4 May 18597 October 1859
Bogui
柏貴
4 May 185921 May 1859Acting Viceroy
Lao Chongguang
勞崇光
Lao Chong Guang .jpg 21 May 18597 October 1859Acting Viceroy
65 Lao Chongguang
勞崇光
Lao Chong Guang .jpg 7 October 185917 October 1862
66 Liu Changyou
劉長佑
17 October 186214 February 1863
Yan Duanshu
晏端書
14 February 18636 July 1863Acting Viceroy
67 Mao Hongbin
毛鴻賓
6 July 18637 March 1865
Wu Tang
吳棠
7 March 186513 March 1865Acting Viceroy
68 Ruilin
瑞麟
JUI-LIN, GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE TWO KWANG PROVINCES.jpg 13 March 186517 October 1874
Ruilin
瑞麟
JUI-LIN, GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE TWO KWANG PROVINCES.jpg 13 March 186525 September 1866Acting Viceroy
69 Yinghan
英翰
17 October 18742 September 1875
Zhang Zhaodong
張兆棟
17 October 187431 March 1875Acting Viceroy
70 Liu Kunyi
劉坤一
Liu Kunyi LOC ggbain 03677.jpg 2 September 187527 December 1879
Yukuan
裕寬
18 December 187827 December 1879Acting Viceroy
71 Zhang Shusheng
張樹聲
27 December 187919 April 1882
Yukuan
裕寬
27 December 187920 May 1880Acting Viceroy
Yukuan
裕寬
19 April 18826 May 1882Acting Viceroy
72 Zeng Guoquan
曾國荃
Ping Ding Yue Fei Gong Chen Xiang -Ceng Guo Quan Xiang .jpg 6 May 188213 July 1883
73 Zhang Shusheng
張樹聲
13 July 188322 May 1884
74 Zhang Zhidong
張之洞
Zhang Zhi Dong Zhao Fu Zhao .jpg 22 May 18848 August 1889
75 Li Hanzhang
李瀚章
8 August 188913 April 1895
76 Tan Zhonglin
譚鍾麟
16 April 189519 December 1899The office was renamed to "Viceroy of Liangguang and Provincial Governor of Guangdong" between 30 August and 1 November 1898.
Deshou
德壽
19 December 189924 May 1900Acting Viceroy
77 Li Hongzhang
李鴻章
Li Hung Chang in 1896.jpg 24 May 19009 July 1900
Deshou
德壽
9 July 190016 September 1900Acting Viceroy
78 Lu Chuanlin
鹿傳霖
Lu Chuanlin.jpg 16 September 190026 September 1900
79 Tao Mo
陶模
26 September 19002 July 1902
Deshou
德壽
3 July 190218 April 1903
80 Cen Chunxuan
岑春煊
Cen Chunxuan (1).jpg 18 April 190323 July 1905
Viceroy of Liangguang and Provincial Governor of Guangdong
(1905–1911)
81 Cen Chunxuan
岑春煊
Cen Chunxuan (1).jpg 23 July 190511 September 1906
82 Zhou Fu
周馥
Chou Fu.jpg 11 September 190628 May 1907
83 Cen Chunxuan
岑春煊
Cen Chunxuan (1).jpg 28 May 190712 August 1907
84 Zhang Renjun
張人駿
Zhang Renjun.jpg 12 August 190728 June 1909
Yuan Shuxun
袁樹勛
28 June 190929 October 1910Acting Viceroy
Zengqi
增祺
29 October 191014 April 1911Acting Viceroy
85 Zhang Mingqi
張鳴岐
Zhang Ming Qi .jpg 4 April 19118 November 1911
86 Li Zhun
李準
26 November 1911Never assumed office
Lu Rongting
陸榮廷
Lu Rongting.jpg July 1917July 1917During the Manchu Restoration attempt

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References

Citations

  1. Wong, J.Y. (1976). Yeh Ming-ch'en: Viceroy of Liang Kuang 1852-8. CUP Archive. ISBN   978-0-521-21023-2.

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