Last updated

Kadugannawa tunnel.JPG
Rock piercing in Pahala Kadugannawa
Sri Lanka adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°15′13″N80°31′39″E / 7.25361°N 80.52750°E / 7.25361; 80.52750 Coordinates: 7°15′13″N80°31′39″E / 7.25361°N 80.52750°E / 7.25361; 80.52750
CountrySri Lanka
Province Central Province
District Kandy District
1,700 ft (518.16 m)
Time zone +5.30

Kadugannawa is a town in Kandy District in the Central Province of Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is located along the A1 road west of Peradeniya. The town is served by Kadugannawa Railway Station and has the Kadugannawa Central College. [1]



Since 2014 it is the location of the national railway museum.

Kadugannawa Pass

Kadugannawa Pass is a pierced rock in the Kadugannawa climb on the Kandy-Colombo road. In 1820s when British built the Kandy-Colombo road they pierced a rock at the Kadugannawa Pass instead of blasting it away or simply baypassing it, as the new road does today. An explanation is, that this Kadugannawa tunnel was a symbol. The tunnel is said to have been created to fulfill an old Sinhalese prophecy that there is no way to foreigners to rule Kandy, unless they pierce the mountains. The British were the first foreign power to occupy Kandy permanently. Thus, the British went out of their way to include a tunnel on the road. Regrettably, this nice story is disputed, as the Kurunegala tunnel is claimed to have been constructed earlier (in 1823) to fulfill the prophetic saying. [2]

Dawson Tower

Under the direction of William Francis Dawson the first modern highway Colombo - Kandy Road was built in 1820 and William Francis Dawson died before the completion of the project. For the memory of William Francis Dawson the Dawson Tower was built in Kadugannawa.

Kadugannawa Ambalama

Kadugannawa Ambalama (Sinhala:කඩුගන්නාව අම්බලම) is a historic wayside rest that is found – on the left, when traveling from Colombo to Kandy,[2] a few metres before the Kadugannawa Hairpin turn aka Kadugannawa pass. Built during the early 18th century which is about 200 years old now. This ambalama was built during the English colonial rule of Ceylon.

Kadugannawa Images

Captain Dawson Tower Kadugannawa-Date Range c.1860-c.1880.jpg
Captain Dawson Tower Kadugannawa. Date Range c.1860-c.1880
Captain Dawson Tower Kadugannawa-Early 1900s.jpg
Captain Dawson Tower Kadugannawa-Early 1900s
Kadugannawa tunnel.JPG
Kadugannawa Pass from top as of February 2007.
Kadugannawa, Sri Lanka - panoramio (4).jpg
Kadugannawa Pass from bottom as of February 2016.

See also

Related Research Articles

Kandy City in Central Province, Sri Lanka

Kandy is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka. The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province. Kandy is the home of the Temple of the Tooth Relic, one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. Historically the local Buddhist rulers resisted Portuguese, Dutch, and British colonial expansion and occupation.

Mawanella Town in Kegalle District, Sri Lanka

Mawanella is a town which belongs to the Kegalle district in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. It lies between Kegalle and Kadugannawa along the Colombo-Kandy road. The area consists of four administrative areas, namely Mawanella, Aranayake, Rambukkana and Hemmathagama.

Ratnapura City in Sabaragamuwa, Sri Lanka

Ratnapura is a major city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of Sabaragamuwa Province, as well as the Ratnapura District, and is a traditional centre for the Sri Lankan gem trade. It is located on the Kalu Ganga in south-central Sri Lanka, some 101 km (63 mi) southeast of the country's capital, Colombo. Ratnapura is also spelled as Rathnapura.

Badulla City in Sri Lanka

Badulla is the main city of Uva Province situated in the lower central hills of Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of Uva Province and the Badulla District.

Gampaha City in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

Gampaha is an urban city in Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is situated to the north-east of the capital Colombo. It is the sixth largest urban area in Western Province, after Colombo, Negombo, Kalutara, Panadura and Avissawella. Gampaha is also the second largest municipal centre in Gampaha district, after Negombo. Gampaha has a land area of 25.8 ha and is home to the offices of 75 government institutions.

Battaramulla Suburb in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Battaramulla is a suburb of Colombo, situated 8.4 km (5 mi) from the city centre at Colombo Fort, near the Parliament of Sri Lanka. It is one of the fastest developing administrative, commercial and residential areas in the Colombo District, being home to the country's elite. By present Battaramulla has been an important town in Sri Lanka, because of the Sri Lankan government's decision to locate all the government department head offices in this town.

Pussellawa Place in Central Province, Sri Lanka

Pussellawa Sinhala: පුස්සැල්ලාව. Tamil: புசல்லாவை, is a small town in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. It is located along the A5 road between Gampola and Nuwara Eliya.

The A 1 road is an A-Grade trunk road in Sri Lanka. It connects the capital city of Colombo with Kandy.

Captain William Francis Dawson was a prominent road builder in British Ceylon. An Engineer attached to the Royal Engineers, he was given the task of building the Colombo - Kandy Road linking Colombo and Kandy. The job took its toll on Dawson, who died before it was completed. It would be the first modern highway in the island. In the memory of Captain Dawson, the Dawson Tower was erected at Kadugannawa in the Kadugannawa Pass.

Dawson Tower

Dawson Tower, is located on Kadugannawa in the Kadugannawa Pass next to the Colombo - Kandy Road, the first modern highway in the island. Work began on the Colombo - Kandy Road in 1820 under the direction of Captain William Francis Dawson who died during the project. The Dawson Tower was erected in memory of Dawson.

'Mangalagama' is an ancient village in Sri Lanka. It is located within the Rambukkana Division in the Kegalle District in Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka. Managlagama is situated by the Colombo - Kandy main road, 87 km away from Colombo / 28 km away from Kandy. The nearest towns are: Kegalla (6 km) and Mawanella (4 km). The post office that covers Managlagama is: Molagoda (2 km).

Main Line (Sri Lanka)

The Main Line is a major railway line in the rail network of Sri Lanka and considered by many to be one of the most scenic train journeys in all of Asia. The line begins at Colombo Fort and winds through the Sri Lankan hill country to reach Badulla.

Kadugannawa Ambalama

Kadugannawa Ambalama is a historic wayside rest that is found – on the left, when traveling from Colombo to Kandy, a few metres before the Kadugannawa Hairpin turn aka Kadugannawa pass. Built during the early 19th century during the British colonial rule in Ceylon, the Ambalama is now more than 200 years old A popular stopover for horsemen and merchants traveling from the lowlands to the ancient hill capital Kandy, this structure resembles the Kandyan Era architecture and is of archaeological value. It was renovated by the Ministry of Tourism under the technical guidance of the Department of Archeology at a cost of Rs. 300,000.00 and now this structure is considered a national heritage item of Sri Lanka.

Kandy Clock Tower

The Kandy Clock Tower is located in the centre of Kandy on the intersections of Sri Dalada Veediya, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Mawatha and Hiragedara Mawatha. A landmark of the city, the clock tower was built near to the Ismail Building in 1950 by Haji Mohamed Ismail as a monument and in memory of his son Mohamed Zacky Ismail, who lost his life in an accident in Kadugannawa in August, 1947.

Jeronis de Soysa Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist

Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist. He was a pioneer coffee planter and an industrialist who became the wealthiest Ceylonese of the 19th century by establishing the largest native commercial enterprise of the era. He was instrumental in the establishment of the first Ceylonese bank and is often referred to as a father of private enterprise in British Ceylon. He was the first Mudaliyar to be elevated in recognition of his philanthropy.

Alagalla Mountain Range

AlagallaMountain Range is situated at the boundaries of the Central and Sabaragamuwa Provinces in Sri Lanka. Along with the surrounding Bathalegala (බතලේගල) also known as Bible Rock, Uthuwankanda (උතුවන්කන්ද), Devanagala (දෙවනගල), Ambuluwawa (අම්බුළුවාව), Knuckles Mountain Range and Hanthana (හන්තාන) Mountain Range, Alagalla mountain has served as a natural defense location for nearly five centuries (1505–1948) against the Portuguese, Dutch and English invasions aimed at the Kandyan Kingdom.

Balana Fort

Balana Fort was built by the Kingdom of Kandy near Alagalla Mountain Range, Sri Lanka. It was a strategic rock fortress and an outpost for the kingdom. When the English established themselves in Kandy, colonizers raised tea and coffee plantations near the Colombo-Kandy railway line.

Kadugannawa Pass

Kadugannawa Pass is a mountain pass located near Kadugannawa town in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is located along the Colombo-Kandy A1 highway. It is a common roadside stop for tourists to enjoy the vistas to the Kegalle valley below and view the prominent inselberg known as the Bible Rock.

Mawanella Bridge is the oldest operational brick bridge in Sri Lanka. The bridge was built in 1833 in Mawanella over the Maha Oya. The arch bridge has four arches, with each arch 15 m (49 ft) in length and is constructed entirely from bricks.


  1. "Kadugannawa". Maplandia World Gazetteer. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
  2. "Kadugannawa Pass - with a highly symbolic tunnel". lanka-excursions-holidays.com. Retrieved 15 September 2018.