Waverly, Iowa

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Waverly, Iowa
Waverly iowa.jpg
Waverly, Iowa
Bremer County Iowa Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Waverly Highlighted.svg
Location of Waverly, Iowa
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Waverly, Iowa
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°43′36″N92°28′31″W / 42.72667°N 92.47528°W / 42.72667; -92.47528 Coordinates: 42°43′36″N92°28′31″W / 42.72667°N 92.47528°W / 42.72667; -92.47528
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa
County Bremer
Area
[1]
  Total11.51 sq mi (29.81 km2)
  Land11.01 sq mi (28.52 km2)
  Water0.50 sq mi (1.29 km2)
Elevation
912 ft (278 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total9,874
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
10,153
  Density860/sq mi (330/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50677
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-82875
GNIS feature ID0462757
Website Waverly, Iowa

Waverly is a city in Bremer County, Iowa, United States. The population was 9,874 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Bremer County [4] and is part of the WaterlooCedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Bremer County, Iowa U.S. county in Iowa

Bremer County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,276. Its county seat is Waverly. The county was named for Fredrika Bremer, a Swedish feminist writer.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

The sister city of Waverly is the German city of Eisenach, which is famous for the Wartburg castle. Waverly is the location of Wartburg College which is named after this castle.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Eisenach Place in Thuringia, Germany

Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999.

Wartburg College American college

Wartburg College is a four-year liberal arts college of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America located in Waverly, Iowa. Wartburg West is in Denver, Colorado.

Early Waverly history

Indian reservation

The first permanent residents of Waverly were settled there against their will. Because of their alleged assistance given to Chief Black Hawk during the Blackhawk War of 1832, the Winnebago were forced to cede their lands east of the Mississippi and to move to Neutral Ground in what is now northeastern Iowa. They were to receive $270,000 ($10,000 per year for 27 years) and were required to surrender several of their tribesmen accused of murdering whites during the war. At that time there were three tribes living in the area, the Winnebagoes numbering about 500, the Mesquakie numbering about 100 and the Pottawattomies numbering about 50. With Iowa statehood in 1846, the Winnebago were moved again. In an 1845 treaty, the Winnebago exchanged their Iowa lands for the 800,000-acre (3,200 km2) Long Prairie (Crow Wing River) reserve in Minnesota and $190,000. In 1848, a detachment of United States troops from Fort Atkinson, Iowa, came to enforce the removal. All told, between 1840 and 1863, the Winnebagoes were moved five times. They were pushed first to northeastern Iowa, then to Long Prairie, Minnesota, then to Blue Earth, Minnesota, then to Crow Creek, South Dakota. In 1865, after the constant upheaval cost 700 tribal members’ lives, the current Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska was established by the treaties of 1865 and 1874. The tribe lost more than two thirds of this land in the General Allotment Act of 1887. By 1913, only 120,000 acres (490 km2) of cropland, woodland, and pasture remained. The tribe is federally recognized and organized under the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act. The Winnebago Tribe established a constitution in 1936 which was amended in 1968.

Ho-Chunk Native American tribe

The Ho-Chunk, also known as Hoocąągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois. Today, Ho-Chunk people are enrolled in two federally recognized tribes, the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin and the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska.

Fort Atkinson, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

Fort Atkinson is a city in Winneshiek County, Iowa, United States. The population was 349 at the 2010 census. It is home to the historic Fort Atkinson State Preserve and hosts a large annual fur-trapper rendezvous each September. Fort Atkinson holds the largest regional hay auction every Wednesday.

Indian Reorganization Act United States Law

[[]]

Settlement

Frederick Cretzmeyer is credited with being the first European settler in Waverly. Having purchased 160 acres (0.6 km2) in 1852, he built a log hut on the east side of the Cedar River (or what was once called the Red Cedar River). Soon more homes were constructed as other settlers arrived, with some of their later homes built just over the hill behind the old recycling center.

William Patterson Harmon came to Waverly in the spring of 1853 with the idea of establishing a town and a saw mill. He purchased most of what is now Waverly from the United States Government for $1.25 an acre. The area was incorporated as a town on April 25, 1859, according to the Library of the State of Iowa. (A centennial celebration was held in August 1956.)

Two stories exist on how the town was named. The speaker at the ceremony was said to have been a fan of Sir Walter Scott's Waverley novels and when it came time to name the town (which settlers had wanted to call Harmonville or Harmon) he inadvertently called it Waverly. The myth goes that Jennie Harmon Case later wrote that it was her father who was the speaker and that he made the decision to name the town after the favorite book, instead of the proposed "Harmonville." Coincidentally, Bremer County's name also honors a person eminent in literature. Bremer was named in 1850 by Governor Hempstead, who was an admirer of the Swedish feminist author Fredrika Bremer. [5]

Walter Scott 18th/19th-century Scottish historical novelist, poet and playwright

Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet was a Scottish historical novelist, poet, playwright and historian. Many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, Old Mortality, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.

Stephen P. Hempstead American politician

Stephen P. Hempstead was the second Governor of Iowa. A Democrat, he served from 1850 to 1854.

Fredrika Bremer Swedish writer and feminist

Fredrika Bremer was a Swedish writer and feminist reformer. Her Sketches of Everyday Life were wildly popular in Britain and the United States during the 1840s and 1850s and she is regarded as the Swedish Jane Austen, bringing the realist novel to prominence in Swedish literature. In her late 30s, she successfully petitioned King Charles XIV for emancipation from her brother's wardship; in her 50s, her novel Hertha prompted a social movement that granted all Swedish women legal majority at the age of 25 and established Högre Lärarinneseminariet, Sweden's first female tertiary school. It also inspired Sophie Adlersparre to begin publishing the Home Review, Sweden's first women's magazine. In 1884, she became the namesake of the Fredrika Bremer Association, the first women's rights organization in Sweden.

The first school was started by Charles Ensign in a log cabin in 1854. A stone school house was erected by 1855 and additional schools were built in 1861 and 1868. The first graduating class of the Waverly High School was the class of 1875 with two students. Wartburg College moved to Waverly from Clinton, Iowa, in 1856. The public library was established in 1866.

In 2014, the Waverly East Bremer Avenue Commercial Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Among the noted buildings in the listing is the WPA-era post office, which contains a mural designed by artist Mildred W. Pelzer for the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. The painting, called "A Letter from Home in 1856", depicted a farm family pausing during plowing to read a letter from their former home. [6]

Waverly East Bremer Avenue Commercial Historic District United States historic place

The Waverly East Bremer Avenue Commercial Historic District is a nationally recognized historic district located in Waverly, Iowa, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. At the time of its nomination it contained 53 resources, which included 41 contributing buildings, and 12 non-contributing buildings. The historic district covers a portion of the city's central business district between the Cedar River on the west and the former right-of-way for the Chicago Great Western Railway on the east.

National Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

United States post office murals

United States post office murals are notable examples of New Deal art produced during the years 1934–43. They were commissioned through a competitive process by the United States Department of the Treasury. Some 1,400 murals were created for federal post office buildings in more than 1,300 U.S. cities. Murals still extant are the subject of efforts by the U.S. Postal Service to preserve and protect them.

Geography

Waverly's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 42.726530, −92.475366. [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.51 square miles (29.81 km2), of which 11.01 square miles (28.52 km2) is land and 0.50 square miles (1.29 km2) is water. [1]

Demographics

Waverly historical population
YearPop.±%
1870 2,291    
1880 2,345+2.4%
1890 2,346+0.0%
1900 3,177+35.4%
1910 3,205+0.9%
1920 3,352+4.6%
1930 3,652+8.9%
1940 4,156+13.8%
1950 5,124+23.3%
1960 6,357+24.1%
1970 7,205+13.3%
1980 8,444+17.2%
1990 8,539+1.1%
2000 8,968+5.0%
2010 9,874+10.1%
201810,153+2.8%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

2010 census

At the 2010 census, [2] there were 9,874 people, 3,546 households and 2,294 families in the city. The population density was 896.8 per square mile (346.3/km2). There were 3,732 housing units at an average density of 339.0 per square mile (130.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 1.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 3,546 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age was 33.1 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 21.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census

At the 2000,census, [9] there were 8,968 people, 3,238 households and 2,143 families residing in the city. The population density was 803.4 per square mile (310.3/km²). There were 3,394 housing units at an average density of 304.0 per square mile (117.4/km²). The racial makeup was 97.11% White, 1.05% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.61% of the population.

There were 3,238 households of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.

21.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 20.4% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median household income was $39,587 and the median family income was $52,656. Males had a median income of $36,369 and females $22,031. The per capita income was $18,285. About 2.1% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Statue of St. Francis at Wartburg College WartburgSt.Francis.jpg
Statue of St. Francis at Wartburg College

Wartburg College, maintained by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, is a four-year liberal-arts college in Waverly that opened in 1852. In the 2016–2017 school year, the college had an enrollment of 1,482 students. [10]

Waverly-Shell Rock School District is made of seven schools including four elementary schools, a middle school (grades 5 through 8) and a high school. [11] The district strives "to create a passion for learning that will sustain students for a lifetime". [12] In the 2005–06 school year, the district had 2,020 K-12 students, of whom 1,823 were regular education students and 197 were special education students. Thirty-four of the special education students are served in Greenview High School, an alternative high school program. Waverly-Shell Rock Senior High completed building a new auditorium and gymnasium in 2008.

St. Paul's Lutheran School "is committed to providing quality education in an environment where Christian faith is taught, learned and lived". [13] In the 2010–2011 school year, 139 students were enrolled in K-6 and 87 students in pre-school. More than half of the students come from neighboring congregations and assistance is given to families who demonstrate financial need. The school offers a Gifted and Talented program, a "Partners in Education Program", which allows students and residents at Bartels Lutheran Retirement Community to work together, and several unique opportunities in the fine arts.

Economy

Major employers in Waverly include CUNA Mutual Group, Waverly Health Center, Wartburg College, Nestlé Beverage, Waverly-Shell Rock Community School District, Peoples Insurance Agency and the GMT Corporation. [14]

Government

The City of Waverly has a mayor council form of government. The city has a professional city administrator who is hired by the city council. There is a seven-member city council: five elected members from wards, two members elected at-large. The mayor is elected by all citizens. [15]

Police and fire departments

Waverly's police department consists of 16 officers. [16]

The fire department is a volunteer force of 30 to 40 citizens. [17]

Infrastructure

Utilities

Renewable energy

Waverly is a leader in the use of renewable energy.[ citation needed ] In 1993, Waverly Light & Power Company became the first public power system in the Midwest to own and operate wind generation. The Zond 80 kW turbine was installed on a farm just outside the city. In 1999, two 75 kW turbines were added near Alta, Iowa. They are part of the 259 turbines on a wind farm near Storm Lake. In 2001, the first turbine was replaced by a 90 kW turbine which has produced 111,000kwh in 15 days. WLP has set a goal known as "20 by 20-20" which means they are striving to generate 20% of its energy with renewable sources by the year 2020. The latest step in reaching that goal is to build a new ISEP energy park in Dallas County.

Waverly Light & Power has also been instrumental in development of soybean-based transformer oil.

Health care

Waverly Health Center is a 25-bed critical access hospital in Waverly. It provides inpatient care, ambulatory surgery, outpatient services, specialty clinics and emergency room care to area residents. More than 50 health care providers and visiting specialists care for patients there, allowing residents local access to specialized care. [18] Waverly Health Center is accredited by the Joint Commission. [19]

Local radio

KWAY (AM) and KWAY-FM are located on the south side of Waverly. Studios and transmitters are there.

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Waverly may have the highest national per capita concentration of ordained Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) clergy. One estimate in the 1990s suggested Waverly had 37 ordained ELCA clergy, with a population of about 9,000. This estimate was made during the days preceding the ELCA decision regarding Called to Common Mission. If accurate, this would equal a ratio of one clergy member for every 243 people.

Waverly also has St. John Lutheran Church, which is affiliated with the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.

Notable people

Media references

The fictional biography of the Marvel Comics character Hawkeye, who is part of the Avengers superhero group, puts his birthplace in Waverly.

The film Ice Castles and its 2010 remake use Waverly as a locales, including being the hometown of the protagonists.

Sister cities

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References

  1. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  3. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "Bremer County History". Bremer County, Iowa. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
  6. Full, Jan Olive (October 2013). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Waverly East Bremer Avenue Commercial Historic District" (PDF). Washington, D. C.: National Park Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. , Wartburg College, December 14, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  11. http://www.wsr.k12.ia.us/#!our-schools/zoixj
  12. "Waverly-Shell Rock Schools" . Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  13. "St. Paul's Lutheran School". St. Paul's Lutheran Church. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  14. City of Waverly Audit Report for FY 2012
  15. "Welcome to the City of Waverly". City of Waverly. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  16. Waverly Police Department, City of Waverly. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  17. Welcome to the Waverly Volunteer Fire Department, City of Waverly. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  18. "Waverly Health Center". Resolve Technology Group. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  19. "Summary of Accreditation Quality Information - Waverly Health Center". The Joint Commission. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  20. "A.J. Hinch". BASEBALL-Reference. Retrieved May 6, 2011.