Amblyomma

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Amblyomma
Temporal range: Cretaceous–present
Amblyomma ovale.png
A female of Amblyomma ovale firmly attached to and feeding on a dog.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Order: Ixodida
Family: Ixodidae
Genus: Amblyomma
Koch, 1844
Species

About 130, see text.

Amblyomma marmoreum C. L. Koch drawn by Oudemans Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.ART.1201 - Amblyomma marmoreum (C. L. Koch) - Mites - Collection Anthonie Cornelis Oudemans.jpeg
Amblyomma marmoreum C. L. Koch drawn by Oudemans

Amblyomma is a genus of hard ticks. Some are disease vectors, for example the Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Brazil or ehrlichiosis in the United States.

Contents

This genus is the third largest in the family Ixodidae, with its species primarily occupying the torrid zones of all the continents. The centre of species diversity is on the American continent, where half of all the species occur. On this continent, Amblyomma species reach far beyond the torrid zone, up to the 40th parallel in the Northern Hemisphere, to the 50th parallel in the Southern Hemisphere, and even reaches the alpine zone of the Andes. [1]

Species

Fossil species

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<i>Hyalomma</i> Genus of ticks

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<i>Rhipicephalus</i> Genus of ticks

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<i>Amblyomma cajennense</i> Species of tick

Amblyomma cajennense or Cayenne tick is a species of tick found in a range from the southern part of the United States to northern Argentina, through Central America and some of the Caribbean.

<i>Ornithodoros</i> Genus of arachnids in the soft-bodied tick family, Argasidae.

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<i>Argas</i> Genus of ticks

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<i>Haemaphysalis</i> Genus of ticks

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Rhipicephalus hoogstraali is a tick found in Djibouti and Somalia. First recognized by Harry Hoogstraal as Rhipicephalus longicoxatus based on an incomplete published description, after discovery of the holotype of R. longicoxatus, it was described and named to honor Hoogstraal in 2009.

<i>Ixodes neuquenensis</i> Species of tick

Ixodes neuquenensis is a species of tick that lives on the monito del monte, a nocturnal marsupial that lives in the temperate forests of southern South America. Due to the near-threatened status of its host, Ixodes neuquenensis is also at risk.

<i>Amblyomma triguttatum</i> Species of tick

Amblyomma triguttatum, commonly known as the kangaroo tick, is a species of tick in the genus Amblyomma native to Australia. There are four subspecies, one or more of which might be separate species. The nominate subspecies is a vector for Rickettsia.

Amblyomma patinoi is a species of tick of the genus Amblyomma. The species is associated with the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Rickettsia species can habitate A. patinoi endosymbiotically.

Amblyomma interandinum is a species of tick of the genus Amblyomma. The species is associated with the northern part of the Inter-Andean valley of Peru. Rickettsia species can habitate A. interandinum endosymbiotically.

Amblyomma tonelliae is a species of tick of the genus Amblyomma. The species is associated with dry areas of the Chaco region, spanning central-northern Argentina to Bolivia and Paraguay. Rickettsia species can habitate A. tonelliae endosymbiotically.

<i>Rhipicephalus pulchellus</i> Species of tick

The zebra tick or yellow back tick is a species of hard tick. It is common in the Horn of Africa, with a habitat of the Rift Valley and eastward. It feeds upon a wide variety of species, including livestock, wild mammals, and humans, and can be a vector for various pathogens. The adult male has a distinctive black and ivory ornamentation on its scutum.

Amblyomma albopictum is a species of tropical hard ticks in the genus Amblyomma. It is typically found parasitizing Cyclura nubila, Chilabothrus angulifer, Alsophis cantherigerus (Bibron), Leiocephalus carinatus, and less commonly the Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine. The species has been found in Costa Rica, Cuba, Haiti, Honduras and the Dominican Republic, and has also been reported but not confirmed in Brazil. The tick was discovered and named by Neumann in 1899.

<i>Cosmiomma</i> Genus of ticks

Cosmiomma is a genus of ticks first discovered by Paul Schulze in 1919. It is monospecific, being represented by the single species Cosmiomma hippopotamensis. It was first described in 1843 by Henry Denny from specimens collected from a hippopotamus in Southern Africa, and has been called "one of the most unusual, beautiful, and rare tick species known to the world."

Paul Schulze was "the most important German tick taxonomist of the early 20th century." Between 1929 and 1937, he described 19 genera, 17 subgenera, 150 species and 150 subspecies of ixodid ticks. He was essentially an amateur taxonomist, working alone for most of his career, not consulting the major tick collections or collaborating with other tick taxonomists.

References

  1. Archived 2010-09-22 at the Wayback Machine G. V. Kolonin, Fauna of Ixodid Ticks of the World (Acari, Ixodidae), Moscow 2009
  2. Apanaskevich, D.A., Apanaskevich, M.A. 2018. Description of a new species of Amblyomma Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae), parasite of deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) and wild pigs (Artiodactyla: Suidae) in the Philippines. Systematic Parasitology 95, 415–425 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9797-x
  3. Keirans JE, Garris GI. 1986. Amblyomma arianae, n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a parasite of Alsophis portoricensis (Reptilia: Colubridae) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Medical Entomology . 1986 Dec 4;23(6):622-5. PMID   3795233. DOI: 10.1093/jmedent/23.6.622.
  4. S. Nava, A. J. Mangold, M. Mastropaolo, J. M. Venzal, E. B. Oscherov, & A. A. Guglielmone. 2009. Amblyomma boeroi n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a parasite of the Chacoan peccary Catagonus wagneri (Rusconi) (Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae) in Argentina. Systematic Parasitology 73(3):161-74.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Santiago Nava, Lorenza Beati, Marcelo B. Labruna, Abraham G. Cáceres, Atilio J. Mangold, and Alberto A. Guglielmone. 2014. Reassessment of the taxonomic status of Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787) with the description of three new species, Amblyomma tonelliae n. sp., Amblyomma interandinum n. sp. and Amblyomma patinoi n. sp., and reinstatement of Amblyomma mixtum Koch, 1844, and Amblyomma sculptum Berlese, 1888 (Ixodida: Ixodidae). Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, Volume 5, Issue 3, April 2014, pp. 252-276; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2013.11.004, as accessed 22 Sep 2020.