Ambalangoda

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Ambalangoda
අම්බලන්ගොඩ
அம்பலாங்கொட
Town
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Red pog.svg
Ambalangoda
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 6°14′07″N80°3′13″E / 6.23528°N 80.05361°E / 6.23528; 80.05361 Coordinates: 6°14′07″N80°3′13″E / 6.23528°N 80.05361°E / 6.23528; 80.05361
Country Sri Lanka
Province Southern Province
District Galle District
Population (2012)
  Total 56,783 [1]
Time zone +5.30
Area code(s) 091

Ambalangoda is a coastal town located in Galle District, Southern Province of Sri Lanka. Governed by Ambalangoda Urban Council, the town is famous for its ancient devil masks and devil dancers. [2] It is approximately 107 kilometres (66 mi) south of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 13 metres (43 ft) above the sea level.

Galle District Administrative District in Southern Province, Sri Lanka

Galle is a district in Southern Province, Sri Lanka. It is one of 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka.

Southern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Southern Province of Sri Lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. It is the 7th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people, the 3rd most populated province. The province is bordered by Sabaragamuwa Province and Uva Province to the North, Eastern Province to the Northeast, Western Province to the Northwest and the Indian Ocean to the South, West and East. The Province's capital is Galle.

Ambalangoda Urban Council (AUC) is the local authority for the town of Ambalangoda in the Galle District, Southern Province, Sri Lanka. The AUC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 12 councillors elected using an open list proportional representation system.

Contents

Transport

Ambalangoda is served by Sri Lanka Railways' Coastal Line. Ambalangoda Railway Station is a major station on the line, and is connected to the major cities Colombo and Galle by rail. It is served by the A2 highway, which runs through the town. Kurundugahahetekma entrance of the E01 expressway is 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Ambalangoda and it takes about 45 minutes to travel via the Southern Expressway from Ambalangoda to Kottawa, a suburb of Colombo.

Sri Lanka Railways

The Sri Lanka Railway Department is Sri Lanka's railway owner and primary operator. As part of the Sri Lankan government, it is overseen by the Ministry of Transport. Founded in 1858 as the Ceylon Government Railway, it operates the nation's rail and links the capital, Colombo, with other population centres and tourist destinations.

Colombo Commercial Capital in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.

A2 highway (Sri Lanka) road in Sri Lanka

The A 2 is an A-Grade road in Sri Lanka. It connects Colombo and Wellawaya via Kalutara, Galle, Matara and Hambantota.

Schools

Some of the schools situated in Ambalangoda are listed below:

Dharmasoka College

Dharmasoka College is a coed school in Sri Lanka. The college was established in 1913.

Kulrathna Maha Vidyalaya also known as P. De S. Kularathna Vidyalaya is a mixed school in Ambalangoda, Sri Lanka. The school was established in 1986 by Dayawansha Ginige who was the founder principal of the school. The school is named after the famous Sri Lankan educationist Patrick de Silva Kularatne. Presently Kulrathna Maha Vidyalaya provides primary and secondary education to a student population of over 3000.

Masks

Masks in Ambalangoda Ambalangoda-mask1(js).jpg
Masks in Ambalangoda

The town is renowned for the manufacture of wooden masks and puppets. [3] The traditional masks are carved from light Balsa like Kaduru wood (Nux vomica). Kaduru trees grow in the marshy lands bordering paddy fields. The wood is smoke dried for a week in preparation. The hand carved and hand painted masks in traditional dance dramas are both vibrant and colorful. Masks are created for three different types of dancing rituals: 'Kolam', which tell mocking stories of traditional Sri Lankan colonial life; 'Sanni', or devil dancing masks, used in a type of exorcism ceremony to heal people of persisting illnesses believed to be inflicted by demons; and 'Raksha' masks, which are used in festivals and processions. The Naga Raksha (Cobra demon) mask of the 'Raksha Kolama' (demon dance), consists of a ferocious face with bulging, popping & staring eyes, a bloodthirsty carnivorous tongue lolling out of wide mouth armoured and armed to the hilt with set of fanglike teeth, all topped by a set of cobra hoods. [4]

Attractions

Ramsar Convention international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.

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Sunandarama Vihara

Sunandarama Maha Vihara, also known as Maha pansala is located in Southern part of, Sri Lanka. It’s situated 65 kilometers north of Colombo, 36 kilometers south of Galle and 200 meters East from Ambalangoda railway station. This sacred place holds a land of nearly 5 acres. Traditionally this "Vihara" belongs to "Vilegoda","Nambimulla","Maha Ambalangoda" and "Paniyanduwa" which are known as "Sathara peruwa" .Since early days these states have been provided the support to maintanin the Vihara. Early before this place became a vicar, it's known that "Ganninanselaya" stayed here.

References

  1. "Ambalangoda Population".
  2. West Coast-At a Glance Sri Lanka Tailor Made
  3. Kaviratne, W.T.J.S. (17 February 2013). "The Dying Art of Puppetry". Sunday Observer . Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  4. http://www.mysrilankaholidays.com/ambalangoda.html