December 1948

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The following events occurred in December 1948:

Contents

December 1, 1948 (Wednesday)

Jericho City in Jericho

Jericho is a city in the Palestinian Territories and is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank. It is the administrative seat of the Jericho Governorate, and is governed by the Fatah faction of the Palestinian National Authority. In 2007, it had a population of 18,346. The city was occupied by Jordan from 1949 to 1967, and has been held under Israeli occupation since 1967; administrative control was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994. It is believed to be one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and the city with the oldest known protective wall in the world. It was thought to have the oldest stone tower in the world as well, but excavations at Tell Qaramel in Syria have discovered stone towers that are even older.

Abdullah I of Jordan King of Jordan

Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein was the ruler of Jordan and its predecessor state, Transjordan, from 1921 until his assassination in 1951. He was Emir of Transjordan from 21 April 1921 to 25 May 1946 under a British mandate, and was king of an independent nation from 25 May 1946 until his assassination. According to Abdullah, he was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad as he belongs to the Hashemite family.

Damascus City in Syria

Damascus is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city. It is colloquially known in Syria as aš-Šām (الشام) and titled the "City of Jasmine". In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural center of the Levant and the Arab world. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009.

December 2, 1948 (Thursday)

United States Department of Labor U.S. Department that regulates the workers rights and labor markets

The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments. The department is headed by the U.S. Secretary of Labor.

American Federation of Labor Federation of U.S. labor unions, 1886-1955

The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor union. Samuel Gompers of the Cigar Makers' International Union was elected president at its founding convention and reelected every year, except one, until his death in 1924. The A.F. of L was the largest union grouping in the United States for the first half of the 20th century, even after the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) by unions which were expelled by the AFL in 1935 over its opposition to industrial unionism. The Federation was founded and dominated by craft unions throughout its first fifty years, after which many craft union affiliates turned to organizing on an industrial union basis to meet the challenge from the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the 1940s.

Congress of Industrial Organizations

The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955. Created in 1935 by John L. Lewis, who was a part of the United Mine Workers (UMW), it was originally called the Committee for Industrial Organization but changed its name in 1938 when it broke away from the American Federation of Labor. It also changed names because it was not successful with organizing unskilled workers with the AFL.

December 3, 1948 (Friday)

House Un-American Activities Committee Investigative committee of the US House of Representatives during the Red Scare

The House Un-American Activities Committee was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. The HUAC was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Fascist or Communist ties. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security". When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee.

Whittaker Chambers Defected Communist spy

Whittaker Chambers, born Jay Vivian Chambers, was an American writer-editor and former Communist spy who in 1948 testified about Communist espionage, thereafter earning respect from the American Conservative movement. After early years as a Communist Party member (1925) and Soviet spy (1932–1938), he defected from the Soviet underground (1938) and joined Time magazine (1939–1948). Under subpoena in 1948, he testified about the Ware group in what became the Hiss case for perjury (1949–1950), all described in his 1952 memoir Witness. Afterwards, he worked briefly as a senior editor at National Review (1957–1959). President Ronald Reagan awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1984.

Pumpkin fruit

A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and most often deep yellow to orange in coloration. The thick shell contains the seeds and pulp. Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima. Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma, and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin".

December 4, 1948 (Saturday)

SS <i>Kiangya</i> Chinese passenger steamship

SS Kiangya or Jiangya was a Chinese passenger steamship that was destroyed in an explosion near the mouth of the Huangpu River 50 miles (80 km) north of Shanghai on 3 or 4 December 1948. Her wreck was cleared from the channel in 1956 and her hull refurbished, re-entering service. She was renamed the SS Dongfang Hong 8 during the Cultural Revolution and retired during modernisations in 1983.

Huangpu River the largest river in Shanghai, China

The Huángpǔ , formerly romanized as Whangpoo, is a 113-kilometer (70 mi) long river flowing through Shanghai that was first excavated and created by Lord Chunshen, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States during the Warring States period. It is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before it empties into the East China Sea. The Bund and Lujiazui are located along the river.

The United States Progressive Party of 1948 was a left-wing political party that served as a vehicle for former Vice President Henry A. Wallace's 1948 presidential campaign. The party sought desegregation, the establishment of a national health insurance system, an expansion of the welfare system, and the nationalization of the energy industry. The party also sought conciliation with the Soviet Union during the early stages of the Cold War.

December 5, 1948 (Sunday)

Operation Assaf

Operation Assaf was an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) operation against the Egyptian Army between December 5–December 7, 1948, during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The successful operation's aim was to take control of the western Negev Desert. It was a small operation, executed between two larger operations in that theatre, Operation Yoav and Operation Horev.

Negev desert and semidesert region of southern Israel

The Negev is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba, in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city of Eilat. It contains several development towns, including Dimona, Arad and Mitzpe Ramon, as well as a number of small Bedouin cities, including Rahat and Tel as-Sabi and Lakyah. There are also several kibbutzim, including Revivim and Sde Boker; the latter became the home of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, after his retirement from politics.

Argentina federal republic in South America

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

December 6, 1948 (Monday)

Hirohito Emperor of Japan from 1926 until 1989

Hirohito was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Akihito. In Japan, reigning emperors are known simply as "the Emperor" and he is now referred to primarily by his posthumous name, Emperor Shōwa (昭和天皇). The word Shōwa (昭和) is the name of the era coinciding with the Emperor's reign, after which he is known according to a tradition dating to 1912. The name Hirohito means "abundant benevolence".

Harry S. Truman 33rd president of the United States

Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.

Marius Müller-Westernhagen German actor and musician

Marius Müller-Westernhagen is a German actor and musician.

December 7, 1948 (Tuesday)

December 8, 1948 (Wednesday)

December 9, 1948 (Thursday)

December 10, 1948 (Friday)

December 11, 1948 (Saturday)

December 12, 1948 (Sunday)

December 13, 1948 (Monday)

December 14, 1948 (Tuesday)

December 15, 1948 (Wednesday)

December 16, 1948 (Thursday)

December 17, 1948 (Friday)

December 18, 1948 (Saturday)

December 19, 1948 (Sunday)

December 20, 1948 (Monday)

December 21, 1948 (Tuesday)

December 22, 1948 (Wednesday)

December 23, 1948 (Thursday)

December 24, 1948 (Friday)

December 25, 1948 (Saturday)

December 26, 1948 (Sunday)

December 27, 1948 (Monday)

December 28, 1948 (Tuesday)

December 29, 1948 (Wednesday)

December 30, 1948 (Thursday)

December 31, 1948 (Friday)

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The decolonization of Asia was the gradual growth of independence movements in Asia, leading ultimately to the retreat of foreign powers and the creation of a number of nation-states in the region. A number of events were catalysts for this shift, most importantly the Second World War. Prior to World War II, some countries had already proclaimed independence.

The following events occurred in November 1948:

The following events occurred in August 1947:

The following events occurred in May 1948:

The following events occurred in June 1948:

The following events occurred in July 1948:

The following events occurred in September 1948:

The following events occurred in October 1948:

The following events occurred in January 1949:

The following events occurred in February 1949:

The following events occurred in March 1949:

The following events occurred in May 1949:

The following events occurred in December 1949:

References

  1. Brewer, Sam Pope (December 2, 1948). "Abdullah Named 'King of Palestine'; Fatal Riots in Syria, Cabinet Quits". The New York Times : 1.
  2. Stark, Louis (December 3, 1948). "Labor Conference Defeats Proposal To Support Civil Rights Program". The New York Times : 1.
  3. Drebinger, John (December 3, 1948). "Musial of Cardinals Again Is Voted 'Most Valuable' in National League". The New York Times : 35.
  4. Lawrence, W. H. (December 4, 1948). "House Unit Seizes Filmed U. S. Secrets At Chambers' Home". The New York Times : 1, 5.
  5. "House Group Finds Secret Army". The New York Times : 42. December 5, 1948.
  6. Moore, William (December 5, 1948). "Charge Commies Train Army in U.S.". Chicago Daily Tribune . Chicago: 1.
  7. Parrott, Lindesay (December 7, 1948). "Hirohito Rebuked in Japanese Diet". The New York Times : 23.
  8. Morrow, Edward A. (December 8, 1948). "Reuter Is Named Mayor". The New York Times : 4.
  9. "Ashida Is Jailed in Tokyo". The New York Times : 21. December 8, 1948.
  10. 1 2 Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 680. ISBN   9-780582-039193.
  11. Philip, P. J. (December 12, 1948). "Newfoundland Tie To Canada Signed". The New York Times : 1.
  12. "Italy and Russia Sign Reparations Treaty". The New York Times : 1. December 14, 1948.
  13. "Old Athletic Body Again The 'Big Ten'". The New York Times : 27. December 13, 1948.
  14. Warren, Virginia Lee (December 14, 1948). "Peron Aides Linked To Major Scandal". The New York Times : 1, 21.
  15. "First New Disks Under Pact Made". The New York Times : 46. December 15, 1948.
  16. "El Salvador Revolt Deposes President". The New York Times : 1. December 15, 1948.
  17. Porter, Russell (December 16, 1948). "Two Counts In Bill". The New York Times : 1.
  18. Matthews, Herbert L. (December 16, 1948). "Prince Charles Christened In Gay Ceremony at Palace". The New York Times : 1.
  19. Peaslee, Amos J. (1956). Constitutions of Nations: Volume I: Afghanistan to Finland. Dordrecht: Springer Science + Business Media. p. 345.
  20. Hamilton, Thomas J. (December 18, 1948). "Council Rejects U. N. Bid By Israel; 5 Nations Abstain". The New York Times : 1.
  21. 1 2 Boyne, Walter J. (2007). Beyond the Wild Blue: A History of the U.S. Air Force, 1947-2007. St. Martin's Press. p. 465. ISBN   9781429901802.
  22. "Dutch Cancels 11-Month Truce In Indonesia". The Pittsburgh Press: 17. December 19, 1948.
  23. "British Reveal Four-Year Plan". San Bernardino Sun: 4. December 21, 1948.
  24. 1 2 3 Leonard, Thomas M. (1977). Day By Day: The Forties. New York: Facts On File, Inc. p. 852. ISBN   0-87196-375-2.
  25. Belair, Jr., Felix (December 23, 1948). "ECA Cuts Off Aid To Indies, Waiting For 'Clarification'". The New York Times : 1.
  26. Hamilton, Thomas J. (December 25, 1948). "U. N. Council Calls For Peace In Indies, Officials' Release". The New York Times : 1.
  27. Crowther, Bosley (December 25, 1948). "'Adventures of Don Juan,' With Errol Flynn, Viveca Lindfors, Has Premiere at Strand". The New York Times : 10.
  28. "Full Blackout for Israel Ordered After Air Raids". The New York Times : 1. December 26, 1948.
  29. "Command Decision". American Film Institute . Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  30. Rooney, Francis (2015). The Global Vatican. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 109. ISBN   9781442248816.
  31. "Cardinal Mindszenty Seized By Red Regime in Hungary". The New York Times : 1. December 28, 1948.
  32. Handler, M. S. (December 28, 1948). "Tito May End Trade With Soviet Bloc". The New York Times : 1.
  33. "U. N. Orders A Halt To Negeb Fighting, Israelis' Exodus". The New York Times : 1. December 30, 1948.
  34. Cianfarra, Camille M. (December 31, 1948). "Vatican Excommunicates All Aiding in Mindszenty Arrest". The New York Times : 1.
  35. "Kai-Shek Bids For Peace In History Making Announcement". Madera Daily News. Madera, California: 1. December 31, 1948.