Dzhokhar Tsarnaev

Last updated

Dzhokhar Anzorovich Tsarnaev
Джоха́р Анзо́рович Царна́ев
Dzhojar Tsarnayev.jpg
Dzhokhar Anzorovich Tsarnaev [note 1]

(1993-07-22) July 22, 1993 (age 29)
Other namesJahar Tsarnaev [1]
Citizenship Russia [2]
United States [3]
Education Cambridge Rindge and Latin School
Alma mater University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (incomplete mechanical engineering program)
Known for Boston Marathon bombing, murdering a law enforcement officer, radical domestic terrorism, and other related crimes
Criminal status Incarcerated
Parent(s)Anzor Tsarnaev (father)
Zubeidat Tsarnaeva (mother)
Conviction(s) Use of a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 2332a) (2 counts)
Use of a weapon of mass destruction (18 U.S.C. § 2332a) (4 counts)
Conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 2332a)
Bombing a place of public use resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 2332a) (2 counts)
Conspiracy to bomb a place of public use resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 2332a)
Maliciously destroying property resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 844) (2 counts)
Conspiracy to maliciously destroy property resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 844)
Carjacking resulting in serious bodily injury (18 U.S.C. § 2119)
Use of a firearm during a crime of violence resulting in death (18 U.S.C. § 924) (9 counts)
Use of a firearm during a crime of violence (18 U.S.C. § 924) (6 counts)
Interfering with commerce by threats or violence (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
Criminal penalty Death
Imprisoned at ADX Florence

Dzhokhar "Jahar" Anzorovich Tsarnaev ( /ˌˈxɑːrˌtsɑːrˈnɛf/ ; born July 22, 1993) [note 1] is a Kyrgyz-American man of Chechen descent, convicted of terrorism and child murder. [4] [5] Tsarnaev was convicted of perpetrating the Boston Marathon bombing by planting pressure cooker bombs near the finish line of the race on April 15, 2013, along with his older brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev. [6] [7] [8] [9] The bombings killed three people and injured approximately 280 others. [10]


Tsarnaev and his family had traveled to the United States on a tourist visa and subsequently claimed asylum during their stay in 2002. He became a naturalized U.S. citizen on September 11, 2012. [11] At the time of the bombings, Tsarnaev was a student at University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Previously, Tsarnaev had attended Cambridge Rindge and Latin School.

Following the bombings, on April 18, the Tsarnaev brothers shot and killed MIT Police Officer Sean Collier in a failed attempt to steal his firearm. Later that night, they engaged in a shootout with the police. Tamerlan was killed and a Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police officer was critically injured in the course of the escape in an SUV. [12] [13] Dzhokhar was injured but escaped, and a manhunt ensued, with thousands of police searching a 20-block area of Watertown, Massachusetts.

On the evening of April 19, Tsarnaev was found seriously wounded and unarmed hiding in a boat on a trailer in Watertown just outside the police perimeter. After the police opened fire at the boat, they arrested him and took him to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Tsarnaev was charged on April 22 with using and conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death and with malicious destruction of property resulting in death. [1] [14] [15] Tsarnaev later said during questioning that the brothers next intended to detonate explosives in Times Square in New York City. [16] Tsarnaev reportedly also told authorities that he and his brother were inspired, at least in part, by watching lectures by Anwar al-Awlaki. [17] He was convicted on April 8, 2015 and sentenced to death on June 24, 2015. [18] [19] [20] His death sentence was vacated on appeal in July 2020, but the U.S. Supreme Court reversed this decision in March 2022. [21] [22]

Personal background

Family background

The Tsarnaev family was forcibly moved from Chechnya by the Soviet Union to the Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan in the years following World War II. [23] Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's father, Anzor Tsarnaev, is a Chechen, and his mother, Zubeidat Tsarnaeva, is an Avar. [24] [25] [26] The couple had two sons, Tamerlan, born in the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic [27] in 1986, and Dzhokhar, born in Kyrgyzstan in 1993. [28] The parents also have two daughters. [29] Anzor is a Muslim who shuns extremism [30] and raised his children as Muslims. [31] [32] [33] According to some, other Chechen Americans in the area apparently did not consider the American branch of the family to be "fully" Chechen because they had never lived in Chechnya. [28]

As children, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar lived in Tokmok, Kyrgyzstan. In 2001, the family moved to Makhachkala, Dagestan, in the Russian Federation. [34] [3] [35] In April 2002, the Tsarnaev parents and Dzhokhar went to the United States on a 90-day tourist visa. [36] [37] [38] Anzor Tsarnaev applied for asylum, citing fears of deadly persecution due to his ties to Chechnya. [39]

Tamerlan was left in the care of his uncle Ruslan in Kyrgyzstan [23] and arrived in the U.S. about two years later. [40] In the U.S. the parents received asylum and then filed for their four children, who received "derivative asylum status". [41] They settled on Norfolk Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Tamerlan lived there until his death. [42]

The family "was in constant transition" for the next decade. [23] Anzor Tsarnaev and Zubeidat Tsarnaeva both received welfare benefits. [43] The father worked as a backyard mechanic and the mother worked as a cosmetologist [44] until she lost her job for refusing to work in a business that served men. In March 2007, the family was granted legal permanent residence. [40]

Early life

Tsarnaev was born in Kyrgyzstan on July 22, 1993. As a child, he emigrated with his family to Russia and then, when he was eight years old, to the United States under political asylum. The family settled in Cambridge and became U.S. permanent residents in March 2007. Dzhokhar became a U.S. citizen on September 11, 2012, while in college. [3] [38] [45] His mother, Zubeidat, also became a U.S. citizen, but it is not clear if his father, Anzor, ever did. Tamerlan, his brother, was unable to naturalize expeditiously due to an investigation against him, which held up the citizenship process. [46] Dzhokhar attended Cambridgeport Elementary School and Cambridge Community Charter School's middle school program. [47] At Cambridge Rindge and Latin School, a public high school, he was an avid wrestler and a Greater Boston League winter all-star. [3] [42] He sometimes worked as a lifeguard at Harvard University. [48]

In 2011, he contacted a professor at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth who taught a class about Chechen history, expressing his interest in the topic. [49] He graduated from high school in 2011 [3] and the city of Cambridge awarded him a $2,500 scholarship that year. [42] His brother's boxing coach, who had not seen them in a few years at the time of the bombings, said that "the young brother was like a puppy dog, following his older brother." [50] [51]

Life as a university student

Tsarnaev enrolled at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth in September 2011. He started with a marine biology major with the intent on becoming a director but later changed to nursing. [3] [52]

Tsarnaev was described as "normal" and popular among fellow students. His friends said he sometimes smoked marijuana, [53] liked hip hop, and did not talk to them about politics. [54] Many friends and other acquaintances found it inconceivable that he could be one of the two bombers at first, [49] calling it "completely out of his character". [55] He was not perceived as foreign, spoke English without a [foreign] accent, [54] was sociable, and was described by peers as "[not] 'them'. He was 'us'. He was Cambridge." [56]

On the Russian-language social-networking site VK, Tsarnaev described his "world view" as "Islam" and his personal priorities as "career and money". [42] He posted links to Islamic websites, links to videos of fighters in the Syrian civil war, and links to pages advocating independence for Chechnya. [57] Dzhokhar was also active on Twitter. According to The Economist , he seemed "to have been much more concerned with sport and cheeseburgers than with religion, at least judging by his Twitter feed"; [58] however, according to The Boston Globe , on the day of the 2012 Boston Marathon, a year before the bombings, a post on Tsarnaev's Twitter feed mentioned a Quran verse often used by radical Muslim clerics and propagandists. [59]

In 2012, Arlington Police ran a warrant check on Tsarnaev and checked his green Honda when they were investigating a report of underage drinking at a party in Arlington Heights. [60]

At the time of the bombing, Tsarnaev was a sophomore living in the UMass Dartmouth's Pine Dale Hall dorm. [59] [61] He was struggling academically, having a 1.09 GPA and receiving seven failing grades over three semesters, including Fs in Principles of Modern Chemistry, Introduction to American Politics, and Chemistry and the Environment [42] and had an unpaid bill of $20,000 to the university. [62] He was known to be selling marijuana to make money. [28]

2011 Waltham triple murder

A triple homicide was committed in Waltham, Massachusetts, on the evening of September 11, 2011. After the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, the case was re-examined and authorities said that the Tsarnaev brothers might have been responsible for the murders, that forensic evidence connected them to the scene of the killings, and that their cell phone records placed them in the area at the time of the killings. [63] A crucial event happened in May 2013 when Ibragim Todashev, a 27-year-old Chechen native and former mixed martial arts fighter who knew Tamerlan Tsarnaev, was shot and killed in Orlando, Florida, by law enforcement officers who had been interviewing him about the bombings and the Waltham murders. The FBI alleged that just before he was killed, Todashev made statements implicating both himself and Tamerlan Tsarnaev in the Waltham murders—saying that the initial crime was a drug-related robbery and that the murders were committed to prevent being identified by the victims. [64]

2013 Boston Marathon bombing

Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was convicted of participating, along with his brother Tamerlan Tsarnaev, in the 2013 Boston Bombing. He reportedly "told the FBI that he and his brother were angry about the U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and the killing of Muslims there." [65]

That day, Dzhokhar was captured on CCTV near the finish line pushing his way through spectators towards the front carrying a duffel bag that was later determined to contain one of two pressure cooker bombs that would detonate. Tsarnaev appeared to place the bag down without causing any suspicion amongst spectators and then appeared to watch some marathon runners cross the finish line before hurrying away moments before the bomb exploded. The explosion caused mass panic among spectators and marathon runners. Shortly after the second bomb exploded, CCTV captured both Tsarnaev brothers running away from the scene along with the crowd.

Tsarnaev continued to tweet after the bombings, and sent a tweet telling the people of Boston to "stay safe". [54] [66] He returned to his university after the April 15 bombing and remained there until April 18, when the FBI released pictures of him and Tamerlan at the marathon. During that time, he used the college gym and slept in his dorm; his friends said that he partied with them after the attacks and looked "relaxed". [67] [68]

MIT killing, carjacking, firefight, and manhunt

Tsarnaev and his brother murdered MIT police officer Sean Collier on April 18, 2013, at the MIT campus in a failed attempt to steal his gun, before traveling to the Boston neighborhood of Allston. There, the brothers carjacked an SUV and robbed the owner. [69] However, the owner of the car said he managed to escape when the Tsarnaevs became momentarily distracted in the process of refueling the car at a cash-only gas station. Dun Meng, [70] who originally did not give his name to the media but said he goes by the name "Danny", said he fled to another nearby gas station and contacted the police. Police were then able to track the location of the car through the man's cellphone and the SUV's anti-theft tracking device. [71]

When police found the stolen SUV and a Honda being driven by the brothers in the early hours of April 19, the suspects engaged in a shootout with police in Watertown. During the gunfight, in which bombs were thrown at responding officers, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was wounded while Tamerlan was shot a number of times before being apprehended. Police say that Dzhokhar escaped by driving the stolen SUV toward the officers who were arresting his brother. Although the officers managed to avoid being hit, Tsarnaev drove over Tamerlan, dragging him under the SUV about 30 feet (9 m) in the process (Tamerlan later died at a nearby hospital). Tsarnaev reportedly sped off, but abandoned the car about 12 mile (800 m) away and then fled on foot. [72] An unprecedented manhunt ensued involving thousands of police officers from several nearby towns as well as state police, FBI, and SWAT teams, who searched numerous homes and property inside a 10-block perimeter. Warrants were not issued, but residents reported they were told they must allow the searches to go forward. Many reported being instructed to leave their homes as well. Images of squad cars and large black armored vehicles crowding the side streets, and videos of residents being led out of their homes at gunpoint soon flooded social media. The Boston metro area was effectively shut down all day on April 19. [73]

After Tsarnaev's name was published in connection with the bombings, his uncle Ruslan Tsarni, who lives in Montgomery Village, Maryland, pleaded with Tsarnaev through television to turn himself in "and ask for forgiveness", and said that he had shamed the family and the Chechen ethnicity. [74]

Arrest and detention

During the manhunt for him on the evening of April 19, Tsarnaev was discovered wounded in a boat in a Watertown backyard, less than 14 mile (400 m) from where he abandoned the SUV. [72] David Henneberry, the owner of the boat, had noticed that the cover on the boat was loose and when the "shelter in place" order was lifted, went outside to investigate. [75] He lifted the tarpaulin, saw a bloodied man, retreated into his house and called 911. [76] Three Boston police officers responded and were soon joined by Waltham police. Tsarnaev's presence and movement were later verified through a forward looking infrared thermal imaging device in a State Police helicopter. [77] The suspect was observed pushing up at the tarp on the boat and Boston police began directing a large volume of gunfire at the suspect, stopping only after calls from the superintendent on the scene. [78] [79] After initial reports of a shootout between police and Tsarnaev, two U.S. officials said on April 24 that Dzhokhar was unarmed when captured. [80]

Tsarnaev, who had been shot and was bleeding badly from wounds to his left ear, neck and thigh, [81] was taken into federal custody after the standoff. Initial reports that the neck wound was from a self-inflicted gunshot due to a possible suicide attempt were later contradicted by the revelation that he was unarmed at the time of capture and a description of the neck wound by SWAT team members that identified it as a slicing injury, possibly caused by shrapnel from an explosion. [82]

In an image broadcast on the night of his arrest, he was shown stepping out of the boat in which he had been hiding. [83] Other sources described him "lying on his stomach, straddling the side of the boat (…) His left arm and left leg hung over the boat's side. He appeared to struggle for consciousness." Then he was "hauled down to the grassy ground" by SWAT officer Jeff Campbell and handcuffed by SWAT officer Saro Thompson. [72] In a photograph he can be seen lying on the ground on his back with his hands cuffed behind him, being helped by medical staff. [84]

He was taken to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, where he was treated for severe injuries in the intensive-care unit. He was in serious but stable condition (updated to "fair" on April 23), and unable to speak because of the wound to his throat. [14] [85] According to one of the nurses, he had cried for two days straight after waking up. [28] He responded to authorities in writing and by nodding his head, [86] [87] [88] [89] [90] although he did manage to say the word "no" when asked if he could afford a lawyer. Court documents released in August 2013, show that Tsarnaev had a skull fracture and gunshot wounds prior to being taken into custody. [91] According to a doctor that treated him, Tsarnaev had a skull-base fracture, with injuries to the middle ear, the skull base, the lateral portion of his C1 vertebra, with a significant soft tissue injury, as well as injury to the pharynx, the mouth, and a small vascular injury. [92]

Tsarnaev had written a message on the inside of the boat; according to Ray McGovern in Consortium News he said "The [Boston] bombings were in retribution for the U.S. crimes in places like Iraq and Afghanistan [and] that the victims of the Boston bombing were collateral damage, in the same way innocent victims have been collateral damage in U.S. wars around the world." [93]

On April 26, Tsarnaev was transported by U.S. Marshals to the Federal Medical Center, Devens, [94] [95] a United States federal prison near Boston for male inmates requiring specialized or long-term medical or mental health care. He was held in solitary confinement in a segregated housing unit [96] with 23-hour-per-day lockdown. [97] [98]

Rolling Stone magazine

Image of Tsarnaev on the cover of Rolling Stone Rolling Stone Cover with Boston Bomber.jpg
Image of Tsarnaev on the cover of Rolling Stone

Tsarnaev was the subject of a cover story for an August 2013 issue of Rolling Stone entitled "The Bomber: How a Popular, Promising Student Was Failed by His Family, Fell into Radical Islam and Became a Monster." The magazine drew heavy criticism for the flattering photo of Tsarnaev on the issue's cover. Boston Mayor Tom Menino wrote that the cover "rewards a terrorist with celebrity treatment." Massachusetts State Police sergeant Sean Murphy said that "glamorizing the face of terror is not just insulting to the family members of those killed in the line of duty; it also could be an incentive to those who may be unstable to do something to get their face on the cover of Rolling Stone magazine". [99] The New York Times used the same photo on their front page in May 2013, [100] but did not draw criticism. Rolling Stone columnist Matt Taibbi criticized those who took offense at the cover, arguing that they associated Rolling Stone with glamour instead of news, [101] stating that The New York Times did not draw the criticism that Rolling Stone did, "because everyone knows the Times is a news organization. Not everyone knows that about Rolling Stone… because many people out there understandably do not know that Rolling Stone is also a hard-news publication." [101]

The editors of Rolling Stone posted the following response:

Our hearts go out to the victims of the Boston Marathon bombing, and our thoughts are always with them and their families. The cover story we are publishing this week falls within the traditions of journalism and Rolling Stone's long-standing commitment to serious and thoughtful coverage of the most important political and cultural issues of our day. The fact that Dzhokhar Tsarnaev is young, and in the same age group as many of our readers, makes it all the more important for us to examine the complexities of this issue and gain a more complete understanding of how a tragedy like this happens. –THE EDITORS [102]

Retailers such as CVS Pharmacy, [103] BJ's Wholesale Club (which additionally announced it would no longer carry Rolling Stone) [104] and others, announced that they would no longer sell the issue. [105]

Adweek magazine ranked the cover the "hottest" of the year after it doubled newsstand sales to 120,000. [106] The cover photo was taken by Tsarnaev himself, not a professional photographer. [107]

Questioning, charges and confessions

Initially, Tsarnaev was questioned without being read his Miranda rights, because the Justice Department invoked Miranda's public safety exception. [108] He was to be questioned by a federal High-Value Interrogation Group, a special counterterrorism group composed of members of the FBI, CIA and Department of Defense that was created to question high-value detainees. [109] [110] [111] Later, after being read his Miranda rights, Tsarnaev stopped talking and declined to continue to cooperate with the investigation. [80]

Prosecutors initially argued for the public safety exception to be applied [112] to the statements obtained before the Miranda rights were read. However, the exception was not considered by the court because the prosecutors later decided not to use any of that evidence in their case against Tsarnaev. [113]

On April 22, Tsarnaev was charged with "using and conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death" and with "malicious destruction of properties resulting in death", both in connection with the Boston Marathon attacks. [1] [114] He was read his Miranda rights at his bedside by a federal magistrate judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, nodded his head to answer the judge's questions, and answered "no" when asked whether he could afford a lawyer. [108]

Once convicted, he was eligible to face the death penalty. [115] He was prosecuted by assistant U.S. attorneys William Weinreb and Aloke Chakravarty, of the Anti-Terrorism and National Security Unit of the U.S. Attorney's Office in Boston. [116] His defense team included federal public defender Miriam Conrad, [117] William Fick, [118] and Judy Clarke. [119]

Middlesex County prosecutors also brought criminal charges against Tsarnaev for the murder of Sean Collier. A surveillance camera at MIT captured the brothers approaching Collier's car from behind. [120]

After initial interrogations, officials announced that it was clear the attack was religiously motivated, but that so far there was no evidence that the brothers had any ties to Islamic terror organizations. [121] [122] Officials also said that Dzhokhar acknowledged his role in the bombings and told interrogators that he and Tamerlan were motivated by extremist Islamic beliefs [123] and the U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq to carry out the bombing. [124] [125] Dzhokhar admitted during questioning that he and his brother were planning to detonate explosives in New York City's Times Square next. The brothers formed the plan spontaneously during the April 18 carjacking, but things went awry after the vehicle ran low on gas and they forced the driver to stop at a gas station, where he escaped. [126] Dzhokhar says he was inspired by online videos from Anwar al-Awlaki, [127] who also inspired Faisal Shahzad, the perpetrator of the 2010 Times Square car bombing attempt. [128]

Investigators found no evidence that Tsarnaev was involved in any jihadist activities, and, according to The Wall Street Journal , came to believe that unlike his brother Tamerlan, Dzhokhar "was never truly radicalized". [129] Examinations of his computers did not reveal frequent visits to jihad websites, expressions of violent Islamist rhetoric or other suspicious activities. Some law enforcement officials told the WSJ that Tsarnaev "better fit[s] the psychological profile of an ordinary criminal than a committed terrorist".

On May 16, 2013, during CBS This Morning , CBS News senior correspondent John Miller said he had been told that Tsarnaev, while hiding in the boat, wrote a note claiming responsibility for the April 15 attack during the marathon. The note was scribbled with a pen on one of the inside walls of the cabin and said the bombings were payback for the U.S. military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq, and referred to the Boston victims as collateral damage, the same way Muslims have been in the American-led wars. He continued, "When you attack one Muslim, you attack all Muslims." He also said he did not mourn his brother's death because now Tamerlan was a martyr in paradise and that he (Dzhokhar) expected to join him in paradise. Miller's sources said the wall the note was written on had multiple bullet holes in it from the shots that were fired into the boat by police. According to Miller during the interview he gave on the morning show, he said that the note will be a significant piece of evidence in any Dzhokhar trial and that it is "certainly admissible", and paints a clear picture of the brothers' motive "consistent with what he told investigators while he was in custody". [130] [131] [132]


Charges, pleas

Tsarnaev's arraignment for 30 charges, including four counts of murder, occurred on July 10, 2013, in federal court in Boston before U.S. magistrate judge Marianne Bowler. It was his first public court appearance. [133] He pleaded not guilty to all 30 counts against him, which included using and conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death. [134] Tsarnaev was represented by Miriam Conrad, David Bruck, William Fick, Timothy G. Watkins and Judy Clarke. [135]

On January 30, 2014, United States Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the federal government would seek the death penalty against Tsarnaev. [136] A plea deal failed when the government refused to rule out the possibility of the death penalty.

The trial began on January 5, 2015; Tsarnaev pleaded not guilty to all thirty charges laid against him. The proceedings were led by Judge George O'Toole. [137] [138] Tsarnaev's attorney Judy Clarke admitted in her opening statement that Tsarnaev committed the acts in question, but sought to avert the death penalty by showing that his brother Tamerlan was the mastermind behind the acts. [139] Counter-terrorism expert Matthew Levitt also gave testimony.


On April 8, 2015, Tsarnaev was found guilty on all thirty counts of the indictment. The charges of usage of a weapon of mass destruction resulting in death, in addition to aiding and abetting, made Tsarnaev eligible for the death penalty. [140]

Bill and Denise Richard, parents of Martin Richard (the youngest of the three killed in the bombings and 1 of the 2 people killed by Dzhokhar's bomb, the other person being Chinese-exchange student Lingzi Lu), urged against a death sentence for Tsarnaev. They stated that the lengthy appeals period would force them to continually relive that day, and would rather see Tsarnaev spend life in prison without parole (possibility of release), and waive his right to appeal. [141]

Tsarnaev, who had displayed little emotion throughout his trial, appeared to weep when his relatives testified on May 4, 2015. [142] On May 15, 2015, the jury recommended that Tsarnaev be sentenced to death by lethal injection on six of 17 capital counts. [143]

According to the verdict forms completed by the jurors, three of 12 believed that Tsarnaev had taken part in the attack under his brother's influence; two believed that he had been remorseful for his actions; [144] two believed that Tamerlan, not Dzhokhar, had shot and killed Officer Collier; three believed that his friends still care about him; one believed that Tsarnaev's mother, Zubeidat Tsarnaeva, was to be blamed for the brothers' actions; one believed that Tsarnaev would never be violent again in prison.

Massachusetts ended the death penalty for state crimes in 1984. However, because Tsarnaev was tried on federal charges, he was eligible for execution. [145]

Death sentence

On June 24, 2015, Tsarnaev faced his living victims in court as his death sentence was formally delivered. Victims and their families were able to present impact statements to the court, and Tsarnaev, who had been silent throughout his month-long trial, apologized to the injured and the bereaved in the bombings. [146]

On death row

ADX Florence, the prison housing Tsarnaev Florence ADMAX.jpg
ADX Florence, the prison housing Tsarnaev

The following morning, on June 25, 2015, Tsarnaev was transferred to the United States Penitentiary, Florence High in Colorado; as of July 17, 2015 he had been transferred to ADX Florence. [147] [148] A Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) spokesperson stated that "unique security management requirements" caused the agency to place Tsarnaev in Colorado instead of United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute, Indiana, where male death-row inmates are normally held. [149]

Al-Qaeda reaction

According to The Guardian , in June 2016, Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri issued a threat to the United States warning of the "gravest consequences" should Tsarnaev be harmed. [150]

Appeal and Supreme Court

Tsarnaev appealed his sentence on the grounds that the trial should not have been held in Boston, that there were errors in jury selection and that the judge improperly excluded evidence that Tamerlan Tsarnaev and another man, Ibragim Todashev, committed a prior triple murder in Waltham on September 11, 2011, arguing that such evidence would suggest that Dzhokhar Tsarnaev acted under the influence of Tamerlan Tsarnaev and was possibly fearful of what would happen to him if he refused. [151]

The appeal was heard by a three-judge panel of the First Circuit on December 12, 2019. [151] On July 31, 2020, the First Circuit overturned the death sentence and three of the other convictions, agreeing that the judge failed to determine how much the potential jurors had been aware of the event during jury selection, and ordered a retrial with a new jury for the penalty phase of his trial. Tsarnaev remained in prison from multiple life sentences carried by the other uncontested convictions. [152] [21] [153] U.S. Circuit Judge O. Rogeriee Thompson, who wrote the opinion, clarified the ruling of the court. She stated, "Make no mistake: Dzhokhar will spend his remaining days locked up in prison, with the only matter remaining being whether he will die by execution." [154]

On March 22, 2021, the Supreme Court agreed to consider an appeal from the Department of Justice, [155] and on October 13, 2021, the Department of Justice presented arguments in favor of reinstating the death penalty for Tsarnaev. [156] The Supreme Court ruled on March 4, 2022, in a 6–3 decision, that the First Circuit improperly vacated the death sentence that Tsarnaev had been given. The Court reversed the First Circuit's decision, reinstating the death penalty. [22]

On April 7, 2022, Tsarnaev's attorney asked the First Circuit Court of Appeals to consider four constitutional claims that had not been taken up in the previous appeal in March 2021. The filing was made in response to an April 6 filing by the appeals court to comply with the previous Supreme Court ruling in March 2022. [157]

Biographical portrayals

See also


  1. 1 2 Russian: Джоха́р Анзо́рович Царна́ев [dʐɐˈxar ɐnˈzorəvʲɪtɕ tsɐrˈna(j)ɪf] ; Chechen : Царнаев Анзор-кIант ДжовхӀар or ЖовхӀар Carnayev Anzor-khant Dƶovhar; (Kyrgyz: Жохар Анзор уулу Царнаев, Jokhar Anzor uulu Tsarnaev)

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Capital punishment by the United States federal government</span> Legal penalty in the United States

Capital punishment is a legal penalty under the criminal justice system of the United States federal government. It can be imposed for treason, espionage, murder, large-scale drug trafficking, or attempted murder of a witness, juror, or court officer in certain cases.

Ojetta Rogeriee Thompson, known commonly as O. Rogeriee Thompson, is an American lawyer who serves as a Senior United States circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and a former Rhode Island Superior Court justice.

Capital punishment, more commonly known as the death penalty, was a legal form of punishment from 1620 to 1984 in Massachusetts. This practice dates back to the state's earliest European settlers. Those sentenced to death were hanged. Common crimes punishable by death included religious affiliations and murder.

Urban terrorism is the targeted use of terrorism in urban populations in order to cause the most harm, injury, death, or property damage. Since urban areas have significantly higher population densities than rural areas, targeting those areas can maximize the effect of the terrorist attack.

Judy Clare Clarke is an American criminal defense attorney who has represented several high-profile defendants such as Ted Kaczynski, Eric Rudolph, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Joseph Edward Duncan, Zacarias Moussaoui, Jared Lee Loughner, Robert Gregory Bowers, and Susan Smith.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William J. Kayatta Jr.</span> American judge

William Joseph Kayatta Jr. is an American lawyer who serves as a United States circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

A special administrative measure (SAM) is a process under United States law whereby the United States Attorney General may direct the United States Bureau of Prisons to use "special administrative measures" regarding housing of and correspondence and visitors to specific inmates. It includes prisoners awaiting or being tried, as well as those convicted, when it is alleged there is a "substantial risk that a prisoner's communications or contacts with persons could result in death or serious bodily injury to persons, or substantial damage to property that would entail the risk of death or serious bodily injury to persons." Such measures are used to prevent acts of violence or terrorism or disclosure of classified information.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boston Marathon bombing</span> 2013 terrorist attack in Massachusetts

The Boston Marathon bombing was a domestic terrorist attack that took place during the annual Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013. Two terrorists, brothers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, planted two homemade pressure cooker bombs, which detonated 14 seconds and 210 yards (190 m) apart at 2:49 p.m., near the finish line of the race, killing three people and injuring hundreds of others, including 17 who lost limbs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pressure cooker bomb</span> Improvised explosive device

A pressure cooker bomb is an improvised explosive device (IED) created by inserting explosive material into a pressure cooker and attaching a blasting cap into the cover of the cooker.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tamerlan Tsarnaev</span> Chechen-American perpetrator (1986–2013) of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing

Tamerlan Anzorovich Tsarnaev was an American-based Russian terrorist and former boxer of Chechen and Avar descent who, with his brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, planted pressure cooker bombs at the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013. The bombings killed three people and reportedly injured as many as 264 others. He emigrated to the United States in 2004 at the age of 18. At the time of the bombings, Tsarnaev was an aspiring boxer.

Tsarnaev is a surname from Chechnya. Notable people with the surname include:

A triple homicide was committed in Waltham, Massachusetts, in the United States, on the evening of September 11, 2011. Brendan Mess, Erik Weissman, and Raphael Teken were murdered in Mess's apartment. All had their throats slit with such great force that they were nearly decapitated. Thousands of dollars' worth of marijuana and money were left covering their mutilated bodies; in all, $5,000 was left in the apartment. The local district attorney said that it appeared that the killer and the victims knew each other, and that the murders were not random.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Suicide of Sunil Tripathi</span> Suicide of an American student

Sunil Tripathi was an American student who went missing on March 16, 2013. His disappearance received widespread media attention after he was wrongfully accused on social media as a suspect in the Boston Marathon bombing. Tripathi had actually been missing for a month prior to the April 15, 2013, bombings. His body was found on April 23, after the actual bombing suspects had been officially identified and apprehended.

William Plotnikov was a Russian Canadian boxer and Canadian citizen who converted to Islam, joined the Islamist insurgent organization Caucasus Emirate in the Russian republic of Dagestan and was killed there in combat by Russian government forces. According to unconfirmed media reports, Plotnikov might have been a contact of the Boston Marathon bombings suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev via social media and perhaps when Tsarnaev unsuccessfully attempted to join the insurgency in Dagestan as well, before returning to the United States after Plotnikov was killed.

Chechen Americans are Americans of Chechen descent. Chechen people have origins from Chechnya, a federal subject of Russia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ibragim Todashev</span> Chechen martial artist

Ibragim Todashev was a Chechen-born former mixed martial artist, former amateur boxer and friend of Boston Marathon bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev. At his apartment in Orlando, Florida, he was shot dead by FBI agent Aaron McFarlane during a police interview on May 22, 2013. He had allegedly attacked the agent, with a pipe or stick, while writing a statement about the Boston Marathon bombings and a triple homicide that took place in Waltham, Massachusetts, on September 11, 2011. The investigators involved in the incident said that Todashev had implicated both himself and Tamerlan Tsarnaev in the Waltham murders before he was killed.

<i>Patriots Day</i> (film) 2016 film by Peter Berg

Patriots Day is a 2016 American action thriller film about the Boston Marathon bombings in 2013 and the subsequent terrorist manhunt. Directed by Peter Berg and written by Berg, Matt Cook, and Joshua Zetumer, the film is based on the book Boston Strong by Casey Sherman and Dave Wedge. It stars Mark Wahlberg, Kevin Bacon, John Goodman, J. K. Simmons, and Michelle Monaghan. It marks the third collaboration between Berg and Wahlberg, following Lone Survivor and Deepwater Horizon.

David Isaac Bruck is a Canadian-American criminal defense attorney, clinical professor of law at Washington and Lee University School of Law, and director of the Virginia Capital Case Clearinghouse. Bruck was raised in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He attended Harvard College and University of South Carolina School of Law. He has co-represented high profile defendants, including Ramzi bin al-Shibh, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Dylann Roof, and Susan Smith.

The trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev for the Boston Marathon bombing on April 15, 2013, began on March 4, 2015, in front of the US District Court for the District of Massachusetts, nearly two years after the pre-trial hearings. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's attorney, Judy Clarke, opened by telling the jurors that her client and his older brother, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, planted a bomb killing three and injuring hundreds, as well as murdering an MIT police officer days later. In her 20-minute opening statement, Clarke said: "There's little that occurred the week of April the 15th ... that we dispute." Tsarnaev was found guilty on all 30 counts and has been sentenced to death by lethal injection for his crimes.


  1. 1 2 3 "United States vs. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Case 1:13-mj-02106-MBB Criminal Complaint (with FBI affidavit)" (PDF). United States Department of Justice . April 21, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015. Based on the foregoing, there is probable cause to believe that on or about April 15, 2013, DZHOKHAR TSARNAEV violated 18 U.S.C.   § 2332a (using and conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction, resulting in death) and 18 U.S.C.   § 844(i) (malicious destruction of property by means of an explosive device, resulting in death).{{cite web}}: External link in |quote= (help)
  2. "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Boston bombing suspect, was born in Kyrgyzstan, says minister". . New Delhi, IN. April 23, 2013. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 'Only the younger of the two brothers, that is to say Dzhokhar, was born in Kyrgyzstan and was a Kyrgyz citizen,' Joomart Otorbayev, the first deputy prime minister of the former Soviet republic told US State Department officials during a meeting.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Finn, Peter (April 19, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev were refugees from brutal conflict". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  4. Caruso, David; Kunzelman, Michael; Seddon, Max (April 28, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombings: Suspects' mother Zubeidat says she found faith, not terrorism". The Toronto Star. The Associated Press. ISSN   0319-0781 . Retrieved April 9, 2022. Zubeidat married into a Chechen family but was an outsider. She is an Avar, from one of the dozens of ethnic groups in Dagestan.
  5. Officer involved in shooting of man tied to Tsarnaev May 23, 2013 (The New York Times)
  6. Valencia, Milton J.; Wen, Patricia; Cullen, Kevin; Ellement, John R.; Finucane, Martin (March 4, 2015). "'It was him', defense admits as Marathon bombing trial begins". The Boston Globe . Boston, MA, US. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015. After thousands of pages of legal briefs and nearly two years of hearings, a lawyer for Dzhokhar Tsarnaev stood in federal court Wednesday, the first day of the long-awaited Marathon bombing trial, and made a startling simple declaration: 'It was him.'
  7. Engber, Daniel (April 19, 2013). "Pronounce Boston bomb names: Listen to recording of names of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Slate . New York. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015. The following recordings come from a native speaker of Kyrgyz. Keep in mind that while Kyrgyz is a Turkic language, Chechen is from the Northeast Caucasian family of languages.
  8. Abad-Santos, Alexander (April 19, 2013). "Who Is Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the Man at the Center of the Boston Manhunt?". The Wire (formerly The Atlantic Wire). Washington, DC. Archived from the original on February 11, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015. Here's are the basics of what we know about 'Suspect No. 2' – a.k.a. the suspect in the white hat, the one authorities apparently saw drop a bomb-laden backpack in security footages, and the one currently being pursued by police:
  9. "Timeline: A look at Tamerlan Tsarnaev's past". CNN . Atlanta, GA, US. April 22, 2013. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015. Hours later, investigators reveal that he and his 19-year-old younger brother are the marathon bombing suspects.
  10. "Boston Marathon bombings: Suspects' mother Zubeidat says she found faith, not terrorism". The Star. Toronto. April 28, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  11. Schuppe, Jon (April 19, 2013). "Brothers' Classic Immigrant Tale Emerges as Relatives Speak Out". NBC NEWS. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  12. "Indictment against Boston bombing suspect". CNN . June 27, 2013.
  13. Murphy, Sean P. (May 6, 2013). "Bullet that nearly killed MBTA police officer in Watertown gunfight appears to have been friendly fire". .
  14. 1 2 "Boston bombing suspect charged". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  15. Markon, Jerry; Horwitz, Sari; Johnson, Jenna (April 22, 2013). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev charged with using 'weapon of mass destruction'". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  16. Botelho, Greg; Levs, Josh (April 25, 2013). "Boston bombing suspects planned Times Square attack, Bloomberg says". CNN .
  17. "Boston Marathon Bombers Inspired By Anwar al-Awlaki". Anti-Defamation League . Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  18. O'Neill, Ann (April 8, 2015). "Tsarnaev guilty of all 30 counts in Boston bombing". CNN. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  19. Yuhas, Alan (May 15, 2015). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev sentenced to death for Boston Marathon bombing – as it happened". The Guardian.
  20. O'Neill, 1Ann; Cooper, Aaron; Sanchez, Ray (May 15, 2015). "Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev gets death". CNN.
  21. 1 2 Monge, Sonia (July 31, 2020). "Appeals court vacates Boston Marathon bomber's death sentence, orders new penalty trial". CNN . Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  22. 1 2 Breuninger, Kevin; Mangan, Dan (March 4, 2022). "Supreme Court reinstates death sentence for Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev". CNBC . Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  23. 1 2 3 Martin, Phillip (June 6, 2013). "Two Hours With Ruslan Tsarni, the Alleged Boston Marathon Bombers' Uncle". WGBH-TV . Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  24. "Hunt for Boston Clues Reveals Tangled Caucasus Web". The Moscow Times. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  25. Mong, Adrienne. "Boston bombing suspects' father 'a good man,' neighbors in Dagestan say". NBC News. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  26. Balmforth, Tom (April 22, 2013). "'A Clear Setup': The Conspiracy Theory of the Boston Bombing Suspects' Father". The Atlanticl. Makhachkala. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  27. Cullison, Alan; Sonne, Paul; Troianovski, Anton; George-Cosh, David (April 22, 2013). "Boston Marathon Bombings: Turn to Religion Split Bomb Suspects Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's Home". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  28. 1 2 3 4 Janet Reitman (July 17, 2013). "Jahar's World: He was a charming kid with a bright future. But no one saw the pain he was hiding or the monster he would become". Rolling Stone.
  29. Milmo, Cahal (April 19, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombing: Tamerlan Tsarnaev was a boxer. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was a wrestler". The Independent. London. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  30. Radia, Kirit (April 20, 2013). "Boston Bomb Suspect Alarmed Russian Relatives With Extremist Views". ABC News .
  31. Kaleem, Jaweed (April 19, 2013). "Boston Bombing Suspects' Muslim Identity Provides Few Clues To Motivation For Bombing". Huffington Post . Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  32. Noronha, Charmaine (April 19, 2013). "Aunt says US suspect recently became devout Muslim". Huffington Post . Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  33. Goode, Erica (April 19, 2013). "Brothers Seen as Good Students and Avid Athletes". The New York Times. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  34. "Timeline: A look at Tamerlan Tsarnaev's past". CNN . April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  35. Sullivan, Eileen (April 19, 2013). "Manhunt in Boston after bombing suspect is killed". Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  36. Perez, Evan; Smith, Jennifer; Shallwani, Pervaiz (April 19, 2013). "Boston Bombing Suspect Killed in Shootout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  37. Seelye, Katharine Q.; Cooper, Michael (April 19, 2013). "One Boston Bombing Suspect Is Dead, Second at Large; Area on Lockdown". The New York Times.
  38. 1 2 Carter, Chelsea J.; Botelho, Gregory 'Greg' (April 20, 2013). "'Captured!!!' Boston police announce Marathon bombing suspect in custody". CNN.
  39. "Agents Pore Over Suspect's Trip to Russia". The New York Times. April 29, 2013.
  40. 1 2 Cullison, Alan; Sonne, Paul; Levitz, Jennifer (April 20, 2013). "Life in America Unraveled for Brothers". The Wall Street Journal.
  41. Mattingly, Phil (April 20, 2013). "Boston Bombing Suspect Apprehended at Watertown Home". Businessweek. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  42. 1 2 3 4 5 Goode, Erica; Kovaleski, Serge F. (April 19, 2013). "Boy at Home in U.S., Swayed by One Who Wasn't". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013.
  43. "Tamerlan Tsarnaev got Mass. welfare benefits". Boston Herald. April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  44. "Mother of bomb suspects moved toward Islam in U.S". The Salt Lake Tribune. April 28, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  45. Gowen, Annie; Horwitz, Sari; Markon, Jerry (April 19, 2013). "Boston lockdown lifted; marathon bombing suspect still at large". The Washington Post . Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  46. Preston, Julia (April 20, 2013). "F.B.I. Interview Led Homeland Security to Hold Up Citizenship for One Brother". The New York Times.
  47. "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's friend: 'I really miss the person that I knew'". Masslive . April 29, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  48. Jared Lucky, "Months Before Marathon Bombing, Suspect Worked as Harvard Lifeguard", Harvard Crimson (April 19, 2013).
  49. 1 2 Russell, Jenna; et al. (April 19, 2013). "Two Brothers, Two Paths". The Boston Globe . Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  50. Schuppe, Jon (April 19, 2013). "Brothers' Classic Immigrant Tale Emerges as Relatives Speak Out". NBC Bay Area . Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  51. Esmé E. Deprez; Prashant Gopal (April 19, 2013). "Brothers Suspected in Boston Bombing Straddled Cultures". Bloomberg News . Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  52. Coffey, Sarah; Wen, Patricia. "Bombing Suspect Attended UMass Dartmouth, Prompting School Closure; College Friend Shocked by Charge He Is Boston Marathon Bomber". .
  53. Matt Stout and Donna Goodison.Dzhokhar Tsarnaev loves pot, wrestling say friends", Boston Herald , April 20, 2013.
  54. 1 2 3 Barney Henderson, "Boston Marathon bombs: suspect captured – April 20 as it happened"
  55. diBlasio, Natalia (April 19, 2013). "Details emerge on Boston suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev". USA Today. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  56. Williams, Matt (April 19, 2013). "Boston bombing suspect was 'a lovely, lovely kid'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  57. Graff, Peter. "Boston suspect's Web page venerates Islam, Chechen independence". MSN . Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  58. "After the marathon bombing: Terrible swift sword". The Economist. April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  59. 1 2 "Two brothers, two paths". The Boston Globe. April 19, 2013. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  60. Curran, Kathy (April 15, 2013). "Marathon Bombing suspects stopped several times by law enforcement | Team 5 Investigates". WCVB . Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  61. Chappell, Bill (April 20, 2013). "The Tsarnaev Brothers: What We Know about the Boston Bombing Suspects: The Two-Way". NPR . Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  62. Schworm, Peter (May 4, 2013). "UMass-Dartmouth to establish independent task force to review policies". The Boston Globe .
  63. Mcphee, Michele (May 10, 2013). "'Mounting Evidence' Boston Bombers Involved in 2011 Triple Murder". ABC News . Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  64. Schmidt, Michael S.; Rashbaum, William K.; Oppel, Jr., Richard A. (May 22, 2013). "Deadly End to FBI Queries on Tsarnaev and a Triple Killing". The New York Times . Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  65. "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's Possible Motive: Anger Over Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan". Vanity Fair. April 25, 2013.
  66. "Boston suspects: An immigrant journey that went off track". CNN . April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  67. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Had An Ordinary School Day Wednesday, Benjy Sarlin, Talking Points Memo, April 19, 2013
  68. Yashwant Raj, "Boston Bomber Partied with Friends after Attack" Archived June 26, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , Hindustan Times , April 22, 2013.
  69. "On Allston block where carjacking took place, neighbors say they saw nothing"' . April 26, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  70. Slane, Kevin (December 20, 2016). "Tsarnaev carjacking survivor Dun Meng on why he's sharing his story in 'Patriots Day'". . Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  71. Walker, Adrian. "Carjack victim recounts his harrowing night". . Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  72. 1 2 3 Russell, Jenna; Farragher, Thomas (April 28, 2013). "102 hours in pursuit of Marathon suspects". The Boston Globe . Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  73. "Boston bomb suspect captured, brother killed". NewsLeader. Archived from the original on May 5, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  74. "Boston Marathon bombers: suspect Dzhozkar Tsarnaev's uncle Ruslan Tsarni pleads 'turn yourself in'" . The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Associated Press. April 19, 2013. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  75. Harding, Ed (April 24, 2013). "Watertown boat owner David Henneberry tells story of finding Boston Marathon suspect". WCVB . Archived from the original on April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  76. Brumfield, Ben (April 21, 2013). "In the end, Boston bombing suspect is done in by a flapping tarp". CNN.
  77. Brian, Barrett (April 20, 2013). "The Crazy Accurate Thermal Images That Saw Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Through a Boat Tarp". Gizmodo.
  78. Allen, Evan (April 23, 2013). "Boston police superintendent recounts officers' long search, tense final confrontation". The Boston Globe . Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  79. Ngowi, Rodrique. "Officials: Suspect described plot before Miranda". Associated Press . Archived from the original on April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  80. 1 2 Dozier, Kimberley (April 25, 2013). "Officials: Suspect described plot before Miranda". AP/The Big Story. Archived from the original on April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  81. "102 hours in pursuit of Marathon bombing suspects - Metro - The Boston Globe". Archived from the original on June 21, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  82. "Inside Boston manhunt's end game". CNN . April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  83. "Photo of suspect caught on boat in backyard". CBS News.
  84. "Images". The Boston Globe . April 28, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  85. "Search of Tsarnaevs' phones, computers finds no indication of accomplice, source says". NBC News. April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  86. "Boston bomb suspects 'planned more attacks'". Al Jazeera. April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  87. Newcomb, Alyssa (April 21, 2012). "Authorities: Boston Bombing Suspect Is Responding to Questions in Writing". ABC News. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  88. Goldberg, Adam (April 21, 2013). "Boston Marathon Bombing Suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Under Guard, Awaits Charges". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  89. Barrett, Devlin. "Search for Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Over, Focus Shifts to Marathon Bombing Investigation". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  90. "For Boston Marathon Bombing Suspects, Question May Be Who Led Whom". . Associated Press. April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  91. "Accused Boston bomber had multiple wounds, fracture: court papers". Yahoo News . Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  92. "Boston bombing suspect Tsarnaev had gunshot wounds to the mouth, extremities". NBC News . Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  93. McGovern, Ray (May 17, 2013). "Boston Suspect's Writing on the Wall".
  94. Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: Dzhokhar Anzorovi Tsarnaev, #95079-038. Viewed August 9, 2014.
  95. Canada (April 24, 2013). "Boston bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev moved from hospital to medical detention centre". The Globe and Mail . Toronto. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  96. "Boston bomb suspect in small cell with steel door". CBS News.
  97. "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in Solitary at Devens' Segregated Housing Unit - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime".
  98. Ford, Beverly. "Boston Bombing Suspect Spends 23 Hours a Day Alone in Jail Cell". RIA Novosti.
  99. Wolfson, John (July 18, 2013). "The Real Face of Terror: Behind the Scenes Photos of the Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Manhunt". Boston .
  100. "Rolling Stone puts Boston bombing suspect on cover, ignites firestorm". CNN . July 18, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  101. 1 2 "Explaining the Rolling Stone Cover, by a Boston Native". Rolling Stone . July 19, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  102. Jahar's World Rolling Stone
  103. "Rolling Stone's controversial Dzhokhar Tsarnaev cover ignites heated debate". The Guardian . July 17, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
  104. "BJ's Wholesale Club does not have the... - BJ's Wholesale Club". Facebook. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  105. "Several Stores Decide Not to Carry Rolling Stone Featuring Bombing Suspect". WGGB-TV . Archived from the original on July 21, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
  106. "The Dzhokhar Tsarnaev 'Rolling Stone' Cover Won Adweek's 'Hottest Cover of the Year'". December 4, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  107. Gandelman, Joe (July 17, 2013). "Does Rolling Stone Cover Glamorize Boston Bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev?". The Moderate Voice. San Diego, CA, US. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
  108. 1 2 Johnson, Luke (April 22, 2013). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Receives Miranda Rights after Delay for Public Safety Exception". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  109. "Suspected bombers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, plot difficult for law enforcement to detect". Bloomberg. April 21, 2013. Archived from the original on April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  110. Kaleem, Jaweed (April 20, 2013). "Boston Bomber Suspects Had Attended Cambridge Mosque, Officials Say". Huffington Post . Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  111. "'We Got Him!': Boston Bombing Suspect Captured Alive". NBC News . April 21, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  112. [ bare URL PDF ]
  113. [ bare URL PDF ]
  114. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev charged with conspiring to use weapon of mass destruction against persons and property in U.S. resulting in death – U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Massachusetts official Twitter
  115. Sari Horwitz, Jenna Johnson and Kathy Lally (April 22, 2011). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Charged with Using 'Weapon of Mass Destruction'". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  116. Markon, Jerry; Horwitz, Sari; Johnson, Jenna (April 23, 2013). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Charged with Using 'Weapon of Mass Destruction'". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  117. "Boston Bomb Suspect Gets Public Defender as Charges Loom". Bloomberg.
  118. Rozen, Laura (April 29, 2013). "Justice for Dzokhar Tsarnaev — and the Rest of Us". The Jewish Daily Forward .
  119. "Prominent death penalty lawyer Judy Clarke appointed for Boston Marathon bombing suspect". Yahoo News . Associated Press. April 29, 2013.
  120. Feathers, Todd (April 25, 2013). "Middlesex County prosecutors building murder case against Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in officer's slaying". . Archived from the original on April 26, 2013.
  121. "Source: Suspects in Boston Marathon Bombings, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Motivated by Religion". Newsday. April 16, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  122. "Bombers 'motivated by religion'". 3 News NZ. April 23, 2013. Archived from the original on April 4, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  123. Cooper, Michael; Schmidt, Michael S.; Schmitt, Eric (April 23, 2013). "Boston Suspects Are Seen as Self-Taught and Fueled by Web". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  124. Wilson, Scott; et al. (April 23, 2013). "Boston bombing suspect cites U.S. wars as motivation, officials say". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  125. Pearson, Michael (April 23, 2013). "Official: Suspect says Iraq, Afghanistan drove Boston bombings". CNN . Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  126. Brumfield, Ben; Levs, Josh (April 25, 2013). "Boston bombing suspects planned Times Square blasts, NYC mayor says". CNN . Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  127. "Boston Suspects Inspired by Muslim Cleric", May 4, 2013
  128. McElroy, Damien (May 7, 2010). "Times Square bomb suspect had links to terror preacher" . Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  129. Suspect Raised No Red Flags, The Wall Street Journal , May 15, 2013
  130. "Boston bombings suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev left note in boat he hid in, sources say". CBS News . Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  131. "Suspect: Boston payback for hits on Muslims". CNN. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  132. "Bombing suspect left note inside boat". WPRI-TV . Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  133. MacDonald, G. Jeffrey; Bacon, John (July 10, 2013). "Tsarnaev pleads not guilty". USA Today . McLean, VA, US. Retrieved May 4, 2015. Boston Marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, appearing disheveled and fidgety, pleaded not guilty Wednesday to 30 counts of using a weapon of mass destruction stemming from the Boston Marathon bombing.
  134. McPhee, Michele; Haskell, Josh; Radia, Kirit (July 10, 2013). "Accused Boston Marathon Bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Smiles in Court, Pleads Not Guilty". ABC News . Burbank, CA. Archived from the original on March 27, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. Accused Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev smiled and, at one point, appeared to smirk during a hearing today as he pleaded not guilty to all 30 counts against him.
  135. [ dead link ]
  136. Goldman, Adam; Horwitz, Sari (January 30, 2014). "U.S. to seek death penalty in Boston bombing case". The Washington Post . Washington, DC. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 'The nature of the conduct at issue and the resultant harm compel this decision,' Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. said in a short statement.
  137. Martinez, Michael (January 2, 2015). "A tale of two Tsarnaevs on eve of trial in Boston Marathon bombing". CNN . Atlanta, GA, US. Archived from the original on April 23, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. Jury selection is scheduled to begin Monday in a trial that could last months.
  138. "Boston bombing: Jury selection begins in Tsarnaev case". BBC . Portland Place, London, England, UK. January 6, 2015. Archived from the original on May 4, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. Jury selection alone is expected to take several weeks as Judge George O'Toole selects 12 jurors and six alternates from about 1,200 prospective jurors who have been summoned to the court in Boston.
  139. Archived October 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine U.S. vs Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, court transcripts
  140. O'Neill, Ann (April 8, 2015). "Tsarnaev guilty of all 30 counts in Boston bombing". CNN . Atlanta, GA, US. Archived from the original on April 25, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. From start to finish, it took 26 minutes for the jury to announce its verdict in the Boston Marathon bombing trial: Tsarnaev didn't skate on a single charge. He now stands guilty of all 30 counts, 17 of which could send him to death row.
  141. "Boston bombing: Parents of youngest victim oppose execution". BBC News . Portland Place, London, England, UK. April 17, 2015. Archived from the original on April 18, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. The parents of youngest victim in the Boston marathon bombing have called on federal authorities to drop the death penalty as a possible punishment for bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev.
  142. Seelye, Katherine Q. (May 4, 2015). "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Weeps as Relatives Try to Spare Him". The New York Times . Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  143. Alan, Yuhas (May 15, 2015). "Tsarnaev faces death penalty sentence for Boston bombing – live updates". The Guardian . Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  144. Seelye, Katharine Q. "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Gets Death Penalty in Boston Marathon Bombing". The New York Times. The New York Times, May 15, 2015. Web. May 18, 2015.
  145. "Boston Bombing Trial: Death Sentence for Dzhokhar Tsarnaev". BBC News. N.p., May 16, 2015. Web. May 18, 2015.
  146. Ann O'Neill; Aaron Cooper and Ray Sanchez; CNN (June 24, 2015). "Boston bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev says he's sorry". CNN.
  147. "Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev transferred to Colorado prison". CBS News . June 25, 2015.
  148. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev transferred to Supermax prison, Milton J. Valencia, The Boston Globe, July 17, 2015. Accessed on line July 20, 2015.
  149. "Why Tsarnaev was not sent to Terre Haute". WTHI-TV . June 26, 2015. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  150. Al-Qaida leader: 'grave consequences' for US if Boston bomber executed, Anan Yuhas, July 1, 2016 (The Guardian website)
  151. 1 2 "Boston Marathon Bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Appeal Set". CBS Boston. December 12, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  152. "Court overturns Boston Marathon bomber's death sentence". AP NEWS. July 31, 2020. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  153. Andersen, Travis (July 31, 2020). "Federal appeals court tosses Tsarnaev death sentence, orders new penalty-phase trial". Retrieved July 31, 2020. ... 'just to be crystal clear ... Dzhokhar will remain confined to prison for the rest of his life, ... .'
  154. Raymond, Nate (July 31, 2020). "Boston Marathon Bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's Death Sentence Overturned by Appeals Court". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  155. "Supreme Court agrees to hear case over death penalty for Boston Marathon bomber". CBS News. March 22, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  156. Boboltz, Sara (October 13, 2021). "Supreme Court Skeptical Of Arguments For Boston Bomber Death Sentence". HuffPost. Archived from the original on October 13, 2021. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  157. "Boston Marathon bomber again tries to avoid execution". The Seattle Times. April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 21, 2022.