Hamilton, Bermuda

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Hamilton, Bermuda
City
Front Street Hamilton Bermuda.jpg
Front Street in Hamilton.
Bmmap-Hamilton.png
Map showing location within Bermuda
Hamilton BM Map.svg
Coordinates: 32°17′35″N64°46′55″W / 32.293°N 64.782°W / 32.293; -64.782 Coordinates: 32°17′35″N64°46′55″W / 32.293°N 64.782°W / 32.293; -64.782
Sovereign State Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Overseas Territory Flag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda
Parish Pembroke
Founded1790
Government
  MayorCharles R. Gosling
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,010
Climate Af
Website www.cityhall.bm

Hamilton is the capital of the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda. It is the territory's financial centre and a major port and tourist destination. Its population of 1,010 (2010) [1] is one of the smallest of any capital cities.

Contents

History

The history of Hamilton as a British city began in 1790 when the government of Bermuda set aside 145 acres (59 ha) for its future seat, officially incorporated in 1793 by an Act of Parliament, and named for Governor Henry Hamilton. The colony's capital relocated to Hamilton from St George's in 1815. The city has been at the political and military heart of Bermuda ever since. Government buildings include the parliament building, the Government House to the north, the former Admiralty House of the Royal Navy to the west (both in Pembroke), and the British Army garrison headquarters at Prospect Camp to its east.

The Town of Hamilton became a city in 1897, ahead of the consecration in 1911 of the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity (Church of England), which was under construction at the time. A Catholic cathedral, St. Theresa's, was later constructed. Today, the city overlooking Hamilton Harbour is primarily a business district, with few structures other than office buildings and shops. The City of Hamilton has long maintained a building height and view limit, which states that no buildings may obscure the Cathedral. In the 21st century, buildings have been planned and some are under construction that are as high as ten storeys in the area. Bermuda's local newspaper, The Royal Gazette, reports, "If you don't recognise the city, from 15 years ago, we don't blame you as it has changed so much".[ citation needed ]

Geography

Hamilton is located on the north side of Hamilton Harbour, and is Bermuda's main port. Although there is a parish of the same name, the city of Hamilton is in the parish of Pembroke. The city is named after Sir Henry Hamilton, governor of the territory from 1786 to 1793. Hamilton Parish antedates the city.

The administrative capital of Bermuda, Hamilton, has a limited permanent population around 1,010 (2010); however, 13,340 (40% of Bermuda's population) work here on a daily basis. The only incorporated city in Bermuda, Hamilton is smaller than the historic town of St. George's. A more representative measure of Bermuda's local residential populations tends to be by parish.

Economy

As the offshore domicile of many foreign companies, Bermuda has a highly developed international business economy; it is an exporter of financial services, primarily insurance, reinsurance, investment funds, and special-purpose vehicles. Finance and international business constitute the largest sector of Bermuda's economy, and virtually all of this business takes place within the borders of Hamilton.

Numerous leading international insurance companies are based in Hamilton, as it is a global reinsurance centre[ clarification needed ]. Around 400 internationally owned and operated businesses are physically based in Bermuda, and many are represented by the Association of Bermuda International Companies. In total, over 1,500 exempted or international companies are currently registered with the Registrar of Companies in Bermuda.

The city is the registered headquarters of the spirits manufacturer Bacardi, semiconductor manufacturer Marvell Technology, outsourcing company Genpact, telecommunications company Global Crossing, and reinsurance company Tokio Millennium Re Ltd. [2] Hamilton is known as the headquarters of international shipping companies, such as DryShips Inc, Frontline Ltd., and Dockwise. Its low corporate tax rate makes it attractive to US companies. [3]

In addition, the corporate headquarters of the Bermuda grocery store chain The MarketPlace is located within the chain's Hamilton MarketPlace location, [4] [5] the largest grocery store in Bermuda. [6]

Hamilton was named the city with the highest cost of living index in the world. [7]

Coat of arms and flag

Coat of arms of the city of Hamilton, Bermuda Hamilton Bermuda city crest.png
Coat of arms of the city of Hamilton, Bermuda

The coat of arms of the city of Hamilton incorporate a shield featuring a golden sailing ship, representing the Resolution, surrounded by three cinquefoils, two above the ship and one below, also in gold, all on a plain blue background. This shield is supported by a mermaid and heraldic sea horse (i.e., demi-horse, demi-fish), and is placed on a mount in front of which is a scroll containing the motto "Sparsa Collegit". The shield is topped by a crest featuring a closed helm topped with a torque above which an heraldic seahorse is emerging from the sea holding a flower. [8] The city's full motto is Hamilton sparsa collegit, ("Hamilton has assembled the scattered"). [9]

The city's flag is a banner of arms, featuring the same details as on the shield of the city's coat of arms, but with the flowers in white rather than gold. [8]

Parks

The city of Hamilton has many parks for its size. Probably the most notable park in the city is Victoria Park. This park occupies a whole block and was named after Queen Victoria. Other parks in the city are Par La Ville Park, Barr's Park, All Buoy's Point Park, and the hidden Cedar Park.

Hamilton, Bermuda 1911b.jpg
Panorama of Hamilton, 1911. View from Fort Hamilton.
Hamilton, Bermuda Panorama.jpg
Panorama of Hamilton, 2007. Same vantage.

Climate

Although located some distance north of the geographic tropics, Hamilton has a warm trade-wind tropical rainforest climate bordering on humid subtropical climate. It is warm enough for coconut palms and other tropical palms to grow, although they may not fruit properly due to the lack of heat or sunshine during the winter months because of latitude. Hamilton has uncharacteristically warm temperatures for its latitude (32°N) because of the moderating influence of the North Atlantic and nearby Gulf Stream. Hamilton features warm and humid summers and semi-warm "winters". As temperatures are moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, it rarely gets very hot or cold in the city. Precipitation is plentiful throughout the year and Hamilton does not have a dry season month, a month where on average less than 60 mm (2.36 in) of precipitation falls. Summer precipitation is usually from showers, thunderstorms, and tropical disturbances or even tropical cyclones. Meanwhile, winter precipitation is typically derived from westerly moving extra-tropical cyclones and their associated fronts. Erratic, extended dry spells occasionally develop because of variations in the semi-permanent sub-tropical ridge locally known as the Bermuda-Azores High.

Climate data for Hamilton, Bermuda (L.F. Wade International Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1949–2010
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)25.4
(77.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
27.2
(81.0)
30.0
(86.0)
32.2
(90.0)
33.1
(91.6)
33.9
(93.0)
33.2
(91.8)
31.7
(89.0)
28.9
(84.0)
26.7
(80.0)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F)20.7
(69.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.8
(69.4)
22.2
(72.0)
24.6
(76.3)
27.5
(81.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
29.1
(84.4)
26.7
(80.1)
23.9
(75.0)
21.7
(71.1)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.2
(64.8)
19.6
(67.3)
22.0
(71.6)
25.0
(77.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.6
(81.7)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
21.6
(70.9)
19.5
(67.1)
22.3
(72.2)
Average low °C (°F)15.8
(60.4)
15.4
(59.7)
15.8
(60.4)
17.2
(63.0)
19.8
(67.6)
22.8
(73.0)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.3
(75.7)
22.1
(71.8)
19.3
(66.7)
17.2
(63.0)
19.9
(67.9)
Record low °C (°F)7.2
(45.0)
6.3
(43.3)
7.2
(45.0)
8.9
(48.0)
12.1
(53.8)
15.2
(59.4)
16.1
(61.0)
20.0
(68.0)
18.9
(66.0)
14.4
(58.0)
12.4
(54.3)
9.1
(48.4)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)139
(5.47)
124
(4.87)
120
(4.72)
106
(4.17)
89
(3.52)
120
(4.71)
132
(5.21)
162
(6.38)
129
(5.09)
160
(6.31)
99
(3.88)
110
(4.33)
1,490
(58.66)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)181616121011131514151415169
Average relative humidity (%)73737374798180797774727276
Mean monthly sunshine hours 142.9144.5185.7228.1248.1257.2281.0274.1220.1197.5170.3142.52,492
Source: Bermuda Weather Service (sun, 1999–2010) [10] [11]

Education

Schools in Hamilton:

Sports

Hamilton has a host of beaches, which provide many opportunities for water sports, including surfing, wind surfing, water skiing, jet skiing, sailing and diving.

The highlight of the sports calendar is the Bermuda Gold Cup (or Argo Group Gold Cup as it is currently known), [14] a sailing event which is a key stage of the World Match Racing Tour, one of only three sailing championships to be sanctioned by the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) [15] with 'Special Event' status. The Argo Cup brings the world's best match-racing sailors (including world champions and Olympic sailors) to Bermuda for five days of one-on-one 'match racing'. Points accrued during the event contribute to the World Match Racing Tour and ultimately a chance to race in the final event, the Monsoon Cup in Malaysia. The winner of that is crowned ISAF World Match Racing Champion. Unlike many water-based sports, which occur too far out to view from shore, 'match racing' is a great spectator sport. The race takes place only 15m from the shore, and spectators can see the heart of the action.

The history of the modern Bermuda Gold Cup event dates back to the very beginning of the match racing style of sailing. The first 'match race' in a one-design racing yacht, i.e. technically identical boats, was the King Edward VII Gold Cup [16] in Bermuda (now known as the Argo Gold Cup) that was first sailed in 1937. The Argo Gold Cup is still a key event in the World Match Racing Tour calendar.

The King Edward VII Cup itself was originally given at the Tri-Centenary Regatta at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1907, by King Edward VII in commemoration of the 300th Anniversary of the first permanent settlement in America. C. Sherman Hoyt won that regatta, and was the first sailor to accept the historic trophy.

Hoyt held the Gold Cup for three decades before donating it to the Royal Bermuda Yacht Club and proposing an annual one-on-one match-race series in 6-Meter yachts. In his letter he expressed the propriety of "my returning a British Royal trophy to the custody of your club, with its long record of clean sportsmanship and keenly contested races between your Bermuda yachts and ours of Long Island Sound, and elsewhere..." [17] The first winner of the Cup in its new format was Briggs Cunningham in 1937. He was also the first skipper to win the America's Cup in a 12-Meter racing yacht.

Transport

Buses

Bus Terminal, Hamilton, Bermuda Bermudabusterminal.JPG
Bus Terminal, Hamilton, Bermuda

All but one route (Route 6) in Bermuda start from the bus terminal in Hamilton. [18]

Notable people

Sport

See also

Related Research Articles

Bermuda British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean

Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km (768 mi) south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,759 km (1,093 mi) northeast of Cuba. The capital city is Hamilton. Bermuda is self-governing, with its own constitution and government and a Parliament which makes local laws. The United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations. As of July 2018, it has a population of 71,176, making it the most populous of the British overseas territories.

Bermuda sloop sailing vessel developed on the islands of Bermuda in the 17th century

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A match race is a race between two competitors, going head-to-head.

Gold Cup may refer to:

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Hamilton Princess & Beach Club

The Hamilton Princess & Beach Club, A Fairmont Managed Hotel is one of the grandest and most famous hotels in Bermuda, located in Pembroke Parish just outside the City of Hamilton. It also happens to be the oldest hotel in the Fairmont chains. One of the largest in Bermuda, it has over 400 rooms. It is one of two Fairmont Hotels on the island, the second being the Fairmont Southampton, which was originally opened as the Southampton Princess.

Bermuda Hogges F.C. association football club

Bermuda Hogges were a Bermudian soccer team based in Hamilton, Bermuda. Founded in 2006, the team played in the USL Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Mid Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference. On May 28, 2013 the club announced it pulled out of the USL’s Premier Development League due to financial difficulties.

Bermuda Fitted Dinghy

The Bermuda Fitted Dinghy is a type of racing-dedicated sail boat used for competitions between the yacht clubs of Bermuda. Although the class has only existed for about 130 years, the boats are a continuance of a tradition of boat and ship design in Bermuda that stretches back to the earliest decades of the 17th century.

International One Design

The International One Design is a class of sail boat developed in 1936 for yacht racing. It is a 33-foot open-cockpit day sailer used for day racing, rather than for overnight or ocean races. Popularised prior to the Second World War, the International One Design class is considered a classic one today.

PHC Zebras

The Pembroke Hamilton Club Zebras is a Bermudian football club who participate in the Bermudian Premier Division.

Index of Bermuda-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the British Overseas Territory of the Bermuda Islands.

Charles Ernest Nicholson British yacht designer

Charles Ernest Nicholson was a British yacht designer.

Sir James Reginald Conyers CBE, known as Reggie Conyers during his early life, was a Bermudian lawyer, politician, and cricketer. Born in Pembroke Parish, Bermuda, Conyers was a keen member of the Hamilton Cricket Club, and toured the United States with the club in 1905. Having regularly played for Bermuda against touring American teams, he was invited to play for the Gentlemen of Philadelphia during the team's 1908–09 tour of Jamaica. In the final match of the tour, against Jamaica at Melbourne Park, Conyers scored 149 runs opening Philadelphia's batting, his highest first-class score and only first-class century. He would later make several appearances for Philadelphia's Merion Cricket Club in the Halifax Cup competition in 1909 and 1911. Conyers remained heavily involved in Bermudian cricket after the tour's end, often captaining the Bermudan national team against touring sides from North America. He was playing competitive cricket until as late as 1928, when he captained Bermuda on a tour of the United States aged 49.

Argo Group

Argo Group International Holdings, Ltd, or Argo Group, is a Bermuda-based international underwriter of specialty insurance and reinsurance products in the property and casualty market. In 2017, the San Antonio Express News wrote that "The company has made more than $1 billion in profit over the last decade as a mid-sized player in a niche field insuring complex or hard-to-price risks other insurers won’t touch." Argo was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in May 2018.

Carlyle McNeil Eugene Crockwell, MBE, was a FIFA-certified Bermudian football referee.

Roderick Calvin Hilgrove Symonds, known as Calvin "Bummy" Symonds, is a retired Bermudian cricketer and footballer. He represented the Bermuda national cricket team and played one match in the English Football League for Rochdale.

References

  1. Bermuda Department of Statistics. 2010 Census of Population & Housing – Final Results (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 8 February 2015.[ dead link ]
  2. David Cay Johnston and Joseph B. Treaster (6 March 2000). "Bermuda Move Allows Insurers To Avoid Taxes". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  3. David Cay Johnston (18 February 2002). "U.S. Corporations are Using Bermuda to Slash Tax Bills". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  4. "Your Questions, Comments, Requests." The MarketPlace. Retrieved on 21 December 2011. "The MarketPlace Ltd. 42 Church Street Hamilton HM 12 – Bermuda"
  5. "Locations." The MarketPlace. Retrieved on 21 December 2011. HAMILTON MARKETPLACE 42 Church Street, Hamilton, HM 12"
  6. "Bermuda Shopping The Marketplace Archived 30 January 2013 at Archive.today ." The New York Times . Retrieved on 21 December 2011.
  7. Cost of Living Index 2017 // numbeo.com. Retrieved and archived on 2017-01-10.
  8. 1 2 "City of Hamilton (Bermuda)". crwflags.com.
  9. "Bermuda's City of Hamilton". bermuda-online.org.
  10. "1981–2010 Monthly Stats". Bermuda Weather Service. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  11. "Bermuda's Climatology 1949-1999". Bermuda Weather Service. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  12. Home. Dellwood Middle School. Retrieved on 14 September 2016. "Address 1 North Street Pembroke HM 09 Bermuda"
  13. "Contact Archived 14 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine ." Mount Saint Agnes Academy. Retrieved on 14 September 2016. "Physical Address: 19 Dundonald Street West Hamilton, HM09 Bermuda"
  14. "Argo Group Gold Cup".
  15. "ISAF Homepage". sailing.org.
  16. Archived 19 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  17. "2009 Bermuda Gold Cup (King Edward VII Gold Cup) – Oct 2009 – The Calendar on Sailing Networks". Sailingnetworks.com. 11 October 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  18. Keith Archibald Forbes. "Bermuda's getting around options for visitors; Renting or driving local automobiles is not allowed but other ways are good". Bermuda Online. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
  19. IMDb retrieved 15 October 2017