|Women's 100 metres|
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
Interior view of the Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, where the Women's 100m took place.
|Dates||12 August 2016 |
(Preliminary round & heats)
13 August 2016
(semi-final & final)
|Competitors||80 from 56 nations|
| Athletics at the|
2016 Summer Olympics
|100 m hurdles||women|
|110 m hurdles||men|
|400 m hurdles||men||women|
| 3000 m|
|4×100 m relay||men||women|
|4×400 m relay||men||women|
|20 km walk||men||women|
|50 km walk||men|
The women's 100 metres event at the 2016 Summer Olympics took place between 12–13 August at the Olympic Stadium.
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce was the defending Olympic champion from 2012 and entered the competition having won five of the last six global championships. At eighth in the year's rankings, she was not in peak form resulting from her toe injury. Elaine Thompson had beaten her at the Jamaican Championships with a world-leading and national record-equalling 10.70 seconds. American champion English Gardner was the next fastest and the two other American entrants, Tianna Bartoletta and Tori Bowie, shared third on the world rankings with African record breaker Murielle Ahouré at 10.78 seconds. Dutchwoman Dafne Schippers was also a strong entrant.
Charlotte Wingfield of Malta was comfortably the fastest qualifier in the preliminaries at 11.86 seconds. Cecilia Bouele of Congo was the only other athlete under 12 seconds in that round.In the first round proper Fraser-Pryce demonstrated her form with 10.96 seconds to top qualifying. Trinidad and Tobago's Michelle-Lee Ahye was the next fastest heat winner in eleven seconds dead, while all the top runners progressed. The semi-final round excised Murielle Ahoure and Tianna Bartoletta. Earlier in the season, both had run 10.78 and are tied for the fourteenth-fastest in history. Fraser-Pryce and Thompson were the fastest in 10.88 but only eight hundredths separated the finalists.
In the final, Tori Bowie reacted the fastest, but Elaine Thompson got the best start. Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce has previously gained the edge from her exceptional start, but at best she was even with Thompson, which Thompson expanded upon for the win. For her fast reaction, Bowie was a step behind in the early stages of the race but made a late rush to catch Fraser-Pryce just before the line for silver. After an injured toe during most of the season, it was Fraser-Pryce's season best for bronze.Thompson's time 10.71 would have been good enough to be the fifth time in history, had she not already run 10.70 at the Jamaican Olympic Trials earlier in the season to tie Fraser-Pryce for fourth.
The medals were presented by Nawal El Moutawakel, IOC member, Morocco and Frankie Fredericks, Council Member of the IAAF.
Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.
|World record||10.49||Indianapolis, United States||16 July 1988|
|Olympic record||10.62||Seoul, Korea||24 September 1988|
|2016 World leading||10.70||Kingston, Jamaica||1 July 2016|
|Africa ( records )||10.78||+1.6||Murielle Ahouré|
|Asia ( records )||10.79||+0.0||Li Xuemei|
|Europe ( records )||10.73||+2.0||Christine Arron|
| North, Central America|
and Caribbean ( records )
|10.49 WR||+0.0||Florence Griffith Joyner|
|Oceania ( records )||11.11||+1.9||Melissa Breen|
|South America ( records )||10.99||+0.9||Angela Tenorio|
The following national records were established during the competition:
|Cape Verde||Preliminaries||12.38 s|
|Saudi Arabia||Preliminaries||14.61 s|
All times are Brasilia Time (UTC-3)
|Friday, 12 August 2016||11:55|
|Saturday, 13 August 2016||21:00|
The preliminary round of the competition featured athletes who had not achieved the required qualifying time for the event. Athletes who had achieved that time received a bye into the first round proper.
Qualification rule: first 2 of each heat (Q) plus the 2 fastest times (q) qualified.
|Wind: +0.9 m/s|
|Wind: −0.2 m/s|
|3||9||Zaidatul Husniah Zulkifli||0.151||12.12||q|
|Wind: −0.2 m/s|
Qualification rule: first 2 of each heat (Q) plus the 8 fastest times (q) qualified.
|4||2||Lorene Dorcas Bazolo||0.142||11.43|
|Wind: +0.3 m/s|
|Wind: 0.0 m/s|
|Wind: 0.0 m/s|
|2||5||Marie-Josee Ta Lou||0.156||11.01||Q|
|7||6||Ruddy Zang Milama||0.151||11.67|
|Wind: −0.3 m/s|
|Wind: −0.7 m/s|
|7||9||Iman Essa Jasim||0.161||11.72|
|Wind: ±0.0 m/s|
|Wind: −1.0 m/s|
|8||8||Zaidatul Husniah Zulkifli||0.149||12.62|
|Wind: −0.2 m/s|
|2||6||Michelle-Lee Ahye||0.134||10.90||Q, SB|
|3||9||Christania Williams||0.166||10.96||q, PB|
|Wind: +1.0 m/s|
|1||5||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce||0.151||10.88||Q, SB|
|3||6||Marie-Josee Ta Lou||0.157||10.94||q, PB|
|Wind: +0.3 m/s|
|Wind: +0.6 m/s|
|4||3||Marie-Josee Ta Lou||0.136||10.86||PB|
|Wind: +0.5 m/s|
The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.
Kerron Stewart is a Jamaican sprinter who specializes in the 100 metres and 200 metres. She is the 2008 Jamaican national champion in the 100 m clocking 10.80s. She defeated World Champion Veronica Campbell-Brown in the process and now is the 2008 Summer Olympics silver medalist after she tied with Sherone Simpson in a time of 10.98s. She also earned a bronze medal in the 200 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics with a time of 22.00s. She was born in Kingston.
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, OD is a Jamaican track and field sprinter. Born and raised in Kingston, Jamaica, she rose to prominence at the 2008 Olympics, becoming the first Caribbean woman to win gold in the 100 metres. She followed her 2008 victory with a successful defence of her title in 2012, making her one of only three women to win successive Olympic 100 m titles. After injury affected her season, she won bronze in 2016, becoming the first female sprinter to win 100 m medals at three consecutive Olympics. In 2017, she took a one-year break from athletics to have her first child. At the 2019 World Championships, at the age of 32, she became the oldest female sprinter and first mother in 24 years to win 100 m gold at a global championship.
The women's 100 metres at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Olympic Stadium on August 16 and August 17. The Jamaican team had three strong contenders for the 100 m title in reigning champion Veronica Campbell-Brown, Olympic champion Shelly-Ann Fraser, and Kerron Stewart. The American squad featured Muna Lee, Lauryn Williams, and an in-form Carmelita Jeter. Other medal contenders are Bahamians Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie and Chandra Sturrup, and Kelly-Ann Baptiste, who have all run under eleven seconds prior to the tournament.
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The Women's 100 metres at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Daegu Stadium on August 27, 28 and 29.
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Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics were held during the last 10 days of the games, from 12–21 August 2016, at the Olympic Stadium. The sport of athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics was made into three distinct sets of events: track and field events, road running events, and racewalking events.
The women's 100 metres at the 2013 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Luzhniki Stadium on 11–12 August and was won by Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce.
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The women's 200 metres competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium between 15–17 August.
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The women's 100 metres at the 2015 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Beijing National Stadium on 23 and 24 August. Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce entered the competition as the defending champion and the world leading athlete that season with a time of 10.74 seconds.
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