January 1948

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The following events occurred in January 1948:


January 1, 1948 (Thursday)

Transport Act 1947

The Transport Act 1947 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Under the terms of the Act, the railway network, long-distance road haulage and various other types of transport were nationalised and handed over to a new British Transport Commission for operation. The commission was responsible to the Ministry of Transport for general transport policy, which it exercised principally through financial control of a number of executives set up to manage specified sections of the industry under schemes of delegation.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas. According to its preamble, its purpose was the "substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis."

American Federation of Musicians

The American Federation of Musicians of the United States and Canada (AFM/AFofM) is a 501(c)(5) labor union representing professional instrumental musicians in the United States and Canada. The AFM, which has its headquarters in New York City, is led by president Raymond M. Hair, Jr. Founded in Cincinnati in 1896 as the successor to the "National League of Musicians," the AFM is the largest organization in the world to represent professional musicians. They negotiate fair agreements, protect ownership of recorded music, secure benefits such as health care and pension, and lobby legislators. In the US, it is the American Federation of Musicians (AFM)—and in Canada, the Canadian Federation of Musicians/Fédération canadienne des musiciens (CFM/FCM). The AFM is affiliated with AFL–CIO, the largest federation of Unions in the United States; and the Canadian Labour Congress, the federation of unions in Canada.

January 2, 1948 (Friday)

Jawaharlal Nehru first Prime Minister of India

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was a freedom fighter, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He has been described by the Amar Chitra Katha as the architect of India. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community while Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.

Kashmir former princely state, now a conflict territory between India and Pakistan

Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. Today, it denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.

Yugoslavia 1918–1992 country in Southeastern and Central Europe

Yugoslavia was a country in Southeastern and Central Europe for most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with the Kingdom of Serbia, and constituted the first union of the South Slavic people as a sovereign state, following centuries in which the region had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary. Peter I of Serbia was its first sovereign. The kingdom gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The official name of the state was changed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929.

January 3, 1948 (Saturday)

Clement Attlee former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.

Palestine (region) geographical region in the Middle East

Palestine is a geographic region in Western Asia usually considered to include Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan.

Jersey City, New Jersey City in Hudson County, New Jersey, U.S.

Jersey City is the second most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark. It is the seat of Hudson County as well as the county's largest city. As of 2017, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that Jersey City's population was 270,753, with the largest population increase of any municipality in New Jersey since 2010, an increase of about 9.4% from the 2010 United States Census, when the city's population was at 247,597. ranking the city the 75th-most-populous in the nation.

January 4, 1948 (Sunday)

Myanmar Republic in Southeast Asia

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Sao Shwe Thaik President of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe

Sao Shwe Thaik was the first president of the Union of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe. His full royal style was Kambawsarahta Thiri Pawaramahawuntha Thudamaraza. He was a well-respected Shan political figure in Burma. His residence in Nyaung Shwe (Yawnghwe), the Haw, is now the "Buddha Museum" and is open to the public.

U Nu Burmese nationalist and political figure

Nu, known honorifically as U Nu or Thakin Nu, was a leading Burmese statesman, politician, nationalist, and political figure of the 20th century. He was the first Prime Minister of Burma under the provisions of the 1947 Constitution of the Union of Burma, from 4 January 1948 to 12 June 1956, again from 28 February 1957 to 28 October 1958, and finally from 4 April 1960 to 2 March 1962.

January 5, 1948 (Monday)

United Nations General Assembly principal organ of the United Nations

The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making, and representative organ of the UN. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the UN, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, appoint the Secretary-General of the United Nations, receive reports from other parts of the UN, and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. It has also established numerous subsidiary organs.

Luis Padilla redirects here, for the Mexican footballer Luis Alberto Padilla.

Semiramis Hotel bombing January 1948 bomb attack at Semiramis Hotel in Jerusalem, January 1948

The Semiramis Hotel bombing was a terrorist attack carried out by a Jewish paramilitary group, the Haganah on the Christian owned Semiramis Hotel in the Katamon neighborhood of Jerusalem during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine.

January 6, 1948 (Tuesday)

Ministries Trial trial

The Ministries Trial was the eleventh of the twelve trials for war crimes the U.S. authorities held in their occupation zone in Germany in Nuremberg after the end of World War II. These twelve trials were all held before U.S. military courts, not before the International Military Tribunal, but took place in the same rooms at the Palace of Justice. The twelve U.S. trials are collectively known as the "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials" or, more formally, as the "Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals" (NMT).

Nuremberg Place in Bavaria, Germany

Nuremberg is the second-largest city of the German federal state of Bavaria after its capital Munich, and its 511,628 (2016) inhabitants make it the 14th largest city in Germany. On the Pegnitz River and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, it lies in the Bavarian administrative region of Middle Franconia, and is the largest city and the unofficial capital of Franconia. Nuremberg forms a continuous conurbation with the neighbouring cities of Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach with a total population of 787,976 (2016), while the larger Nuremberg Metropolitan Region has approximately 3.5 million inhabitants. The city lies about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Munich. It is the largest city in the East Franconian dialect area.

<i>The Treasure of the Sierra Madre</i> novel by B. Traven

The Treasure of the Sierra Madre is a 1927 adventure novel by bilingual German author B. Traven, whose identity remains unknown. In the book, two destitute American men in Mexico of the 1920s join an older American prospector in a search for gold. John Huston adapted the book as a 1948 film of the same name.

January 7, 1948 (Wednesday)

January 8, 1948 (Thursday)

January 9, 1948 (Friday)

January 10, 1948 (Saturday)

January 11, 1948 (Sunday)

January 12, 1948 (Monday)

January 13, 1948 (Tuesday)

January 14, 1948 (Wednesday)

January 15, 1948 (Thursday)

January 16, 1948 (Friday)

January 17, 1948 (Saturday)

January 18, 1948 (Sunday)

January 19, 1948 (Monday)

January 20, 1948 (Tuesday)

January 21, 1948 (Wednesday)

January 22, 1948 (Thursday)

January 23, 1948 (Friday)

January 24, 1948 (Saturday)

January 25, 1948 (Sunday)

January 26, 1948 (Monday)

January 27, 1948 (Tuesday)

January 28, 1948 (Wednesday)

January 29, 1948 (Thursday)

January 30, 1948 (Friday)

January 31, 1948 (Saturday)

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Loy W. Henderson American diplomat

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Hamdi al-Pachachi Iraqi politician

Hamdi al-Pachachi, Iraqi politician born to a prominent family in Baghdad. He studied law at the Royal School in Istanbul, graduating in 1909. He taught at the Baghdad Law School from 1913 to 1916. While in Istanbul, he joined the Covenant Society and became active in the Arab nationalist movement. Upon his return to Baghdad, he joined with the nationalists, who were demanding the decentralization of the Ottoman Empire. As a result of his political activities in support of the Iraqi revolt against the British in 1920, al-Pachachi was arrested and exiled to Hanja, an island in the Persian Gulf. After his release, he continued to take part in anti-British activities.

Muzahim al-Pachachi Iraqi politician

Muzahim Ameen al-Pachachi was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of Iraq during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

The following events occurred in November 1948:

The following events occurred in January 1947:

The following events occurred in September 1947:

The following events occurred in October 1947:

The following events occurred in December 1947:

The following events occurred in February 1948:

The following events occurred in March 1948:

The following events occurred in April 1948:

The following events occurred in May 1948:

The following events occurred in June 1948:

The following events occurred in July 1948:

The following events occurred in September 1948:

The following events occurred in December 1948:

The following events occurred in January 1949:

The following events occurred in April 1949:

The following events occurred in June 1949:

The following events occurred in December 1949:


  1. 1 2 3 4 Yust, Walter, ed. (1949). 1949 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. p. 1.
  2. Myers, Marc (December 26, 2012). "The Silence That Sparked New Sounds". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  3. Mars, Harvey. "The Silence Was Deafening". Associated Musicians of Greater New York. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  4. "1948". coldwar.hu. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  5. Brands, H. W. (1989). The Specter of Neutralism: The United States and the Emergence of the Third World, 1947-1960. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 144. ISBN   9780231071680.
  6. Klara, Robert (2013). The Hidden White House: Harry Truman and the Reconstruction of America’s Most Famous Residence. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 40. ISBN   9781250000279.
  7. "Attlee Attacks Imperialism of Soviet Policies". Brooklyn Eagle . Brooklyn: 1. January 4, 1948.
  8. "Police seize TNT for Palestine". The Argus . Melbourne: 3. January 5, 1948.
  9. 1 2 Bose, Sumantra (2007). Contested Land. Harvard University Press. p. 230. ISBN   9780674028562.
  10. Hamilton, Thomas J. (January 6, 1948). "Little Assembly Delays Veto Issue in a Bid to Soviet". The New York Times : 1.
  11. Suresha, Ron J. "'Properly Placed Before the Public': Publication and Translation of the Kinsey Reports." Bisexual Perspectives on the Life and Work of Alfred C. Kinsey. Ed. Ron J. Suresha. New York: Routledge, 2014. 28. ISBN   9781317995012.
  12. "Books Published Today". The New York Times : 17. January 5, 1948.
  13. Woolley, John; Peters, Gerhard. "Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  14. Raymond, Jack (January 9, 1948). "Germans Approve Government Plan". The New York Times : 1.
  15. Belair, Jr., Felix (January 9, 1948). "Secretary Grave". The New York Times : 1.
  16. Hurd, Charles (January 10, 1948). "U. S. to Give 4 Submarines, 11 Other Ships to Turkey". The New York Times : 1.
  17. "Radar Equipment Exports Halted On Complaint Some Went to Soviet". The New York Times : 1. January 11, 1948.
  18. "New Cholera Serum Is Developed By American University In Beirut". The New York Times : 21. January 12, 1948.
  19. Morris, John D. (January 13, 1948). "'Hard-Boiled' Plan". The New York Times : 1.
  20. "Chamber Uproar Paralyzes French Law Machinery". The Cornell Daily Sun . Ithaca, New York: 1. January 14, 1948.
  21. Trumbull, Robert (January 14, 1948). "Gandhi Commences a Fast For Unity". The New York Times : 10.
  22. D. Hulen, Bertram (January 15, 1948). "Marshall Rebuffs Yugoslav Demand". The New York Times : 1, 8.
  23. "Wallace Is Hailed at 2 Red Rallies". The New York Times : 15. January 15, 1948.
  24. Currivan, Gene (January 16, 1948). "Arabs Aim to Hold All of Palestine". The New York Times : 4.
  25. Lawrence, W. H. (January 17, 1948). "U. S., Britain Fan War, Bulgar Says". The New York Times : 7.
  26. Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 667. ISBN   9-780582-039193.
  27. Dales, Douglas (January 17, 1948). "Dewey Announces He Is Ready to Run if Party Picks Him". The New York Times : 1.
  28. "Dutch Sign Truce With Indonesia, Keep Interim Rule of Rich Areas". The New York Times : 1. January 18, 1948.
  29. Trumbull, Robert (January 19, 1948). "Fast Held to Achieve Aim —Detailed Amity Plan to be Drawn Today". The New York Times : 1, 10.
  30. "Nehuentúe Rinde Homenaje A Las Víctimas Del Terrible Naufragio Del Cautín". Clave9.cl. Archived from the original on March 19, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  31. "Books Published Today". The New York Times : 21. January 19, 1948.
  32. Hamilton, Thomas J. (January 21, 1948). "Mediation in India Authorized by U.N.". The New York Times : 4.
  33. "Dulles Urges Defense Pact". Brooklyn Eagle . Brooklyn: 1. January 20, 1948.
  34. Philip, P. J. (January 21, 1948). "Mackenzie King Retiring; Calls Communism Tyranny". The New York Times : 1, 12.
  35. Middleton, Drew (January 22, 1948). "Britain Will Scrap Five Capital Ships". The New York Times : 21.
  36. Stark, Lewis (January 23, 1948). "CIO's Board Votes Against 3d Party, For Aid Plan, 33-11". The New York Times : 1.
  37. Knowles, Clayton (January 24, 1948). "Refusal 'Positive'". The New York Times : 1.
  38. Hamilton, Thomas J. (January 24, 1948). "Austin for Regime in South of Korea". The New York Times : 7.
  39. "Rumania, Hungary Sign 20-Year Military Pact". The New York Times : 32. January 25, 1948.
  40. Callender, Harold (January 26, 1948). "2 Values Created". The New York Times : 1.
  41. Cortesi, Arnaldo (January 27, 1948). "16 Countries Open Manpower Parley". The New York Times : 12.
  42. "Poland, Russia Sign Pact". The New York Times : 18. January 27, 1948.
  43. "Iraqi Cabinet Out in Riots Over Pact". The New York Times : 1. January 28, 1948.
  44. "Believe 316 Lost Lives in sinking of Japanese Frater". Chicago Daily Tribune . Chicago: 4. January 29, 1948.
  45. Trumbull, Robert (February 1, 1948). "Gandhi Cremated as Million Watch; Disorders Spread". The New York Times : 1, 43.
  46. "Soviet '48 Budget Highest in History". The New York Times : 1. February 1, 1948.