A banner of arms is a type of heraldic flag, characterised by sharing its imagery with that of the coat of arms (i.e. the shield of a full heraldic achievement, rendered in a square or rectangular shape of the flag). 
The term is derived from the terminology of heraldry but mostly used in vexillology. Examples of modern national flags which are banners of arms are the flags of Austria, Iraq, and Switzerland.
The banner of arms is sometimes simply called a banner, but a banner is in a more strict sense a one of a kind personal flag of a nobleman held in battle.  
|Country||Flag||Coat of arms from which the flag is derived|
|Flag of Austria||Coat of arms of Austria|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina||Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Flag of Burkina Faso||Coat of arms of Burkina Faso|
|Temporary state flag used from December 1917 to May 1918||Coat of Arms of Finland|
|Presidential Standard (1960-1990)||Coat of arms of Gabon|
|Flag of Greece (historical)||Coat of arms of Greece|
|Flag of Iraq||Coat of arms of Iraq|
|Flag of Kiribati||Coat of arms of Kiribati|
|Flag of Kosovo||Coat of arms of Kosovo|
|Flag of Lithuania (state)||Coat of arms of Lithuania|
|Flag of Luxembourg for use at sea||Lesser coat of arms of Luxembourg|
|Flag of Malta||Coat of arms of Malta|
|Flag of Monaco (alternative)||Coat of arms of Monaco|
|Flag of Namibia||Coat of arms of Namibia|
|Royal Standard of Norway||Coat of arms of Norway|
|Presidential standard of Poland||Coat of arms of Poland|
|Flag of Portugal (heraldic and historical)||Coat of arms of Portugal|
|Flag of Somalia||Coat of arms of Somalia|
|Flag of Spain (naval jack)||Coat of arms of Spain|
|Royal Standard of Sweden (The King's personal)||Coat of arms of Sweden|
|Flag of Switzerland||Coat of arms of Switzerland|
|Taiwan (Republic of China)|
|Flag of the Republic of China (naval jack)||National Emblem of the Republic of China|
|Naval Jack of Ukraine (1992)||Coat of arms of Ukraine|
|United Arab Emirates|
|Flag of the United Arab Emirates||Emblem of the United Arab Emirates|
|Royal Standard of the United Kingdom||Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom|
|Royal Standard of the United Kingdom for use in Scotland||Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom for use in Scotland|
|Flag of Vietnam||Emblem of Vietnam|
|Flag of the Vietnam People's Army||Emblem of the Vietnam People's Army|
|Subdivision||Flag||Coat of arms from which the flag is derived|
|Flag of Aquitaine||Coat of arms of Aquitaine|
|Flag of Alsace||Coat of arms of Alsace|
|Flag of Astrakhan Oblast||Coat of arms of Astrakhan Oblast|
| Flag of Bavaria |
|Coat of arms of Bavaria|
|Flag of British Columbia||Coat of arms of British Columbia|
|Flag of Burgundy||Coat of arms of Burgundy|
|Castile and León|
|Flag of Castile and León||Coat of arms of Castile and León|
|Flag of Castile-La Mancha||Coat of arms of Castile–La Mancha|
|Flag of Corsica||Coat of arms of Corsica|
|Flag of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast||Coat of arms of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast|
|Royal Banner of England||Royal Arms of England|
|Flag of Flanders||Coat of arms of Flanders|
|Flag of Franche-Comté||Coat of arms of Franche-Comté|
|Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia||Coat of arms of Friuli-Venezia Giulia|
|Flag of Gibraltar||Coat of arms of Gibraltar|
|Flag of Hong Kong||Emblem of Hong Kong|
|Flag of Kedah||Coat of Arms of Kedah|
|Flag of Lipetsk Oblast||Coat of arms of Lipetsk Oblast|
|Flag of Macau||Emblem of Macau|
|Flag of Madeira||Coat of arms of Madeira|
|Flag of Maryland||Coat of arms of Maryland|
|Midi-Pyrénées (Occitania, Languedoc)|
|Flag of Midi-Pyrénées||Coat of arms of Midi-Pyrénées|
|Moravian-Silesian Region (Moravia, Silesia)|
|Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region||Coat of arms of Moravian-Silesian Region|
|Flag of Region of Murcia||Coat of arms of Region of Murcia|
|Flag of Navarre (historical)||Coat of arms of Navarre|
|Flag of New Brunswick||Coat of arms of New Brunswick|
|Flag of Nova Scotia||Coat of arms of Nova Scotia|
|Flag of Picardy||Coat of arms of Picardy|
|Flag of Pomeranian Voivodeship||Coat of arms of Pomeranian Voivodeship|
|Prince Edward Island|
|Flag of Prince Edward Island||Coat of arms of Prince Edward Island|
|Flag of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||Coat of arms of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur|
|Flag of Sarawak||Coat of Arms of Sarawak|
|Flag of Sardinia||Coat of arms of Sardinia|
|Flag of Savoy||Coat of arms of Savoy|
|Flag of Scania||Coat of arms of Scania|
|Royal Standard of Scotland||Royal coat of arms of Scotland|
|Flag of Sicily||Coat of arms of Sicily|
|Flag of Ternopil Oblast||Coat of arms of Ternopil Oblast|
|Flag of Tula Oblast||Coat of arms of Tula Oblast|
|Flag of Ulyanovsk Oblast||Coat of arms of Ulyanovsk Oblast|
|Flag of Voronezh Oblast||Coat of arms of Voronezh Oblast|
|Flag of Wales||The 1953 Royal Badge of Wales|
|Flag of Wallonia||Coat of arms of Wallonia|
|Flag of Washington, D.C.||Coat of arms of the Washington family|
|Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast||Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast|
|Flag of Zürich||Coat of arms of Zürich|
|Flag of Cheshire||Coat of arms of Cheshire|
|Flag of Essex||Coat of arms of Essex|
|Flag of Jönköping County||Coat of arms of Jönköping County|
|Flag of Kalmar County||Coat of arms of Kalmar County|
|Flag of Kent||Coat of arms of Kent|
|Flag of Kronoberg County||Coat of arms of Kronoberg County|
|Flag of Northumberland||Coat of arms of Northumberland|
|Flag of Przemyśl County||Coat of arms of Przemyśl County|
|Flag of Sussex||Coat of arms of Sussex|
|Vestfold og Telemark|
|Flag of Vestfold and Telemark||Coat of arms of Vestfold and Telemark|
|Flag of Warwickshire||Coat of arms of Warwickshire|
|City||Flag||Coat of arms from which the flag is derived|
|Flag of Aberdeen||Coat of arms of Aberdeen|
|Flag of Amsterdam||Coat of arms of Amsterdam|
|Flag of Barcelona||Coat of arms of Barcelona|
|Flag of Bari||Coat of arms of Bari|
|Flag of Belfast||Coat of arms of Belfast|
|Flag of Belgrade||Coat of arms of Belgrade|
|Flag of Bodø||Coat of arms of Bodø|
|Flag of Brno||Coat of arms of Brno|
|Flag of Durham||Coat of arms of Durham|
|Flag of Dundee||Coat of arms of Dundee|
|Flag of Edinburgh||Coat of arms of Edinburgh|
|Flag of Florence||Coat of arms of Florence|
|Freiburg im Breisgau|
|Flag of Freiburg im Breisgau||Coat of arms of Freiburg im Breisgau|
|Flag of Gdańsk||Coat of arms of Gdańsk|
|Flag of Hamburg||Coat of arms of Hamburg|
|Flag of Helsinki||Coat of arms of Helsinki|
|Flag of Leicester||Coat of arms of Leicester|
|Flag of Lincoln||Coat of arms of Lincoln|
|City of London|
|Flag of the City of London||Coat of arms of the City of London|
|Flag of Lyon||Coat of arms of Lyon|
|Flag of Marseille||Coat of arms of Marseille|
|Flag of Milan||Coat of arms of Milan|
|Flag of Montreal||Coat of arms of Montreal|
|Flag of Moscow||Coat of arms of Moscow|
|Flag of Naples||Coat of arms of Naples|
|Flag of Pisa||Coat of arms of Pisa|
|Flag of Portsmouth||Coat of arms of Portsmouth|
|Flag of Przemyśl||Coat of arms of Przemyśl|
|Flag of Saint Petersburg||Coat of arms of Saint Petersburg|
|Flag of St Albans||Coat of arms of St Albans|
|Flag of Strasbourg||Coat of arms of Strasbourg|
|Flag of Stockholm||Coat of arms of Stockholm|
|Flag of Verona||Coat of arms of Verona|
|Flag of York||Coat of arms of York|
|Flag of Zaragoza||Coat of arms of Zaragoza|
|Organization||Flag||Coat of arms from which the flag is derived|
|European flag||Coat of arms of the Chairman of the European Union Military Committee|
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon, surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement, which in its whole consists of a shield, supporters, a crest, and a motto. A coat of arms is traditionally unique to the armiger. The term itself of 'coat of arms' describing in modern times just the heraldic design, originates from the description of the entire medieval chainmail 'surcoat' garment used in combat or preparation for the latter.
Flag terminology is the nomenclature, or system of terms, used in vexillology, the study of flags, to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display.
A pennon, also known as a pennant or pendant, is a long narrow flag which is larger at the hoist than at the fly. It can have several shapes, such as triangular, tapering or triangular swallowtail, etc. In maritime use, pennants are to be hung from the main truck.
The Royal Banner of the Royal Arms of Scotland, also known as the Royal Banner of Scotland, or more commonly the Lion Rampant of Scotland, and historically as the Royal Standard of Scotland, or Banner of the King of Scots, is the royal banner of Scotland, and historically, the royal standard of the Kingdom of Scotland. Used historically by the Scottish monarchs, the banner differs from Scotland's national flag, the Saltire, in that its correct use is restricted by an Act of the Parliament of Scotland to only a few Great Officers of State who officially represent the Monarchy in Scotland. It is also used in an official capacity at royal residences in Scotland when the Head of State is not present.
In British heraldry, vert is the tincture equivalent to green. It is one of the five dark tinctures called colours.
The Royal Standard Flag of Australia was the personal flag of Elizabeth II in her role as Queen of Australia. It was used in a similar way as the Royal Standard in the UK, signaling the Australian Monarch's presence in Australia, in this case.
The Flemish Heraldic Council advises the Flemish Government on all matters relating to heraldry. The Council was created on 11 April 1984, as the successor to the Subcommittee for Heraldry or Subcommissie Heraldiek, established in 1978. Its prime task was to supervise the granting of a coat of arms and a flag to all municipalities of the Flemish Region. Following the reorganization of the Belgian provinces, the council's field of action was extended to provincial arms and flags in 1994. Since 2000, the Council has likewise advised the Flemish Government on grants of arms to Flemish individuals and corporations. In the meantime, more than 200 such grants have received official sanction. Grants of arms by the Flemish Government are published in the Belgian official journal.
In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image. The verb to blazon means to create such a description. The visual depiction of a coat of arms or flag has traditionally had considerable latitude in design, but a verbal blazon specifies the essentially distinctive elements. A coat of arms or flag is therefore primarily defined not by a picture but rather by the wording of its blazon. Blazon is also the specialized language in which a blazon is written, and, as a verb, the act of writing such a description. Blazonry is the art, craft or practice of creating a blazon. The language employed in blazonry has its own vocabulary, grammar and syntax, which becomes essential for comprehension when blazoning a complex coat of arms.
A pall in heraldry and vexillology is a Y-shaped charge, normally having its arms in the three corners of the shield. An example of a pall placed horizontally (fesswise) is the green portion of the South African national flag.
In heraldry and vexillology, a heraldic flag is a flag containing coats of arms, heraldic badges, or other devices used for personal identification.
Frederick Gordon Brownell was a South African herald, vexillologist, and genealogist.
The royal standards of England were narrow, tapering swallow-tailed heraldic flags, of considerable length, used mainly for mustering troops in battle, in pageants and at funerals, by the monarchs of England. In high favour during the Tudor period, the Royal English Standard was a flag that was of a separate design and purpose to the Royal Banner. It featured St George's Cross at its head, followed by a number of heraldic devices, a supporter, badges or crests, with a motto—but it did not bear a coat of arms. The Royal Standard changed its composition frequently from reign to reign, but retained the motto Dieu et mon droit, meaning God and my right; which was divided into two bands: Dieu et mon and Droyt.
A representation of the sun is used as a heraldic charge. The most usual form, often called sun in splendour or in his glory, consists of a round disc with the features of a human face surrounded by twelve or sixteen rays alternating wavy and straight. The alternating straight and wavy rays are often said to represent the light and heat of the sun respectively.
In heraldic achievements, the helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets. In some traditions, especially German and Nordic heraldry, two or three helmets may be used in a single achievement of arms, each representing a fief to which the bearer has a right. For this reason, the helmets and crests in German and Nordic arms are considered essential to the coat of arms and are never separated from it.
A heraldic authority is defined as an office or institution which has been established by a reigning monarch or a government to deal with heraldry in the country concerned. It does not include private societies or enterprises which design and/or register coats of arms. Over the centuries, many countries have established heraldic authorities, and several still flourish today.
Alfred Znamierowski was a Polish vexillologist, heraldist, illustrator, and journalist. During his career he published several books and designed hundreds of coats of arms, flags, banners and seals for over 200 different municipalities and institutions.
Dexter and sinister are terms used in heraldry to refer to specific locations in an escutcheon bearing a coat of arms, and to the other elements of an achievement. Dexter indicates the right-hand side of the shield, as regarded by the bearer, i.e. the bearer's proper right, and to the left as seen by the viewer. Sinister indicates the left-hand side as regarded by the bearer – the bearer's proper left, and to the right as seen by the viewer. In vexillology, the equivalent terms are hoist and fly.
The Macedonian Heraldic Society (MHS) is the only professional body in the field of heraldry, vexillology, phaleristics, chivalristics and nobiliar issues in North Macedonia. The society was founded on 2 July 2003 in Skopje under the name Macedonian Heraldry Society, and changed to its current name in 2018.
The first instance of a figure of the lion as symbol of the Kingdom of León is found in minted coins of Alfonso VII, called the Emperor (1126-1157). Until then, the cross had a preponderant position on documents and coins of Leonese monarchs since that reign the cross was gradually displaced by the lion. The Spanish historian and heraldist Martín de Riquer explained that the lion was already used as heraldic emblem in 1148. At the end of the reign of Alfonso VII, the figure of this animal began to appear on royal documents as personal device of the monarch and became pervasive during reigns of Ferdinand II (1157-1188) and Alfonso IX (1188-1230).
A flag is a distinctive piece of fabric used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. While the origin of flags is unknown, flag-like symbols have been described as far back as 11th century BC China and have been used by other ancient civilisations such as Egypt and Rome.